Unit 2 readingè

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Travel-Nature

Published on March 31, 2008

Author: Dario

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Slide1:  人教修订版 高一英语(上) Unit 2 English Around the World Slide3:  Unit Two: English around the world (Period Two) Slide4:  Pre-reading questions: 1.How many people speak English in the world today? About 1,500 million people speak English as their first, second or foreign language. But they don’t speak the same kind of English. Slide5:  2.Why do so many people speak English? 3.Do you think it important for Chinese to learn English? Why? Slide6:  Reading How did different kinds of English come about? English has changed over time. All languages change when cultures communicate with one another. Reading – II ( 10m ) Pair work::  Read the text and try to find the main idea of each paragraph. Reading – II ( 10m ) Pair work: Slide8:  Paragraph 1: describes the extension of English in the world. Paragraph 2: tells us native speakers can understand each other but not everything. Paragraph 3: tells the development of English as native language. Paragraph 4: tells us English is spoken as a foreign or second language in many countries. Slide10:  Read the passage again and answer the following questions. Why was English spoken in many other countries in the 17th century? Why does China have the largest number of the English speakers? Do native English speakers have difficulty in understanding each other? Does their English have differences ? If so ,can you show examples? Slide11:  Read Para.4 and find out why India takes English as second language. India was ruled by Britain South African English Singapore English Malaysian English Hong Kong English Do you know any other kinds of English Formed for this reason? Slide12:  The formation of British English From 17th century----19th century The UK colonized Ireland and joined with Scotland long ago Colonized ; North America,the Caribbean India, including Pakistan, Bangladesh, Australia,New Zealand,Palestine, parts of sub-Sahara Africa,Hong Kong,Singapore and the Pacific Islands Slide13:  Native speaker:A person who speaks English since birth but who may not speak a standard form of it. L1 speaker: A native speaker of English who uses it as his or her mother tongue or an immigrant to an English-speaking country who always prefer to use it ESL: English as a Second Language L2 speaker: A second language speaker of English EFL: English as a Foreign Language Slide14:  Discussion You can choose one of the questions to talk about in your Group of 4 1, Do you think it matters what kind of English you learn? Why? 2, Why do you think people all over the world want to learn English? 3, Do you think Chinese will become the most popular language in the world instead of English in the future? Slide15:  Check the words and expressions you have previewed. (pages 11-12 Discovering useful words and expressions Parts1-4) Checking answer – I (1m) Answer keys for Ex.1 on Page 11::  Checking answer – I (1m) Answer keys for Ex.1 on Page 11: 1 C 2D 3E 4F 5A 6B 7J 8G 9I 10H Checking answer – II (2m) Answer keys for Ex.2 on Page11::  Database Database Database It is not easy for a Chinese person to speak English as well as a _____________ ________. This is _________ because the ___________ and usage are different in different parts of the English speaking world. If you say “flat" instead of “_________", people in America will not think you speak good English. If you use the word _________ instead of “lift" in Britain, they will look at you a little strangely! It seems you cannot win! Checking answer – II (2m) Answer keys for Ex.2 on Page11: native English speaker actually vocabulary apartment elevator Checking answer – III (2m) Answer keys for Ex. 3 on page 11::  Checking answer – III (2m) Answer keys for Ex. 3 on page 11: includes cultures present Actually usage 6. gas 7. international 8. rapidly 9. However 10. government Slide19:  However in/on at/on past/after in/on from in Slide20:  Homework; 1. Recite the reading 2.Read passage on page 51 The Oxford English Dictionary and make notes about Murray’s life.   