Published on March 15, 2014
Types of Lessons
Three Types of Lessons The Development Lesson The Review Lesson The Drill Lesson
The Development Lesson Nature -Is one in which something new is presented or developed -It may be a fact, a principle, a skill, a generalization, or some knowledge. -It must not be something the class did not know before. -It is applied to a direct learning procedure, under the directions of the teacher, in which students participate step by step.
The Development Lesson Formal • Time-tested method (inductive, deductive, probl em solving) Informal • Socratic method (question and answer portion) • Developmental method (step by step process)
The Development Lesson Steps 1. Preparation- consists of the cognitive and motivational aspects. 2. Presentation of Development- the teacher directs children’s learning by means of questions and teaching aids, leading the class to examine, analyze, compare, contrast, generali ze, observe, judge or discover something.
The Development Lesson Stages 3. Application- the test where of whether the pupils have really learned or not.
Conditions Necessary to a good Development lessons: • The teacher’s mastery of the subject matter • Recall of past experiences or information that have a bearing on the new lesson • The teacher’s clear awareness of what is to be perceived, presented, or developed.
The Developmental Lesson Advantages • The rule that what is taught is better understood and mastered because the meanings are experienced; • Learning is facilitated because it is done step by step; • Satisfaction results because the children feels they are doing things independently; and • Ability to think for oneself and skill in attacking and solving problems; self- confidence Disadvantages • When a rule may be easily understood by reading, the use of method would be a waste of time; • It is not suitable for one subjects, activities, etc. • The child may become more dependent on the teacher.
The Review Lesson Nature -aims to renew the study of the same subject matter or to recall what has been taken up in the past and view this again from a different perspective or point of view.
The Review Lesson Purposes of the Review 1. Retention of material learned 2. Organization of materials and experiences into large wholes 3. Development of ability to evaluate material 4. Supplementation of materials and experiences 5. Foundation for further learning 6. Diagnosis of pupil weakness
The Review Lesson 7. Diagnosis of teacher weakness 8. Development of interest in old material 9. Stimulation of original thinking and creativeness 10. Tracing the core or main thought throughout a unit. 11. Reorganization of previously organized information into a new pattern.
The Review Lesson Types of Review • The short prelesson daily review for3-5 minutes. – this can provide the apperceptive basis for the new lesson. • The postlesson unit review.- takes a whole period review. • Extensive large unit review.- take place into the end of the semester or school year.
The Review Lesson Techniques of Review • Time of review- no definite time of review; given when necessary; given before the test to prepare the students. • Length of the review- no limit time of the review; • Preparation for review-it should be as prepared as any lesson; always have a necessary step; the teacher should plan it well.
The Review Lesson Principles of a Review Lesson • The review must be of value to the learner- the children should know the purpose of the review. • The review should be interesting- no repetitions • The should follow the psychological principles of learning.- the learner should be aware of how he is progressing.
The Review Lesson Conditions for a Good Review 1. Previous lessons must have been studied. 2. Too much should not be covered in one lesson. 3. The teacher should have mastery of the subject. 4. The teacher should lead the children to organize the subject into large units 5. The teacher should help the children outline summary so that the children may see value of the parts.
The Drill Lesson Nature and Purpose -is for automatization of certain facts, habits or skills. -Aim to fix associations for permanency or to perfect a skill. -Needed for mastery; all subjects need a little amount of drill.
The Drill Lesson Nature and Purpose drills are necessary: 1. Mastery of multiplication table 2. Correct spelling and grammar; remembering historical dates 3. Training in motor skills( handwriting, typewriting, shorthand,shopwo rk)
The Drill Lesson Material for Drill -takes up the same material until it is mastered. -The same activity is practiced until it is automatic. -more often used in form subjects rather than in content subjects. ( science and social studies)
The Drill Lesson Drill Procedure 1. Motivation – is necessary to arouse pupils to maximum and sustained effort. 2. Focalization- requires concentration and so children’s attention should be focused on the specific facts etc.
The Drill Lesson 3. Repetition with attention- “mere repetition will not result in learning unless accompanied by attention. 4. Application- the pupil must be able to apply what he/she has learned.
The Drill Lesson Principle of Drill 1.Utilization of the principles of learning-pupils should be ready in the drill. (reward and praise may be used to improve performance) 2. Way of conducting drill- it should be systematic way- fast, precise, uniterrupted by discussion, dynamic, alert, enthusiastic (be hurry)
The Drill Lesson 3. Standards- attainable standards should be set-up ( accuracy, speed, quality, and quantity) 4. Individualization- divide the class into the children’s weaknesses and together the teacher will teach the same thing.
The Drill Lesson Outcomes of Drill Drill results in establishing habits, skills, and route associations. Habits are automatic responses. Developing the habit into a skill is what the teacher aims.
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