UK Adult Obesity Data

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Information about UK Adult Obesity Data
Health & Medicine

Published on February 19, 2014

Author: bakeralan

Source: slideshare.net

Description

UK Pattern,s in adult obesity - Public Health Data

Patterns and trends in adult obesity A presentation of the latest data on adult obesity

Overweight and obesity among adults Health Survey for England 2010-2012 More than 6 out of 10 men are overweight or obese (66.5%) More than 5 out of 10 women are overweight or obese (57.8%) Adult (aged 16+) overweight and obesity: BMI ≥ 25kg/m2 2 Patterns and trends in adult obesity

Obesity among adults Health Survey for England 2010-2012 One out of four men is obese (24.7%) One out of four women is obese (25.7%) Adult (aged 16+) obesity: BMI ≥ 30kg/m2 3 Patterns and trends in adult obesity

Adult BMI status by sex Health Survey for England 2010-2012 Underweight Underweight 1.3% 2.1% Obese Obese 24.7% 25.7% Healthy weight 32.2% Men Women Healthy weight 40.1% Overweight Overweight 32.1% 41.7% Adult (aged 16+) BMI thresholds: Underweight: <18.5kg/m2 Healthy weight: 18.5 to <25kg/m2 4 Overweight: 25 to <30kg/m2 Obese: ≥30kg/m2 Patterns and trends in adult obesity

Trend in obesity prevalence among adults Health Survey for England 1993-2012 (3-year average) 30% Women Men Prevalence of obesity 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% Adult (aged 16+) obesity: BMI ≥ 30kg/m2 5 Patterns and trends in adult obesity

Trend in excess weight among adults Health Survey for England 1993-2012 (3-year average) 70% Men 65% Women Prevalence of overweight 60% 55% 50% 45% 40% 35% 30% Adult (aged 16+) overweight including obese: BMI ≥ 25kg/m2 6 Patterns and trends in adult obesity

Trend in severe obesity among adults Health Survey for England 1993-2012 (3-year average) 4.0% Women 3.5% Men Prevalence of severe obesity 3.0% 2.5% 2.0% 1.5% 1.0% 0.5% 0.0% Adult (aged 16+) severe obesity: BMI ≥ 40kg/m2 7 Patterns and trends in adult obesity

Change in the adult BMI distribution Health Survey for England 1991-1993 and 2008-2010 Underweight Healthy weight Overweight Obese Severely obese <18.5kg/m2 18.5 to <25kg/m2 25 to <30 kg/m2 30 to <40kg/m2 ≥40kg/m2 Men Men Men Men 1991-93: 0.7% 2008-10: 0.7% 1991-93: 37.8% 2008-10: 27.0% Women 1991-93: 1.3% 2008-10: 1.2% 12 BMI (kg/m2) Women 1991-93: 47.6% 2008-10: 36.8% 18.5 1991-93: 14.6% 2008-10: 26.1% 1991-93: 46.7% 2008-10: 44.7% Women Women 1991-93: 33.3% 2008-10: 34.4% 1991-93: 16.4% 2008-10: 24.0% Men 1991-93: 0.3% 2008-10: 1.5% 25 Men 1991-1993 30 Women 1991-1993 Women 1991-93: 1.4% 2008-10: 3.5% 40 50 Men 2008-2010 Women 2008-2010 Adults aged 18+ years (population weighted) 8 Patterns and trends in adult obesity

Adult obesity prevalence by age Health Survey for England 2010-2012 35% Men Women 30% 33.7% 33.1% 33.1% 30.2% 31.4% 30.4% 28.4% Prevalence of obesity 25% 24.4% 20% 20.9% 17.1% 15% 10% 26.6% 25.2% 11.5% 12.3% 5% 0% 16-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 65-74 75+ Adult (aged 16+) obesity: BMI ≥ 30kg/m2 9 Patterns and trends in adult obesity

Prevalence of adult obesity by region Health Survey for England 2009-2011 (3-year average) 30% Men Women Obesity prevalence 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% North West 10 North East West Yorks and Midlands the Humber Patterns and trends in adult obesity East of England East Midlands South West South East London Adult (aged 16+) obesity: BMI ≥ 30kg/m2

Adult obesity prevalence by income Health Survey for England 2007-2011 40% Men Women 35% Obesity prevalence 30% 30.6% 25% 20% 31.3% 28.5% 24.7% 26.9% 27.1% 23.9% 23.9% 24.2% 19.5% 15% 10% 5% 0% Lowest income quintile Highest income quintile Equivalised household income quintiles Income measure is equivalised household income 11 Patterns and trends in adult obesity The chart shows 95% confidence intervals Adult (aged 16+) obesity: BMI ≥ 30kg/m2

Adult obesity prevalence by education Health Survey for England 2007-2011 40% Men Women 35% 33.2% 30% 33.0% Obesity prevalence 30.3% 25% 25.8% 20% 25.9% 27.0% 27.0% 23.5% 25.6% 20.5% 20.5% 15% 18.0% 10% 5% 0% No qualification NVQ1/CSE other grade equiv NVQ2/GCE O Level NVQ3/GCE A Level equiv equiv Higher ed below degree Degree/NVQ4/NVQ5 or equiv Highest level of education Education measure is highest qualification attained 12 Patterns and trends in adult obesity The chart shows 95% confidence intervals Adult (aged 16+) obesity: BMI ≥ 30kg/m2

