Unit 12

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Information about Unit 12
Education

Published on March 14, 2008

Author: Doride

Source: authorstream.com

Unit Twelve Travelling to Yidu , Wufeng:  Unit Twelve Travelling to Yidu , Wufeng 宜都,五峰之旅 Slide2:  Travelling to Yidu , Wufeng The Chaibuxi National Forest Park The Guchaoyin Cave Ordovician Park Slide3:  Drive from Yichang to its south, you will go across the Yangtze River through the Yichang Yangtze Bridge. Along No.325 Hubei Provincial Highway, you’ll come to Yidu Town, which is famous for a long history and beautiful mountains and rivers. Being at the junction of Mt.Wuyi and Mt. Wushan, Yidu has special geological landscapes(地理风光). The most well-known ones are Guchaoyin Cave Scenic Spot and Ordovician(奥陶纪) Park. The Guchaoyin Scenic Spot is situated in the Niejiahe Town of Yidu, which consists of the Guchaoyin Cave, the Yuyang River Rafting, and the holiday villages for Leisure(休闲) etc. It’s an attractive tourism, leisure, exploring place integrating(将….集合) the Bachu culture, religious culture, and historical heritages.:  The Guchaoyin Scenic Spot is situated in the Niejiahe Town of Yidu, which consists of the Guchaoyin Cave, the Yuyang River Rafting, and the holiday villages for Leisure(休闲) etc. It’s an attractive tourism, leisure, exploring place integrating(将….集合) the Bachu culture, religious culture, and historical heritages. Slide6:  The Ordovician Park, otherwise known as Ordovician Stone Forest, covers four small towns of Yidu: Wangjiafan, Panjiawan, Niejiahe and Wuyanquan. It’s a museum of Ordovician creatures. Here you’ll be amazed by the rare, grand stone forest and various, entire creature fossils (化石) of ancient ocean. Slide7:  When you are attracted by these wonderful sceneries, you will have entered into the scope of Wufeng unconsciously, where 200 thousand Tujia people live. The whole Wufeng is a natural landscape. It has abundant, diverse tourism resouces. One of the spots is Chaibuxi National Forest Park. Slide8:  Chaibuxi is located from Yuyangguan to Changleping, which is a typical grand canyon(峡谷)scenic spot and covers an area of 60 square kilometers. It’s attractive for its gorges, high mountains, cliffs and bluffs, clear waters and flourishing (茂盛的) forests. Drive from Wufeng town and along the southwest way, after 1.5 hours, you’ll get to another famous spot----- the Houhe National Nature Reserve. Houhe covers an area of 40964.9 hectares(公顷) and has 2087 endangered, treasured plants. There are more than 307 rare animals live in the Reserve of which there are 51 national key protected species(物种). Here you will get different experience and an unforgettable primitive impression. :  There are more than 307 rare animals live in the Reserve of which there are 51 national key protected species(物种). Here you will get different experience and an unforgettable primitive impression. Yangshoujin Museum, Changsheng Cave, Baiyizhai Tujia Village and so on. :  Yangshoujin Museum, Changsheng Cave, Baiyizhai Tujia Village and so on. Yangshoujin Museum In addition, there are other enchanting(迷人的) scenic spots in Yidu and Wufeng. For example,   从宜昌驱车南行,经宜昌长江公路大桥,沿325 省道,就会来到历史悠久,山清水秀的宜都县。因为地处武夷山脉与巫山山脉的交界处,宜都有其独特的地理风光。其中最具盛名的便是古潮音洞和奥陶纪公园。 古潮音洞风景区坐落在宜都的聂家河镇,由古潮音洞,渔洋河漂流,和休闲度假山庄等部分组成,集巴楚文化,宗教文化,历史文化之精华,是旅游,度假,探险之胜地。 奥陶纪公园,又以奥陶纪石林闻名,遍布于王家畈,潘家湾,聂家河与五眼泉四个小镇。它是奥陶纪古生物的博物馆。在这儿,你会为此稀有,宏伟的石林和多姿多彩的,完整的古代海洋化石所震惊。 :    从宜昌驱车南行,经宜昌长江公路大桥,沿325 省道,就会来到历史悠久,山清水秀的宜都县。因为地处武夷山脉与巫山山脉的交界处,宜都有其独特的地理风光。其中最具盛名的便是古潮音洞和奥陶纪公园。 古潮音洞风景区坐落在宜都的聂家河镇,由古潮音洞,渔洋河漂流,和休闲度假山庄等部分组成,集巴楚文化,宗教文化,历史文化之精华,是旅游,度假,探险之胜地。 奥陶纪公园,又以奥陶纪石林闻名,遍布于王家畈,潘家湾,聂家河与五眼泉四个小镇。它是奥陶纪古生物的博物馆。在这儿,你会为此稀有,宏伟的石林和多姿多彩的,完整的古代海洋化石所震惊。 宜都,五峰之旅 Slide12:  当你正为这些奇观所吸引时,你已不知不觉的进入了有着20万土家族人民的五峰县。整个五峰就是一个大的风景区,它有着丰富多样的旅游资源。其中之一便是柴埠溪国家森林公园, 柴埠溪位于渔洋关至长乐坪,占地60平方公里,是一个典型的大峡谷风景区,以峡谷,高山,险崖,清溪,密林闻名。 由五峰城出发,沿西南路,经过1。5小时,你会来到五峰另一个著名的风景区----- 后河国家自然保护区。后河占地40964.9公顷,拥有2087种濒危,珍奇植物,并有大约307 种稀有动物,其中51 种是国家重点保护物种。而且,这儿的不同经历将会给你带来一次难忘的,原始记忆。 除此之外,宜都,五峰还有许多引人入胜的风景,如:杨守敬故居,长生洞,白溢寨等等。 