Published on March 10, 2014
TRILLION DOLLAR CHALLENGES AREA: ENTREPRENEURSHIP SESSIONS: 10 PROFESSOR: JOE HASLAM B. Comm., University College Cork, Ireland M.Sc., University College Cork, Ireland International MBA, IE Business School, Spain Kauffman Foundation Global Partner Network (KGPN) Perot Systems, VISION Consulting, Electronic Arts, Panda Security Mentor: Wayra, Startup Bootcamp, Lisbon Challenge, IE Venture Lab Founding Team: marrakech.com, hot.co.uk Advisory Board: @camareroapp, @innubu, @sharedsecrets http://twitter.com/joehas http://joehas.tumblr.com/ http://www.linkedin.com/in/joehas "exponential technologies …. are enabling small teams to do what was once only possible for governments and large corporations" Vivek Wadhwa - Singularity University Forbes Magazine - 25th June 2012 STUDENT FEEDBACK 1
COURSE OBJECTIVE The biggest event that will occur in the working lives of MBA students today is “Singularity”. At a time in the future (most experts agree within 20 years) machines will become so powerful that they rival human intelligence. Singularity will give an opportunity to the coming generation to make lots of money by doing something that also makes a difference. To paraphrase former @Facebook research scientist @hackingdata the best minds of a generation can work on challenges such as how to cure cancer or how to provide clean water for billions, not on how to make people click on ads. Previously this course was called Humanities Grand Challenges. The name was changed to Trillion Dollar Challenges to reflect that it seeks to take a market driven route to solving the world´s problems as opposed to one based on charity and aid. Over 10 sessions, I will show you about one thousand ways in which our world is broken and some of what is happening to fix it. I don’t mind if you find 99.9% of these problems uninteresting as long as I find one challenge that makes you go “wow, that grabs me. That´s what I want to do” PROGRAM Please note that no specific preparation is required for any of the sessions. Should you wish, you are welcome to read or watch the material listed in advance but most learning follows from digging deeper into what really interests you after it has been discussed in class. SESSION 1: SINGULARITY We start by unpacking the word Singularity. It means different things to different people. Here we will define it in the way that futurists, such as Ray Kurzweil, do to mean the point where technologically-created cognitive capacity is reached and then goes beyond that possible for humans. When this will happen and what the long term effect will be are not as interesting as the convergence itself. This is already happening and causing revolutions in genetics, nanotechnology and robotics. Articles By 2029, computers will match human intelligence: Ray Kurzweil http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2013-08-13/science/41372718_1_watson-computer- artificial-intelligence-200-million-pages Google’s Chief Engineer: People Will Soon Upload Their Entire Brains To Computers http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/article35355.htm A group of stem-cell biologists have grown an “organoid” that resembles a brain http://www.economist.com/news/science-and-technology/21584319-group-stem-cell-biologists- have-grown-organoid-resembles-brain Paul Allen: The Singularity Isn't Near http://www.technologyreview.com/view/425733/paul-allen-the-singularity-isnt-near/ Is the singularity near, or is it already history? http://www.newscientist.com/blogs/culturelab/2012/08/is-the-singularity-near-or-has-its-time- already-passed.html Merely Human? That’s So Yesterday http://www.nytimes.com/2010/06/13/business/13sing.html 2
