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Information about U1introduction

Published on February 20, 2008

Author: Reva

Source: authorstream.com

Intercultural Communication:  Intercultural Communication Zhong Hua (Ivory) A Quiz:  A Quiz 姓名:_______ 学号:________ 年级:_______ 专业:________ 你想从本课程中学到什么?请详细说明。 你知道什么是跨文化交际吗?请简要说明。 你曾有过跨文化交际的经验吗? A 从未有过 B 有过几次 C 有过很多次 D 不知道 4. 你认为语言与文化的关系如何? A 有密切关系 B 有关系 C 无甚关系 D 无关 Slide3:  5. 你认为文化与交际的关系如何? A 有密切关系 B 有关系 C 无甚关系 D 无关 你认为文化有优劣之分吗?为什么? 你知道什么是非语言行为吗?请举一例。 你认为语言行为和非语言行为谁传达的信息更多一些? 你认为中国人和英美人的思维方式有差异吗?请简要说明。 你认为中国人和英美人的价值观念有差异吗?请简要说明。 A Situation:  A Situation You, your wife, your child and your mother... Question: Who are you going to save? Slide5:  Why different people have different view? Pictures (What do you see?) Conclusion If we observe a picture from different angles, we see different things. Similarly, when we look at a problem or an event, people from different cultures may have different opinions. When people with different cultural backgrounds communicate with each other, problems may arise and misunderstandings may occur. Some examples of intercultural communication:  Some examples of intercultural communication Jonathan: Ann, your English is improving. I’m pleased with your work. Ann: (Looking down) Oh, no. My English is not very good. J: Why do you say that, Ann? You’re doing very well in class. A: No. I am not a good student. Continued::  Continued: J: Ann, you’re making progress in this class. You should be proud of your English. A: No, it’s not true. You are a good teacher, but I am not a good student. Now predict Jonathan’s feeling. J: (He is surprised by her response and wonders why she thinks her English is so bad. He doesn’t know what to say and wonders if he should stop giving her compliments.) Continued::  Continued: Question 1: Where do they come from? Question 2: Why did Jonathan feel like that? Question 3: If Ann is an American girl, what would she respond to Jonathan? Another conversation::  Another conversation: Jonathan: Ann, your English is improving. I’m pleased with your work. Ann: (making eye contact) Thank you. I’ve learned a lot in this course. J: You’re doing well and I can really see progress. A: I enjoy studying English. I do homework every night. J: I can see that. Keep up the good work. A: I’ll try. You are a good teacher. You have helped me a lot. Slide10:  Conclusion: Culture shapes people’s view! When you communicate with people from another culture, a polite greeting may turn to an impolite greeting, a sentence out of good will may turn to an insult, a talk with a good intention may turn to hostility if you don’t know their culture well. Culture:  Culture Brainstorming culture: What do you think culture is? Write down your ideas. First definition: E.B.Tylor (1871) in Primitive Culture: “that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, law, custom and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of a society.” 文化是一种复合的整体,它包括知识、信仰、艺术、道德、法律、习俗以及人们作为社会成员而获得的能力与习惯 Culture :  Culture Numbers of definition up to the present: more than 500 Examples of various definitions: The sum total of all the beliefs, values and norms shared by a group of people. A large pool of experience composed of learned programs for action and passed on from generation to generation. All you need to know and believe in order to be accepted in a society. Culture :  Culture Examples of various definition: “A culture is a collection of beliefs, habits, living patterns and behaviors which are held more or less in common by people who occupy particular geographic areas.” (Brown, 1987) “Culture is a learned set of shared perceptions about beliefs, values, and norms, which affect the behaviors of a relatively large group of people”(Lustig & Koester, 1993) Culture :  Culture Characteristics: Culture is the social heredity of a group of people. (symbolically transmitted from generation to generation) Culture is learned from those people with whom one interacts as he or she is socialized. Culture is a set of shared perceptions followed by a large group of people. Culture :  Culture Characteristics: A large part of culture is invisible and unconscious like an iceberg. Culture governs our behavior and give people guidelines about what things mean, what is important, and what should or should not be done. Culture is dynamic and changeable. Culture:  Culture One of the most popular classification of culture: high culture: philosophy, literature, fine arts, music, religion etc. popular culture: customs and habits, rites and rituals, ways of living (housing, dressing, eating and drinking) and all interpersonal behavior. deep culture: the conception of beauty, definition of sin, notions