back Passage 1 :  Passage 1 The Chaibuxi National Forest Park Slide14:  Drivie from Yichang, along No.325 Hubei Provincial Highway, you’ll get to Chaibuxi after 3 hours. At the foot of Dawankou, there lie a lot of Tujia holiday villages . If you want to appreciate the wonderful scenery of Chaibuxi, experience the Tujia custom,and taste the corn wine, let’s begin from here. Chaibuxi is a typical grand canyon, which has an area of 60 square kilometers. It stretches from the east to the west about 30 kilometers long and it is 1 to 3 kilometers wide. In 1996, it was ratified as one of the China National Forest Parks. Slide16:  Due to the endless geological movements, the mountains here took all kinds of strange shapes delighting tourist from home and abroad. Local people describe it as “Miles of deep gorge of Chaibuxi, thousands of strange peaks the land of paradise ”. The Park includes four scenery areas: Tanzikou, Dawankou, Jiaokou and Duanshankou, together with a Neikou Bio-Reserve. You can visit about 120 spots through 3 main tour routes and enjoy many beautiful legends from local people. Slide17:  The charm of Chaibuxi lies in the gorges, stone forests, cliffs and bluffs, clear waters and flourishing forests. The wonderland is famous for its primitive, steep, magic and delicate scenery. The most attractive one is the stone forest. The rocks stand in great numbers, some like little boys, some like lovely ladies, some like animals, all of which are in different poses and expressions, some jumping, some sitting, some gathering, some scattering. It’s a real enchanting view. Slide18:  So the local people named them beautifully, such as “ the fairy boy presents flowers ”, “ General’s Rock”, “ Heaven sword ”, “Guanyin sitting on the lotus ”, “Lovers Dating ” and so on. But the most distinctive one is the Magic Pen Peak in Dawankou. It looks like a giant brush pen standing there for thousands of years. Rambling among these mountains, the sheer peaks will give you an infinite visual imagines. The second unique ones are the dangerous cliffs and bluffs. There are five steepest cliffs whose stone steps are highly hanging. Because the road to the top of Tizikou cliff is too straight and perilous, it’s called “ the ladder up to the sky ”. When you walk through the extremely narrow road, don’t look down to the foot, otherwise, you’ll be scared not to go ahead by the deep abyss under your feet.:  The second unique ones are the dangerous cliffs and bluffs. There are five steepest cliffs whose stone steps are highly hanging. Because the road to the top of Tizikou cliff is too straight and perilous, it’s called “ the ladder up to the sky ”. When you walk through the extremely narrow road, don’t look down to the foot, otherwise, you’ll be scared not to go ahead by the deep abyss under your feet. The third wonderful one is the wild ancient valley. Entering Dujiabao at the foot of valley, you’ll be fascinated by its primitive, natural and idyllic beauty. Watching the small bridges, ancient Tujia houses, flowing waters, old trees and flowers, listening to the birds singing, the endless relax and happiness will make you forget everything outside. :  The third wonderful one is the wild ancient valley. Entering Dujiabao at the foot of valley, you’ll be fascinated by its primitive, natural and idyllic beauty. Watching the small bridges, ancient Tujia houses, flowing waters, old trees and flowers, listening to the birds singing, the endless relax and happiness will make you forget everything outside. The virgin forest is the fourth wonder. Walking deep into the forest, you can feast your eyes on the vivid and lively picture of towering trees, twining vines, chirping birds and blooming flowers. You can see many rare and precious species, including monkey, civet cat, leopard, golden vulture , golden pheasant, antelope. :  The virgin forest is the fourth wonder. Walking deep into the forest, you can feast your eyes on the vivid and lively picture of towering trees, twining vines, chirping birds and blooming flowers. You can see many rare and precious species, including monkey, civet cat, leopard, golden vulture , golden pheasant, antelope. 