Uncommon Fruit Ecosystems

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Information about Uncommon Fruit Ecosystems
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Published on March 4, 2009

Author: ethanappleseed

Source: slideshare.net

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Production agriculture, like an ecosysystem! Plant species working together to increase economic wealth through growing ecological health. More at www.regenerativedesigngroup.com and www.apiosinstitute.org

Uncommon Fruit Ecosystems Ethan C. Roland Regenerative Design Group Apios Institute for Regenerative Perennial Agriculture www.apiosinstitute.org Tuesday, March 3, 2009

Uncommon Fruit Ecosystems • Goal • Why? • How? • Where? • Next Steps Tuesday, March 3, 2009

Goal: Work Less, Produce More Tuesday, March 3, 2009

Why? 1. Rising Fuel Prices - Peak Oil 2. Climate Chaos 3. Economic Crisis 4. Time for Family & Community Tuesday, March 3, 2009

How: Work with nature, not against Tuesday, March 3, 2009

Kazakhstan Tuesday, March 3, 2009

Kazakhstan • Tian-Shan Mountains Tuesday, March 3, 2009

Kazakhstan • Tian-Shan Mountains Tuesday, March 3, 2009

Kazakhstan • Tian-Shan Mountains Tuesday, March 3, 2009

Kazakhstan • Tian-Shan Mountains • Similar climate, temperate forests… Tuesday, March 3, 2009

Kazakhstan: Zailisky Alatau Tuesday, March 3, 2009

Ancient Trees 60-70ft tall 80-100 years old Tuesday, March 3, 2009

Ancient Trees 60-70ft tall 80-100 years old Tuesday, March 3, 2009

Tree Size Wild Kazakh tree 60-70ft US Orchard Apple Tree 12-15ft Ethan 5’10” Tuesday, March 3, 2009

The Wild Apple Forest Tuesday, March 3, 2009

EMAL27 EMAL27 1616m N43.22.11’ E77.40.38’ 53mm avg. diameter Amazing Lemon- Candy Flavor Tuesday, March 3, 2009

EMAL25 EMAL25 1619m N43.22.11’ E77.40.36’ 49mm avg. diameter Bitter-Sweet. Wild red- flesh variety. Tuesday, March 3, 2009

EMAL25 EMAL25 1619m N43.22.11’ E77.40.36’ 49mm avg. diameter Bitter-Sweet. Wild red- flesh variety. Tuesday, March 3, 2009

What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? Tuesday, March 3, 2009

What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, Tuesday, March 3, 2009

What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Apricots, Tuesday, March 3, 2009

What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Apricots, • Cherries, Tuesday, March 3, 2009

What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Apricots, • Cherries, • Plums, Tuesday, March 3, 2009

What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Apricots, • Cherries, • Plums, • Walnuts, Tuesday, March 3, 2009

What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Apricots, • Cherries, • Plums, • Walnuts, • Almonds, Tuesday, March 3, 2009

What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Apricots, • Cherries, • Plums, • Walnuts, • Almonds, • Pistachios, Tuesday, March 3, 2009

What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Apricots, • Cherries, • Plums, • Walnuts, • Almonds, • Pistachios, • Mulberries, Tuesday, March 3, 2009

What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Apricots, • Cherries, • Plums, • Walnuts, • Almonds, • Pistachios, • Mulberries, • Hawthornes, Tuesday, March 3, 2009

What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Rosehips, • Apricots, • Cherries, • Plums, • Walnuts, • Almonds, • Pistachios, • Mulberries, • Hawthornes, Tuesday, March 3, 2009

What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Rosehips, • Apricots, • Raspberries, • Cherries, • Plums, • Walnuts, • Almonds, • Pistachios, • Mulberries, • Hawthornes, Tuesday, March 3, 2009

What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Rosehips, • Apricots, • Raspberries, • Cherries, • Barberries, • Plums, • Walnuts, • Almonds, • Pistachios, • Mulberries, • Hawthornes, Tuesday, March 3, 2009

