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UK e-Infrastructure: Widening Access, Increasing Participation

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Information about UK e-Infrastructure: Widening Access, Increasing Participation

Published on July 15, 2008

Author: npch

Source: slideshare.net

Description

A talk given at the ICHEC Annual Seminar by Neil Chue Hong, reflecting on the rise of Grid and Web 2.0, and how this might enable increased participation and use of computing infrastructure for e-Science and research.
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Neil Chue Hong Director, OMII-UK [email_address] UK e-Infrastructure: increasing access, widening participation ICHEC 2007, 13-14 December 2007, Dublin

Neil Chue Hong Director, OMII-UK [email_address] UK e-Infrastructure: increasing access, widening participation ICHEC 2007, 13-14 December 2007, Dublin but first… I’ll give an overview of this… and my thoughts on this…

OMII-UK: Software Solutions for e-Research OMII-UK provides software and support to enable a sustained future for the UK e-Science community and its international collaborators. Core support and development: £7.8 million Commissioned Software Programme: £1.4 million ENGAGE: improving access to e-Infrastructure: £0.9 million Phase II: 2006 - 2009

OMII-UK provides software and support to enable a sustained future for the UK e-Science community and its international collaborators.

Core support and development: £7.8 million

Commissioned Software Programme: £1.4 million

ENGAGE: improving access to e-Infrastructure: £0.9 million

Phase II: 2006 - 2009

OMII-UK: Adding benefit to e-Science More than just the middleware go above the components to provide added value Skilled team to help the community putting the right things together, integrating components providing consultancy and support to improve takeup developing, commissioning and improving software

More than just the middleware

go above the components to provide added value

Skilled team to help the community

putting the right things together, integrating components

providing consultancy and support to improve takeup

developing, commissioning and improving software

What is infrastructure?

What is UK e-Infrastructure? A shared resource That enables science, research, engineering, medicine, industry, … It will improve UK / European / … productivity Lisbon Accord 2000 E-Science Vision SR2000 – John Taylor Commitment by UK government Sections 2.23-2.25 Always there c.f. telephones, transport, power OSI report www.nesc.ac.uk/documents/OSI/index.html

A shared resource

That enables science, research, engineering, medicine, industry, …

It will improve UK / European / … productivity

Lisbon Accord 2000

E-Science Vision SR2000 – John Taylor

Commitment by UK government

Sections 2.23-2.25

Always there

c.f. telephones, transport, power

OSI report

www.nesc.ac.uk/documents/OSI/index.html

e-Infrastructure the use of computing to support research but more than just the hardware

the use of computing to support research

Slide: Neil Geddes

e-Science Centres in the UK Oxford Edinburgh Belfast Cambridge STFC Daresbury Manchester LeSC Newcastle Southampton Cardiff STFC Harwell Glasgow Leicester UCL Birmingham White Rose Grid Bristol Lancaster Reading Access Grid Support Centre Digital Curation Centre National Grid Service National Centre for e-Social Science National Centre for Text Mining National Institute for Environmental e-Science OMII-UK Sheffield York Leeds Coordinated by: Directors’ Forum & NeSC

e-Science is me-Science e-Science is me -Science Why share unless you gain a benefit? To share you need credit credit implies trust and trust needs provenance

The Four Levels of e-Science Enlightenment 1) Resources: Providing access to a larger and wider diversity

1) Resources: Providing access to a larger and wider diversity

Toolkits and Middleware The plumbing of “the Grid” Globus Toolkit, UNICORE, gLite, OMII but also .Net/CCS, Websphere … Providing standardised interfaces to resources

The plumbing of “the Grid”

Globus Toolkit, UNICORE, gLite, OMII

but also .Net/CCS, Websphere



Providing standardised interfaces to resources

GridPP: the UK Grid for particle physics UK’s largest e-science project 19 UK Universities + STFC GridPP1 2001-2004 "From Web to Grid" [£16m+] GridPP2+ 2004-2008 "From Prototype to Production” [£17m+] GridPP3 2008-2011 "From Production to Exploitation” [£30m]

UK’s largest e-science project

19 UK Universities + STFC

GridPP1 2001-2004

"From Web to Grid" [£16m+]

GridPP2+ 2004-2008

"From Prototype to Production” [£17m+]

GridPP3 2008-2011

"From Production to Exploitation” [£30m]

