United States Government CHPT 12-Citizenship

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Information about United States Government CHPT 12-Citizenship

Published on February 5, 2014

Author: annapannap

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U.S. Government: U.S. Government Chapter 12 Citizenship A Nation of Immigrants: A Nation of Immigrants Why come to America? to gain freedom they did not have in their home of origin to escape unfair treatment to escape wars and shortages of food to seek job opportunities to seek shelter and opportunities When Did Most Immigrants Come?: When Did Most Immigrants Come? Four major waves of immigration First Second Since the 1600s the first wave began with the colonists who came from Europe between 1600 and the beginning of the Revolutionary War in 1775. The second wave of immigrants came between 1820 and the 1870s. During that time, many people came from Europe to escape famine , or lack of food, and hard economic times. Third Third wave of immigration came between 1880 and 1920. Many of these people came from Europe and entered the United States at Ellis Island in New York. Fourth Fourth wave began in 1965 when U.S. immigration laws were changed. The change made it possible for more people to immigrate to the United States. What Laws Affect Immigration: What Laws Affect Immigration 1921 law 1965 Immigration and Nationality Act 1995 1996 and 1997 A law that set limited the number of people who enter the country. This act ended limits based on nationality. This law set an annual limit of 170,000 people from the Eastern Hemisphere and 120,000 people from the Western Hemisphere. The total number of immigrants allowed to enter the United States each year was set at 675,000. Congress passed laws dealing with the illegal immigration. The laws were designed to block illegal immigrants from entering the United States. Some provided help for illegal immigrant who had been in U.S. for years. Immigrants: Immigrants Refugees Sometimes more immigrants come to the U.S. than the law allows. Sometimes refugees are also allowed to com. A refugee is a person who travel to a safer place to live. These refugees have been persecuted , or harmed, because of religion or politics. For example, after the Vietnam War many Vietnamese and Cambodian refugees can to the U.S to escape the war. People with family in the U.S. are more likely to be allowed to enter. Those will special talents are likely admitted. Numbers 2000 Census: 30 million foreign born. At the time U.S. resident population was 281,421,906. Immigrants make up 10% of population . U.S. population in 1900 was 76 million. African Americans 13% 12% Hispanics 70% European Why Is a Census Important: Why Is a Census Important Every 10 years California Wyoming Highest population Lowest population The first census was in 1790 and is set forth in the Constitution. Every 10 years the census is conducted. Purpose of census: determine number of House of Representatives for each state . The House of Representatives has a total of 435. Each state has at least on representative. find information about age, income, race help businesses make decisions. Lesson 1 Review: Lesson 1 Review Match the sentence beginnings in Part 1 with the endings in Part 2. Write the correct letter next to each number. Part 1, Beginning of Sentences Most of the early immigrants to the United States came from… Today many people immigrate to the United States from… Many immigrants have come to the United States to… People who have relatives in the United States or have certain skills… After the war in Vietnam, many Vietnamese and Cambodians… Part 2, Ending of Sentences Latin America and Asia. escape hard times, famines, and wars in other countries. are more likely to be admitted to the United States. European countries. came to this country as political refugees. Should there be a limit on the number of immigrants who can come from one country? Give reasons for your answer. Why do you think the immigration laws were changed in 1965 to allow more immigrants into the United States? What do you think? Becoming a United States Citizen: Becoming a United States Citizen U.S. Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services U.S. Department of Homeland Security’s This agency says who may enter this country, who may become a citizen, and who must leave. Aliens Aliens are people who are citizens of another country but who are in the United States for a reason. They may be: visitors students or, have temporary jobs must follow laws and enjoy most rights Aliens must : register once a year in January with the U.S. Bureau give location and activities Can gain citizenship and have a right to vote, serve on a jury or hold public office. Aliens who break laws can be deported If deported , they must leave the U.S. and return to birth country. Can be deported if loyal to an unfriendly country. What is Naturalization?: What is Naturalization? Naturalization Rules for citizenship be at least 18 years old usually have lived in the United States for 5 years apply for naturalization be able to speak, read, and write English show that they are good, honest people pass an examination about U.S. history and government promise not to support any other government take an Oath of Allegiance to the United States. the act of giving full citizenship to a person born in another country. What is Political Asylum?: What is Political Asylum? Political asylum A place where a person is safe from being harmed by his or her own country or government, Political asylum may be given to visitors, athletes, artists, sailors, or workers from another