What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, Rosehips, • • Apricots, Raspberries, • • Cherries, Barberries, • • Plums, Bilberries, • • Walnuts, • Almonds, • Pistachios, • Mulberries, • Hawthornes, Tuesday, March 3, 2009

What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, Rosehips, • • Apricots, Raspberries, • • Cherries, Barberries, • • Plums, Bilberries, • • Walnuts, Elderberries, • • Almonds, • Pistachios, • Mulberries, • Hawthornes, Tuesday, March 3, 2009

What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, Rosehips, • • Apricots, Raspberries, • • Cherries, Barberries, • • Plums, Bilberries, • • Walnuts, Elderberries, • • Almonds, Silverberries, • • Pistachios, • Mulberries, • Hawthornes, Tuesday, March 3, 2009

What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, Rosehips, • • Apricots, Raspberries, • • Cherries, Barberries, • • Plums, Bilberries, • • Walnuts, Elderberries, • • Almonds, Silverberries, • • Pistachios, Seaberries, • • Mulberries, • Hawthornes, Tuesday, March 3, 2009

What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, Rosehips, • • Apricots, Raspberries, • • Cherries, Barberries, • • Plums, Bilberries, • • Walnuts, Elderberries, • • Almonds, Silverberries, • • Pistachios, Seaberries, • • Mulberries, Gooseberries, • • Hawthornes, Tuesday, March 3, 2009

What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Grapes, Rosehips, • • Apricots, Raspberries, • • Cherries, Barberries, • • Plums, Bilberries, • • Walnuts, Elderberries, • • Almonds, Silverberries, • • Pistachios, Seaberries, • • Mulberries, Gooseberries, • • Hawthornes, Tuesday, March 3, 2009

What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Grapes, Rosehips, • • Apricots, • Currants, Raspberries, • • Cherries, Barberries, • • Plums, Bilberries, • • Walnuts, Elderberries, • • Almonds, Silverberries, • • Pistachios, Seaberries, • • Mulberries, Gooseberries, • • Hawthornes, Tuesday, March 3, 2009

What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Grapes, Rosehips, • • Apricots, • Currants, Raspberries, • • Cherries, • Hops, Barberries, • • Plums, Bilberries, • • Walnuts, Elderberries, • • Almonds, Silverberries, • • Pistachios, Seaberries, • • Mulberries, Gooseberries, • • Hawthornes, Tuesday, March 3, 2009

What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, Grapes, • Rosehips, • • Apricots, Currants, • Raspberries, • • Cherries, Hops, • Barberries, • • Plums, Onions, • Bilberries, • • Walnuts, Elderberries, • • Almonds, Silverberries, • • Pistachios, Seaberries, • • Mulberries, Gooseberries, • • Hawthornes, Tuesday, March 3, 2009

What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, Grapes, • Rosehips, • • Apricots, Currants, • Raspberries, • • Cherries, Hops, • Barberries, • • Plums, Onions, • Bilberries, • • Walnuts, Cannabis, • Elderberries, • • Almonds, Silverberries, • • Pistachios, Seaberries, • • Mulberries, Gooseberries, • • Hawthornes, Tuesday, March 3, 2009

What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, Grapes, • Rosehips, • • Apricots, Currants, • Raspberries, • • Cherries, Hops, • Barberries, • • Plums, Onions, • Bilberries, • • Walnuts, Cannabis, • Elderberries, • • Almonds, Sorrels, • Silverberries, • • Pistachios, Seaberries, • • Mulberries, Gooseberries, • • Hawthornes, Tuesday, March 3, 2009

What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, Grapes, • Rosehips, • • Apricots, Currants, • Raspberries, • • Cherries, Hops, • Barberries, • • Plums, Onions, • Bilberries, • • Walnuts, Cannabis, • Elderberries, • • Almonds, Sorrels, • Silverberries, • • Pistachios, Umbels, • Seaberries, • • Mulberries, Gooseberries, • • Hawthornes, Tuesday, March 3, 2009

