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Published on May 25, 2018

Author: MGYCD

Source: authorstream.com

slide 1: UNDERSTANDING TRAUMA OPM Child Protection Workbook Training of Trainers Workshop NOTES and Presentation by Dr. Annette Joseph of the Caribbean Family Support Network Trauma is the result of extraordinarily stressful events that shatter one’s sense of security giving the feeling of helplessness and vulnerability. • Any negative life event that occurs in a position of a relative state of helplessness Robert Scaer Traumatologist • “Traumatised children cannot heal within traumatising organisations.” Sandra L Bloom 2005 IMPACT OF TRAUMA: People react differently Trauma can change the way people view their world. Assumptions about safety and security are now challenged. • The right hemisphere of the brain that is associated with survival behaviours and emotional expression is activated and the left verbal-linguistic part of our brain is suppressed. • The Brain goes into survival mode. It shuts down the body’s systems. • The amygdala is involved in processing emotions such as fear anger and pleasure. It determines what memories are stored and where they are stored in the brain. Broca’s area Speech and logic shuts down. The areas registering images are activated. Sounds smells and physical sensations are registered separately from the story. Similar sensations trigger flashbacks later. THE BODY’S RESPONSE TO TRAUMA / STRESS STAGE 1. ALARM RESPONSE The body’s Defense Forces are called to arms activating Autonomic Nervous System which discharges adrenaline to prepare for fight or flight Ø Heart rate and blood flow increase Ø Pupils dilate so more light enters the eye Ø The skin constricts shrinks or squeezes Ø Blood sugar rises STAGE 2. RESISTANCE WITH PROLONGED STRESS Ø Biological Adaptation is at maximum level for survival Ø All resources are targeted for survival- the pituitary gland now produces Cortisol to provide:- Ø Immediate energy and strength to endure Ø Reduction or desentisation to pain How Cortisol affects the body Ø Depresses the immune system by deactivating white blood cells REDUCING THE ABILITY TO FIGHT INFECTIONS. Ø Slows the healing process- inflammatory response reduced Ø Increases blood pressure causing DAMAGE to the heart and brain slide 2: Ø Increases blood sugar DIABETES. Ø Slows down digestion weight problem Ø When Stress is prolonged the glands are continuously activated and fail to shut down when no longer needed. Results Ø Wear and tear on the body Ø Lower resistance to diseases Ø Over Responsiveness Panic and anxiety or insensitivity Ø Loss of hope STAGE 3. EXHAUSTION Ø Resources are depleted Ø Can no longer resist Ø Further exposure leads to illness or death Ø Once resources are depleted our system never return to its original level. Continuous depletion results in Aging TALK IT OUT: THINGS TO DISCUSS/EXPLORE • What was happening before the incident • What happened during the incident • What happened after the incident • What physical reactions were experienced • What feelings and reactions are present now • What thoughts went through your mind • Who is to be blamed for the incident

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