Adult obesity prevalence by deprivation Health Survey for England 2007-2011 40% Men Women 35% Obesity prevalence 30% 31.5% 30.1% 25% 26.2% 20% 23.7% 25.3% 26.0% 26.6% 25.5% 22.6% 21.2% 15% 10% 5% 0% Least deprived Index of Multiple Deprivation 2007 quintile Deprivation measure is Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) 2007 13 Patterns and trends in adult obesity Most deprived The chart shows 95% confidence intervals Adult (aged 16+) obesity: BMI ≥ 30kg/m2

Trend in adult obesity prevalence by social class Health Survey for England 1994-2009 (5 year moving average) Men Women 30% 40% 35% 25% Obesity prevalence 30% 20% 15% 5% 10% 15% 0% 94-98 95-99 96-00 97-01 98-02 99-03 00-04 01-05 02-06 03-07 04-08 05-09 10% 25% 20% 40% 35% 15% 30% Obesity prevalence 30% 10% I - Professional II - Managerial technical IIIN - Skilled non-manual 5% IV - Semi-skilled manual 0% 94-98 95-99 14 96-00 97-01 98-02 99-03 00-04 Patterns and trends in adult obesity 25% 25% 20% 15% 10% 20% 5% 0% 94-98 95-99 96-00 97-01 98-02 99-03 00-04 01-05 02-06 03-07 04-08 05-09 IIIM - Skilled manual 5% V - Unskilled manual 0% 94-98 01-05 02-06 I - Professional IIIM - Skilled manual IIIN - Skilled non-manual 95-99 03-07 II - Managerial technical IV - Semi-skilled manual V - Unskilled manual 96-00 04-08 97-01 05-09 98-02 99-03 00-04 01-05 02-06 03-07 04- Adult (aged 16+) obesity: BMI ≥ 30kg/m2

Adult obesity prevalence by ethnic group Health Survey for England 2006-2010 45% Men Women 40% Obesity prevalence 35% 30% 25% 31.6% 20% 25.5% 26.2% 18.8% 18.7% 15% 20.9% 17.4% 10% 13.9% 16.0% 13.2% 13.1% 12.2% 5% 11.5% 15.1% 0% White Irish Obesity prevalence is age standardised 15 Patterns and trends in adult obesity Indian Pakistani Bangladeshi Black African Black Caribbean The chart shows 95% confidence intervals Adult (aged 16+) obesity: BMI ≥ 30kg/m2

Adult waist circumference Health Survey for England Year of survey Mean waist circumference (cm) % with raised* waist circumference 1993 1993 2012 82cm 27% 88cm 46% 2012 93cm 21% 97cm 34% Adults aged 16+ years * Raised waist circumference is taken to be greater than 102cm in men and greater than 88cm in women % with raised waist circumference is a three year average for 1993-95 and 2010-12 16 Patterns and trends in adult obesity

Adult raised waist circumference by age Health Survey for England 2010-2012 70% Men Women Prevalence of raised waist circumference 60% 63.4% 62.1% 58.6% 50% 50.3% 43.7% 40% 30% 51.6% 48.2% 41.3% 31.9% 31.7% 20% 10% 51.6% 20.5% 18.6% 11.2% 0% 16-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 65-74 75+ Adults aged 16+ years * Raised waist circumference is taken to be greater than 102cm in men and greater than 88cm in women 17 Patterns and trends in adult obesity

Trend in raised waist circumference among adults Health Survey for England 1993-2012 50% Prevalence of raised waist circumference Women Men 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Adults aged 16+ years, the chart shows 95% confidence intervals * Raised waist circumference is taken to be greater than 102cm in men and greater than 88cm in women 18 Patterns and trends in adult obesity

Health risk categories Health Survey for England/ NICE Low Men: <94cm Women: <80cm BMI Underweight 2 (<18.5kg/m ) Healthy weight (18.5-24.9kg/m2) Overweight (25-29.9kg/m2) Obese (30-34.9kg/m2) Very obese (≥40kg/m2) 19 Waist circumference High Men: 94-102cm Women: 80-88cm Very high Men: >102cm Women: >88cm Underweight (Not Applicable) Underweight (Not Applicable) Underweight (Not Applicable) No increased risk No increased risk Increased risk No increased risk Increased risk High risk Increased risk High risk Very high risk Very high risk Very high risk Very high risk Patterns and trends in adult obesity

Trend in prevalence of health risk categories Using both BMI and waist circumference; Health Survey for England 13% 14% 16% 17% 14% 15% 15% 15% 16% 16% 16% 15% High risk 18% 17% 17% 18% 17% 18% 16% 16% Increased risk 45% 45% 45% 56% 55% Very high risk 19% 18% 18% 18% 18% 22% 22% 22% 23% 21% 24% 23% 23% 15% 15% 15% 11% 12% 20% 21% 21% 44% 45% 45% 43% 44% 42% 42% 44% No increased risk 12% 12% 18% 18% 52% 51% Underweight 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Adults aged 16+ years. Using combined waist circumference and BMI classification, as recommended by NICE 20 Patterns and trends in adult obesity

Women Change in prevalence of health risk categories 55.2% 15.8% 12.2% 14.8% Using both BMI and waist circumference; Health Survey for England 1993-1994 Underweight No increased risk Men 55.6% Women Increased risk 55.2% 2011-2012 Underweight Men No increased risk 44.7% Women 40.9% High risk 20.8% 15.8% Increased risk 18.7% 14.2% 11.2% 12.2% High risk 13.6% 18.1% Very high risk 11.3% 14.8% Very high risk 21.6% 24.8% Adults aged 16+ years Underweight 21 No increased risk Patterns and trends in adult obesity Increased risk waist circumference and BMI classification, as recommended by NICE High risk Very high risk Using combined

For more information: www.noo.org.uk info@noo.org.uk 22 Patterns and trends in adult obesity

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