Language points for Reading I:  Language points for Reading I Revision ( 3m ) Match: (Review the new words) :  Revision ( 3m ) Match: (Review the new words) 1.come up 2.culture 3.actually 4.present evidence of intellectual development of (arts, science,etc.) in human society. reach;close to Being in the place in question;existing now. In actual fact;really E. for example F. govern;have authority (over). G. who sb is; what sth is H. way of using sth; treatment.:  E. for example F. govern;have authority (over). G. who sb is; what sth is H. way of using sth; treatment. 5.rule 6.usage 7.identity 8.such as Slide26:  1. include 1)用作及物动词,意为“ 包括;包含”,不能用于进行时态。 Eg: Your duties will include putting the children to bed. 2)include 还可作“ 包含于、、、里面;算入”讲,常与in, on, among 介词等连用。 Eg: He includes me among his friends. I’m included in the team. Language points for Reading I Slide27:  2. play a role / part ( in ) 意为“ 在、、、中担任角色;在、、、中起作用”。 Role习惯搭配 take (on) /perform a role 扮演角色,hand out roles 分派任务(角色) a leading/starting role 主角 eg: He filled the role of a manager. The UN plays an important role in international relations. She’s been offered a leading role in a new film. Slide28:  3.nearly all of them lived in England. Nearly 与 almost 用法明辨: (1)两者通用的场合。 a.在肯定句中。 b.修饰all, every, always 等时。 c.在行为动词的否定式前时。 Slide29:  (2)只用 almost 的场合。 a.和any, no, none, nothing, nobody, nowhere, never 等连用时。 b.和too, more than 等连用时。 c.和表示感觉或心理活动的静态动词连用时。 (3)只用nearly的场合。 a.被 very, not, pretty等修饰时。 b.和具体数字连用时(nearly常用)。 Slide30:  4. than ever before 比以往任何时候更…… You’ll speak English much better than ever before. than ever before 可看作是 than they ever speak English before 的省略形式。在比较级结构中,副词 ever 与比较级和最高级连用,用来加强语气,意为“比以往任何时候更……”。 Slide31:  ever在不同句型中的意义: 1)曾经;以前(用于疑问句) 2)无论什么时候都(不)(用语否定句) 3)曾经(用于if 从句) 4)到底;究竟(用于特殊疑问句) 5)永远;老是(用于肯定句) Slide32:  5.Native English speaker can understand each other even if they don’t speak the same kind of English. (1) even if ( = even though ): in spite of the fact; no matter whether 即使;尽管 是连词词组,用来引导让步状语从句;若主、从句皆表示将来情况,从句中可用一般现在时代替将来时。 (2) even if 从句所说的不那么肯定。 even though 从句是事实。 Slide33:  E.g: Even if he is poor, she loves him. (=He may be poor, yet she loves him.) ( Even ) though he is poor, she loves him. ( = He is poor, yet she loves him.) Slide34:  6.base …on以、、、为基础 He described the thief based on his memory. The novel _________ the Anti- Japanese War will be filmed. 7.rule obey/keep the rules 遵守规定 disobey the rules 不遵守规定 break the rules 违反规定 work out /make a rule 制定规则 carry out rules 执行规定 as a rule 通常;照例 based on Slide35:  8.in the 1600’s in the early/late 1600’s 9.make use of 利用 Even if you’re so clever, you should make full use of (充分利用)your talents. Slide36:  10. a number of+ 复数名词+复数谓语; the number of+复数名词+单数谓语 The number of the students absent is 2. A number of students are reading in the library now. 11.Only time can tell 惟有时间将能证明。 tell 此处用作不及物动词,意为“显示出”, 还可作“发生影响;起作用;判断”等讲。 Reading II Standard English and Dialects:  Reading II Standard English and Dialects Slide38:  ? Warming up – I ( 3m ) How many dialects are there in China ? Slide39:  dialects family in China 北方方言 吴语 闽南语 客家话 湘语 赣语 粤语 Chinese Slide40:  dialects in Guangdong province 粤方言 客方言 闽方言 代表地区 梅州 地区 广州代表 代表地区 潮汕地区 Slide41:  Warming up – II ( 2m ) Do you think there are some dialects in English? Slide42:  English dialects in different countries Britain The U.S.A Canada Australia India New Zealand Reading – I (1m ) Fast reading::  Reading – I (1m ) Fast reading: Read the text on page 13 for 1 minute and answer the following question. Is there standard English? Slide44:  Questions to the reading (p13) 1.What is standard English? 