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Unit 2 L4 N.I.3

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Information about Unit 2 L4 N.I.3

Published on March 7, 2009

Author: tcher_joe

Source: slideshare.net

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Gerund phrases and comparatives
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Gerund phrases and Comparisons By Profr. José Ma. Jaramillo S. March 2009

Personality Types Artistic: They are the people who like working with designs and patterns. Example: Clothing designer Architect

Web designer Painter Photographer Sculptor

Conventional type: They are the people who like following instructions and routines. Example: Air traffic control Accountant

Office assistant Electrician Secretary Pilot

Realistic type: They are the people who like working outside or with real-world materials. Example: Cook Bus driver Taxi driver Dog walker

Social type: They are the people who like working with other people. Example: Baby sitter Counselor Choir director Tennis instructor

Investigative type: They are the people who like figuring out problems. Solve problems. Example: Pharmacist Veterinarian Psychologist Detective

Gerund phrases as subjects and as objects Gerund is formed by adding –ing to a verb (e.g. designing, being ) this is the same form as the present continuous. However, a gerund is a noun , so it can be a subject or and object in a sentence.

Gerund phrases as subjects Working as a dog walker sounds pretty difficult. Being a psychologist must be really challenging. Desinging buildings seems very fascinating. Taking care of babies could be very stressful Making people laugh would be fantastic. Helping people in a hospital is very rewarding. Being a clothing desinger sounds interesting.

Working as a dog walker sounds pretty difficult.

Being a psychologist must be really challenging.

Desinging buildings seems very fascinating.

Taking care of babies could be very stressful

Making people laugh would be fantastic.

Helping people in a hospital is very rewarding.

Being a clothing desinger sounds interesting.

Gerund phrases as objects My sister would enjoy being a nurse. I wouldn’t like working as a teacher. I’d love directing a tv program. Nicole wouldn’t like making decisions quickly I’d be good listening people’s problems. I wouldn´t be good solving others situations. Sam wouldn’t be good writing on a newspaper

My sister would enjoy being a nurse.

I wouldn’t like working as a teacher.

I’d love directing a tv program.

Nicole wouldn’t like making decisions quickly

I’d be good listening people’s problems.

I wouldn´t be good solving others situations.

Sam wouldn’t be good writing on a newspaper

Complete the statements using the verbs in the chart in gerunds. _________________ a fightfigher would be rewarding _________________ a teacher seems to be tiring and stressful. _________________ in a choros must be really exciting. _________________ in a newspaper sounds boring. _________________clothes would be interesting. _________________a gruop seems to be very funny. Janeth would be good _____________________ a show in the school. I wouldn’t be good at ______________________ students all day. I’d enjoy _____________________________ television during the weekend. My students would be very excited _______________________ a movie in class. My girlfriend would be interested at _______________________ sick people. I think I wouldn’t be good at _______________________ instructions or rules. Design see Conduct Be Direct Write Work help watch follow listen Sing

Complete the statements using the verbs in the chart in gerunds.

_________________ a fightfigher would be rewarding

_________________ a teacher seems to be tiring and stressful.

_________________ in a choros must be really exciting.

_________________ in a newspaper sounds boring.

_________________clothes would be interesting.

_________________a gruop seems to be very funny.

Janeth would be good _____________________ a show in the school.

I wouldn’t be good at ______________________ students all day.

I’d enjoy _____________________________ television during the weekend.

My students would be very excited _______________________ a movie in class.

My girlfriend would be interested at _______________________ sick people.

I think I wouldn’t be good at _______________________ instructions or rules.

Design

see

Conduct

Be

Direct

Write

Work

help

watch

follow

listen

Sing

Which job do you think is better?

Advantages Veterinarian Earns more money Could have her/his own schedule Less stressful Helps animals It’s not too tiring Secretary Talk by telephone all day Work with people Help people/give information Work in a comfortable area Work sitting all day It’s not dangerous

Advantages Doctor It’s a challange job Well paid Help sick people Very rewarding It’s interesting Teacher Work with people Sometimes is funny Less dangerous It’s a rewarding job Better hours to work

Comparing a veterinarian and a secretary… Being a veterinarian could be more interesting than a secretary. Working as a veterinarian is not as stressful as than a secretary. Being a veterinarian must be more rewarding than a secretary. Working as a veterinarian is less tired than a secretary. Helping animals seems better than people. A secretary has better comforts than a veterinarian. A secretary isn’t as much work as a veterinarian. A secretary has more free time than a veterinarian. A secretary has a better office than a veterinarian. A secretary’s job isn´t as much danger as the veterinarian. with adjectives… with adjectives…

Being a veterinarian could be more interesting than a secretary.

