Understanding the Nature of Mobile Learning2009

50 %
50 %
Information about Understanding the Nature of Mobile Learning2009
Education

Published on February 26, 2009

Author: jeffkissinger

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Diving head first into a mobile learning project without understanding the relevant pedagogy, technologies, faculty, and students could spell disaster for those who attempt. Having been involved with various mobile learning, training, and course development projects, the presenter will share his successes as well as setbacks, and offer practical suggestions for those considering mobile learning.
The presentation focus will cover a theoretical framework of mobile learning that was developed to situate and guide the development and support of such initiatives. Topics to be covered include: faculty training for mobile teaching and learning, common misconceptions, and easy to implement ideas that may increase access for rural, military, and digital divide students.

Understanding the Nature of Mobile Learning eLearning Portland, Oregon 2009 Jeff Kissinger 1

mobile learning Agenda: Jeff Kissinger 1. mobile misconceptions 2. enabling access, continuation of access through emerging DL, serving access-challenged populations 3. defining mobile learning 4. the mobile learning experience & framework 5. modes of interaction learning theory 6. teaching for the mobile environment 7. supporting mobile learning 8. six mobile courses for U.S. Army 9. development timeline 10. course example, interface, scaffolded learning 11. faculty designers 12. infrastructure CMS LMS 13. publishers 14. costs & developing mobile programs 15. future ---------------------------------------------------- 2 16. device and course demonstrations

mobile misconceptions • blackberry businessmen • tiny screen, learning through a microscope • affordability, technology & plans • taking access for granted (rural, developing countries) • one size fits all 3

Timeline: Evolution of DL Access 1900 1998 2003 disbursed, various levels of learning community, text-driven, self-directed, connectivity, interactive, disbursed, asynchronous, asynchronous, isolation, technology-mediated, technology-mediated, indirect and infrequent less frequent instructor interactions, direct and frequent interaction with instructor instructor interaction, learner media rich, self-directed, learner content interactions content interactions, situated, authentic 4

early mLearning • tehnocentric • ignored experience • development focused on device, media, technology functionality • assumed mLearning equates to online learning • faculty training needed • relied on much repurposed content & media 5 • device specific & bound

6

defining mobile learning • flexible, contextual • offline or online • empowers learners with slow or no connectivity • situated, authentic • accessible • content, media rich • collaborative • learners as authors • device independent 7 • another learner choice...

Mobile Learning Framework – considered
minimal
correspondence
with
the
instructor
and
 design
was
a3uned
to
addressing
the
unique
challenges
of
 transac6onal
distance
for
the
offline
mobile
learner – grounded
in
construc6vist
and
adult
learning
principles
while
 a3emp6ng
to
build
upon
situa6onal
and
authen6c
learning
 opportuni6es – employed
the
use
of
faculty‐authored
media
to
mo6vate,
 guide,
and
connect
with
mobile
students
 – learning
modules
were
chunked,
sequenced,
and
were
 designed
to
scaffold
students
through
their
learning 8

authentic mobile learning experience motivation learner motivation isolation conceptual framework learner centered is may decrease creates correspondence enhances -guided all phases of is development for Army courses courses higher order facilitates learning Situated higher order allows for learning promotes learning self directed learning Learner-Instructor Interactions promotes Social transactional distance? Learner-Learner technology constructivist the mobile Interactions competence learning learning experience requires motivation enhances Learner-Content Interactions creates opportunities and instructional pedagogical learning culminates in environment multimedia agents creates opportunities for is acts as further surrogate assessment affective increases instructor promotes 9 promotes learner learner motivation engagement active learning

interaction-based model of eLearning modes of interaction 10 (Anderson, 2003; 2007)

teaching & instructional feedback loops • learning contracts • iTunes U • schedules • podcasting • LMS scoring/syncing • email/phone • SMS • blogging • Google Gears • offline gmail 11

supporting the mobile learner • • college on a stick instructor as guide • information, media, contacts • degree roadmaps • advisement plans • offline learner support center • help and FAQs 12

developed courses • ENC 1101 – English Composition I (3SHs) • CCJ 1020 – Introduction to Criminal Justice (3 SHs) • SPN 1120 – Beginning Spanish I w lab(4 SHs) • CGS 1100 – Microcomputer Applications for Business and Economics (3 SHs) • MAC 1105 – College Algebra (3 SHs) • GLY 1001 & 1001L – Earth and Space Science 13 w lab (4 SHs)