Why I Believe That This Will Be The Most Innovative Decade In History http://www.forbes.com/sites/singularity/2012/06/25/most-innovative-decade-in-history/ Singularity University: Meet The People Who Are Building Our Future http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2012/apr/29/singularity-university-technology-future- thinkers Books The Singularity Is Near: When Humans Transcend Biology http://www.amazon.com/The-Singularity-Is-Near-Transcend/dp/0143037889 Singularity Rising: Surviving and Thriving in a Smarter, Richer, and More Dangerous World http://www.amazon.com/Singularity-Rising-Surviving-Thriving-Dangerous/dp/1936661659 Video Transcendent Man (2009) http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1117394/ The Singularity (2012) http://www.imdb.com/title/tt2073120/ Singularity or Bust http://www.imdb.com/title/tt2672100/ SECTION A – THEORY SESSION 2: INNOVATION & SUSTAINIBILITY Is the rate of innovation slowing or are scientists just measuring the wrong things? In this class we will look specifically at three concepts: Disruptive Innovation, Frugal Innovation and Open Innovation. How can they be used to see what is next? Articles Innovation: The History of a Buzzword http://www.theatlantic.com/events/archive/2013/06/innovation-the-history-of-a- buzzword/277067/ Understanding How The Innovator’s Dilemma Affects You http://www.bothsidesofthetable.com/2010/11/04/understanding-how-the-innovators-dilemma- affects-you/ Netflix Prize A “Turning Point” For Open Innovation http://blogs.wsj.com/venturecapital/2009/09/23/netflix-prize-a-turning-point-for-open-innovation/ Asian innovation - Frugal ideas are spreading from East to West http://www.economist.com/node/21551028 Disruptive Innovation for Social Change http://hbr.org/product/disruptive-innovation-for-social-change/an/R0612E-PDF-ENG Can Silicon Valley Save the World? http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2013/06/24/can_silicon_valley_save_the_world The Collapse of Complex Business Models http://www.shirky.com/weblog/2010/04/the-collapse-of-complex-business-models/ 3
Can business solve the world's biggest problems by disruptive change? http://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/business-solve-worlds-problems-disruptive- change Why Sustainability Is Now the Key Driver of Innovation http://hbr.org/2009/09/why-sustainability-is-now-the-key-driver-of-innovation/ Unilever’s global success is driven by innovation and sustainability https://letstalk.globalservices.bt.com/en/2013/08/unilevers-global-success-is-driven-by- innovation-and-sustainability/ Shareholder Value Theory, The Origin Of 'The World's Dumbest Idea http://www.forbes.com/sites/stevedenning/2013/06/26/the-origin-of-the-worlds-dumbest-idea- milton-friedman/ In today's corporations the buck never stops. Welcome to the age of irresponsibility http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/jul/09/welcome-to-age-irresponsibility Company profits depend on the 'welfare payments' they get from society http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/apr/05/company-profits-welfare-payments- society We must stop protecting the rich from market forces http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2012/oct/24/stop-protecting-rich-market-forces The world’s next great leap forward - Towards the end of poverty http://www.economist.com/news/leaders/21578665-nearly-1-billion-people-have-been-taken- out-extreme-poverty-20-years-world-should-aim Our dangerous illusion of tech progress by Garry Kasparov and Peter Thiel http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/8adeca00-2996-11e2-a5ca-00144feabdc0.html Imprisoned by Innovation http://www.nytimes.com/2013/03/24/opinion/sunday/morozov-imprisoned-by-innovation.html Ha-Joon Chang: The net isn't as important as we think http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2010/aug/29/my-bright-idea-ha-joon-chang Lunch with the FT: Ha-Joon Chang http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/2/27a2027e-5698-11e3-8cca-00144feabdc0.html Is U.S. Economic Growth Over? Faltering Innovation Confronts - The Six Headwinds http://faculty-web.at.northwestern.edu/economics/gordon/Is_US_Economic_Growth_Over.pdf Watch this man. Review of Civilisation by Niall Ferguson by Pankaj Mishra http://www.lrb.co.uk/v33/n21/pankaj-mishra/watch-this-man It’s a Myth That Entrepreneurs Drive New Technology http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/new_scientist/2013/09/entrepreneurs_or_the_ state_innovation_comes_from_public_investment.html The entrepreneurial state - A new book points out the big role governments play in creating innovative businesses http://www.economist.com/news/business/21584307-new-book-points-out-big-role- governments-play-creating-innovative-businesses Why innovation needs the help of an active state - FT.com http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/738da524-08f2-11e3-8b32-00144feabdc0.html Techno-Pessimists: Wrong In The 1930s, Wrong Today http://auerswald.org/2013/01/13/techno-pessimists-wrong-in-the-1930s-wrong-today/ 4