Working as a veterinarian is not as stressful as than a secretary.

Being a veterinarian must be more rewarding than a secretary.

Working as a veterinarian is less tired than a secretary.

Helping animals seems better than people.

A secretary has better comforts than a veterinarian.

A secretary isn’t as much work as a veterinarian.

A secretary has more free time than a veterinarian.

A secretary has a better office than a veterinarian.

A secretary’s job isn´t as much danger as the veterinarian.

Comparing a doctor and a teacher… with verbs… A doctor earns more than a teacher. A doctor studies more than a teacher. A doctor doesn´t rest as much as a teacher. A doctor enjoys his job as much as a teacher. A doctor helps as much as a teacher. A doctor doesn´t work as much as a teacher. with past participles… Teachers are not as well paid as doctors. Teachers are as well educated as doctors.

A doctor earns more than a teacher.

A doctor studies more than a teacher.

A doctor doesn´t rest as much as a teacher.

A doctor enjoys his job as much as a teacher.

A doctor helps as much as a teacher.

A doctor doesn´t work as much as a teacher.

Teachers are not as well paid as doctors.

Teachers are as well educated as doctors.

Complete the statements using the words in parenthesis. More than one answer is possible. Working as an air traffic controller is _______________________an accountant. (stressful) Doctors have ____________________________ pyschologist.(patients) Photograhers _______________________than waiters. (earns) Designing houses is _____________________________than drawing buildings.(interesting) Being a teacher is ___________________________than being a police officer. (dangerous) Lawyers ____________________________________politician. (earns) Working as an English instructor isn’t _____________________working in a circus. (funny) Dog walkers are __________________________ than a office assistant. (healthy) Being a student is _________________________than working in the house.(hard) Pilots don’t work __________________________flight attendants. (much) Fightfighters have ________________________ hours working than a secretary. (bad) Being an electrician is _________________________ than working as detective. (easy)

Complete the statements using the words in parenthesis. More than one answer is possible.

Working as an air traffic controller is _______________________an accountant. (stressful)

Doctors have ____________________________ pyschologist.(patients)

Photograhers _______________________than waiters. (earns)

Designing houses is _____________________________than drawing buildings.(interesting)

Being a teacher is ___________________________than being a police officer. (dangerous)

Lawyers ____________________________________politician. (earns)

Working as an English instructor isn’t _____________________working in a circus. (funny)

Dog walkers are __________________________ than a office assistant. (healthy)

Being a student is _________________________than working in the house.(hard)

Pilots don’t work __________________________flight attendants. (much)

Fightfighters have ________________________ hours working than a secretary. (bad)

Being an electrician is _________________________ than working as detective. (easy)

Use the words in parentheses to compare the jobs. Company needs a bus driver. Working hours from 6 a.m. to 10 p.m. Responsable driving and drivers license updated. $10 p/hour. New factory needs a gardener. Not experiencie is necessary. Working from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. Tools are provided by the company. $ 6 p/hour. __Working as a bus driver is better paid than a gardener.___________________________ (better paid) __________________________________________________________________________________ (less tiring) __________________________________________________________________________________ (longer hours) __________________________________________________________________________________ (as much responsability) Pemex needs secretaries. Experience is necessary. Computers skills and two languages required. Bonus and good salary per month. Children College wanted English instructor for kinder garden. Hours from 8 a.m. to 11 a.m. Patient and tolerance is necessary. Well paid. ___________________________________________________________________________________(well paid) __________________________________________________________________________________ (requirements) __________________________________________________________________________________ (shorter hours) __________________________________________________________________________________ (harder) Bio-parque Estrella needs tour guides. Working in summer vacation. Food and transfer to the park. $100 per day. Modeling School needs models. Spring season photos. $300 per 4 weeks. Not experience is necessary. ___________________________________________________________________________________(exciting) __________________________________________________________________________________ (better paid) __________________________________________________________________________________ (more time) __________________________________________________________________________________ (less boring)

__Working as a bus driver is better paid than a gardener.___________________________ (better paid)

__________________________________________________________________________________ (less tiring)

__________________________________________________________________________________ (longer hours)

__________________________________________________________________________________ (as much responsability)

___________________________________________________________________________________(well paid)

__________________________________________________________________________________ (requirements)

__________________________________________________________________________________ (shorter hours)

__________________________________________________________________________________ (harder)

___________________________________________________________________________________(exciting)

__________________________________________________________________________________ (better paid)

__________________________________________________________________________________ (more time)

__________________________________________________________________________________ (less boring)

Let’s practice with on your books! More information: [email_address]

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