development cycle ... 14

course example US Army 15

Learning
Design Modules
were
designed
to
foster
a
guided,
sequenced,
scaffolded
learning
 • experience Academic
success,
help,
and
technology
support
provided
an
end‐to‐end
 • learning
experience The
“college”
was
preloaded
on
the
mobile
device • Media‐rich
content
authored
by
real
faculty
was
used
to
mo6vate
and
 • reduce
transac6onal
distance Grounded
in
Social
Construc6vist
&
Situa6onal
Learning • Mobile
Learner
Theore6cal
Framework • Use
of
interac6ve
Media • Integra6on
of
Textbook
Materials • Ergonomic
Interface
&
Naviga6on • 16

Linux‐based
 Pepper
Pad
&
 Course
Interface 17

Tablet
Kiosk
UMPC Delayed and indirect interactions with instructor would have to be taken into design consideration to reduce transactional distance. Usability in the navigation was also a key factor in the technical design, and we opted for a tabbed two level, scaffolded interface. 18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

32 faculty as active designers

Faculty
Cer6fica6on • FCCJ
created
a
custom
DL
 cer6fica6on
for
faculty
designing
and
 teaching
these
courses Based
on
learning
and
mo6va6on
theory – Coauthored
by
Palloff
and
Pra3 – 33

Faculty
Training
Plan Training Method Learning Outcomes ID for self-directed and Workshop, Elluminate, and By the end of this training, participants will be able to: paced content & Moodle instruction •Apply research-based motivational techniques in course development, learning activities, and assessment •Apply motivation research & best practices to media development •Acquire best practices based on learning and motivation research to promote effective instructional practices in a distributed and untethered distance course delivery model. • Become proficient at creating instructional media using iMovie iMovie Workshop, Elluminate, and Moodle • Become proficient at creating instructional media using Garage band Garage Band Pod-casting Workshop, Elluminate, and Moodle 34

Faculty
Training
Plan Training Method Learning Outcomes Applying Motivational Online Asynchronous By the end of this training, participants will be able to: Research to Create through Blackboard Optimum Learning Environments •Identify the factors that make up what we call motivation Define motivation and its related components Explore motivation theory through a real-life case example Identify the research trends regarding motivation research Identify the major theoretical approaches to the study of motivation Apply the research in various fields such as education, business, and marketing Design self-regulatory strategies that will aid learners in developing self-motivation LMS Demonstrated Online Asynchronous •By the end of this workshop, participants will be able to: use common Competency or prior through Blackboard Blackboard features to: post an online syllabus and assignments; training [BlackBoard] interact via discussion board; develop quizzes; and manage grade books; use the tools to enhance interactivity such as teams and collaboration understand the experience of a course management system from both the student and instructor perspective; convert existing content for display in Blackboard use the communication and course management tools 35

Key
Findings:
Faculty • Faculty
as
ac6ve
designers
in
development
 process • Training
was
transforma6onal
(pedagogy,
new
 design
skills) • Iden6fied
Characteris6cs
of
successful
faculty
 designers • Faculty
gained
new
instruc6onal
 communica6on
medium:
media 36

offline software ebooks kindle, readers, immersive, interactive environments, SIRIUS publishers 37

Key
Findings:
Publishers FCCJ
developed
partnerships
with
two
major
publishing
companies
 • who
worked
to
modify
academic
materials
to
func6on
in
a
offline
 fashion Collabora6on
of
exper6se
and
resources
resulted
in
high‐level

 • academic
rigor
and
overall
quality Online
materials
were
ported
offline
through
collabora6ve
efforts • eBooks
were
embedded
in
courseware
when
available • New
portable
publisher
materials
for
access‐challenged
contexts
 • [military,
rural,
digital
divide] Publishers
were
eager
to
develop
for
this
access‐challenged
 • popula6on College
is
now
going
to
mobilize
its
Sirius
courses • FCCJ
plans
to
offer
cost‐saving
mobile‐enabled
ebooks
and
materials
 • to
all
of
its
students
via
the
Sirius
Project
via
the
Sirius
Project 38

infrastructure • Backpack • D2L 2Go • Go Course Agilix • offline Moodle (UK Open University & Intel) • Jolongo • Google Gears 39 • Adobe Air (RIA runtime environment)

next steps in research... case studies developing rich record of experiences -Stake Self-Efficacy f =The mobile learner Social Constructivism New insight Modes of Instruction emergent f themes for mobile Self-Directed Learning learners Transactional Distance Learning theories, collectivity Connectivism forming the framework and lens through which to study the Self-Determination mobile learner experiences.

