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Education

Published on February 24, 2008

Author: Woofer

Source: authorstream.com

9.What is Intelligence, Anyway?:  9.What is Intelligence, Anyway? About Intelligence Tests:  About Intelligence Tests As we know, intelligence test is given to measure a person’s intellectual ability---- ability to solve different kinds of problems. There are many kinds of intelligence tests in nowadays. The first intelligence test, known as Binet Scale, was developed in 1905 by a French psychologist named Alfred Binet. The Binet Scale has been revised many times for determining the progressive classification of children’s intelligence in the US by psychologists at Standford University and is now called Standford- Binet Scale. About Intelligence Tests:  About Intelligence Tests For years the Binet Scale was the only widely known intelligence test. Then came World WarⅠ. The US government needed a way to test the intelligence of more than one million army recruits. For this purpose, the group intelligence test was designed. And since then it has almost become a sort of routine to give recruits an intelligence test. About Intelligence Tests:  About Intelligence Tests The intelligence quotient (I.Q.) The result of an intelligence test is called an I.Q., short form for an intelligence quotient. Generally a person’s I.Q. is to be obtained by dividing his or her mental age (determined by a test) by his or her real age and multiplying the result by 100 (mental age/real age×100). About Intelligence Tests:  About Intelligence Tests There are many different intelligence tests which yield results along different numerical scales. However, many of those currently in use conform to the following scale: Below 85 retardation 85—100 average intelligence 110—120 bright- average intelligence 120—130 intellectually superior Above 130 intellectually very superior About Intelligence Tests:  About Intelligence Tests Those who have scored 130 or above are usually labeled as “gifted”, and those who have scored 140 or above, as “genius”. But not all educators agree that intelligence tests are accurate measures of intellectual ability. How do you think about intelligence test?:  How do you think about intelligence test? Group work: 1.How do you think about it, agree or not? And why? 2. do you think intelligence is the most important factor for a person’s success? If not, what else? The organization of the text:  The organization of the text Part Ⅰ( para. 1) What is intelligence? The author’s statement---high score in intelligence tests doesn’t meaning anything. Part Ⅱ ( paras. 2--7) Why there is much more in intelligence than just being able to score high on intelligence tests. The frame of Part Ⅱ :  The frame of Part Ⅱ ① The author has always been getting high scores, but he thinks it doesn’t mean he is highly intelligent. ② An example of an auto-repair man ③ Although the repair-man is not able to get high scores in intelligence tests, he is good at solving mechanical problems, while the author can do nothing. ④ From the joke the repair-man told the author, he leaves a thought-provoking question—Does high score really meaning something? Obviously not. Word learning:  Word learning aptitude 能力 才能 complacent 自满的 academic 学术的 worthy (of) 值得 estimate 估计 grant 授予 explore 探索 devise 设计  verbal 词语的 determine 确定 evaluation 评价 numerical 数字的  deaf 聋的 dumb 哑的 clerk 职员 heartily 沾沾自喜的 uneasy 局促的 for sure 确定地 pick out 挑选 make up 编制 Main idea of Part Ⅰ:  Main idea of Part Ⅰ The text starts with the question: What is Intelligence, Anyway? After stated his own experience of intelligence test, the author puts forward his point of view: high score in intelligence tests doesn’t meaning anything. Main idea of Part Ⅰ:  Main idea of Part Ⅰ Translate the following sentences: What is Intelligence, Anyway? 智力到底是什么呢? No one at the base had ever seen a figure like that and for two hours they made a big fuzz over me. 基地上没有人曾经见过这样的高分,于是他们便对我大加吹捧了两个小时只久. Main idea of Part Ⅱ:  Main idea of Part Ⅱ in para. 2, The author told that he has always been getting high scores, but he thinks it doesn’t mean he is highly intelligent. In para. 3, The author stated an example of an auto-repair man as an objection in order to support his point of view. Main idea of Part Ⅱ:  Main idea of Part Ⅱ In para. 4, It tells us that: although the repair-man is not able to get high scores in intelligence tests, he is good at solving mechanical problems, while the author cannot do anything. In para. 5-6, From the joke the repair-man told the author, he leaves a thought-provoking question—Does high score really meaning something? Obviously not. Main idea of Part Ⅱ:  Main idea of Part Ⅱ In para. 7, The author ends the text with only one sentence: And I have an uneasy feeling he had something there. 我有一种不安的感觉:他的话不无道理。 