Published on June 10, 2008
Update from OCLC Research Eric Childress Consulting Project Manager OCLC Research
Agenda • OCLC Programs and Research overview • OCLC Research • RLG Programs • Brief descriptions of work themes and sample projects • Updates on OCLC Research projects • Crosswalk Web Service • Terminology Services • WorldCat Identities • VIAF (Virtual International Authority File)
OCLC Programs and Research (PaR) OCLC Research RLG Programs A leading research center devoted to Provides a venue and focus for collaboration, supporting OCLC’s public mission on behalf problem-solving, and the development of new of libraries standards, products, and services among research institutions Conducts applied research Staff with deep expertise in academic Prototypes new systems/services – some research libraries, archives, and museums. prototypes are eventually integrated into Partnership of ~140 libraries, archives, and OCLC products and services museums in 14 countries with: • Deep, rich research collections Active in standards development – OR has been instrumental in the development of • Mandate to make collections accessible key technologies & standards: • Commitment to exploit technology • Commitment to collaboration • PURLs (Persistent URLs) • Dublin Core • Commitment and capability to contribute to • OAI (Open Archives Initiative) ‘commons’ (collections, expertise, • SRU/W (Search & Retrieve) infrastructure)
OCLC PaR Organization Lorcan Dempsey Jim Michalko OCLC Research staff RLG Programs staff
OCLC PaR Offices University of Washington (1) University of St Andrews (1) OCLC San Mateo (13) OCLC Leiden (1) OCLC Dublin (29/3)
RLG Programs & RLG Partners The RLG Partnership comprises Australia about 140 libraries, archives and Canada museums in 14 countries Egypt France RLG Program meetings and Germany activities are open to RLG Partners Ireland Italy Presentations, reports, other work Japan are made openly available to the entire community New Zealand Spain Agenda is informed by the Partners, Switzerland the RLG Program Council and United Arab Emirates oversight is provided by the BOT United Kingdom RLG Committee United States
PaR themes coffee mug version talking points version
Brief descriptions Managing the Collective Collection Renovating Descriptive & Organizing Practices - Explore issues and opportunities for - Consider economics of metadata creation gaining value from shared collections and utility of metadata in a networked environment sample activities: - NYARC Collection Analysis - sample activities: characterizing aggregate collection of - RLG Programs Descriptive Metadata selected art libraries Practices Survey Results • Exploring opportunities for evidence-based collaboration Last copies – characterizing content and distribution of unique book holdings • Examining system-wide holdings for shared collection and community profiles
Brief descriptions (cont’) Measurements and Behaviors Supporting new modes of scholarship - Understand user behaviors - Address changes to support sample activities: infrastructure for scholarship - Seeking Synchronicity: Evaluating sample activities: Virtual Reference Services from − Investigate scholarly needs & User, Non-User, and Librarian expectations (e.g., data-mining of digital Perspectives (IMLS-funded work with text) Rutgers) − Personal collections - Supporting usability work for − Library-Archive-Museum (“LAM”) WorldCat.org and WorldCat Local relationships interface design
Brief descriptions (cont’) Modeling New Service Infrastructure Architecture & Standards - Work towards shared - Contribute to standards understandings, common development and implementation architecture sample activities: sample activities: - OAI-ORE (Open Archives Initiative - Supporting work for Developer’s Object Reuse and Exchange) Network and WorldCat API - OASIS Search Web Services - Creating a special version of Technical Committee OAICat for museum use - NSF Blue Ribbon Task Force on Sustainable Digital Preservation and Access [NYT article]
Updates on selected research projects Crosswalk Web Service Terminology services WorldCat Identities VIAF (Virtual International Authority File)
Crosswalk Web Service Goal: Develop technology to improve the quality and efficiency of translation of metadata from one scheme to another Delivered: • An innovative and novel approach to the problem • New technology (SEEL [a new programming language], modular design, new code) • Being integrated into OCLC systems (e.g., Connexion, batchload) • Part of technology under the NextGeneration cataloging services
1 Transform to 2 intermediate form STRUCTURAL TRANSFORM File of records in format X SEMANTIC Translate input TRANSLATION semantics to CORE 3 CORE SEMANTIC Translate CORE to TRANSLATION output semantics 5 4 STRUCTURAL TRANSFORM Transform to output format Y
Terminology Services Goal: Offer accessible, modular, web-based terminology services Deliverables: • Enhanced, modernized versions of controlled vocabularies in MARC XML, SKOS, more • Addressing identifier issues • Adding cross-vocabulary mappings • Web services to leverage power of disciplinary (‘subject’) thesauri (e.g., DDC, LCSH, MeSH, TGM I and II, FAST, more)
Highlights of prototype service • Search descriptions of controlled vocabularies • Search for concepts/headings in a controlled vocabulary • Retrieve a single concept/heading by its identifier • Retrieve concepts/headings in multiple representations including HTML, MARC XML, Zthes, and SKOS. • Search using SRU CQL syntax
WorldCat Identities • Using data mining techniques OCLC builds a summary page for persons and corporate bodies referenced in WorldCat bibliographic records (25 million+) • Data is derived from bibliographic data and authority records and holdings in WorldCat • Special features such as a publication timeline included:
VIAF (Virtual International Authority File) Primary objectives: 1. Identify the same person or organization in multiple national authority files 2. Link the corresponding authority records Value: • Potentially lowers the cost of authority work • Multiple authorized forms may co-exist • Better data-mining (including FRBR) and searching • VIAF will made available on the Web for wide use by libraries, search engines, others
VIAF (cont.) How VIAF works: 1. National libraries supply OCLC with national bibliographic files and authority files 2. OCLC-developed software: • Identifies key relationships (e.g., author name to works, to co- authors, to subjects) • Matches same author with different names • Distinguishes same name but different authors 3. Links between matched authority records are generated and stored
Recent reports & related articles • Lavoie, Brian, and Günter Waibel An Art Resource in New York: The Collective Collection of the NYARC Art Museum Libraries. • Proffitt, Merrilee, Arnold Arcolio, and Constance Malpas Copyright Investigation Summary Report (March 2008) • Smith-Yoshimura, Karen. RLG Programs Descriptive Metadata Practices Survey Results (November 2007) • Kaufman, Peter and Jeff Ubois. quot;Good Terms—Improving Commercial-Noncommercial Partnerships for Mass Digitization; A Report Prepared by Intelligent Television for RLG Programs, OCLC Programs and Research.quot; D-Lib Magazine, 13,11/12. November 2007. • Payne, Lizanne. Library Storage Facilities and the Future of Print Collections in North America (November 2007) • Erway, Ricky, and Jennifer Schaffner. Shifting Gears: Gearing Up to Get Into the Flow (October 2007)
Sharing and Communication PARcasts: http://www.oclc.org/programsandresearch/parcasts Mark Dimunation, Chief of the Rare Book and Special Collections Division, Library of Congress - The Value of Physical Artifacts in an Increasingly Virtual World Jeremy Frumkin, Head of Emerging Technologies, Oregon State University - Moving Toward the Network Level Jenn Riley, Metadata Librarian, Digital Library Program, Indiana University - Why Shouldn't the Library Catalog be an Encyclopedia? Ricky Erway and Jennifer Schaffner, Program Officers, OCLC Programs and Research Out of the Stacks and onto the Desktop: Rethinking Assumptions about Access and Digitization Constance Malpas, Program Officer, OCLC Programs and Research - Assessing Uniqueness in the System-wide Book Collection: Preliminary Results from a Study of WorldCat ©2008 OCLC, Inc.
1. Update from OCLC Research Eric Childress Consulting Project Manager OCLC Research ; 2.
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