冷杉 Slide22:  Precious Chinese medicinal herbs are found everywhere. Here also live many treasured plants, such as sawtooth oak, ginkgo, fir, and dove tree--- the living fossil. 珙桐(鸽子花) 七叶一支花 娃娃鱼 Chaibuxi is the inhabit region of the Tujia Minority. Here, you’ll see the folk footed houses, the traditional woven fabrics Xilan Kapu, ancient Crying Wedding, Dancing Funeral, Southern Melody, Hall Opera, and so on. Generally speaking, the whole Chaibuxi seems to be a green labyrinth and fabulous fairyland. It’s really worth watching. :  Chaibuxi is the inhabit region of the Tujia Minority. Here, you’ll see the folk footed houses, the traditional woven fabrics Xilan Kapu, ancient Crying Wedding, Dancing Funeral, Southern Melody, Hall Opera, and so on. Generally speaking, the whole Chaibuxi seems to be a green labyrinth and fabulous fairyland. It’s really worth watching. Slide24:  1. Corn wine 苞谷酒(在山里的土家人口中,玉米不叫“玉米” ,叫“苞谷”) 2. Dancing Funeral 跳丧 (丧葬舞,土家习俗,人死后为悼念亡人而请人为其歌舞) 3.Crying Wedding 哭嫁 (土家女子知道出嫁的喜期后,无论对象是否满意都要哭嫁,内容主要哭诉自己的身世和难舍亲人的离情别绪,感谢父母的养育之恩和亲友善待之情,还有哭骂媒人和勉励新娘的内容。) 4.woven fabrics Xilan Kafu 土家织锦西兰卡普(汉语为“土花铺盖”之意,是土家族民间的家庭手工织锦。) Notes: Slide25:  5. the folk footed houses 吊脚楼 鄂西土家族地区最复杂而有最能显示富有的一种典型的建筑形式。它们最基本的特点是正屋建在实地上,厢房除一边靠在实地和正房相连,其余三边皆悬空,靠柱子支撑,正屋和厢房(即吊脚部分)的上面住人,厢房的下部有柱无壁,用来喂养牲畜、堆放杂务。 New words canyon n. 峡谷 ratify v. 正式批准 paradise n. 天堂 legend n. 传说 bluff n. 悬崖 flourishing adj. 茂盛的 primitive adj 原始的 vivid adj 鲜亮的 chirping adj 唧唧喳喳叫的 species n. 物种 civet cat n. 灵猫 leopard n. 豹 golden vulture n. 金雕 golden pheasant n. 锦鸡 Slide26:  delicate adj 优美的 attractive adj 吸引人的 enchanting adj 迷人的 distincticve adj 独特的 ramble v. 漫步 infinite adj 无限的 visual adj 视觉上的 perilous adj 危险的 abyss n. 深渊 fascinate v. 使入迷 idyllic adj 田园风光的 virgin forest n. 原始森林 antelope n. 羚羊 sawtooth oak n. 黑壳栎 labyrinth n. 迷宫 ginkgo n. 银杏树 fir n. 冷杉 dove tree n. 珙桐树 fossil. n. 化石 weave (wove, woven) v. 编织 fabric n. 织物 funeral n. 葬礼 fabulous adj 绝妙的 vine n. 树藤 Exercises: I. Answer the following questions: 1. What is the charm of Chaibuxi? 2. How dangerous are the cliffs and bluffs of Chaibuxi? 3. What rare plants and animals are there in Chaibuxi? 4. When was Chaibuxi ratified as one of the China Natonal Forest Parks? 5. Role-play: Imagine yourself to be a tour guide and comment on Chaibuxi to your classmates. :  Exercises: I. Answer the following questions: 1. What is the charm of Chaibuxi? 2. How dangerous are the cliffs and bluffs of Chaibuxi? 3. What rare plants and animals are there in Chaibuxi? 4. When was Chaibuxi ratified as one of the China Natonal Forest Parks? 5. Role-play: Imagine yourself to be a tour guide and comment on Chaibuxi to your classmates. Key II. Decide the statements true or false: 1. Chaibuxi is a grand mountain, which covers an area of 160 square kilometers. ( ) 2. There are 5 main tour routes in Chaibuxi. ( ) 3. The Magic Pen Peak is in Dawankou. ( ) 4. The living fossil is dove tree. ( ) 5. Chaibuxi is the inhabit region of Tibetan. ( )  :  II. Decide the statements true or false: 1. Chaibuxi is a grand mountain, which covers an area of 160 square kilometers. ( ) 2. There are 5 main tour routes in Chaibuxi. ( ) 3. The Magic Pen Peak is in Dawankou. ( ) 4. The living fossil is dove tree. ( ) 5. Chaibuxi is the inhabit region of Tibetan. ( )   Key   驱车由宜昌出发,沿着325湖北省省道,3小时后即到柴埠溪国家森林公园,一片土家风格的度假村就座落在大湾口脚下,领略柴埠溪的秀美风光,体验土家风情,品尝苞谷老酒,一切都从这里开始。 柴埠溪是一个典型的大峡谷风景区,总面积近60 平方公里,是一条东西走向长30 公里,南北宽1至3公里的大峡谷,1996年被批准为国家森林公园。经过漫长的地质变迁,柴埠溪两岸的绝壁雕凿成千姿百态的石林奇观,使中外游客为之惊叹,因此有“百里幽峡柴埠溪,三千奇峰仙境地”的美誉。 :    驱车由宜昌出发,沿着325湖北省省道,3小时后即到柴埠溪国家森林公园,一片土家风格的度假村就座落在大湾口脚下,领略柴埠溪的秀美风光,体验土家风情,品尝苞谷老酒,一切都从这里开始。 柴埠溪是一个典型的大峡谷风景区,总面积近60 平方公里,是一条东西走向长30 公里,南北宽1至3公里的大峡谷,1996年被批准为国家森林公园。经过漫长的地质变迁,柴埠溪两岸的绝壁雕凿成千姿百态的石林奇观,使中外游客为之惊叹,因此有“百里幽峡柴埠溪,三千奇峰仙境地”的美誉。 Translation: 柴埠溪国家森林公园 Slide30:  柴埠溪有坛子口、大湾口、蛟口、断山口四大景区 ,还有一个内口生态保护区。你可以主要通过3条旅游线路游览120余处景点,并随时聆听当地的优美传奇故事。 