U.S. History Since Reconstruction ~ Week Two Lecture

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Information about U.S. History Since Reconstruction ~ Week Two Lecture

Published on January 27, 2009

Author: redemma

Source: slideshare.net

 

Between 1870-1900: Number of American farms doubled. > 1 million new farms. Number of farm acres doubled. Government policies encouraged expansion. Factors of development: Railroad (Pacific Railway Act) Homestead Act Removal of Plains Indian Tribes Removal of Plains Buffalo

Between 1870-1900:

Number of American farms doubled. > 1 million new farms.

Number of farm acres doubled.

Government policies encouraged expansion.

Factors of development:

Railroad (Pacific Railway Act)

Homestead Act

Removal of Plains Indian Tribes

Removal of Plains Buffalo

Pacific Railway Act

Millions of Acres Railroads received ~ 100 million acres of Western land under Pacific Railway Act, 1862-1872. Railroads used land as collateral to secure loans from Wall Street banks in order to meet construction costs. Railroads might go bankrupt if they could find enough settlers to buy their land. Railroad investors could lose money if railroad construction outstripped settlement.

Railroads received ~ 100 million acres of Western land under Pacific Railway Act, 1862-1872.

Railroads used land as collateral to secure loans from Wall Street banks in order to meet construction costs.

Railroads might go bankrupt if they could find enough settlers to buy their land. Railroad investors could lose money if railroad construction outstripped settlement.

Homestead Act of 1862 160 acres of public land free, provided settler live on land & “improve” it for 5 years additional acres available for $1.25 per acre after 6 months’ residency 605 million acres available land given to male head-of-household or to single or widowed women only 10% of western settler received land under the act (~400,000) railroads, land companies & state governments usually held the best land, which had to be purchased

160 acres of public land free, provided settler live on land & “improve” it for 5 years

additional acres available for $1.25 per acre after 6 months’ residency

605 million acres available

land given to male head-of-household or to single or widowed women

only 10% of western settler received land under the act (~400,000)

railroads, land companies & state governments usually held the best land, which had to be purchased

 

Where the Buffalo Roamed

Buffalo Hunt

Stinkers

Buffalo Hides

Buffalo Skulls

 

Geronimo

 

Reservation System

Dawes Severalty Act of 1887 Seen as a humane alternative to reservation policy by sympathetic whites Goal was to “assimilate” Native Americans into white culture Native Americans to be turned into farmers Allowed president to break up the reservations by distributing land to individual Indians, then legally “severed” from their tribes 160 acres per male individuals could become U.S. citizens 60% of reservation lands lost 66% of allotted land lost eventually

Seen as a humane alternative to reservation policy by sympathetic whites

Goal was to “assimilate” Native Americans into white culture

Native Americans to be turned into farmers

Allowed president to break up the reservations by distributing land to individual Indians, then legally “severed” from their tribes

160 acres per male

individuals could become U.S. citizens

60% of reservation lands lost

66% of allotted land lost eventually

Assimilation .

.

Wounded Knee

Plow that Broke the Plains

 

Sod-busting

Home on the Range

Industrialized Farming .

.

An Extractive Economy .

.

 

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