What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, Grapes, • Rosehips, • • Apricots, Currants, • Raspberries, • • Cherries, Hops, • Barberries, • • Plums, Onions, • Bilberries, • • Walnuts, Cannabis, • Elderberries, • • Almonds, Sorrels, • Silverberries, • • Pistachios, Umbels, • Seaberries, • • Mulberries, Rhubarbs, • Gooseberries, • • Hawthornes, Tuesday, March 3, 2009

What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, Grapes, • Rosehips, • • Apricots, Currants, • Raspberries, • • Cherries, Hops, • Barberries, • • Plums, Onions, • Bilberries, • • Walnuts, Cannabis, • Elderberries, • • Almonds, Sorrels, • Silverberries, • • • Pistachios, Umbels, Seaberries, • • Mulberries, Rhubarbs, • Gooseberries, • • Hawthornes, and more… • Tuesday, March 3, 2009

Lessons from Kazakhstan Work with nature, not against 14 Tuesday, March 3, 2009

Work with nature, not against • Nature does not plant monocultures Tuesday, March 3, 2009

• Nature does not plant monocultures Monoculture Mind Tuesday, March 3, 2009

• Nature does not plant monocultures Monoculture Mind Tuesday, March 3, 2009

Work with nature, not against • Nature does not plant monocultures Use DIVERSITY • Plant as many uncommon fruits as possible given economic and management constraints. Tuesday, March 3, 2009

Use DIVERSITY Tuesday, March 3, 2009

Work with nature, not against • Nature does not use synthetic fertilizers Create Self-Fertilizing Ecologies Tuesday, March 3, 2009

Work with nature, not against • Nature does not use synthetic fertilizers Create Self-Fertilizing Ecologies • Four plants to fix Nitrogen: – Clover, Groundnut, Licorice, Trefoil Tuesday, March 3, 2009

Work with nature, not against • Nature does not use synthetic fertilizers Create Self-Fertilizing Ecologies • Four plants to fix Nitrogen: – Clover, Groundnut, Licorice, Trefoil • Four plants to fix P, K, Ca, Fe, Mg – Comfrey, Sorrel, Chives, Chicory Tuesday, March 3, 2009

Self-Fertilizing Ecology Christchurch, New Zealand Tuesday, March 3, 2009

Self-Fertilizing • Comfrey, Chickory, Cow Parsley, Fennel, Clover Christchurch, New Zealand Tuesday, March 3, 2009

Work with nature, not against • Nature does not spray against pests and diseases Select species & varieties for disease resistance Tuesday, March 3, 2009

Work with nature, not against • Nature does not spray against pests and diseases Increase beneficial insect habitat • Four plants for insects: – Yarrow, Sweet Cicely, Anise Hyssop, Red Clover Tuesday, March 3, 2009

Work with nature, not against • Nature does not spray against pests and diseases Use aromatic pest confusers • Four plants to confuse pests: – Mints, Horseradish, Bee balm, any Allium Tuesday, March 3, 2009

Work with nature, not against Don’t plant plants. Plant ecosystems! Tuesday, March 3, 2009

Plant Ecosystems Strawberry, Asparagus, Groundnut Tuesday, March 3, 2009

Production-Scale Sheet-mulching for establishment Tuesday, March 3, 2009

Chive, sorrel, anise hyssop, and chicory starts Tuesday, March 3, 2009

TBD understory 1 season later Tuesday, March 3, 2009

Plant Ecosystems Pawpaw Asian Pear Elderberry Tuesday, March 3, 2009

Uncommon Economics Tuesday, March 3, 2009

Uncommon Economics Tuesday, March 3, 2009

Our Services • Uncommon Fruit Ecosystems • Economics + Business Planning • Perennial Vegetables • Whole Farm Design www.regenerativedesigngroup.com Tuesday, March 3, 2009

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