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Published on August 13, 2007

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Global summary of the HIV/AIDS epidemic, December 2001:  Global summary of the HIV/AIDS epidemic, December 2001 Number of people living with HIV/AIDS Total 40 million Adults 37.2 million Women 17.6 million Children under 15 years 2.7 million People newly infected with HIV in 2001 Total 5 million Adults 4.3 million Women 1.8 million Children under 15 years 800 000 AIDS deaths in 2001 Total 3 million Adults 2.4 million Women 1.1 million Children under 15 years 580 000 Adults and children estimated to be living with HIV/AIDS as of end 2001:  Adults and children estimated to be living with HIV/AIDS as of end 2001 Western Europe 560 000 North Africa andamp; Middle East 440 000 Sub-Saharan Africa 28.1 million Eastern Europe andamp; Central Asia 1 million South andamp; South-East Asia 6.1 million Australia andamp; New Zealand 15 000 North America 940 000 Caribbean 420 000 Latin America 1.4 million Total: 40 million East Asia andamp; Pacific 1 million Estimated adult and child deaths from HIV/AIDS during 2001:  Estimated adult and child deaths from HIV/AIDS during 2001 Western Europe 6 800 North Africa andamp; Middle East 30 000 Sub-Saharan Africa 2.3 million Eastern Europe andamp; Central Asia 23 000 East Asia andamp; Pacific 35 000 South andamp; South-East Asia 400 000 Australia andamp; New Zealand 120 North America 20 000 Caribbean 30 000 Latin America 80 000 Total: 3 million Children (<15 years) estimated to be living with HIV/AIDS as of end 2001:  Children (andlt;15 years) estimated to be living with HIV/AIDS as of end 2001 Western Europe 4 000 North Africa andamp; Middle East 20 000 sub-Saharan Africa 2.4 million Eastern Europe andamp; Central Asia 15 000 East Asia andamp; Pacific 7 000 South andamp; South-East Asia 200 000 Australia andamp; New Zealand andlt; 200 North America 10 000 Caribbean 20 000 Latin America 40 000 Total: 2.7 million About 14 000 new HIV infections a day in 2001:  About 14 000 new HIV infections a day in 2001 More than 95% are in developing countries 2000 are in children under 15 years of age About 12 000 are in persons aged 15 to 49 years, of whom: almost 50% are women about 50% are 15–24 year olds Regional HIV/AIDS statistics and features, end of 2001:  Regional HIV/AIDS statistics and features, end of 2001 Sub-Saharan Africa North Africa andamp; Middle East South and South-East Asia East Asia andamp; Pacific Latin America Caribbean Eastern Europe andamp; Central Asia Western Europe North America Australia andamp; New Zealand TOTAL late ’70s early ’80s late ’80s late ’80s late ’80s late ’70s early ’80s late ’70s early ’80s early ’90s late ’70s early ’80s late ’70s early ’80s late ’70s early ’80s 28.1 million 440 000 6.1 million 1 million 1.4 million 420 000 1 million 560 000 940 000 15 000 40 million 8.4% 0.2% 0.6% 0.1% 0.5% 2.2% 0.5% 0.3% 0.6% 0.1% 1.2% 55% 40% 35% 20% 30% 50% 20% 25% 20% 10% 48% Hetero Hetero, IDU Hetero, IDU IDU, Hetero, MSM MSM, IDU, Hetero Hetero, MSM IDU MSM, IDU MSM, IDU, Hetero MSM Epidemic started Adults andamp; children living with HIV/AIDS Adult prevalence rate * % of HIV-positive adults who are women Main mode(s) of transmission for those living with HIV/AIDS ** * The proportion of adults (15 to 49 years of age) living with HIV/AIDS in 2001, using 2001 population numbers ** Hetero: heterosexual transmission – IDU: transmission through injecting drug use – MSM: sexual transmission among men who have sex with men Adults andamp; children newly infected with HIV 3.4 million 80 000 800 000 270 000 130 000 60 000 250 000 30 000 45 000 500 5 million Slide7:  Changes in life expectancy in selected African countries with high HIV prevalence, 1950 to 2000 South-Africa 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 1950-55 1955-60 1960-65 1965-70 1970-75 1975-80 1980-85 1985-90 1990-95 1995-00 Life expectancy at birth, in years Botswana Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe Source: United Nations Population Division, 1998 Slide8:  Increase in mortality among men between 15 and 60, selected African countries, 1986-1997 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 Tanzania, 1996 Malawi, 1992 Zimbabwe, 1994 Uganda, 1995 Zambia, 1996-97 Probability of dying from all causes estimated for 6 years before survey estimated for year of survey Source: Timaeus I, AIDS 1998, 12 (suppl): S15-S27 Slide9:  Lifetime risk of AIDS death for 15-year-old boys, assuming unchanged or halved risk of becoming infected with HIV, selected countries Source: Zaba B, 2000 (unpublished data) Current adult HIV prevalence rate Burkina Faso Cambodia Côte d’Ivoire Kenya South Africa Zambia Zimbabwe Botswana Burkina Faso Cambodia Côte d’Ivoire Kenya South Africa Zambia Zimbabwe Botswana 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% Risk of dying of AIDS current level of risk maintained risk halved over next 15 years Slide10:  Projected population structure with and without the AIDS epidemic, Botswana, 2020 80 75 70 65 60 55 50 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 Males Females Deficits due to AIDS Projected population structure in 2020 Population (thousands) Age in years Source: US Census Bureau, World Population Profile 2000 HIV prevalence among pregnant womenin South Africa, 1990 to 1999:  HIV prevalence among pregnant women in South Africa, 1990 to 1999 Source: Department of Health, South Africa 0.7 1.7 2.1 4 7.6 10.4 14.2 17 22.8 22.4 0 5 10 15 20 25 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 HIV prevalence (%) Slide12:  0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Cambodia Haiti Mozambique Rwanda Côte d'Ivoire Zambia Kenya South Africa Zimbabwe Botswana Life expectancy at birth (years) Predicted life expectancy Loss in life expectancy due to HIV/AIDS Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Predicted loss in life expectancy due to HIV/AIDS in children born in 2000 Impact of HIV/AIDS on urban households, Côte d’Ivoire:  Impact of HIV/AIDS on urban households, Côte d’Ivoire General population Families living with AIDS Source: Simulation-based on data from Bechu, Delcroix and Guillaume, 1997 Monthly income per capita Monthly consumption per capita 0 5 000 10 000 15 000 20 000 25 000 – 5 000 30 000 Francs CFA Savings/Disavings Reduction in production in a household with an AIDS death, Zimbabwe:  Reduction in production in a household with an AIDS death, Zimbabwe Crops Maize Cotton Vegetables Groundnuts Cattle owned Reduction in output 61% 47% 49% 37% 29% Source: Stover andamp; Bollinger, 1999 Slide15:  Affordable prices Annual cost per person for triple therapy in Africa (US$) $12,000 $10,000 $8,000 $6,000 $4,000 $2,000 $0 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 Drug Access Initiative Domestic production Accelerated access initiative February-April 2001 offers

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