Types of Narratives

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Information about Types of Narratives

Published on February 18, 2014

Author: csarmiento42

Source: authorstream.com

Types of Narratives: Types of Narratives Prof. C. Sarmiento English Class Chronological Narrative: Chronological Narrative This kind of narrative takes place in chronological order. It uses a series of events in order, from first to last, in order to tell a story. Chronological stories often use transitional words and phrases to indicate sequence and time. Narrative Story: Narrative Story Adriana has a very hectic life. In the morning , Adriana wakes up and listens to the radio while drinking coffee. During the day , she goes to work and does chores. In the afternoon , she gets home cooks dinner. At night , she drinks a glass of wine and goes to sleep . The next day , she prepares to do the same thing all over again. Transitional Words for Sequence: Transitional Words for Sequence Some transitional words that signal time or sequence order: First, to begin with, in the past, in the morning, at breakfast, second, next, now, later, at noon, at lunch, third, then, soon, in the afternoon, at dinner, last, finally, in the future, by evening, at night Episodic Narrative: Episodic Narrative This type of narrative contains a number of episodes within it that are self contained and tell a whole story. The other episodes are often related by theme, but don’t necessarily follow a chronological order and they don’t have to even feature the same characters. Example of Episodic Narrative: Example of Episodic Narrative Summary for Haunted: Summary for Haunted Haunted is a novel made up of stories: twenty-three tales. They are told by the people who have all answered an ad headlined 'Artists Retreat: Abandon your life for three months'. They are led to believe that here they will leave behind all the distractions of 'real life' that are keeping them from creating the masterpiece that is in them. But 'here' turns out to be a cavernous and ornate old theater where they are utterly isolated from the outside world - and where heat and power and, most importantly, food are in increasingly short supply. And the more desperate the circumstances become, the more desperate the stories they tell - and the more devious their machinations to make themselves the hero of the inevitable play/movie/non-fiction blockbuster that will certainly be made from their plight Flashback/Flashforward Narrative: Flashback/ Flashforward Narrative A flashback is a narrative tool that is used to reveal events that happened before the setting of the story took place. In contrast, a flashforward are events that take place in the future of the setting the story takes place. Both flashbacks and flashforwards break the chronology of the story and reveal information about the plot. Characteristics of Flashback/Flashforward: Characteristics of Flashback/ F lashforward "For a flashback to succeed as part of your beginning, it should meet three criteria: "First, it should follow a strong opening scene, one that roots us firmly in your character's present. . . . "In addition, the second-scene flashback should bear some clear relation to the first scene we've just witnessed. . . . "Finally, don't let your readers get lost in time. Indicate clearly how much earlier the flashback scene took place." (Nancy Kress, Beginnings, Middles & Ends. Writer's Digest Books, 1999)

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