The one-sentence paragraph here is really more powerful than stating clearly his point of view again. Main idea of Part Ⅱ:  Main idea of Part Ⅱ Translate the following sentences: All my life I’ve been registering scores like that, so that I have the complacent feeling that I’m highly intelligent, and I expect other people to think so, too. 我一生中一直得到这样的高分,因此便有一种自鸣得意之感,认为自己非常聪明,而且期望别人也这样认为. Its numerical evaluation is determined by a small subsection of that society which has managed to foist itself on the rest of us as an arbiter of such matter. Main idea of Part Ⅱ:  Main idea of Part Ⅱ 它的数值是由那个社会中的一小部分人决定的,他们作为这类事情的仲裁人已设法把他们的意志强加在我们身上. And I have an uneasy feeling he had something there. 我有一种不安的感觉:他的话不无道理。 Put in the missing words:  Scientist and science-fiction writer Isaac Asimov ________ the question of intelligence in this article. He begins his recollection of an ______ test on which he had scored far above ______. This indicated that he was a _____ intelligent individual; however, Asimov questions whether such scores are ______ of the attention they receive. To make his point, he gives the example of Put in the missing words Put in the missing words:  Put in the missing words a garage mechanic who, though lacking in ________ knowledge, has an ability far beyond Asimov’s to ________ causes of automobile problems and solve them. Instead, in an area such as mechanics, Asimov admits that he could be considered quite ______. Intelligence, therefore, is not _______ but relative. This has led Asimov to make an ________ of such aptitude tests, whose worth, it seems, should not be ______________. key:  Scientist and science-fiction writer Isaac Asimov ________ the question of intelligence in this article. He begins his recollection of an ______ test on which he had scored far above ______. This indicated that he was a _____ intelligent individual; however, Asimov questions whether such scores are ______ of the attention they receive. To make his point, he gives the example of explores aptitude normal highly worthy key key:  key a garage mechanic who, though lacking in ________ knowledge, has an ability far beyond Asimov’s to ________ causes of automobile problems and solve them. Instead, in an area such as mechanics, Asimov admits that he could be considered quite ______. Intelligence, therefore, is not _______ but relative. This has led Asimov to make an ________ of such aptitude tests, whose worth, it seems, should not be ______________. academic determine dumb absolute evaluation taken for granted Language points:  Language points 1 aptitude: natural ability or skill 多指天生的能力、 才能或技能 Eg. She has an aptitude for dealing with people. He showed an aptitude for music at an early age. Language points:  Language points 2against a normal of 100, scored 160:(in an I.Q. test) scored 160 in contrast to an average I.Q. of 100 Against: in contrast to or with Eg. The building is very beautiful against the glow of the sunset sky. Language points:  Language points Normal: N. the usual state or level Eg. Things in the house returned to normal after the guest had left. Adj. usual regular Eg. His behaviors do not seem normal to me. Language points:  Language points 3 figure: ① number; symbol for a number, esp. 0-9 Eg. She got a starting salary of six figures. ② shape or outline of sb. or sth. Eg. There is a figure of chimney in the distance. ③ important person (of the stated kind) Language points:  Language points Eg. They argued over who was the most influential figure in the 20th century. ④ human form Eg. The woman in the portrait had a graceful figure. ⑤ diagram; drawing to illustrate sth. Eg. The figure in the book will help you understand the theory better. Language points:  Language points 4 make a fuzz over (about): show unnecessary nervous excitement, esp. over unimportant matters Eg. It is merely a small cut, don’t make a fuzz. Why did he make such a big fuzz over a potato? Language points:  Language points 5 register: V. write in a list or record Eg. I have registered four courses for the following semester. N. record or list Eg. You may find some Chinese names on the US immigration register of the 19th century. Language points:  Language points 6 simply; ① only; merely Eg. Don’t worry, it is simply a scratch. I took that job simply because the office is near my house. ② in a plain manner Eg. The old man lives simply and is dressed simply. Language points:  Language points ③ completely; absolutely Eg. I simply can not understand why did you do such a foolish thing. She looks simply wonderful in under the glow of the sunset sky. Language points:  Language points 7 academic: ① scholarly; theoretical; not practical Eg. He went abroad for the purpose of academic exchanges. This question is purely academic. ② of a college or university Eg. This is the calendar for academic year 2006-2007. Language points:  Language points 8 worthy of: Deserving Eg. I don’t think this problem is worthy of serious consideration. It is a occasion well worthy of the most elaborate celebration. Language points:  Language points 9 by my