Has the ideas machine broken down? http://www.economist.com/news/briefing/21569381-idea-innovation-and-new-technology-have- stopped-driving-growth-getting-increasing The west desperately needs more madcap schemes like the Hyperloop http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/31f366de-03f8-11e3-8aab-00144feab7de.html Books The Innovator's Dilemma: The Revolutionary Book That Will Change the Way You Do Business http://www.amazon.com/The-Innovators-Dilemma-Revolutionary-Business/dp/0062060244 Open Innovation: The New Imperative for Creating And Profiting from Technology http://www.amazon.com/Open-Innovation-Imperative-Profiting-Technology/dp/1422102831 Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid: Eradicating Poverty Through Profits http://www.amazon.com/Fortune-Bottom-Pyramid-Eradicating-Poverty/dp/8177587765 Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way We Make Things http://www.amazon.com/Cradle-Remaking-Way-Make-Things/dp/0865475873 The End of Poverty: Economic Possibilities for Our Time http://www.amazon.com/The-End-Poverty-Economic-Possibilities/dp/0143036580 To Save Everything, Click Here: The Folly of Technological Solutionism http://www.amazon.com/Save-Everything-Click-Here-Technological/dp/1610391381 The Great Stagnation: How America Ate All The Low-Hanging Fruit of Modern History,Got Sick, and Will (Eventually) Feel Better http://www.amazon.com/The-Great-Stagnation-Low-Hanging-Eventually- ebook/dp/B004H0M8QS Civilization: The West and the Rest http://www.amazon.com/Civilization-West-Rest-Niall-Ferguson/dp/0143122061 The Great Degeneration: How Institutions Decay and Economies Die http://www.amazon.com/The-Great-Degeneration-Institutions-Economies/dp/1594205450 Technological Revolutions and Financial Capital: The Dynamics of Bubbles and Golden Ages http://www.amazon.com/Technological-Revolutions-Financial-Capital-Dynamics/dp/1843763311 Boulevard of Broken Dreams: Why Public Efforts to Boost Entrepreneurship and Venture Capital Have Failed--and What to Do About It http://www.amazon.com/Boulevard-Broken-Dreams-Entrepreneurship-Failed/dp/0691154538 23 Things They Don't Tell You About Capitalism by Ha-Joon Chang http://www.amazon.com/Things-They-Dont-About-Capitalism/dp/1608193381/ Video In Tech We Trust - A Debate With Peter Thiel and Marc Andreessen http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0yztBoNQRYo Mariana Mazzucato: Government -- investor, risk-taker, innovator http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3r1IPsldbBg 5
SESSION 3: BIG DATA & THE INTERNET OF THINGS These are two separate concepts, but looking at them together is good way of hypothesizing about how our world might change. Big Data still has an imprecise meaning. It started as a reference to the problem of when data sets grow so large that they become awkward to work with. In time tools will get better and be able to extract meaning. I like to think of The Internet of Things as a world where everything except food has an IP address. We will look at real world examples of machine to machine (M2M) conversations, social graphs and augmented reality products. Maybe we will emerge with more question than answers from this session but the hope is that one day it will all make sense. Articles The Origins of ‘Big Data’: An Etymological Detective Story http://bits.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/02/01/the-origins-of-big-data-an-etymological-detective-story/ Data, data everywhere - Information has gone from scarce to superabundant. That brings huge new benefits but also big headaches http://www.economist.com/node/15557443 14 Big Data Startups You're Going To Be Hearing A Lot More About http://www.businessinsider.com/14-big-data-startups-on-the-rise-2013-6 Is Data The New Oil? http://www.forbes.com/sites/perryrotella/2012/04/02/is-data-the-new-oil/ Big Data Is Not the New Oil http://blogs.hbr.org/2012/11/data-humans-and-the-new-oil/ What’s the difference between big data and business