柴埠溪以峡谷、石林、绝壁、清溪、密林最富魅力,以幽野、险峻、原始、神奇四绝著称。 首先,柴埠溪以石林造型为第一绝:这里的石头千奇百怪, 各具形态, 有的如童子,有的象美妇, 有的似百兽,或跳或坐,或聚或散,真乃奇景。而且它们各具美名,如“仙童献花”, “将军岩”, “倚天剑”, “观音坐莲”以及“情人幽会”等。最为奇特的是大湾口神笔峰,如一支御笔孤傲直立,屹立万年不倒。当你漫步其间,那奇峰绝壁扑面而来,予你无穷想象。 Slide31:  峡谷绝壁之险为第二绝:柴埠溪的五大崖口最为险奇,其上线每条道路都是在绝壁上悬挂。梯子口古老的石级高悬,土家人称为“上天梯”。当你行走于狭窄的山路,别俯视谷底,否则万丈深渊,令人心跳,使你驻足难行。 溪谷幽野是第三绝:进入溪谷杜家堡,你为其原始,自然和田园的美景所深深吸引。小桥流水人家,老树鲜花鸣鸟,赏此美景心旷神怡间,你不绝早已忘了外面的世界。 原始密林是第四绝:步入密林,你会目不暇接:参天大树,弯曲蔓藤,唧啾小鸟, 怒放鲜花。许多珍稀动物:灵猴、灵猫、豹、金雕、锦鸡、羚羊等时常出没林间。名贵药材遍地皆是。在这儿你还会见识许多珍稀植物-----黑壳栎,银杏树,冷杉, “活化石”珙桐树等等。 柴埠溪是土家族聚居地。在这里可观赏民族建筑吊脚楼、土家织锦西兰卡普、哭嫁以及跳丧舞、南曲、堂戏等。总之,整个柴埠溪就如一片绿色迷宫,绝妙仙境,值得一看。 back The Guchaoyin Cave:  The Guchaoyin Cave Passage 2 The Guchaoyin Scenic Spot is situated in the Niejiahe Town of Yidu, which consists of the Guchaoyin Cave, the rafting in the Yuyang River, :  The Guchaoyin Scenic Spot is situated in the Niejiahe Town of Yidu, which consists of the Guchaoyin Cave, the rafting in the Yuyang River, the villages for holidays ect. The Guchaoyin Cave is the main spot, which is also called Xiejia Cave. It is said that the army of Lizicheng,who was the leader of the Peasants Revolting Army in the late Ming Dynasty, were beaten in a fight against the government army, so they had to move to the southwest. When they passed the Niejiahe Town, the local nobles force, of which Xiejiaying was the head ,had a fight with the Peasants Army. But after several go-arounds, the Xiejiaying army weredefeated and ran away to the Guchaoyin Cave which was easy to defend, but hard to offend. The Peasants Army ran after to the Mt. Kuang, seeing a cave in the cliff, they found the cave was the one that “if one man guards the pass, ten thousand are unable to get through”. It was so difficult to attack that they gave up and withdrew the droops, leaving for the southwest. :  were beaten in a fight against the government army, so they had to move to the southwest. When they passed the Niejiahe Town, the local nobles force, of which Xiejiaying was the head ,had a fight with the Peasants Army. But after several go-arounds, the Xiejiaying army weredefeated and ran away to the Guchaoyin Cave which was easy to defend, but hard to offend. The Peasants Army ran after to the Mt. Kuang, seeing a cave in the cliff, they found the cave was the one that “if one man guards the pass, ten thousand are unable to get through”. It was so difficult to attack that they gave up and withdrew the droops, leaving for the southwest. About 200 years later, in 1883, in order to recall the forefather’s ruins, the ninth generation of Xiejiaying, Xiehouzhi looked for and visited the cave with his friends. Seeing the cave, they were deeply moved, so they wrote some words and odes, andlet stonemen carve them on the walls of the cave. They were well-preserved, so now you can still watch the vestige clearly.:  About 200 years later, in 1883, in order to recall the forefather’s ruins, the ninth generation of Xiejiaying, Xiehouzhi looked for and visited the cave with his friends. Seeing the cave, they were deeply moved, so they wrote some words and odes, andlet stonemen carve them on the walls of the cave. They were well-preserved, so now you can still watch the vestige clearly. The Guchaoyin Cave is a big calcareous water-eroded cave which is about 530 million years old.Divided into two parts, the cave stacks up one after another, links one by one, and connects with each other. No one knows its deepth. In the upper cave, there is a giant pillar about 29 meters high and 37.8 meters around, which is the biggest one in China national caves. On the walls in the cave, all shapes of stalactites are hanging. Some look as if they were mountains and waters, some seem to be decorated with exotic flowers, some appear as if they were umbrellas, :  The Guchaoyin Cave is a big calcareous water-eroded cave which is about 530 million years old.Divided into two parts, the cave stacks up one after another, links one by one, and connects with each other. No one knows its deepth. In the upper cave, there is a giant pillar