Trust me I'm an editor. Trust, integrity and ethics in educational research.

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Education

Published on March 7, 2014

Author: prinsp

Source: slideshare.net

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Presentation on 7 March 2014 as part of the University of South Africa's Research & Innovation week. The theme for the session was "Trust me. I'm a scientist." I shared some of the ethical issues and dilemmas in publishing educational research from the perspective of an editor.

Trust me I am an editor Paul Prinsloo, Editor : Progressio & Research Professor in Open Distance Learning, Unisa

http://farm1.staticflickr.com/27/102307346_9af11f43be_o.jpg How do we talk about ethics, integrity and trust, in a time when… • Efficiency – doing more with less. Funding follows performance rather than precedes it” (p. 414) • Quantification & calculability • Control, “fake fraternisation” and rituals of togetherness (Ritzer, 1993) Hartley, D. (1995). The „McDonaldisation‟ of higher education: food for thought? Oxford Review of Education, 21(4), 409-423.

Source: http://www.richard-hall.org/2014/03/05/on-academic-labour-andperformance-anxiety/

Source: http://musicfordeckchairs.wordpress.com/2014/03/05/walking-andlearning/

Source: http://www.theguardian.com/higher-education-network/2014/mar/06/mental-health-academics-growing-problempressure-university

So. How do we talk about ethics, integrity and trust when? • My working context is increasing characterised by mistrust, pain and never being good enough? • Shortcuts and who you know is the name of the game • We applaud quantity and forget to ask what the citations mean • We forget that editors are pawns and players in a warped game where CTRL & ALT & DEL only start the game afresh…

We cannot talk about ethics, integrity and trust in research without considering… Macro context shaping research Micro context shaping research • Broader discourses of publish or perish (or increasingly publish and perish) • The politics and practices of rankings, citations • Discourses on intellectual property rights and open scholarship • Changing academic identities • Teaching versus research • Performance contracts • Promotion criteria The role, rewards and penalties of being an editor

Overview of the presentation • • • • • • • • • Some disclaimers Images and metaphors of editors My own context: Some statistics re Progressio The context of being an editor Becoming an editor Being an editor Truth, ethics, and integrity… What I personally find difficult… (Dis)trusting an editor - issues

Disclaimers • I am not speaking on behalf of all editors or all journals • I am speaking as editor of Progressio, South African Journal for Open and Distance Learning Practice, appointed since March 2013

Images and metaphors http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/79/Pest-AidsProjekt.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/com mons/d/dc/Saint_Peter_the_Aleut.jpg http://openclipart.org/image/300p x/svg_to_png/183011/WANTED% 20POSTER.png If your article is rejected you want the editor … If you must revise and rework the article, the editor and reviewers are …. If your article is accepted the editor is a…

My own context: Some statistics re Progressio • Small but only South African journal dedicated to open, distance and e-learning practice • Accredited by the South African Department of Higher Education and Training since 2011 • 2 issues per year (± 28 articles) plus a special issue • Print run of 500 copies, articles on SABINET after a period of 3 months • During 2013 received 100 articles for review, rejection rate of about 40% • Required ratio of 51% outside of Unisa:49% Unisa authors

Becoming an editor… http://fc04.deviantart.net/fs33/i/2012/056/6/6/were wolf_by_jinkies36-d1l24xh.jpg Parker, M. (2004). Becoming manager: Or, the werewolf looks anxiously in the mirror, checking for unusual facial hair. Management Learning, 35, 45-59. Very little research on becoming and being an editor… [Freda, M.C., & Nicoll, L.H. (2011). The Editor’s Handbook: An Online Resource and CE Course. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins]

• • • • • • Being an editor: What do editors find difficult?(e.g., Gladding, 1982 – note the date…) Time to be an editor and meet other professional duties (8-12 hours per week) Finding journal space for quality articles Managing correspondence Meeting publication deadlines Sending letters of rejection Selecting appropriate reviewers

Becoming an editor: walking in a minefield… http://farm4.staticflickr.com/3636/3308513067_15cf6f8ced_z.jpg

Factors impacting on the truth, ethics, and integrity of the editorial process • The editor chooses the reviewers • The quality and appropriateness of reviewers • Reviewers often accept to do reviews for which they are not qualified • Time allowed for the review process • Negotiating conflicting reviews • Absent editorial boards • Lacking institutional support

What do I find difficult/daunting? • The prescribed ratio of 51% of authors outside of Unisa:49% authors inside of Unisa • Time - correspondence and administration • The quality of the articles and the stature of Progressio… • Picking up the pieces, developing systems • (Re)developing trust • Following up on reviews • Balancing contradicting reviews

Factors that could increase trust between editors and authors… • Regular communication • Transparency • Quality and overview of the editorial board/committee • Quality of the reviewers • Format of the review – level of detail • Reviewing the reviewer • Turnitin and quality measures • Image of the journal

We cannot talk about ethics, integrity and trust in research without considering… Macro context shaping research Micro context shaping research • Broader discourses of publish or perish (or increasingly publish and perish) • The politics and practices of rankings, citations • Discourses on intellectual property rights and open scholarship • Changing academic identities • Teaching versus research • Performance contracts • Promotion criteria The role, rewards and penalties of being an editor

Do you trust the editor? http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/79/Pest-AidsProjekt.jpg http://openclipart.org/image/300p x/svg_to_png/183011/WANTED% 20POSTER.png http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/com mons/d/dc/Saint_Peter_the_Aleut.jpg

Paul Prinsloo Editor: Progressio, South African Journal for Open and Distance Learning Practice & Research Professor in Open Distance Learning (ODL), College of Economic and Management Sciences Office number 3-15, Club 1, Hazelwood P O Box 392 Unisa, 0003, Republic of South Africa +27 (0) 12 433 4719 (office) +27 (0) 82 3954 113 (mobile) Skype: paul.prinsloo59 Personal blog: http://opendistanceteachingandlearning.wordpress.com Twitter profile: @14prinsp This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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