Unit 10.2 Housing Singaporeans in the 1960s and beyond

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Information about Unit 10.2 Housing Singaporeans in the 1960s and beyond

Published on August 29, 2007

Author: mrsirvinglong

Source: slideshare.net

Unit 10.2 Housing the people in Singapore

Problems of Housing the People Before PAP took over, people were living in overcrowded and poor living conditions. 1927 Spore Improvement Trust (SIT) was set up but only 2100 flats built in 14 yrs. During the war, many houses were destroyed by bombs. This led to greater shortage in housing. 1950 Population stood at 1022 000 but only 21 000 flats were built betw 1947 and 1959. By 1959 half million Singaporeans were living in slams and squatters.

Before PAP took over, people were living in overcrowded and poor living conditions.

1927 Spore Improvement Trust (SIT) was set up but only 2100 flats built in 14 yrs.

During the war, many houses were destroyed by bombs. This led to greater shortage in housing.

1950 Population stood at 1022 000 but only 21 000 flats were built betw 1947 and 1959.

By 1959 half million Singaporeans were living in slams and squatters.

Steps to provide Housing Housing Development Board (HDB) set up in 1960 to replace SIT. It sought to provide affordable housing for lower-income group. Water, gas and electricity was provided within each flat. 1-room and 2-room flats were built in Queenstown, Bt Ho Swee, Kallang and Tanjong Rhu. Facilities like schools, markets and clinics were provided in the estates as well. Flats were subsidised by the government to make it more affordable.

Housing Development Board (HDB) set up in 1960 to replace SIT.

It sought to provide affordable

housing for lower-income group.

Water, gas and electricity was provided within each flat.

1-room and 2-room flats were built in Queenstown, Bt Ho Swee, Kallang and Tanjong Rhu.

Facilities like schools, markets and clinics were provided in the estates as well.

Flats were subsidised by the government to make it more affordable.

Milestones of HDB By 1965 it built 53 777 flats for Singaporeans. In 1964 Home Ownership scheme was introduced to make it easier for lower-income group to buy their own flats. 1968 Central Provident Fund (CPF) could be used in purchasing HDB flats. By 1970 HDB built 110 000 flats. More then 1/3 of Singaporeans stayed in flats then.

By 1965 it built 53 777 flats for Singaporeans.

In 1964 Home Ownership scheme was introduced to make it easier for lower-income group to buy their own flats.

1968 Central Provident Fund (CPF) could be used in purchasing HDB flats.

By 1970 HDB built 110 000 flats. More then 1/3 of Singaporeans stayed in flats then.

Milestones of HDB II Facilities like playground and car parks were added to HDB flats and estates. Design, planning and architecture were improved. 1974 The Housing and Urban Development Co. P/L (HUDC) was set up to build flats that were comparable to private property but cheaper in price. 1970s more 3 and 4-rooms flats were built.

Facilities like playground and car parks were added to HDB flats and estates.

Design, planning and architecture were improved.

1974 The Housing and Urban Development Co. P/L (HUDC) was set up to build flats that were comparable to private property but cheaper in price.

1970s more 3 and 4-rooms flats were built.

Initial Problems faced by HDB Shortage of land. Ensure low cost so people can afford to buy the flats. People living in slams were unwilling to move out. May 1961 Bt Ho Swee Fire left 16 000 people homeless, 54 people injured and two dead. $1 million worth of property was damaged. There was need to relocate the casualties. They were moved to Queenstown and St Michael. Feb 1962, 5 blocks were built on the site of the fire. Many families moved back to Bt Ho Swee.

Shortage of land.

Ensure low cost so people can afford to buy the flats.

People living in slams were unwilling to move out.

May 1961 Bt Ho Swee Fire left 16 000 people homeless, 54 people injured and two dead. $1 million worth of property was damaged.

There was need to relocate the casualties.

They were moved to Queenstown and St Michael.

Feb 1962, 5 blocks were built on the site of the fire.

Many families moved back to Bt Ho Swee.

Bt Ho Swee Fire

Achievements of HDB By 1975, almost 47% of total population in Singapore were living in flats. 1980s 75% were housed in HDB flats. By 1998 86% of Singaporeans stayed in HDB flats, out of which 90% own their flats. Today HDB estates have modern amenities like Polyclinics, parks, shopping centres and sports complexes. Singapore’s skyline is dotted with skyscrapers. 68% of 7400 household felt that HDB housing programme has improved their lives. The building of public flats saw more people moving to the rural areas in Singapore, thus a more even spread of the population.

By 1975, almost 47% of total population in Singapore were living in flats.

1980s 75% were housed in HDB flats.

By 1998 86% of Singaporeans stayed in HDB flats, out of which 90% own their flats.

Today HDB estates have modern amenities like Polyclinics, parks, shopping centres and sports complexes.

Singapore’s skyline is dotted with skyscrapers.

68% of 7400 household felt that HDB housing programme has improved their lives.

The building of public flats saw more people moving to the rural areas in Singapore, thus a more even spread of the population.

Transportation systems Necessary to provide good transportation system to link the housing estates to the city area. Roads were built outside the city. Expressways were built in 1970s to make traveling easier. MRT was introduced in 1980s to make it more convenient to travel. 1990s LRT was built to further improve the transportation system.

Necessary to provide good transportation system to link the housing estates to the city area.

Roads were built outside the city. Expressways were built in 1970s to make traveling easier.

MRT was introduced in 1980s to make it more convenient to travel.

1990s LRT was built to further improve the transportation system.

Why was HDB successful? Support from the government, which set aside large amount of funds to build flats. Legal power t resettle the squatters. Chairman of HDB, Lim Kim San and his staff were dedicated and worked hard to achieve the goals of HDB.

Support from the government, which set aside large amount of funds to build flats.

Legal power t resettle the squatters.

Chairman of HDB, Lim Kim San and his staff were dedicated and worked hard to achieve the goals of HDB.

Nation Building by HDB When people were allowed to buy their own flats, they became more loyal to Singapore. They have a stake to protect Singapore when they owned the flats they live in. Different races, same block People of different races get to interact and understand each other better. This built up an atmosphere of racial tolerance and harmony among Singaporeans.

When people were allowed to buy their own flats, they became more loyal to Singapore.

They have a stake to protect Singapore when they owned the flats they live in.

Different races, same block

People of different races get to interact and understand each other better. This built up an atmosphere of racial tolerance and harmony among Singaporeans.

Nation Building by HDB II Setting up of Community Centres, clubs and Residents Committees promote interaction among people of different races. First CC was built in 1960. First RC was set up in 1978. Provided friendly relations and better understanding of government’s policies.

Setting up of Community Centres, clubs and Residents Committees promote interaction among people of different races.

First CC was built in 1960.

First RC was set up in 1978.

Provided friendly relations and better understanding of government’s policies.

Future Challenges To provide environment of high standard. To achieve better quality and building design to meet a more sophisticated crowd. Government has to encourage and strengthen sense of belonging and community spirit among Singaporeans.

To provide environment of high standard.

To achieve better quality and building design to meet a more sophisticated crowd.

Government has to encourage and strengthen sense of belonging and community spirit among Singaporeans.

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