about 29 meters high and 37.8 meters around, which is the biggest one in China national caves. On the walls in the cave, all shapes of stalactites are hanging. Some look as if they were mountains and waters, some seem to be decorated with exotic flowers, some appear as if they were umbrellas, Slide37:  some are like beautiful ladies, some are like lovely animals; They look ever changing and colorful by the blaze of shining lights. It’s a real feast for the eyes. Apart from the stalactites, the cave also boasts the other four attractive sights. The first one is the rare glass fish. This kind of fish is pink, small, exquisite and transparent as glass. According to the analyse of the experts, owing to living in the dark cave for long, and the mineral substances in the water, the fish get sparkling and crystal-clear. Slide38:  The second is that there are a lot of clouds and mists in the cave. Especially in summer and autumn, you will see them slowly wreathe outwards. It’s really a paradise. The third is the sound of the water like that of the tide. Because the waters of the two parts of the cave connects together, with a total drop of 50 meters, additionally, the current is rapid, the sound of the water in the cave like a crush of thunder or the tide’s rushing to the beach.:  The third is the sound of the water like that of the tide. Because the waters of the two parts of the cave connects together, with a total drop of 50 meters, additionally, the current is rapid, the sound of the water in the cave like a crush of thunder or the tide’s rushing to the beach. The last is an iron ladder connecting the upper and lower parts. In the lower, you can travel by boat and go through the biggest underground steel corridor in the Three Gorges Region to enjoy the underground natural landscape paintings. In general, when you feel tired in the modern cities, please come here. The green waters, grand mountains, the magnetic idyllic sights and the friendly local people will give you a fresh experience, and let you relax and be happy. :  The last is an iron ladder connecting the upper and lower parts. In the lower, you can travel by boat and go through the biggest underground steel corridor in the Three Gorges Region to enjoy the underground natural landscape paintings. In general, when you feel tired in the modern cities, please come here. The green waters, grand mountains, the magnetic idyllic sights and the friendly local people will give you a fresh experience, and let you relax and be happy. 1.李自成(1606~1645)明末农民起义军领袖。字鸿基。 2. 钟乳石,主要成分是碳酸钙,主要出现在石灰岩组成的自然山地洞中 3. If one man guards the pass, ten thousand are unable to get through: 一夫当关,万夫莫开   :  1.李自成(1606~1645)明末农民起义军领袖。字鸿基。 2. 钟乳石,主要成分是碳酸钙,主要出现在石灰岩组成的自然山地洞中 3. If one man guards the pass, ten thousand are unable to get through: 一夫当关,万夫莫开   Notes: New words: raft vi. 乘筏 revolt v. 反抗, 起义, 反叛 dynasty n. 朝代 defeat v. 击败, 战胜 stalactite n. 钟乳石 boast v. 自夸, 以有...而自豪 crystal adj. 结晶状的 exquisite adj. 优美的, 高雅的 Slide42:  defend v. 防护, 辩护, 防卫 offend v. 冒犯, 违反, attack v. 攻击, 抨击, withdraw v. 收回, 撤消 ode n. 颂诗, 赋 vestige n. 遗迹 calcareous adj 石灰质的, 含钙的 erode v. 侵蚀, 腐蚀, 使变化 stack up 把...堆,层叠 ... giant adj 巨大的 transparent adj 透明的, 显然的 analyse n. 分析 mineral n. 矿物, 矿石 substance n. 物质,物 sparkling adj. 闪烁的, 闪闪发光的 wreathe v. 环绕盘旋 drop n. 落差 thunder n. 雷 magnetic adj 有吸引力的 Exercises: I. Decide the statements true or False: 1. The Guchaoyin Cave is also called Xiejia Cave. ( ) 2. The Guchaoyin Cave is easy to offend, but difficult to defend. ( ) 3. The Guchaoyin Cave is about 530 thousand years old. ( ) 4. The sound of the water in the cave is like that of the tide. ( ) 5. The drop of the water in the Guchaoyin Cave is 80 meters. ( )  II. Multiple Choices: 1. The Guchaoyin Cave is located in _________. A. Xiejiahe B. Niejiahe C. Wuyanquan D. Wangjiafan :  Exercises: I. Decide the statements true or False: 1. The Guchaoyin Cave is also called Xiejia Cave. ( ) 2. The Guchaoyin Cave is easy to offend, but difficult to defend. ( ) 3. The Guchaoyin Cave is