estimate: according to my judgment estimate: N. judgment or opinion about how much, how heavy, how good, etc Eg. According to the official estimate, over 100 people were killed in the armed conflict. V. form a judgment about Eg. She was highly estimated by him. Language points:  Language points 10 take for granted: consider as true or already settled; accept as a matter of course. Eg. Father often tell me not to take things for granted. A teacher can’t take it for granted that his students always do their homework as required. Language points:  Language points 11 hasten: Move or act with speed Eg. Upon learning the news of her husband’s success, she hastened to Beijing. Seeing the Chairman was to end the discussion, the speaker hastened to his conclusion. Language points:  Language points 12 explore: ① search or examine thoroughly Eg. The group from a foreign company came to China to explore business possibilities. ② travel into or through a region for the purpose of learning about it Eg. A robot was recently sent to explore the surface of Mars. Language points:  Language points 13 divine oracles: Profoundly wise opinions or judgments as if given by God Eg. Don’t treat his words as divine oracles. 14 suppose: I suggest; if Eg. Suppose we put off the meeting till tomorrow. Language points:  Language points 15 devise: think out; plan; design Eg. He devised a system to put Chinese characters into computers. She spent days devising how to make money but never really did anything. Language points:  Language points 16 moron: the highest classification of mental deficiency, even above imbecile and idiot. These terms, no longer in professional use in the US., are meant insult today. Eg. We expect morons like you to say such stupid things. Language points:  Language points 17 determine: ① decide (on) Eg. Have you determined the date for your wedding? It’s hard to determine which side is right just by hearing their quarrel. ② find out precisely Eg. Investigations have not yet determined the cause of the air crash. Language points:  Language points ③ make up one’s mind: Eg. He determined to learn the operation manners of the machine in one day’s time. 18 absolute: Not measured by comparison with other things (绝对的) Eg. He was elected by an absolute majority. Language points:  Language points 19 a small subsection of the society: a very tiny section or part of the larger society In “sbusection” sub is a prefix meaning “smaller or less important than” as in subset, subtitle, subdivision, etc “society” here means “people of a particular kind and with some shared interest” Language points:  Language points 20 foist on: impose (something or someone unwanted) upon by coercion or trickery Eg. Stores should not foist defective goods on customers. I am sorry all this has been foisted on you. Language points:  Language points 21 joke: n. something said or done to cause amusement Eg. Don’t play jokes on him, he can’t take jokes. v. Make jokes Eg. This is no joking matter, please treat it seriously. Language points:  Language points 22 dumb: ① unable to speak Eg. She was dumb from birth and was very kind to dumb animals. ②temporarily silent Eg. The audience were struck dumb when the magician ate fire. Language points:  Language points 23 pick out: choose; select Eg. The flower store owner asked her to pick out that big red rose. It took Mary a long time to pick out a new dress for the evening party tonight. Language points:  Language points 24 whereupon: immediately following that; upon that Eg. I described my disastrous morning, whereupon, he laughed and laughed. Note: here, the word ”whereupon” in the text was used as an adverb, not as a conjuction. Language points:  Language points 25 highly: In or to a high degree Eg. It is highly probable that he changed his name to avoid being tracked down by the police. The film was highly praised by the critics. Language points:  Language points 26 did you catch many? Here, in the text, it means: Did you trap many people with your trick? 27 for sure: Without doubt; surely or certainly Eg. From a distance he couldn’t tell for sure whether it was Jerry or Tom. Language points:  Language points 28 goddamned: Strongly cursed or damned Eg. This expression is used as a strong expletive, often shortened to goddamn, considered inappropriate in polite society or formal occasions. And students of English are not advised to use it. Language points:  Language points 29 uneasy: Awkward; not easy in mind or body Eg. He give an uneasy smile when he met his mother-in-law for the first time. He passed an uneasy night and finally decided to surrender himself to the police. Discussion :  Discussion 1. In daily life, there are many kinds of intelligence tests accessible to us through internet, books, etc, how do you think about it? 2. Is high intelligence the most important factor for a successful man? If not, what is it according to you?

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