UniCast, OutCast and GroupCast: Three Steps Toward Ubiquitous Peripheral Displays (UbiComp2001)

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Information about UniCast, OutCast and GroupCast: Three Steps Toward Ubiquitous Peripheral...

Published on May 19, 2007

Author: gumption

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Artifacts and surfaces that can display digital content are proliferating at a steady rate. Many of these displays will be peripheral, i.e., used for content that is not directly related to one's primary activities. However, what kinds of content would people want to see on such peripheral displays? We have begun to investigate the use of peripheral displays in three workplace contexts: within an individual office (UniCast), outside an individual office (OutCast) and in a common area (GroupCast).

This presentation was given at UbiComp 2001. The paper associated with this presentation can be found here: http://interrelativity.com/joe/publications/UbiquitousPeripheralDisplays-UbiComp2001-abstract.html

Joe McCarthy, Tony Costa, Edy Liongosari UniCast, OutCast, GroupCast: Three Steps Toward Ubiquitous Peripheral Displays

Motivation(s) We often talk/hear about a world filled with displays “ Walls in our offices & homes will be reactive displays” Andries Van Dam, CACM, March 2001 (The Next 1000 Years) “User Interfaces: Disappearing, Dissolving, and Evolving” Everywhere Displays Claudio Pinhanez, UbiComp 2001 What will such a world be like? What kind of content would be put on such displays? How will the content be affected by (react to) context? UniCast, GroupCast & OutCast Three steps toward ubiquitous peripheral displays All UbiComp applications are approximations…

We often talk/hear about a world filled with displays

“ Walls in our offices & homes will be reactive displays”

Andries Van Dam, CACM, March 2001 (The Next 1000 Years) “User Interfaces: Disappearing, Dissolving, and Evolving”

Everywhere Displays

Claudio Pinhanez, UbiComp 2001

What will such a world be like?

What kind of content would be put on such displays?

How will the content be affected by (react to) context?

UniCast, GroupCast & OutCast

Three steps toward ubiquitous peripheral displays

All UbiComp applications are approximations…

Peripheral Displays in 3 Contexts UniCast Inside one’s office Interesting, non-urgent content for yourself OutCast Outside one’s office Content for visitors GroupCast In a public space Conversation starters

UniCast

Inside one’s office

Interesting, non-urgent content for yourself

OutCast

Outside one’s office

Content for visitors

GroupCast

In a public space

Conversation starters

UniCast in Context UniCast

UniCast: Profile

UniCast in Action

UniCast Modules Headlines: 273 channels 16 categories (www.moreover.com) Stocks: Ticker symbols (finance.yahoo.com) Weather: US zip codes (www.earthlink.com) Traffic: Chicagoland Expressway Congestion map Horoscopes: 12 signs of the zodiac (astrology.yahoo.com) Web pages: Any URL specified by the UniCast user InfoShare: URLs shared by other group members Announcements: Title, body and expiration date Reminders: Visual and aural reminders of regularly scheduled events WebCams: 11 Axis 2100 Network Cameras throughout CSTaR In/Out List: Based on infrared badges (ActiveMap) Factoids: 363, organized into 8 categories (e.g., History, Science) Flashcards: Short questions and answers (e.g., US State Capitols) Artwork: 1000 images, organized into 10 categories Pictures: Digital images uploaded to a shared directory

Headlines: 273 channels 16 categories (www.moreover.com)

Stocks: Ticker symbols (finance.yahoo.com)

Weather: US zip codes (www.earthlink.com)

Traffic: Chicagoland Expressway Congestion map

Horoscopes: 12 signs of the zodiac (astrology.yahoo.com)

Web pages: Any URL specified by the UniCast user

InfoShare: URLs shared by other group members

Announcements: Title, body and expiration date

Reminders: Visual and aural reminders of regularly scheduled events

WebCams: 11 Axis 2100 Network Cameras throughout CSTaR

In/Out List: Based on infrared badges (ActiveMap)

Factoids: 363, organized into 8 categories (e.g., History, Science)

Flashcards: Short questions and answers (e.g., US State Capitols)

Artwork: 1000 images, organized into 10 categories

Pictures: Digital images uploaded to a shared directory

UniCast Operation Instances of modules Different priority, days, times Any number of instances of the same type Semi-random content selection 5 priority levels User interaction Pause, back, resume Varying “peripheralness”

Instances of modules

Different priority, days, times

Any number of instances of the same type

Semi-random content selection

5 priority levels

User interaction

Pause, back, resume

Varying “peripheralness”

OutCast in Context

OutCast in Context

OutCast modules Biography: Information about the owner from his or her personal web page. Calendar: Any entries in the owner’s Microsoft Outlook Calendar that are not marked private. Location Information: Based on the owner’s infrared badge. Project Information: Brief descriptions of each of the owner’s projects. Demonstrations: Online demonstrations of projects (where applicable). Favorites: A list of URLs to be shared with passersby. Text Message: The ability to leave the owner a message using a touch-screen virtual keypad.