about 530 thousand years old. ( ) 4. The sound of the water in the cave is like that of the tide. ( ) 5. The drop of the water in the Guchaoyin Cave is 80 meters. ( )  II. Multiple Choices: 1. The Guchaoyin Cave is located in _________. A. Xiejiahe B. Niejiahe C. Wuyanquan D. Wangjiafan Key Key Slide44:  2. In 1883,______ let stonemen carve some words on the walls of the cave. A. Xiejiaying B. Lizicheng C. Xiehouzi D. Guchaoyin 3. Why the fish in the cave are called glass fish? A. Beacause they are made of glass B. Beacause they live in the glass C. Beacause they are transparent as glass D. Beacause they eat mineral substances 4. On the walls in the cave, a lot of ____ are hanging. A. bats B. stalactites C. flowers D. umbrellas 5. The Guchaoyin Cave is divided into ______ parts. A. 2 B. 3 C. 4 D. 5 Key Translation: 古 潮 音 洞 宜都市古潮音洞旅游风景区,位于宜都市聂家河镇,风景区由古潮音洞、洞河漂流和休闲度假山寨等部分组成。以古潮音洞为核心,古潮音洞又名谢家洞。      据传,明末农民起义军领袖李自成的部队因与官兵作战受挫,向西南转移。途经聂家河时,当地豪门大户谢嘉应带领谢家为首地方武装,与农民起义军抗衡。几经交火,谢嘉应终败逃到易守难攻的潮音洞困守。起义军追到筐山山麓,只见悬崖峭壁之上有一石洞,真可谓“一夫当关,万夫莫开”,攻克极为困难,最后只好收兵继续向西南转移。     :  Translation: 古 潮 音 洞 宜都市古潮音洞旅游风景区,位于宜都市聂家河镇,风景区由古潮音洞、洞河漂流和休闲度假山寨等部分组成。以古潮音洞为核心,古潮音洞又名谢家洞。      据传,明末农民起义军领袖李自成的部队因与官兵作战受挫,向西南转移。途经聂家河时,当地豪门大户谢嘉应带领谢家为首地方武装,与农民起义军抗衡。几经交火,谢嘉应终败逃到易守难攻的潮音洞困守。起义军追到筐山山麓,只见悬崖峭壁之上有一石洞,真可谓“一夫当关,万夫莫开”,攻克极为困难,最后只好收兵继续向西南转移。      Slide46:  事过200多年后,公元1883年(光绪9年),谢嘉应的第九世孙谢厚之为缅怀光祖遗迹,与好友寻访了此洞。他们找到该洞后,感慨万千,于是分别在洞内题字作赋,请匠人刻石壁上,现保存完好。 清晰可见。      据专家对该洞的地质考证,该洞为灰质白沙岩层结构,距今约5亿3千万年。上下旱水两洞,洞叠洞,洞连洞,洞洞相通,深不可测,距今尚无人能穷其源。上洞一擎天巨柱,高39米,围径37.8米,为中华第一巨柱,洞内厅壁上挂满钟乳石,千姿百态,似山水,似花卉,似华盖,似人形,似百兽,在现代灯光的照射下,五彩缤纷,千变万化,一步一景,换步变景。      古潮音洞更有她的奇特之处:   Slide47:  一奇洞中的透明鱼为世所罕见,这种鱼通身晶莹透明,体内五脏清晰可见,据专家分析,可能是由于长年生长洞中不见阳光,加上水中稀有矿物质所致。 二奇洞祥云缭绕,每逢夏秋季节,洞内雾气腾腾,从洞内向外飘出,人间奇景。 三奇洞内水声如潮,洞上下水流相通,因水势湍急,落差高达50米,故水声声势如雷;又如海潮,惊涛拍岸。 四奇洞上下洞联通有铁梯。从上洞,下水洞,穿越三峡地区最大的地下钢铁走廊,乘木舟游览地下画廊,看洞内三峡集锦。      当您精疲力尽而逃离都市之时,您会发现古潮音洞度假山寨这一块充电、加油的宝地,迎面而来的清澈的绿水和苍翠的群山,诱人的田园风光中敞开着典雅的古朴山寨,使您松弛身心,物我两忘,拥有青山、绿水、蓝天、白云,让您真正体会超值含义。 back Ordovician Park :  Ordovician Park Passage 3 The Ordovician Park, also called Ordovician Stone Forest, covers four small towns of Yidu: Wangjiafan, Panjiawan, Niejiahe and Wuyanquan. After violent geological movement for millions upon millions of years, several Ordovician stones now stand there quietly with many various ancient ocean creature fossils. These stones and fossils tell us the evolution of lives on earth during 500 million years. Drive from Lucheng of Yidu Town, you will spend about 2 hours getting to Wangjiafan, where the stone forest of Luzhuxi village was firstly discovered. :  The Ordovician Park, also called Ordovician Stone Forest, covers four small towns of Yidu: Wangjiafan, Panjiawan, Niejiahe and Wuyanquan. After violent geological movement for millions upon millions of years, several Ordovician stones now stand there quietly with many various ancient ocean creature fossils. These stones and fossils tell us the evolution of lives on earth during 500 million years. Drive from Lucheng of Yidu Town, you will spend about 2 hours getting to Wangjiafan, where the stone forest of Luzhuxi village was firstly discovered. Along a narrow path, from the foot of Mt. Jiangjun, after passing two farmers’ houses, you will enter the Stone Forest Spot. The stones standing on both sides are straight as pillars, which are like two teams of army waiting for the inspection. When you arrive at the flat roof of the top of the mountain and look around, you will see lines of stones in different shapes. Some of the stones fall and some rise just like armies and horses hiding in the jungle. There are many stone alleys crossing each other in the Stone Forest. Go through the alleys, you’ll feel as if you are entering a large maze, not knowing the directions. :  Along a narrow path, from the foot of Mt. Jiangjun, after passing two farmers’ houses, you will enter the Stone Forest Spot. The stones standing on both sides are straight as pillars, which are like two teams of army waiting for the inspection. When you arrive at the flat roof of the top