analytics? http://mathbabe.org/2013/08/16/whats-the-difference-between-big-data-and-business-analytics/ Clayton Christensen: Still disruptive http://www.economist.com/whichmba/clayton-christensen-still-disruptive What Data Can’t Do http://www.nytimes.com/2013/02/19/opinion/brooks-what-data-cant-do.html Stop Hyping Big Data and Start Paying Attention to ‘Long Data’ http://www.wired.com/opinion/2013/01/forget-big-data-think-long-data/ Beware the Big Errors of ‘Big Data’ http://www.wired.com/opinion/2013/02/big-data-means-big-errors-people/ The Age of Big Data http://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/12/sunday-review/big-datas-impact-in-the-world.html Welcome to the Programmable World http://www.wired.com/gadgetlab/2013/05/internet-of-things/ The Internet of Things and the future of manufacturing http://www.mckinsey.com/insights/business_technology/the_internet_of_things_and_the_future_ of_manufacturing One Trillion Sensors Embedded in Humans and Machines by 2020 http://www.industrytap.com/the-hybird-age/3651 Need-to-know: A guide to the internet of things http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/daf3a2e8-bbc9-11e2-82df-00144feab7de.html 6
Why I invested in SmartThings http://english.martinvarsavsky.net/investments/why-i-invested-in-smartthings.html The internet of things - Mote learning http://www.economist.com/blogs/babbage/2013/05/internet-things More Connected Homes, More Problems http://www.technologyreview.com/news/517931/more-connected-homes-more-problems/ FTC targets ‘internet of things’ amid privacy fears http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/1eb3b2ca-15ac-11e3-b519-00144feabdc0.html Spreadsheets: Broken link. Computing power, like political power, corrupts http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/3/3b2669de-118d-11e3-8321-00144feabdc0.html CIA Chief Tech Officer: Big Data Is The Future And We Own It http://www.businessinsider.com/cia-presentation-on-big-data-2013-3 2013: The year of the Internet of Things http://www.technologyreview.com/view/509546/2013-the-year-of-the-internet-of-things/ The Internet of Things Has Arrived — And So Have Massive Security Issues http://www.wired.com/opinion/2013/01/securing-the-internet-of-things/ Books Big Data: A Revolution That Will Transform How We Live, Work, and Think http://www.amazon.com/Big-Data-Revolution-Transform-Think/dp/0544002695 The Signal and the Noise: Why So Many Predictions Fail — but Some Don't http://www.amazon.com/The-Signal-Noise-Many-Predictions/dp/159420411X Video "Why the Internet of Things is moving from industry to consumers sooner than you think" http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7LARDbFQOPU SESSION 4: 3D PRINTING AND NANOTECHNOLOGY Again in this session, we will connect two separate concepts and look at practical ways they are bringing change. 3D Printing companies are springing up all over the place. We know about printing household objects but its at the Nanotech layer where things get really interesting. Nanotechnology manipulates matter at the near-atomic scale, already there are scientists working on how to “print” body parts. Articles Infographic: A Brief History of 3D Printing http://individual.troweprice.com/public/Retail/Planning-&-Research/Connections/3D- Printing/Infographic 3d Printed Aston Martin Db4 Replica By Ivan Sentch http://www.designboom.com/design/3d-printed-aston-martin-db4-replica-by-ivan-sentch/ Chris Anderson: Why I left Wired - 3D Printing Will Be Bigger Than The Web http://www.zdnet.com/chris-anderson-why-i-left-wired-3d-printing-will-be-bigger-than-the-web- 7000007535/ 7
Why You Should Care About 3D Printing http://www.businessinsider.com/why-does-3d-printing-matter-2013-1 From dental braces to astronauts’ seats http://www.economist.com/news/leaders/21585005-signs-are-3d-printing-transforming- manufacturing-not-ways-you-might 3D printing scales up: There is a lot of hype around 3D printing. But it is fast becoming integrated with mainstream manufacturing http://www.economist.com/news/technology-quarterly/21584447-digital-manufacturing-there-lot- hype-around-3d-printing-it-fast Amazon quietly launches complete 3D printing store http://www.techhive.com/article/2042076/amazon-quietly-launches-complete-3d-printing- store.html Four ways 3d printing could change the world