Published on March 10, 2014
Ruth Bomar, M.Ed. www.ruthbomar.com Doctoral candidate Texas Woman’s University 51st LDA Annual International Conference Anaheim, CA
Ruth is a doctoral candidate at Texas Woman’s University. She is in private practice working with college students to help them reach their academic goals. www.ruthbomar.com
Look for today’s presentation on my website. www.ruthbomar.com
Content experts Secondary level Post secondary level Administrators Program directors
After this workshop you will be able to answer: What is UDL? Why use it? How can I use it?
Explain how UDL is the intersections of education initiatives. Describe the learning brain’s three networks. Name three principles of the UDL framework. Give an example of removing the barriers to learning.
Education Theory: Vygotsky ‘s Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) Instructional Practices ◦ Differentiated instruction ◦ Cooperative learning ◦ Reciprocal teaching ◦ Thematic teaching ◦ Community based instructions Legislative requirements: ◦ Accessibility ◦ LRE ◦ FAPE ◦ Inclusion ◦ Students with LD must meet state mandates Student diversity ◦ Learning differences ◦ English Language Learners
UDL makes “…explicit what good teaching is” (Rose & Meyer, 2006) Supports inclusive educational experiences for student with and without disabilities (Jimenez et al, 2007)
Universal Design at North Carolina State University A barrier free environment Universal design in architecture by Ron Mace Make a building accessible to the people in the margins makes it accessible to a wider range of the population. Built into the design v. retrofitting Image take from: http://www.vortexdoors.com
Center for Applied Special Technology Founded in 1984 Education researchers Developed an approach to education using flexible methods and materials. Coined the term Universal Design in Learning UDL is research based
UDL’s basic premise is that barriers to learning occur in the interaction with the curriculum—they are not inherent solely in the capacities of the learner. Thus, when education fails, the curriculum, not the learner, should take responsibility for adaptation. With the UDL framework, curriculum designers anticipate and reduce or eliminate barriers by making curricula flexible. (Meyer & Rose, p. 8)
What do we know about the learning brain and how we can use it to understand differences among students?
Recognition Networks Strategic Networks Affective Networks
Recognition networks are: •Specialized to sense and assign meaning to patterns we see. •They enable us to identify and understand information, ideas and concepts. Strategic Affective
Recognition networks are: Strategic networks are: •Specialized to generate and oversee mental and motor patterns •They enable us to plan, execute, and monitor actions and skills. Affective
Recognition networks are: Strategic networks are: Affective networks are: •Specialized to evaluate patterns and assign them significance. •They enable us to engage with tasks and learning and with the world around us. (Rose & Meyer, 2002)
All three learning networks interact when learning concepts. Information is processed in parallel by separate pathways in all three networks. Information travels in detail to big picture, big picture to detail.
There are no regular students. Each student brings unique assortment of strengths, weaknesses, and preferences to learning. Disability can be explained through recognizing the interaction between student and the environment.
The key to helping all students achieve is identifying and removing barriers from our teaching methods and curriculum materials.
Course website Syllabus Choice of books The library Textbooks with companion website, digital text-to-voice Provide support for learning Provide challenge to learning Universal does not mean one-size-fit-all
To represent information in multiple formats and media. To provide multiple pathways for students’ action and expression. To provide multiple ways to engage students’ interest and motivation (Rose & Meyer p. 69).
