Unit 2 Principles Of American Government

50 %
50 %
Information about Unit 2 Principles Of American Government
Education

Published on July 10, 2008

Author: davidjosman

Source: slideshare.net

Six Basic Principles of the Constitution Chapters 3 and 4

Six Basic Principles of the Constitution 6 Themes evident throughout the Constitution Each principle illustrates HOW this document is a document of LIMITATIONS . This shows distrust of government. Why were the colonists fearful of powerful government?

6 Themes evident throughout the Constitution

Each principle illustrates HOW this document is a document of LIMITATIONS .

This shows distrust of government.

Why were the colonists fearful of powerful government?

Limited Government Government is NOT all powerful, there are limits on what is can do Constitution is the Supreme Law of the land and ALL government officials are subject to the document. (Rule of Law) Evident throughout the Constitution, use of negative language throughout

Government is NOT all powerful, there are limits on what is can do

Constitution is the Supreme Law of the land and ALL government officials are subject to the document. (Rule of Law)

Evident throughout the Constitution, use of negative language throughout

Limited Government Examples in the Constitution: Article 1 , Section 9 no denial of habeas corpus no bills of attainder no ex post facto no titles of nobility Article 1 , section 10 no state shall enter into treaties with foreign nations no state shall coin its own money

Examples in the Constitution:

Article 1 , Section 9

no denial of habeas corpus

no bills of attainder

no ex post facto

no titles of nobility

Article 1 , section 10

no state shall enter into treaties with foreign nations

no state shall coin its own money

Limited Government Examples in the Constitution Bill of Rights Congress shall make no law abridging the freedom of speech… The rights of the people shall not be abridged … No quartering of troops

Examples in the Constitution

Bill of Rights

Congress shall make no law abridging the freedom of speech…

The rights of the people shall not be abridged …

No quartering of troops

Six Principles of American Government Republicanism Checks and Balances Separation of Powers Popular Sovereignty Individual Rights Federalism We will discover: How each of these principles LIMIT government! Note Bene: The 6 principles noted here are slightly different than the 6 principles in the textbook. (These align with the TEKs)

Republicanism

Checks and Balances

Separation of Powers

Popular Sovereignty

Individual Rights

Federalism

We will discover: How each of these principles LIMIT government!

Note Bene: The 6 principles noted here are slightly different than the 6 principles in the textbook. (These align with the TEKs)

Republicanism All citizens are represented by a man or woman in both the federal government (Congress) and state government (Legislature) These Representatives make decisions for us Republican form of Government – each State is guaranteed at least 1 Representative and 2 Senators in Congress (guaranteed by the Constitution) John Carter (R) Represents the Round Rock in the House of Representatives at the Federal level

All citizens are represented by a man or woman in both the federal government (Congress) and state government (Legislature)

These Representatives make decisions for us

Republican form of Government – each State is guaranteed at least 1 Representative and 2 Senators in Congress

(guaranteed by the Constitution)

Checks and Balances Each branch checks over the other two, to prevent abuse (again limiting government) The legislative makes a law the executive can veto The executive vetoes the legislative can override the veto The judges make a law unconstitutional the legislative can make an amendment to the Constitution The executive appoints a judge the legislative must confirm or reject

Each branch checks over the other two, to prevent abuse (again limiting government)

The legislative makes a law

the executive can veto

The executive vetoes

the legislative can override the veto

The judges make a law unconstitutional

the legislative can make an amendment to the Constitution

The executive appoints a judge

the legislative must confirm or reject

Separation of Powers Article 1 – Only Legislative makes laws, coins money, taxes, borrows money, declares war, establishes post offices, makes lower courts, makes laws about naturalization, fixes weights and measurements 17 listed powers, and the "elastic clause"-Clause 18 Article 2 – Only the Executive enforces laws, is Commander in Chief, appoints judges, pardons, vetoes, makes the State of the Union address, calls special sessions Article 3 – Only the Judges interpret the Constitution Each branch has its OWN separate powers that the other two DO NOT thus limiting the other two.

