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Published on August 11, 2007

Author: WoodRock

Source: authorstream.com

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Mini-lecture:Sex - Gender - Childcare:  Mini-lecture: Sex - Gender - Childcare Kamma Langberg The Danish Institute for Studies in Research and Research Policy kl@afsk.au.dk Sex (the biological ‘køn’) is not a proper measure of Gender (the social ‘køn’)in connection with the activity Childcare:  Sex (the biological ‘køn’) is not a proper measure of Gender (the social ‘køn’) in connection with the activity Childcare Definitions::  Definitions: Utility (nytte) Productutility Processutility Activities - versus work Sex (the biological ‘køn’) Gender (the social ‘køn’) The traditional connections between work and utility:  The traditional connections between work and utility The changed connections between work and utility:  The changed connections between work and utility The model:  The model Utility is a function of individual tastes e.g. a function of personal history, of socialisation, of expirience... Utility is a function of rationality, social and cultural context and a individual difference U = F(Rationality, S/C context, ind. diff) Utility of activities:  Utility of activities Tree examples: Cooking Childcare Paid Work The graphs:  The graphs Means and Least Square Means of quarters of hours time use a day (measured one day) The first tree graphs shows the means of time use by sex and age group The next tree graphs shows the lsmeans of time use by sex and age group corrected by social, cultural context Cooking (Mad) - sex (køn) & age :  Cooking (Mad) - sex (køn) andamp; age women men Childcare (Børnepasning) - sex (køn) & age:  Childcare (Børnepasning) - sex (køn) andamp; age Paid work (erhvervsarbejde) - sex (køn) & age:  Paid work (erhvervsarbejde) - sex (køn) andamp; age Cooking (Mad) - sex (køn) & age corrected by social/cultural context:  Cooking (Mad) - sex (køn) andamp; age corrected by social/cultural context Childcare (Børnepasning) - sex (køn) & age corrected by social/cultural context:  Childcare (Børnepasning) - sex (køn) andamp; age corrected by social/cultural context Paid work (erhvervsarbejde) - sex (køn) & age corrected by social/cultural context:  Paid work (erhvervsarbejde) - sex (køn) andamp; age corrected by social/cultural context The ‘simple’ models showed that sex - the biological ‘køn’ :  The ‘simple’ models showed that sex - the biological ‘køn’ did have a significant impact on the activity cooking did not have a significant impact on the activity childcare did have a significant impact on the activity paid work A model of time allocation:  A model of time allocation Social/cultural context Age Education Sex (biological ‘køn’) Interests of different kind Doing ‘traditional’ women’s work Doing ‘traditional’ men’s work Time use during one day Cooking Doing the dishes Housecleaning Laundry Childcare Other practical tasks Transport to paid work Paid work Time allocation - the endogenous part of a LISREL model:  Time allocation - the endogenous part of a LISREL model Significant positive: Cooking Doing the dishes Housecleaning Significant negative Transport to paid work Paid work Positive: Laundry Childcare Other practical tasks Time allocation - the exogenous part of a LISREL model:  Time allocation - the exogenous part of a LISREL model Sex were not significant at a proper level Doing ‘traditional’ women’s work were not significant when Sex was included in the model A construction of the gender - the social ‘køn’:  A construction of the gender - the social ‘køn’ This construction is an experiment Is two factors made by information on different activities made in the informal economy sometimes ‘better’ then sex - the biological ‘køn’ Factor 1: Production and repair of clothes = women’s traditional work Factor 2: Repair of car, bicycle, house = men’s traditional work The model of time allocation - with the gender - the social ‘køn’ messured by activities:  The model of time allocation - with the gender - the social ‘køn’ messured by activities The conclusion::  The conclusion: It is possible to construct a ‘traditional gender-variable’ with a better performance than the biological sex in models describing the informal economy. The results presented are from::  The results presented are from: Procesnytte - En undersøgelse af fordelingsmekanismer i den uformelle økonomi med tidsallokering som eksempel Processutility - An Investigation of the Allocation-mechanism within the informal Economy, with Time Allocation as Example (ph.d. dissertation)

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