Typical Characteristics of Parasites

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Published on February 20, 2014

Author: PakRose1

Source: slideshare.net

13 TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF PARASITES PRESENTED BY: HAFIZ NAWAZ ALI

13 TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF PARASITES 1. Some parasites are highly reproductive; eg. Multiple fission in Apicomplexa. . Hermaphrodism of Trematodes. 2. Often have unique morphological or physiological specialization, loss of structures,etc. a. Loss of digestive track of Tapeworms b. Loss of wings of fleas & lice c. Loss of many sensory structures of Nematodes d. Development of special hold fast organs; teeth , hooks , clamps e. Production of anti-coagulation in Leeches

13 3 – Often special site specificity 4 – Usually, but not always, non-lethal to host 5 – Generally much numerous than host 6 – Generally much smaller than host 7 – Evolve method of invading host immune system; Antigenic variation of Trypnosomes  Tough teguments of Acanthocephalans  Intracellular habitat of Coccidia & Trichinella larvae  Encystment Ability to cleave antibodies or consume complement 

13 8 – many parasites are being shown to change the host behavior. Scientists believe = ?

13 FATE OF PARASITE IN FOREIGN HOST When a parasite attacks on a foreign host one of the following may happen; a. it may be killed at once. b. it may be survive for a longer or shorter duration but not multiply. c. it may develop to maturity, if so ,may not cause disease. OOOOOPssssss!!!!!!! The commonest fate of parasite in foreign host is DEATH 

13 Thanks

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