of modesty, ordering of time, etc. Communication :  Communication Listen to 15 instances of communication and decide whether they are “good examples”, “yes, but not good examples” or “non-communication”. Discussion: What is communication? Communication:  Communication Nine ingredients of communication Source Encoding Message Channel Receiver Decoding receiver response Feedback Noise Communication :  Communication Encoding and decoding are of great significance to successful communication. eg. “You’re a sexy girl.” Communication :  Communication Can you make sense of what is going on in the following dialogue? Prof. Xia: Would you like to have a cup of tea? Prof. Gram: Should I reply in English way or Chinese way? Prof. Xia: In English way. Prof. Gram: Then, yes. Prof. Xia: Tea in English way as well? Prof. Gram: No, in Chinese way this time. Prof. Xia: Jolly good. You’ve saved me. Just out of milk. Prof. Gram: (starts laughing) Communication :  Communication Listen to a story of Litz, a Finnish and her Chinese mother-in-law. Here is the conversation: Litz: Dick, how long is your mum going to stay? Dick: I don’t know. I haven’t asked her. Litz: Why not ask her? Dick: What do you mean by asking her? Litz: I mean what I said. Just ask her how long she’s going to stay. Can you diagnose Litz’ problem? Litz’ encoding: Mother’s decoding: Intercultural communication:  Intercultural communication Intercultural communication: communication between people of different cultural backgrounds. The idea is nothing new. As a discipline, it has a short history. Cornerstone: The Silent Language (E.T. Hall) Originated from USA in the late 1970s an interdisciplinary subject (anthropology, psychology, sociology, linguistics, philosophy, semiotics etc.) no mature theory practical value Culture shock:  Culture shock An experience of anxiety, worries, displeasure etc. that arise when people enter a new cultural context Four stages: Honeymoon (euphoria) Depression (horror) Adjustment Acceptance (home) Culture shock:  Culture shock Here are some excerpts from the postcards of English students studying in China. Please identify they were written in which stage of culture shock. Culture shock:  Culture shock Dear Joan, Life here seems not so bad after all. The people are quite nice once you get to know them a little better and begin to figure out their way of looking at things. Guess I’m beginning --- just beginning --- to know the ropes. Love Peter Culture shock:  Culture shock Dear Mum and Dad, I’m really feeling fed up with my life here and longing for home. Getting anything done over here is a nightmare --- the locals are so lazy and unhelpful. And on top of all that I feel rundown and sleepy all the time, seem to have lost all my zest. Love Jim Culture shock:  Culture shock Dear Michael, This is a fantastic place! So many interesting things to see, such as the Forbidden City and the Temple of Heaven. Even wandering the streets is a delight with all the bustle and hordes of cyclists. I’m really happy I came. Best wishes Simon Culture shock:  Culture shock Dear Nicky, Thanks for your letter. It was lovely to hear from you. I’ve been thinking about your question about what I find strangest about living in China --- but the trouble is I’ve been here so long and have settled into the way of life so much that everything seems perfectly ordinary! So, if you want to find out you’ll have to come out to see for yourself with a fresh pair of eyes. I can be your guide! Best wishes Paul Purpose of this course:  Purpose of this course Develop cultural awareness Brief contents of this course:  Brief contents of this course Introduction Language and culture Intercultural verbal communication Comparison of the value systems between the East and the West Intercultural Nonverbal communication Comparison of the modes of thinking between the East and the West Intercultural communication in business context Grading:  Grading Class participation: 20% Comments on movies: 10% Reading selection: 20% Course paper: 50% (deadline: June 14) Course paper:  Course paper 1.内容:案例分析。案例必须是真实的、近期的,,注意典型性与新颖性。 2. 对象:采访经历过跨文化交际的任何人,如: (1)外籍留学生、教师、游客、商人、学者等 (2)中国留学生、访问学者、跨国企业的管理 人员等 (3)自己 3.字数:800 ~ 1000 (either in English or in Chinese) 4. 要求打印稿 References:  References Compulsory reading: 1.  《文化广角镜初级》钟华主编,华中科技大学出版社 2. 《外国文化与跨文化交际》 陈俊森、樊葳葳主编,华中理工大学出版社 Website: http://ibunka.home.chinaren.net References:  References Supplementary reading: 《跨文化交际与英语学习》(英文版)胡文仲编,上海译文出版社 《中英(英语国家)文化习俗比较》杜学增著,外语教学与研究出版社 《东西方文化差异与对外交流》庄恩平著,华东理工大学出版社 《文化撞击案例评析》汪福祥、马登阁编著,石油工业出版社 《语言与文化-英汉语言对比研究》(英文版)邓炎昌、刘润清著,外语教学与研究出版社 《跨文化非语言交际》 毕继万著,外语教学与研究出版社 《英语习语与英美文化》 平洪,张国扬著,外语教学与研究出版社

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