costs $ • device cost/responsibility • who are your students? • LMS/CMS synching • who are your faculty? • training for faculty • what learning infrastructure do you • course development have? • how you work with • what professional publishers development do you have? • level of student support • is access a core mission? 41 • long term DL plan

the future...is flexible ...open....accessible • accessible • horizon report: mobiles this year! • more opportunity for rural, military, digital • on demand divide, and other • blended unserved populations • integrated • more student choices • authentic, situated learning opportunities 42 • connectivism

jkissing@fccj.edu Jeff Kissinger presentations office 904.632.5052 Learning Solutions •2/2009 Designing mobile learning, National Alliance of Community & Technical Colleges, Norfolk, Virginia •7/2008 Mobile Learning: Beyond Online, Military Advanced Education •2/2008 Mobilizing Education Technology to Support Combat Deployment, Council of College and Military Educators CCME, San Francisco, California •2/2008 Paper and Presentation: Designing Mobile Courses with College Faculty, Society for Applied Learning Technology SALT New Learning Technologies 2008 Orlando, Florida •2/2008 Workshop: Technology Playground: Creating Instructional Media with a Diverse Toolkit, Instructional Technology Council eLearning 2008, St. Petersburg, Florida •11/2007 Training Faculty for Mobile Course Development and Instruction, The 13th Sloan-C International Conference on Asynchronous Learning Networks, Orlando, Florida. •8/2007 Taking Online Courses Offline with an “Untethered” Mobile Course Model, 23rd Annual Conference on Distance Teaching & Learning, Madison, Wisconsin •3/2007 Creating Instructional Media and Interactions Using Adobe Captivate, 18th International Conference on College Teaching & Learning Faculty, Atlantic Beach, Florida •1/2007 Mobile Course Design: Language Courses on iPods, Society for Applied Learning Technology SALT New Learning Technologies, Orlando FL •3/2006 DOD Grant, Mobilizing Educational Technology: Untethered Distance Learning •1/2006 Using PDA Devices for Distance Learning Instructional Technology Council Washington D.C. Audio Conference Series •11/2005 Using Mobile Learning Devices to Address New Learning Environments: Coast Guard Personnel at Sea and Taking College Courses Project Update, 11th Sloan-C International Conference on Asynchronous Learning Networks, quot;The Power of Online Learning: Mobilizing to 43 Expand Community •8/2005 Using Mobile Learning Devices to Address New Learning Environments: Coast Guard Personnel at Sea and Taking College Courses, The 21st Annual Conference Distance Learning Teaching & Learning

Add a comment

Related presentations

Related pages

Understanding Nature. | LinkedIn

View 7435 Understanding Nature. posts, presentations, experts, and more. Get the professional knowledge you need on LinkedIn. LinkedIn Home What is LinkedIn?
Read more

Understanding The nature of PBI Courses - Documents

Understanding The nature of PBI Courses Nury S, MA Supriyanti_nury@uny.ac.id Presented at UAD workshop August 10 â 15 2009 Why ? PBI produces English ...
Read more

Understanding Nature | LinkedIn

View 7094 Understanding Nature posts, presentations, experts, and more. Get the professional knowledge you need on LinkedIn.
Read more

Understanding the complex nature of piano tone - Documents

Understanding the complex nature of piano tone Martin Keane Acoustics Research Centre, University of Auckland. Feb 2004 The piano is among the foremost ...
Read more

Parents November 2009 - Digital Literacy

understanding different ways to use technology ... second nature to many children, ... such as your mobile phone
Read more

NLPAndLearning2009 - scribd.com

NLPAndLearning2009 - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free.
Read more

The Future of Education / Higher Education - calvin.edu

Home > The Future of Education / Higher Education. ... Trend analysis and extrapolation can show the nature, ... Mobile work stations will allow workers to ...
Read more

8 Ths Em Comp Science - scribd.com

8 Ths Em Comp Science - Download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online.
Read more