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Tuskegee Airmen

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Information about Tuskegee Airmen

Published on December 18, 2007

Author: MrG

Source: slideshare.net

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Tuskegee Airmen By: Kerry Mcfarland & Jordan O’Reilly

Objective Slide Our objective is to inform you of the hardships and experiences the Tuskegee Airmen had to overcome for the duration of World War II.

Our objective is to inform you of

the hardships and experiences the

Tuskegee Airmen had to overcome

for the duration of World War II.

The Beginning The work of Civil rights organizations helped form an African- American squadron know as the Tuskegee airmen.

The work of Civil rights organizations helped form an African- American squadron know as the Tuskegee airmen.

The Men They were dedicated and determined young African Americans. Became the first black military airmen. They lived in cities all over the country. Large numbers came from these cities: NYC Washington Los Angeles Chicago Philadelphia Detroit

They were dedicated and determined young African Americans.

Became the first black military airmen.

They lived in cities all over the country.

Large numbers came from these cities:

NYC

Washington

Los Angeles

Chicago

Philadelphia

Detroit



Set Backs Many thought black men lacked: Intelligence Skill Courage Patriotism Qualifications for combat duty

Many thought black men lacked:

Intelligence

Skill

Courage

Patriotism

Qualifications for combat duty

Set Backs They were constantly denied military leadership roles and skilled training. They were banned from flying for the U.S. military.

They were constantly denied military leadership roles and skilled training.

They were banned from flying for the U.S. military.

Tuskegee Experiment To train the African Americans the Army Air Corps created a program teaching them: How to fly How to maintain combat aircraft

To train the African Americans the Army Air Corps created a program teaching them:

How to fly

How to maintain combat aircraft

The Program The program was made up of: Pilots Navigators Bombardiers Maintenance Support staff Instructors Personnel who kept the planes in the air

The program was made up of:

Pilots

Navigators

Bombardiers

Maintenance

Support staff

Instructors

Personnel who

kept the planes in the air

Tuskegee Institute The Tuskegee Institute was selected by the military to train the African American pilots. It is located in Montgomery, Alabama.

The Tuskegee Institute was selected by the military to train the African American pilots.

It is located in Montgomery, Alabama.

Tuskegee institute Was known for: Its commitment to aeronautical training The facilities Engineering Technical instructors A climate for year round flying

Was known for:

Its commitment to aeronautical training

The facilities

Engineering

Technical instructors

A climate for year round flying

Tuskegee Institute Over time the program expanded and became the center for African-American aviation for the duration of World War II.

Over time the program expanded and became the center for African-American aviation for the duration of World War II.

Aviation Class The 1 st aviation cadet class began in July, 1941. 9 months later, 5 men successfully completed the training. They received Army Air Corps silver pilot wings

The 1 st aviation cadet class began in July, 1941.

9 months later, 5 men successfully completed the training.

They received Army Air Corps silver pilot wings

Graduating The black airmen became: Single-engine pilots Multi-engine pilots Navigators Bombardiers Gunnery crews Mechanics

The black airmen became:

Single-engine pilots

Multi-engine pilots

Navigators

Bombardiers

Gunnery crews

Mechanics

Post Graduation 1942-1946 Nine hundred and ninety-four pilots graduated at TAAF Receiving commissions and pilot wings.

1942-1946

Nine hundred and ninety-four pilots graduated at TAAF

Receiving commissions and pilot wings.

Post Graduation Four hundred and fifty of the pilots served overseas in the: 99th Pursuit Squadron 332nd Fighter Group 477th Composite Group 100 th Fighter Squadron 302 nd Fighter Squadron

Four hundred and fifty of the pilots served overseas in the:

99th Pursuit Squadron

332nd Fighter Group

477th Composite Group

100 th Fighter Squadron

302 nd Fighter Squadron

99 th Fighter Squadron Combat in North Africa. Trained in and flew P-40 War hawk aircraft. Combat in Sicily and Italy April 1943.

Combat in North Africa.

Trained in and flew P-40 War hawk aircraft.

Combat in Sicily and Italy April 1943.

Combat Record Over 15,000 combat sorties 111 German airplanes destroyed in the air 150 German aircraft destroyed on the ground 950 railcars, trucks, and other motor vehicles destroyed 1 destroyer sunk by P-47 machine gun fire Sixty-six pilots killed in action or accidents

Over 15,000 combat sorties

111 German airplanes destroyed in the air

150 German aircraft destroyed on the ground

950 railcars, trucks, and other motor vehicles destroyed

1 destroyer sunk by P-47 machine gun fire

Sixty-six pilots killed in action or accidents

Combat Record Thirty-two pilots downed and captured, POWs NO Bombers were ever lost to Enemy Aircraft while being escorted 150 Distinguished Flying Crosses earned 744 Air Medals 8 Purple Hearts Stars 14 Bronze

Thirty-two pilots downed and captured, POWs

NO Bombers were ever lost to Enemy Aircraft while being escorted

150 Distinguished Flying Crosses earned

744 Air Medals

8 Purple Hearts Stars

14 Bronze

 

Conclusion They became one of the most highly respected fighter groups of World War II. They proved to others they could fly and maintain sophisticated combat aircraft. Their accomplishments became the catalysts for full integration of African Americans in the U.S. military.

They became one of the most highly respected fighter groups of World War II.

They proved to others they could fly and maintain sophisticated combat aircraft.

Their accomplishments became the catalysts for full integration of African Americans in the U.S. military.

The End

Websites http://www.tuskegeeairmen.org/Tuskegee_Airmen_History.html http://www.allstar.fiu.edu/aero/tuskegee.htm http://www.frankambrose.com/pages/tusk.html http://www.nps.gov/museum/exhibits/tuskegee/airoverview.htm

http://www.tuskegeeairmen.org/Tuskegee_Airmen_History.html

http://www.allstar.fiu.edu/aero/tuskegee.htm

http://www.frankambrose.com/pages/tusk.html

http://www.nps.gov/museum/exhibits/tuskegee/airoverview.htm

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