GridPP: the UK Grid for particle physics Grid to analyse data from the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN Operations – Tier-1 centre at Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, 16 other sites Middleware – uses gLite Applications for particle physics experiments > 5,000 CPUs and > 1/2 Petabyte of disk storage Part of EGEE Grid UK/Ireland region contributed 30 million kSI2k-hours in 2006 – 25% of the total UK CPU used by biomedics, fusion, industry… Worldwide LHC computing Grid - by 2008 (full year’s data taking) CPU ~100MSI2k (100,000 CPUs) Storage ~80PB Involving >100 institutes worldwide

Grid to analyse data from the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN

Operations – Tier-1 centre at Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, 16 other sites

Middleware – uses gLite

Applications for particle physics experiments

> 5,000 CPUs and > 1/2 Petabyte of disk storage

Part of EGEE Grid

UK/Ireland region contributed 30 million kSI2k-hours in 2006 – 25% of the total

UK CPU used by biomedics, fusion, industry…

Worldwide LHC computing Grid - by 2008 (full year’s data taking)

CPU ~100MSI2k (100,000 CPUs)

Storage ~80PB

Involving >100 institutes worldwide

Don’t be a banana, be a potato!

What do we need to share resources? Security Data Integration Registries Metadata is the key

What do we need to share resources? Networking Sharing Annotation Reuse Search Getting people involved in a community

Networking

Sharing

Annotation

Reuse

Search

Getting people involved in a community

Interoperability through standards? Each infrastructure runs different middleware; most of it works Standards needed for: security data transport job submission Standardisation is more important than standards documentation APIs tools “ The great thing about standards is they’re so many of them to choose from!”

Each infrastructure runs different middleware; most of it works

Standards needed for:

security

data transport

job submission

Standardisation is more important than standards

documentation

APIs

tools

Uniform access to computing resources Client only needs to know about applications “ Super-users” allow standard configurations to be setup Software used to provide several abstraction layers Campus Grid Toolkit: easy to install grid for job submission GridSAM/AHE Courtesy: Stefan Zasada

Client only needs to know about applications

“ Super-users” allow standard configurations to be setup

Software used to provide several abstraction layers

Uniform access to data resources OGSA-DAI: data integration for service providers Image courtesy SEEGEO/MoSeS

The Four Levels of e-Science Enlightenment 1) Resources: Providing access to a larger and wider diversity 2) Automation: Repeatability and management of experiments

1) Resources: Providing access to a larger and wider diversity

2) Automation: Repeatability and management of experiments

Taking control of the research Taverna: effortless workflows for scientists

Statistical variability Slide: Asen Asenov The simulation Paradigm now A 22 nm MOSFET In production 2008 A 4.2 nm MOSFET In production 2023

Delivering new results Simple concept I ntegrated H ierarchical S tatistical D esign Complex data and workflows D ata and C ompute I ntensive S ecurity S ensitive Slide: Richard Sinnott

The Four Levels of e-Science Enlightenment 1) Resources: Providing access to a larger and wider diversity 2) Automation: Repeatability and management of experiments 3) Collaboration: Intra + cross disciplinary networks

1) Resources: Providing access to a larger and wider diversity

2) Automation: Repeatability and management of experiments

3) Collaboration: Intra + cross disciplinary networks

Building better and bigger communities Virtual Research Environments bridge gap between infrastructure and users integrate functionality and facilities Harness interest in communities - make it easy to contribute and easy to benefit infrastructure annotation tools graphical environment Silchester Roman Town Project

Virtual Research Environments

bridge gap between infrastructure and users

integrate functionality and facilities

Harness interest in communities - make it easy to contribute and easy to benefit

infrastructure

annotation tools

graphical environment

Slide: David De Roure

Friends in the Community: OMII-UK PALs Open Source GIS Standards Data Mining Data Integration BioMoby Virtual Labs Alexander Woehrer Isao Kojima Chris Higgins Stephen McGough Mark Wilkinson Marco Roos Matthew Pocock

The Four Levels of e-Science Enlightenment 1) Resources: Providing access to a larger and wider diversity 2) Automation: Repeatability and management of experiments 3) Collaboration: Intra + cross disciplinary networks 4) Participation: Increasing access to a wider set of users; increasing knowledge in a domain

1) Resources: Providing access to a larger and wider diversity

2) Automation: Repeatability and management of experiments

3) Collaboration: Intra + cross disciplinary networks

4) Participation: Increasing access to a wider set of users; increasing knowledge in a domain