of the mountain and look around, you will see lines of stones in different shapes. Some of the stones fall and some rise just like armies and horses hiding in the jungle. There are many stone alleys crossing each other in the Stone Forest. Go through the alleys, you’ll feel as if you are entering a large maze, not knowing the directions. Slide51:  There are unnumbered stone pillars, and some are like folding screens, some are like giant umbrellas, some are like jungles….Although there’s no soil on the stone pillars, there are some evergreen plants twisting them. Opposite to Luzhuxi is Maohutang Stone Forest. Leaving from Luzhuxi and walking to its south about half an hour, you‘ll have the opportunity to see another stone forest----Maohutang. The stone forest here consists of several hills and it’s like a large animal sculpture exhibition hall. As you step into the stone forest, you can find that the entire area is really a sea of stone animal sculptures. Here you’ll find the vivid embodiments of not only birds and beasts, but also fish. When you go into the stone forest, the first thing you will encounter is a huge turtle. :  As you step into the stone forest, you can find that the entire area is really a sea of stone animal sculptures. Here you’ll find the vivid embodiments of not only birds and beasts, but also fish. When you go into the stone forest, the first thing you will encounter is a huge turtle. It raises its head and looks forward as if it were welcoming the guests’ coming. Walking ahead, you’ll be amazed by the following scenes: dragon raising its head, golden cock flying, seals playing with water, whales enjoying a trip… The most wonderful one is Earl’s Head Statue. :  It raises its head and looks forward as if it were welcoming the guests’ coming. Walking ahead, you’ll be amazed by the following scenes: dragon raising its head, golden cock flying, seals playing with water, whales enjoying a trip… The most wonderful one is Earl’s Head Statue. Slide54:  It’s about five meters high, standing at the exit of the down-hill. It has sunken eyes, straight nose and curly hair. The face is really like a Europe noble’s. He smiles as if he were saying “good-bye ” to you. Besides the stone forest, there lie abundant ancient ocean creature fossils in Yidu Ordovician stratum. There are a lot of nautiluses, sea lilies, ammonites,hornstones, seashells and numerous nonamed molluscs, of which the most representative is nautilus. Because it not only has large numbers, but has long antenae and hard crust, it’s one of the advanced life forms. Slide55:  鹦鹉螺 If you stand on the Yidu Ordovician stratum, it seems that you are standing on the bottom of the sea 500 million years ago. As you appreciate the stone forest and watch those fossils, you will be moved deeply and feel the human is so tiny and the life is so wonderful.:  As you appreciate the stone forest and watch those fossils, you will be moved deeply and feel the human is so tiny and the life is so wonderful. Notes::  Notes: 1.Ordovician: 奥陶纪在古地质学中,代表的是一个地质年代,它排在前寒武纪和寒武纪之后,位居第三,距今4.5至5.2亿年,时间跨度长达7000万年。在前寒武纪,地球上几乎没有生命,只是到了前寒武纪晚期,才有了胀腔动物和环节动物;在寒武纪底界,地球上有了一定量的三叶虫和软舌螺等,但那都是十分低级的;而到了奥陶纪,可能是由于宇宙中和地球上各种自然能量的相互作用,使生命获得快速繁殖的契机,于是大量的生命在海洋中迅速诞生,因此,古地质学家们把奥陶纪称之为生命大爆发的地质年代。 Slide58:  Ordovician n. 奥陶纪; a 奥陶纪的 evolution n. 发展, 演变, 进化 pillar n. 柱子, 栋梁 inspection n. 检查, 视察,检阅 jungle n. 丛林 Earl n. 伯爵 statue n. 塑像 sunken a. 深陷 stratum n. 地层 nautilus n. [动]鹦鹉 螺 sea lily n. [动]海百合 alley n. 胡同,小巷 New Words: Slide59:  maze n. 迷宫 folding screen 屏风 twist v. 缠绕 sculpture n. 雕像 exhibition n. 展览 vivid a 活灵活现的 embodiment n. 化身 ammonite n. [古生]菊石 hornstone n. 角石 seashell n. 海贝壳 mollusc n. 软体动物 representative a 代表性的 antenae n. 〈动〉触角 crust n. 外壳 Exercises: I. Answer the questions: 1. Which stone forest was firstly discovered? 2. What are the features of the Ordovician Park? 3. What is the most wonderful statue in Maohutang Stone Forest? 4. What is the most representative ancient ocean creature fossil? 