Published on March 6, 2014
American History Unit 1 Lecture 7 The Road to Conflict – Part I
The French and Indian War The French and Indian War The French and Indian War sets the stage for conflict between Britain and its American Colonies 1
The French and Indian War • 500 year old rivalry between Britain and France comes to America • Conflict begins over land in the area of Western Pennsylvania • Erupts into war between France and their Indian allies and Britain, the Colonists, and their Indian allies. • Colonies want to expand West – French and Indians resist
Course of the War • France wins many early battles; war is fought both in Europe and N. America • George Washington, a young Lieutenant fighting for the British colonies, loses one of the war’s earliest skirmishes • William Pitt, a British politician turns the tide of the War 2
The War Ends • Powerful Iroquois join the side of the British and Colonies • The French city of Quebec is captured • War lasts for 9 years, and includes fighting in Europe. • By 1763, French are defeated and lose virtually all of their lands in North America!
Victory leads to conflict The French and Indian War set the stage for conflict between Britain and its American Colonies 2 Key Reasons: Proclamation of 1763 Increase in taxes to pay for war
Victory leads to Conflict Proclamation of 1763 • After winning French and Indian War, Britain wants peace in the colonies • PROCLAMATION OF 1763 – Bans colonists from settling West of the Appalachian Mountains • Hope to avoid further conflict with Indians
Victory leads to Conflict Proclamation of 1763 • Proclamation angered colonists • Moved past line against wishes of the British • Colonists believe the line shows the British don’t care about them
Victory leads to Conflict British Expenses Increased Taxes • Britain had spent a lot of money on the French and Indian War • National debt was doubled • Keeping troops in the colonies was expensive • Britain begins cracking down on smuggling by American colonists • British pass SUGAR ACT – says smugglers will be tried by British Courts – not Colonial Courts • Angers Colonists and protests begin
1. From http://ns1763.ca/remem/7yw-timelinew.html 2. From http://www.nebraskastudies.org 3. From http://jb-hdnp.org/
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