2.What is a dialect? 3.What plays a part in making dialects. There is no such a thing. Words and expressions used are different from “standard English”. People from different parts of the world and geography. Reading – II ( 5m ) Detailed Reading:  Reading – II ( 5m ) Detailed Reading Read the text for 3 minutes and answer the following question. 1.How many dialects of American English have been listed in the text? 2.Why do people from both Northeastern and Southeastern of U.S. speak with almost the same dialect? And what kind of dialect is it? 3.Why are there so many dialect in American English? Slide46:  1.How many dialects of American English have been listed in the text? midwestern, southern, African American, Spanish Slide47:  2.Why do people from both Northeastern and Southeastern of U.S. speak with almost the same dialect? Because when Americans moved from one place to anther, they took their dialects with them. Slide48:  3.Why are there so many dialect in American English? That’s because people come from all over the world. And geography plays a part in making dialects. Language points for Reading II:  Language points for Reading II Slide50:  1.standard n.&adj.标准,规格;标准的,规格的 phrases: come up to the standard meet standards set a standard standard of living by international standards from the standards on a standard a car of standard size a standard composer Language points for Reading II Slide51:  2.expect Vt.(理所当然)期望,预料,认为,预期 usage: expect sb to do sth expect +that-clause expect sth expect to do sth I expect so. 我想是这样。 I expect not. I don’t expect so. 我想不是这样。 Slide52:  expect & wait for expect 主要指心理状态(a state of mind),含有期盼的意味。 wait for 则指另一种行动(a sort of activity),特别指什么都不干而专门等待。 3.specially & especially adv.尤其,特别地(可缩写为esp.) specially: 指为某一特殊目的而专门采用的某一个方式。 especially:指有意突出到显眼或例外的程度,表达某事不寻常,过分或特别重要。 Slide53:  4.southern,eastern adj. 南方的,南部的;东方的,东部的 eastern一类的词与east一类的词辨析 专有名词,尤其是所表示的地方具有明确的固定范围的专有名词,特别是政治区分,一般用east。普通名词和所指的地方没有明确的固定范围的专有名词多用eastern。 east 重点在形容方位或从哪个方向来的;而eastern则指从某一固定的地方看某一个方向,或指某物来自何方或某地朝哪个方向。 Slide54:  5.Recognize Vt.辨认出来,承认,公认 phrases: recognize one’s voice recognize sb to be ……被承认为…… be recognized to be…… recognize that…… 注意:recognize是一个终止性动词。是指原来很熟悉,经过一段时间的间隔或别的原因后又重新认出来。 Sentence patterns:  Sentence patterns 1.believe it or not ,…… e.g.. Believe it or not, there is no such a thing as standard English . 在应用such,so(如此)时应特别注意,如果作定语的词是no ,all,most,some,any,another,many,much,a few,few,little,a little,several,one.等词语的时候,应用such,such应放置于这些词之后;若为其他形容词,such 则应该放置于这些词之前。如果修饰名词的形容词是many,much,few,little时,不能用such,而要用so,且so 要置于这些词之前。 Slide56:  2.play a part in 1>be involved in an activity. 参加某活动. e.g. She plays an active part in local politics. 2>make a contribution to sth; have a share in sth. 对某事起作用,有贡献;参与 e.g. She played a major part I the success of the scheme. We all have a part to play in the fight against crime. Slide57:  3. be related with; have effect on sth. 与某事有关,对某事有影响 e.g. Geography also plays a part in making dialects. Slide59:  Reading III The Oxford English Dictionary Reading – III ( 10m ) Reading Task on page 52 Read the passage on Page 51 & 52, then fill in the following form::  Reading – III ( 10m ) Reading Task on page 52 Read the passage on Page 51 & 52, then fill in the following form: Slide61:  Scotland Slide70:  Group work: Nowadays chatting on the net has become part of the life for us students,in our chatting in order to save time we often use some secret codes or short form of words instead of long words or sentences.Now four students a group and discuss what words or codes you often use. Eg: w/u=with you b4=before bf=boy friend o.I.c=Oh,I see…. Slide71:  Homework: Oral: If you have a week holiday, Where are you going to travel?And how to travel? 2.Preview the new lesson

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