Published on December 27, 2013
INTRODUCTION • The League of Nations (predecessor to the United Nations), established after WWI, was set up with a primary goal of ABHISHEK
Purpose of the UN • Maintain international peace & security • Achieve international cooperation in solving economic, social, cultural, & humanitarian problems • Promote respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms • Be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations in attaining common goals • Universal Declaration of Human Rights • Human Rights Council ABHISHEK • Refugees
UN facts • 192 member states • Un headquarters is situated in New York • The US has always been by far the largest single contributor to the UN budget. • In June 2004 the US owed the UN just over $1 billion – almost half the total $2.5 billion owed to the UN by its members • • • The budget for the UN's main operations is $2.5 billion a year. • The UN Secretariat worldwide employs some 15,000 people from 170 different countries • Six official languages are used at the UN: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, and Spanish. • The current secretary general is Ban Ki-moon of South Korea. In theory, any member state that owes more than its two previous years’ assessments cannot vote in the General Assembly. ABHISHEK
• Aims /Objectives of the peace throughout the world. UN To keep • To develop friendly relations between nations. • To work together to help people live better lives, to eliminate poverty, disease and illiteracy in the world, to stop environmental destruction and to encourage respect for each other's rights and freedoms. • To be a centre for helping nations achieve these aims. ABHISHEK
Principles of the UN • All Member States have sovereign equality. • All Member States must obey the Charter. • Countries must try to settle their differences by peaceful means. • Countries must avoid using force or threatening to use force. • The UN may not interfere in the domestic affairs of any country. • Countries should try to assist the United Nations. ABHISHEK
The Principal organs of the UN - General Assembly - Security Council - Economic and Social Council - International Court of Justice - Secretariat - Trusteeship Council ABHISHEK
General Assembly • It occupies the central position as the chief deliberative, policy-making and representative organ of the United Nations • A forum for multilateral discussion on international issues between 192 Members of the United Nations • It plays a significant role in the process of standard-setting and the codification of international law. • The Assembly meets in regular session ABHISHEK
General Assembly ABHISHEK
Security Council • 5 permanent members: China, France, Russia, UK and the United States • 10 rotating members • Responsible for the maintenance of international peace and security. ABHISHEK
• Security Council’s functionings situation which might lead to to investigate any dispute or international friction; • to recommend methods of adjusting such disputes or the terms of settlement; • to formulate plans for the establishment of a system to regulate armaments; • to determine the existence of a threat to the peace or act of aggression and to recommend what action should be taken; • to call on Members to apply economic sanctions and other measures not involving the use of force to prevent or stop aggression; • to take military action against an aggressor; • to exercise the trusteeship functions of the United Nations in "strategic areas"; ABHISHEK
Security Council ABHISHEK
Educational and Social Council • ECOSOC coordinates economic, social, and related work of the 14 UN specialized agencies, functional commissions and five regional commissions. • ECOSOC consults with academics, business sector representatives and more than 2,100 registered non-governmental organizations. • It is responsible for: promoting higher standards of living, full employment, and economic and social progress; identifying solutions to international economic, social and health problems; facilitating international cultural and educational cooperation; and ABHISHEK
Economic & Social Council ABHISHEK
International Court of Justice • The International Court of Justice (ICJ) is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations (UN). • It was established in June 1945 by the Charter of the United Nations and began work in April 1946. • The seat of the Court is at the Peace Palace in The Hague (Netherlands). • The Court’s role is to settle, in accordance with international law, legal disputes submitted to it by States and to give advisory opinions on legal questions referred to it by authorized United Nations organs and specialized agencies. • The Court is composed of 15 judges, who are elected for terms of office of nine years by the United Nations General Assembly and the Security Council. ABHISHEK • Its official languages are English and French.
International Court of Justice The Hague(HOLLAND) ABHISHEK
Secretariat (& SecretaryGeneral) • Secretariat is the “business” • Secretary-General acts as a diplomat, advocate, civil servant, and CEO • Spokesman for the interests of the world’s peoples, in particular the poor and vulnerable ABHISHEK • H.E. Ban Ki-moon of Korea
Trusteeship Council • Responsible for supervising the administration of Trust Territories placed under the Trusteeship System. • Major goals : to promote the advancement of the inhabitants Trust Territories and their progressive development towards self-government or independence. of • The aims of the Trusteeship System have been fulfilled to such an extent that all Trust Territories have attained self-government or independence, either as separate States or by joining neighbouring independent countries. • The Council suspended operation on 1 November 1994, with the independence of Palau, the last remaining United Nations trust territory, on 1 October 1994. ABHISHEK
Trusteeship Council ABHISHEK
UN European HQ – Geneva • Former HQ of the League of Nations ABHISHEK
UN Office at Vienna • UNHCR, Space, Drugs ABHISHEK
UN Office at Nairobi • UNEP, UNHABITAT ABHISHEK
UN Priorities: Conflict Resolution • • • • • Peaceful Settlement of Differences International Court of Justice Economic Sanctions Peacekeeping Force Regular Military Force – Must be made available by all member states on an individual basis ABHISHEK
UN Priorities: Sustainable Development • “Programs that improve people’s quality of life without impairing future generations’ ability to improve their quality of life” • UN Conference on Human Environment • The Earth Summit • United Nations Environment Program ABHISHEK
UN Millennium Development Goals 1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger 2. Achieve universal primary education 3. Promote gender equality and empower women 4. Reduce child mortality 5. Improve maternal health 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases 7. Ensure environmental sustainability 8. Develop a global partnership for ABHISHEK development
SST PROJECT 2013-2014 abHIshe!k IX
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