The Rise of Web 2.0 New sites allow non-technical users to share information and interact in programmable environments Social Networking: MySpace, Bebo, Facebook GIS: Google Maps, Google Earth Preference Matching: Amazon Meta-clustering: digg, del.icio.us Information Publishing: Flickr

New sites allow non-technical users to share information and interact in programmable environments

Social Networking: MySpace, Bebo, Facebook

GIS: Google Maps, Google Earth

Preference Matching: Amazon

Meta-clustering: digg, del.icio.us

Information Publishing: Flickr

The Rise of Web 2.0 New sites allow non-technical users to share information and interact in programmable environments Social Networking: MySpace, Bebo, Facebook GIS: Google Maps, Google Earth Preference Matching: Amazon Meta-clustering: digg, del.icio.us Information Publishing: Flickr An army of curators, a world of information

New sites allow non-technical users to share information and interact in programmable environments

Social Networking: MySpace, Bebo, Facebook

GIS: Google Maps, Google Earth

Preference Matching: Amazon

Meta-clustering: digg, del.icio.us

Information Publishing: Flickr

An army of curators, a world of information

Galaxy Zoo

climate prediction .net Users Worldwide >300,000 users total (90% MS Windows): >60,000 active ~17 million model-years simulated (as of September '06) ~180,000 completed simulations Slide: Robert Gurney The world's largest climate modelling supercomputer! (NB: a black dot is one or more computers running climate prediction .net )

From Web 2.0 back to HEC again Managing data is the challenge: computation is a valuable tool Capturing and improving scholarly process is difficult Modelling the spread of insect borne disease

Managing data is the challenge: computation is a valuable tool

Different Aspects for Different Users Applied Technology Specialists e-Infrastructure e-Researchers (domain & generic) Providers

Scientific flexibility not mechanistic complexity High expectations of Grids and e-Science not all of them met Most users just want the familiar but bigger, better, faster, more End-Users are interested in the fine grained detail but for quality choices, not mechanical choices performance, reliability, politics, brand, … Developers care about the detail and need to manage it

High expectations of Grids and e-Science

not all of them met

Most users just want the familiar but

bigger, better, faster, more

End-Users are interested in the fine grained detail

but for quality choices, not mechanical choices

performance, reliability, politics, brand, …

Developers care about the detail and need to manage it

ENGAGE: developing new users of e-Infrastructure JISC funded, OMII-UK and NGS Work with e-IUS/e-Uptake, follow up on SUPER, target individual research groups Capture research scenarios Collaborate on e-Infrastructure designs Implementation and deployment Aim to create specific examples of research benefit from e-Infrastructure Get “non e-Science” groups to participate Use and Deployment Development and Integration Interventions Training Support Design Document and Disseminate Study Practice, Barriers, Enablers and Requirements ENGAGE www.engage.ac.uk

JISC funded, OMII-UK and NGS

Work with e-IUS/e-Uptake, follow up on SUPER, target individual research groups

Capture research scenarios

Collaborate on e-Infrastructure designs

Implementation and deployment

Aim to create specific examples of research benefit from e-Infrastructure

Get “non e-Science” groups to participate

What do we mean by integration? Integration is more than just joining software sharing resources dynamically at many levels person to person published workflows Metadata is still the key but it is not a purely technical problem

Integration is more than just joining software

sharing resources dynamically at many levels

person to person

published workflows

Increasing access, widening participation People Infrastructure Tools Standards Research Output

OMII-UK Team

UK e-Infrastructure: increasing access, widening participation Neil Chue Hong Director, OMII-UK [email_address]

OMII-UK: For all kinds of users Taverna: effortless workflows for scientists OGSA-DAI: data integration for service providers PAG: AG videoconferencing for anyone Campus Grid Toolkit: easy to install grid for job submission

The Four Levels of e-Science Enlightenment 1) Resources: Providing access to a larger and wider diversity 2) Automation: Repeatability and management of experiments 3) Collaboration: Intra + cross disciplinary networks 4) Participation: Increasing access to a wider set of users; increasing knowledge in a domain

1) Resources: Providing access to a larger and wider diversity

2) Automation: Repeatability and management of experiments

3) Collaboration: Intra + cross disciplinary networks

4) Participation: Increasing access to a wider set of users; increasing knowledge in a domain

Evolution National Global European e-Infrastructure Slide: Neil Geddes Testbeds Utility Service Routine Usage

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