5. Give a brief introduction of the Ordovician Park.:  Exercises: I. Answer the questions: 1. Which stone forest was firstly discovered? 2. What are the features of the Ordovician Park? 3. What is the most wonderful statue in Maohutang Stone Forest? 4. What is the most representative ancient ocean creature fossil? 5. Give a brief introduction of the Ordovician Park. Key II. Decide the statements true or false: 1. The Ordovician Park covers three small towns of Yidu. ( ) 2. The stones and fossils in the Ordovician Park were 500 years old. ( ) 3. Luzhuxi Stone Forest is like a large animal sculpture exhibition hall. ( ) 4. The stones take different shapes in the forest. ( ) 5. Nautilus has short antenae and soft crust. ( ):  II. Decide the statements true or false: 1. The Ordovician Park covers three small towns of Yidu. ( ) 2. The stones and fossils in the Ordovician Park were 500 years old. ( ) 3. Luzhuxi Stone Forest is like a large animal sculpture exhibition hall. ( ) 4. The stones take different shapes in the forest. ( ) 5. Nautilus has short antenae and soft crust. ( ) Key   奥陶纪公园,又名奥陶纪石林,遍布于宜都的王家畈,潘家湾,聂家河与五眼泉四个小镇。经亿万年来地壳剧烈变动,有几处奥陶纪石林静静地矗立在那里,还有许多各种各样的古海洋生物化石,这些石林和化石向我们诉说着5亿多年来地球生命的进化过程。 从宜都陆城出发驱车约需两小时路程便到达王家畈,在那里绿竹溪村的石林是最先被发现的。顺着一条狭长的小道拾级而上,从将军山脚下,穿过两个农户,便进入石林景区,两旁石林呈柱状排列,似两列接受检阅的军队。:    奥陶纪公园,又名奥陶纪石林,遍布于宜都的王家畈,潘家湾,聂家河与五眼泉四个小镇。经亿万年来地壳剧烈变动,有几处奥陶纪石林静静地矗立在那里,还有许多各种各样的古海洋生物化石,这些石林和化石向我们诉说着5亿多年来地球生命的进化过程。 从宜都陆城出发驱车约需两小时路程便到达王家畈,在那里绿竹溪村的石林是最先被发现的。顺着一条狭长的小道拾级而上,从将军山脚下,穿过两个农户,便进入石林景区,两旁石林呈柱状排列,似两列接受检阅的军队。 Translation: 奥陶纪公园 Slide63:  到达山顶平台四望,但见一排排形状各异的石林此起彼伏,宛若埋伏在丛林中的千军万马。石林中有许许多多的石巷纵横交错,穿行于石巷之中,仿佛进入一座巨大的迷宫,找不着方向。数不清的石柱有的似屏风,有的如巨伞,有的若丛林……石柱上见不到一粒泥土,却盘缠着一些常青植物。与绿竹溪石林相对应的是毛湖淌石林。由绿竹溪南行约30分钟,你便有机会欣赏到另一个石林—毛湖埫石林。这里的石林由若干小山包连成一片,进入这片石林就仿佛到了一个巨大的动物雕塑展览馆,千姿百态的动物“雕像” 摆放在你的面前,无论是飞禽走兽还是江河游鱼,在这里都能找到活灵活现的“化身”。 Slide64:  当你踏进这片石林,最先跃入眼帘的是一个巨大的“海龟”,它昂头前视,仿佛在迎接尊贵客人的到来。再往前走,眼前的一幕一幕不得不叫人惊叹叫绝:但见龙抬头,金鸡飞,海豹戏水,鲸鱼畅游…… 而更让人值得惊奇的是 一尊近5米高的“伯爵”头像状石柱挺立在下山的路口,只见“伯爵”眼睛深凹,鼻梁坚挺, 一头飘逸的卷发,活生生一个欧洲贵族模样,他仿佛在微笑着目送回归的客人。 除了石林外,在宜都奥陶纪地层中堆集着十分丰富的古海洋生物化石群,就目前发现的来看,有大量的鹦鹉螺、海百合、菊石、角石、贝类和无数不知名的软体动物,其中,最具代表性的是鹦鹉螺,因为它不仅数量多,而且长有长长的触角和坚硬的外壳,是当时海洋中也是地球上高级的生命形态之一。 站在宜都奥陶纪地层上,仿佛就站在5亿年前的海洋底,当你一边观赏着石林,一边端详着那些化石的时候,你会产生许多感慨:人类是如此渺小,生命是如此美妙。:  站在宜都奥陶纪地层上,仿佛就站在5亿年前的海洋底,当你一边观赏着石林,一边端详着那些化石的时候,你会产生许多感慨:人类是如此渺小,生命是如此美妙。 菊花石 三峡玛瑙 Key (Unit Twelve) :  Key (Unit Twelve) Passage 1 I. 1. The charm of Chaibuxi lies in the gorges, stone forests, cliffs and bluffs, clear waters and flourishing forests. 2. The stone steps are highly hanging. Because the road to the top of Tizikou cliff is too straight and perilous, it’ called “ the ladder up to the sky ”. 3. The rare animals:monkey, civet cat, leopard, golden vulture , golden pheasant, antelope. The treasured plant: sawtooth oak, ginkgo, fir, and dove tree--- the living fossil. 4. In 1996, it was ratified as one of the China National Forest Parks. 5. (omit) back Slide67:    II.1.F 2.F 3.T 4.T 5.F Passage 2 I. 1.T 2.F 3.F 4.T 5.F II 1.B 2.C 3.C 4.B 5.A   Passage 3 I. 1. Luzhuxi Stone Forest in Wanjiafan was firstly discovered. 2. Stone forest and ancient ocean fossils. 3. Earl’s Head Statue. 4. Nautilus. 5. (Omit). II. 1.F 2.F 3.F 4.T 5.F back back back back back back Slide68:  柴埠溪流 back Slide69:  柴埠溪谷底探幽 back Slide70:  柴埠溪山巅献艺 back Slide71:  柴埠溪风景 back Slide72:  柴埠溪迎客峰 柴埠溪神笔峰 back Slide73:  柴埠溪雪景 back Slide74:  柴埠溪关门峡 back Slide75:  云雾柴埠溪石林 back Slide76:  柴埠溪雪景 back Slide77:  珍稀树种—摇钱树 back Slide78:  后 河 瀑 布 back Slide79:  奥陶纪石林 back Slide80:  五 峰 back Slide81:  back 哭 嫁 Slide82:  银 杏 树 back

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JUnit – Wikipedia

JUnit ist ein Framework zum Testen von Java-Programmen, das besonders für automatisierte Unit-Tests einzelner Units (Klassen oder Methoden) geeignet ist.
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IUOE State Unit 12: Local 3, 39, 501

Welcome. Welcome to the IUOE State Unit 12 website. IUOE Locals 3, 39, and 501 collectively represent some 250 city, county, special districts, and schools ...
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