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Information about Unit cube Activity 2 by Ms. Rashmi Kathuria

Published on November 1, 2007

Author: kulachihansraj

Source: slideshare.net

This is an activity to verify the cubic algebraic formula for

(a-b)^3..

(a-b)^3..

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Activity Aim : To prove the algebraic identity (a-b) 3 = a 3 -3a 2 b+3ab 2 -b 3 using unit cubes. Material required : Unit Cubes.

Aim : To prove the algebraic identity

(a-b) 3 = a 3 -3a 2 b+3ab 2 -b 3

using unit cubes.

Material required : Unit Cubes.

Start Working.. Take any suitable value for a and b. Let a=3 and b=1

Step 1. To represent (a-b) 3 make a cube of dimension (a-b) x (a-b) x (a-b) i.e. 2x2x2 cubic units.

Step 2. To represent (a) 3 make a cube of dimension a x a x a i.e. 3x3x3 cubic units.

Step 3. To represent 3ab 2 make 3 cuboids of dimension a x b x b i.e. 3x1x1 cubic units.

Step 4. To represent a 3 + 3ab 2 , join the cube and the cuboids formed in steps 2 and 3. + =

Step 5. To represent a 3 + 3ab 2 - 3a 2 b extract from the shape formed in the previous step 3 cuboids of dimension 3x3x1. - =

Step 6. To represent a 3 + 3ab 2 - 3a 2 b-b 3 extract from the shape formed in the previous step 1 cube of dimension 1x1x1. - =

Step 7. Arrange the unit cubes left to make a cube of dimension 2x2x2 cubic units.

Observe the following The number of unit cubes in a 3 = …27….. The number of unit cubes in 3ab 2 =…9…… The number of unit cubes in 3a 2 b=…27…… The number of unit cubes in b 3 =…1…… The number of unit cubes in a 3 - 3a 2 b + 3ab 2 - b 3 = …8….. The number of unit cubes in (a-b) 3 =…8…

The number of unit cubes in a 3 = …27…..

The number of unit cubes in 3ab 2 =…9……

The number of unit cubes in 3a 2 b=…27……

The number of unit cubes in b 3 =…1……

The number of unit cubes in

a 3 - 3a 2 b + 3ab 2 - b 3 = …8…..

The number of unit cubes in (a-b) 3 =…8…

It is observed that the number of unit cubes in (a-b) 3 is equal to the number of unit cubes in a 3 -3a 2 b+3ab 2 -b 3 . Learning outcome

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