Article 1 – Only Legislative makes laws, coins money, taxes, borrows money, declares war, establishes post offices, makes lower courts, makes laws about naturalization, fixes weights and measurements

17 listed powers, and the "elastic clause"-Clause 18

Article 2 – Only the Executive enforces laws, is Commander in Chief, appoints judges, pardons, vetoes, makes the State of the Union address, calls special sessions

Article 3 – Only the Judges interpret the Constitution

Popular Sovereignty The people are the source of the power. We give our consent to those we elect to speak in our behalf, but we are the source of power. Evident throughout the document: In Preamble - "We the People" Article 1 - the people elect representatives to the House Article 2 - the people indirectly elect the President Amendment 17 - the people directly elect Senators Amendment 1 - Free speech, press, petition-implies we, the people will participate If a majority of the people want something, should they get what the want? Abortion, End of the War, Affirmative Action, Close the Border, etc… We the People limit the power of Representatives (by voting them out). How do Representatives limit the power of the people?

The people are the source of the power.

We give our consent to those we elect to speak in our behalf, but we are the source of power.

Evident throughout the document:

In Preamble - "We the People"

Article 1 - the people elect representatives to the House

Article 2 - the people indirectly elect the President

Amendment 17 - the people directly elect Senators

Amendment 1 - Free speech, press, petition-implies we, the people will participate

If a majority of the people want something, should they get what the want?

Abortion, End of the War, Affirmative Action, Close the Border, etc…

Individual Rights Government exists to protect your individual rights (Locke, Hobbes, Jefferson) Rights are something that are protected by government, not given by government Bill of Rights outlines several of these Freedom of Speech Freedom of Religion Freedom of Press Freedom of Assembly Right to bear arms Right to a fair and speedy trial 14 th amendment expands Bill of Rights to the states Civil Rights Act (1964)

Government exists to protect your individual rights (Locke, Hobbes, Jefferson)

Rights are something that are protected by government, not given by government

Bill of Rights outlines several of these

Freedom of Speech

Freedom of Religion

Freedom of Press

Freedom of Assembly

Right to bear arms

Right to a fair and speedy trial

14 th amendment expands Bill of Rights to the states

Civil Rights Act (1964)

Federalism The federal government and its sub-divisional governments (states) SHARE the powers of law-making, enforcing, and interpreting. All levels of government (federal, state, and local) have three branches (legislative, executive, and judicial). The Constitution gives power to BOTH the federal and state governments Federalism is like a three tiered layer cake. Explain!

The federal government and its sub-divisional governments (states) SHARE the powers of law-making, enforcing, and interpreting.

All levels of government

(federal, state, and local)

have three branches

(legislative, executive, and judicial).

The Constitution gives power to BOTH the federal and state governments

 

Add a comment

Related presentations

Related pages

Unit 2 Vocabulary - Principles of American Government and ...

Vocabulary words for Unit 2 Vocabulary - Principles of American Government and the Constitution. Includes studying games and tools such as flashcards.
Read more

Unit 2 - Constitutional Principles - American Government

Unit 2 will cover the principles of the constitution. All of the materials and assignments that you will need for this unit are available below and YOU are ...
Read more

American Government Unit 2: Values and Principles ...

Vocabulary words for American Government Unit 2: Values and Principles. Includes studying games and tools such as flashcards.
Read more

Study Guide for Unit One: Principles of Government

The Howard County American Government Quarterly ... Unit I Worksheet #2. FORMS of GOVERNMENT and ... Study Guide for Unit One: Principles of Government
Read more

CHAPTER 1: PRINCIPLES OF GOVERNMENT - HHS AMERICAN ...

American Government . Unit 1: Foundations of Government . CHAPTER 1: PRINCIPLES OF GOVERNMENT . ... Section 2 . Forms of Government . Who can participate?
Read more

Basic Principles of American Government - AMSCO - High ...

Basic Principles of American Government ... and role of all the major components of American government Features. seven units cover the principles ...
Read more

⚡Presentation "Unit 1: Foundations of American ...

Presentation on theme: "Unit 1: Foundations of American Government Chapter 1: Principles of Government Chapter 2: Origins of American Government By ...
Read more

Unit 2 - Origins & Principles of American Government ...

unit_2_-_origins_and_history_of_american_government.ppt: File Size: 751 kb: File Type: ppt
Read more

Unit 1: Foundations of American Government

Unit Resources. Chapter Activities Home > Social Studies Home Product Info Site Map Contact Us: Please read our Terms of Use and Privacy Notice ...
Read more

Unit 1: Principles of American Democracy - Winston-Salem ...

Principles of American Democracy. UNIT 1 ... What principle in the US Constitution ... neglect lead to a sense of self government? Chapter 2, S 1 (pgs ...
Read more