Tuscan Wine Overview

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Information about Tuscan Wine Overview
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Published on February 16, 2014

Author: npurchio

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Discover an Italian region steeped in wine-making tradition; meet Cosimo de Medici III who changed the face of Chianti forever.

when to age wine ? false notion that all wines improve with age cheaper wines certain wine styles beaujolais bardolino white wine usually more expensive wines

tuscany chianti

impact of viticulture on wine

impact of viticulture on wine • viticulture def'n – science of growing grapes + farming • viticulture – – • rules & regulations burgundy appellation decree labels reflect – – • grape growing regulations wine making techniques wine making tradition – barone ricasoli

great wine begins in the vineyard...

italy

tuscany

tuscan wines crisp whites torricella, farnito age-worthy reds chianti classico unctuous dessert wines vin santo del chianti classico

tuscany chianti florence & sienna

chianti one of the more beautiful landscapes in the world...

history of viticulture in tuscany dates back to the etruscans in the 8th century bc by the 3rd century bc, greek literary references about the quality of tuscan wine

how italian wines are named grape variety • • village or district • proprietary

grape variety - varietal sangiovese malvasia chardonnay pinot grigio

grape variety - varietal

red varietals sangiovese =brunello =morellino =prugnolo gentile canaiolo colorino mammolo syrah cabernet sauvignon merlot cabernet franc petit verdot

white varietals trebbiano malvasia vernaccia chardonnay sauvignon pinot grigio

village or district • chianti

village or district

proprietary – 'brand name' • tignanello • sassicaia • summus • gaun

proprietary

a bit of chianti classico history 1716 edict by cosimo III de' medici (grand duke of tuscany) family defined the chianti production zone in 1716... becoming a 'doc' long before its time

tuscany

italian appellation system

italian appellation system Is a legally defined & protected geographical indication used to identify where the grapes for a wine are grown It garantees the origin of traditional goods, born out of a specific terroir linked to a particular traditional know-how

italian appellation system classification system docg – doc - igt the overall goal of the system is to encourage producers to focus on quality wine making consumers 'kind of reference'

docg – doc – igt docg - denominazione di origine controllata garantita specific limited geographical area stricter production regulations – typical style doc - denominazione de origine controllata sub-regional, broader area less strict regulations – less typical style igt – indicazione geografica tipica broad regional area - non-traditional style

docg – doc – igt igt – indicazione geografica tipica broad regional area - non-traditional style

igt indicazione geographica typica toscana/toscano colli della toscana centrale maremma toscana

igt indicazione geographica typica toscana/toscano colli della toscan centrale maremma toscana

igt indicazione geographica typica made from non-tuscan grape varieties contain less than the min. requirements for specific appellation – < 75 % sangiovese

igt indicazione geographica typica based on bordeaux varieties • merlot • cabernet sauvignon • cab. franc • petit verdot

docg – doc – igt doc - denominazione de origine controllata sub-regional, defined area stricter regulations – more typical style

DOC denominazione di origine controllata doc bolgheri (sassicaia) – 'super-tuscan' doc orcia doc pomino – pinot bianco – chardonnay – pinot grigio vernaccia di san gimignano* – first doc in 1966 doc vin santo del chianti

DOC denominazione di origine controllata doc bolgheri (sassicaia) – 'super-tuscan' doc orcia doc pomino – pinot bianco – chardonnay – pinot grigio vernaccia di san gimignano* – first doc in 1966 doc vin santo del chianti

docg – doc – igt docg - denominazione di origine controllata garantita very specific & defined geographical area

docg • denominazione di origine controllata • g for garantita tasting control boards guarantee the stylistic authenticity of a wine • • established in 1963 • strictest regulations • 7/56

classification history italy first doc official - 1966 vernaccia di san gimignano – tuscany '1716 – chianti'

a bit of chianti classico history 1716 the grand duke's vision protected the name of the wine which has since become one of the most famous wines of Italy

appellation classification geographical limits of each region other factors... vinification veneto amarone

modern classification laws govern • grape varieties permitted • percentage of each varietal • min. alcohol content (superiore) • aging requirements (riserva) – cask – bottle

chianti classico docg regulations

varietal restrictions - 1967 recipe 70 % sangiovese: 20-30 % malvasia: & trebbiano: white

varietal restrictions 2006 In the chianti classico appellation it is forbidden to use white grapes such as – trebbiano – malvasia

varietal restrictions - today sangiovese: 75-100% canaiolo: 10% max up to 20% any other approved red grape variety such as: cabernet sauvignon merlot syrah

alcohol level minimum of 12%

ageing requirements 7 months in oak riserva minimum 27 months

chianti - docg chianti docg : the first level: cost: $

chianti classico - docg chianti classico: from the inner historic district of chianti. villages of castellina, gaiole, radda & greve in chianti $$

docg - chianti classico riserva chianti classico: from the inner historic district of chianti. villages of castellina, gaiole radda & greve in chianti AND must be aged min 2 years and 3 months. $$$$

regional differences castellina delicate aroma & flavour gaiole structured with firm tannins greve very concentrated flavours

barone ricasoli ricasoli is one of the oldest wineries in italy

barone ricasoli – 1872 original chianti recipe oldest winery in italy gaiole nobleman Bettino Ricasoli, of Castello Brolio, devised the formula for chianti area reds: – sangiovese base – touch of canaiolo and a significant dose of white grapes for freshness

barone ricasoli - 1872 At just twenty years old, Bettino Ricasoli, known as the “Iron Baron”, began his research and experiments in Brolio, with the aim of producing a high-quality wine in Chianti, able to compete on an international level with the great French wines, the undisputed leaders of the time and still today.

pairing chianti with food meat... Piero Antinori enjoys chianti with grilled foods for which tuscany is famous

meat...

and more meat...

fine aged parmesan cheese

other well-known wineries carpineto antinori cecchi badia a coltibuono querciabella ruffino

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