government. It is given to these people because they feel mistreated by their own countries. The United States offers them protection until it is clear why they wish to leave their native lands. If their reasons are strong enough, the aliens are allowed to stay. They may then apply for United States citizenship. Lesson 2 Review: Lesson 2 Review Word Bank aliens asylum birth citizen deported immigration January naturalization oath Security Most Americans are citizens by________. A person born to American parents in a foreign country is a United States__________. People who want to become U.S. citizens must take an_________. Questions about who is legally a United States citizen are settled by the U.S. Bureau of Citizenship and _________ Services. Citizens of other countries who are in the United States are called _________. Aliens must register with the Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services each ___________. The Citizenship and Immigration Services is a bureau of the Homeland ________ Department. An alien who is __________ is forced to leave this country and return to his or her own country. The legal process a person must go through to become a United States citizen is called__________. A person seeking _________ is looking for a safe place to live. 11. Do you think an alien who commits a serious crime should be sent back to her or his country? Why or why not? 12. Do you think aliens who wish to become U.S. citizens should be required to read, speak, and write English? Explain your answer. What do you think? Rights and Responsibilities of Citizenship: Civic relating to a citizen Rights and Responsibilities of Citizenship American citizens are equal before the law and are given rights by the Constitution. The chart below shows some rights given by the First Amendment. In order to keep these rights, citizens must take responsibility for them. Citizens must also respect and defend the rights of others. To keep their rights they need to vote, encourage others to vote, be informed about public issues, and volunteer in civic groups. Students can participate through school and community organizations. Freedom of Religion Freedom of Speech Freedom of Assembly Freedom of the Press First Amendment Rights What Duties Do Citizens Have?: What Duties Do Citizens Have? Civic duties Political duties be a part of civil society Be Patriotic Volunteer Obey laws Serve on juries Defend country vote in elections stay informed about pay taxes Lesson 3 Review: Lesson 3 Review Name three civic duties of citizens. Name three political duties of a citizen. Name four freedoms given to Americans by the First Amendment. Name the agency young men must register with when they turn 18. Name two ways young people may volunteer. What do you think? Do you think young Americans should be required to do community service? Why or why not? Do you think that citizens should be required by law to vote? Why or why not? Civil Liberties and Rights of Citizens: Civil Liberties and Rights of Citizens Civil liberties Civil liberties are the individual freedoms with which the government may not interfere. They include freedom of religion, press, speech, assembly, and petition . Civil rights are protections we are granted. For example, the Constitution protects us against unreasonable searches. The Constitution The Constitution is the main protector of our liberties and rights. The Bill of Rights lists the basic freedoms of citizens. The 14 th Amendment said slaves and other African American people are citizens and have equal protection. Due Process 14 th Amendment Due process of law use fair methods in forcing people to obey the law search and seizures must be reasonable people should feel secure in their homes, papers, and effects. Important Supreme Court Ruling: Important Supreme Court Ruling People’s rights : If a search is not legal, things take during the search cannot be used in court ( Mapp v. Ohio , 1961); A confession cannot be used if tricks or force were used to get it ( Escobedo v. Illinois , 1964); People must be told of their constitutional rights when being questioned ( Miranda v. Arizona , 1966) Defendant Miranda was not told of his right to counsel, and he was not advised of his right to remain silent or that his statements would be used against him during the interrogation. His rights were violated as per the 5 th and 6 th Amendment. Miranda Rights What is the Civil Rights Act?: What is the Civil Rights Act? Civil Rights Act of 1964 Ended discrimination because of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin in all public places, employment, and voter registration. States had passed laws that were intended to segregate, or separate, African Americans. These laws were challenged many times beginning in 1892, especially in education. Often the Supreme Court ruled the law was constitutional if the facility was “ separate but equal .” But in 1954 the Supreme Court ruled that in public education “separate but equal” had no place. The Supreme Court said having separate schools for African Americans were not equal under the Constitution. Lesson Review: Lesson Review What are civil liberties? What do the Fifth through Eight Amendments protect for citizens? What is “due process of law?” What did the Supreme Court decide in Miranda V. Arizona ? What does the Civil Rights Act of 1964 guarantee for all citizens? What do you think? Which civil liberty do you think is the most important in your life? Which change that was made as a result of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 do you think is most important?

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