Biography: Information about the owner from his or her personal web page.

Calendar: Any entries in the owner’s Microsoft Outlook Calendar that are not marked private.

Location Information: Based on the owner’s infrared badge.

Project Information: Brief descriptions of each of the owner’s projects.

Demonstrations: Online demonstrations of projects (where applicable).

Favorites: A list of URLs to be shared with passersby.

Text Message: The ability to leave the owner a message using a touch-screen virtual keypad.

OutCast: About Me

OutCast: Where Am I?

OutCast: Calendar

OutCast: Demos

GroupCast in Context

GroupCast A system for the public display of content that is of mutual interest to passersby Provide opportunities for conversation Especially for conversationally-challenged (nerds) Increase sense of “community” Location matters -- what can we do for physically collocated workers? Faceless names, nameless faces Dynamic, project-oriented teams Lay the groundwork for collaboration More likely to collaborate with people I know

A system for the public display of content that is of mutual interest to passersby

Provide opportunities for conversation

Especially for conversationally-challenged (nerds)

Increase sense of “community”

Location matters -- what can we do for physically collocated workers?

Faceless names, nameless faces

Dynamic, project-oriented teams

Lay the groundwork for collaboration

More likely to collaborate with people I know

GroupCast Components Awareness system (IR badges & sensors) Profile of inhabitant interests (UniCast) Group Preference Arbitration algorithm Input / Output (sense / respond)

Awareness system (IR badges & sensors)

Profile of inhabitant interests (UniCast)

Group Preference Arbitration algorithm

Input / Output (sense / respond)

Status UniCast ~10 installations (users) Demand > supply Variety of hardware configurations OutCast 1 installation Recently integrated with UniCast/GroupCast GroupCast 2 installations Arbitration: cycle through profiles of “locals”

UniCast

~10 installations (users)

Demand > supply

Variety of hardware configurations

OutCast

1 installation

Recently integrated with UniCast/GroupCast

GroupCast

2 installations

Arbitration: cycle through profiles of “locals”

Some recent developments Community Knowledge & Awareness Summer 2001 intern project Elaine Huang & Joe Tullio (Georgia Tech) User study New modules Awareness Calendar “ Defragmenting the Organization: Disseminating Community Knowledge Through Peripheral Displays” ECSCW 2001 Workshop on Community Knowledge http://ecscw2001.gmd.de/W5.html

Community Knowledge & Awareness

Summer 2001 intern project

Elaine Huang & Joe Tullio (Georgia Tech)

User study

New modules

Awareness

Calendar

“ Defragmenting the Organization: Disseminating Community Knowledge Through Peripheral Displays”

ECSCW 2001 Workshop on Community Knowledge

http://ecscw2001.gmd.de/W5.html

Announcement example

Awareness example

Awareness example http://www.acm.org/cscw2002/

Some Open Issues Profile integration Sharing profile information among 3 contexts What distinctions are useful? Privacy issues Profile maintenance Easier integration with browsing Explicit: “Add to Favorites” Implicit: browsing history

Profile integration

Sharing profile information among 3 contexts

What distinctions are useful?

Privacy issues

Profile maintenance

Easier integration with browsing

Explicit: “Add to Favorites”

Implicit: browsing history

Some Open Issues GroupCast: Content selection Intersecting / complementary interests? Anonymous / Random content? “ Freshness” OutCast: Context awareness Who wants to know ? Customizing content based on visitors’ ID [badge] Evaluation

GroupCast: Content selection

Intersecting / complementary interests?

Anonymous / Random content?

“ Freshness”

OutCast: Context awareness

Who wants to know ?

Customizing content based on visitors’ ID [badge]

Evaluation

Acknowledgements Tony Costa Edy Liongosari Mitu Singh Jeremy Goecks Elaine Huang Joe Tullio

For more information Joe McCarthy [email_address] http://www.accenture.com/cstar/xd/xd.asp?it=enWeb&xd=servicescstarpeopleJoseph_F_McCarthy.xml Ubiquitous Peripheral Displays http://www.accenture.com/cstar/xd/xd.asp?it=enWeb&xd=servicescstarprojectsUbiquitousPeripheralDisplays.xml Accenture Technology Labs - Research http://www.accenture.com/cstar

Joe McCarthy

[email_address]

http://www.accenture.com/cstar/xd/xd.asp?it=enWeb&xd=servicescstarpeopleJoseph_F_McCarthy.xml

Ubiquitous Peripheral Displays

http://www.accenture.com/cstar/xd/xd.asp?it=enWeb&xd=servicescstarprojectsUbiquitousPeripheralDisplays.xml

Accenture Technology Labs - Research

http://www.accenture.com/cstar

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