Recognition Networks Strategic Networks Affective Networks
Goals Methods Materials Assessment
4 year and 2 year colleges and universities Private and state colleges and universities Freshmen - seniors Private High school and middle school. Public high school Formal learning disability diagnosis No diagnosis Coexisting SLD & EBD On academic probation A/B students Failing several courses Transfer students Across all departments
Flipped classroom Use of iPad TED talks Lecture Weekly small group review or question session held by TA Interviews with people in the field, Course website You tube messages from professor, Power point with embedded audio/video Prezi, Online class meetings Videos
Voice thread Create a Wikipedia article Course blog Clicker Power point presentation Prezi presentation Multimedia digital presentation Pinterest board Facebook page Video presentation Text with embedded links Poster presentation Essays Response papers Reflection papers Research papers Literature reviews
Or just google UDL and you will find CAST website http://www.cast.org/udl/
Blog: Free Technology for Teachers written by Richard Byrne. http://www.freetech4teachers.com/2013/03/a-simple-yet-powerful-student- blogging.html TED Talks (Technology, Engineering and Design) A great place to find mini lectures on a variety of topics. The lectures are done by experts and are usually very entertaining. FREE. http://www.ted.com/pages/initiatives_tedtalks Interactive Biology videos with Leslie Samuels http://www.interactive-biology.com/ FREE About differentiated instruction. http://www.stenhouse.com/shop/pc/viewCategories.asp?idCategory=126 This link will take you to Stenhouse publishers. This a good source for different topics for different grade levels. You have to purchase the material on this site. http://www.sophia.org/home-teacher My Sophia is a social media format website offering teachers the support for flipped classrooms. Webinars on 3.0 tools like iPads. Screencasting. 28,000 tutorials taught by 1000’s of teachers. An online learning community. FREE. Blog: http://flipped-learning.com/ Jonathan Bergmann and his friend Aaron Sams are two high school teachers who flipped their classroom. They wrote a book about it The Flipped Classroom : Reach Every Student in Every Class Every Day. This blog is all about the flipped classroom. FREE. Pinterest Sign up for a Pinterest account. Then type in Education in the search bar. Oodles and oodles of ideas for all grade levels. Easy and FREE. YouTube. Look up any topic and you will find a video on that topic for any grade level. Some videos are nicely produced and some are not. You get to choose which to watch. Center for Applied Special Technology: CAST is a research based think tank using Universal Design in Learning: UDL. UDL principles make learning accessible to wide diversity of learners in our classrooms. This website has many free apps for all subjects for all levels. All evidence-based. http://teachingwithemergingtech.com/ This site has Michelle Pacansky-Brock’s book, Best Practices for Teaching with Emerging Technologies. The entire book is online at this site for you to read.
References Basham, J. (2010). A comprehensive approach to RTI: embedding universal design for learning and technology. Learning Disability Quarterly, 33(4), 243-255. Higbee, J.L. (2009). Implementing Universal Instruction Design in Postsecondary Courses and curricula. Journal of College Teaching & Learning, 6(8), 65-78. Jiménez, T. C., Graf, V. L., & Rose, E. (2007). Gaining Access to General Education: The Promise of Universal Design for Learning. Issues In Teacher Education, 16(2), 41-54 Meo, G. (2008). Curriculum planning for all learners: Applying universal design for learning (UDL) to a high school reading comprehension program. Preventing School Failure, 52(2), 21- 30. doi:10.3200/PSFL.52.2.21-30 Meyer, A., & Rose, D.H. (2005). The future is in the margins: The role of technology and disability in educational reform. In D.H. Rose, A. Meyer & C. Hitchcock (Eds.), The universally designed classroom: Accessible curriculum and digital technologies (pp. 13-35. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Education Press. Rao, K. Tanners, A. (2011). Curb cuts in cyberspace: Universal instructional design for online courses. Journal of postsecondary education and disability, 24(3), 211-229. Rose, D. H., Harbour, W. S., Johnston, C. S., Daley, S. G., & Abarbanell, L. (2006). Universal design for learning in postsecondary education: Reflections on principles and their application. Journal of Postsecondary Education and Disability, 19(2), 17. Rose, D.H., & Meyer, A. (2002). Teaching every student in the digital age: Universal design for learning. Alexandria, VA: Association for supervision and curriculum development. Rose, D.H. & Meyer, A., Eds., (2006). A practical reader in universal design for learning. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Education Press. Rush, D. K., & Schmitz, S. J. (2009). Universal instructional design: engaging the whole class. Widener Law Journal, 19(1), 183-214. Scott, S.S., McGuire, J.M. & Shaw, S.F. (2003), Universal design for instruction: A new paradigm for adult instruction in postsecondary education. Remedial and special education, 24(6) 369- 379 Smith, R.E. & Buchannan, T. (2012), Practice brief: Community collaboration, use of universal design in the classroom. Journal of Postsecondary education and disability, 25(3) 259-265.
https://www.goodreads.com/review/list/5560365- rabbomar?shelf=%23ALL%23 My recommended reading list is posted on a website called Good Reads. Here is the link directly to my recommended reading list for teachers. You can copy and paste this link Or you can just google goodreads and search for Ruth Bomar.
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