http://www.businessspectator.com.au/article/2012/11/30/technology/four-ways-3d-printing-could- change-world The Next Trillion Dollar Industry: 3D Printing http://www.businessinsider.com/3d-printing-2011-2?op=1 3D printers shape up to lead the next technology gold rush http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2012/oct/05/3d-printers-technology-gold-rush Nanotechnology's Revolutionary Next Phase http://www.forbes.com/sites/brucedorminey/2013/02/26/nanotechnologys-civilization-changing- revolutionary-next-phase/ Nanotechnology researchers 3D print microbatteries for implants and tiny robots http://www.nanowerk.com/news2/newsid=30954.php Graphene and Human Brain Project win largest research excellence award in history http://ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda/en/news/graphene-and-human-brain-project-win-largest- research-excellence-award-history Wonder Material Ignites Scientific Gold Rush Atom-Thin Graphene Beats Steel, Silicon; A Patent "Land Rush" http://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB10001424127887323664204578610092869213354 This 1,600-Year-Old Goblet Shows that the Romans Were Nanotechnology Pioneers http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/this-1600-year-old-goblet-shows-that-the-romans-were- nanotechnology-pioneers-787224/ First 3D-Printed Rifle Successfully Fires 14 Shots http://mashable.com/2013/08/06/update-3d-printed-rifle/ Nanotechnology engineers can print 3D microstructures in mere seconds http://www.nanowerk.com/news2/newsid=26710.php Books Radical Abundance: How a Revolution in Nanotechnology Will Change Civilization http://www.amazon.com/Radical-Abundance-Revolution-Nanotechnology- Civilization/dp/1610391136 Makers: The New Industrial Revolution http://www.amazon.com/Makers-The-New-Industrial-Revolution/dp/0307720950 8
SECTION B – CHALLENGES SESSION 5: ENERGY & TELECOMS Where do we currently get our energy and is this likely to continue? How big a change has Mobile brought to telecommunications. How is Energy and Telecommunications linked? One very interesting theory is called The Third Industrial Revolution. Climate change, anyone want to deny that its is man made? Finally can we kick our addiction to oil and is solar the answer? Articles Futurist Ray Kurzweil sees solar energy advancing at an exponential rate, soon reaching the tipping point towards universal use. http://www.psfk.com/2011/02/kurzweil-predicts-100-solar-power-in-20-years.html Why BP Solar Failed http://www.technologyreview.com/view/426461/why-bp-solar-failed/ European utilities - How to lose half a trillion euros http://www.economist.com/news/briefing/21587782-europes-electricity-providers-face- existential-threat-how-lose-half-trillion-euros Analysis: Renewables turn utilities into dinosaurs of the energy world http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/03/08/us-utilities-threat-idUSBRE92709E20130308 why the us power grids days are numbered http://www.businessweek.com/articles/2013-08-22/homegrown-green-energy-is-making-power- utilities-irrelevant Storage, Not Generation, is the Challenge to Renewable Energy http://www.forbes.com/sites/singularity/2012/07/20/storage-not-generation-is-the-challenge-to- renewable-energy/ Mobile is eating the world, autumn 2013 edition http://ben-evans.com/benedictevans/2013/11/5/mobile-is-eating-the-world-autumn-2013-edition Rethinking Mobile First http://www.avc.com/a_vc/2012/12/rethinking-mobile-first.html Given Tablets but No Teachers, Ethiopian Children Teach Themselves http://www.technologyreview.com/news/506466/given-tablets-but-no-teachers-ethiopian- children-teach-themselves/ Zuckerberg explains internet.org, Facebook's plan to get the world online http://www.wired.co.uk/news/archive/2013-08/27/mark-zuckerberg-internet-org European Renewable Energy Council ranks UK 25th out of 27 states on progress towards 2020 green energy target http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2013/jul/01/uk-miss-european-renewable-energy- target The Battle Over Climate Science http://www.popsci.com/science/article/2012-06/battle-over-climate-change Reuters' climate-change coverage 'fell by nearly 50% with sceptic as editor' http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2013/jul/26/reuters-climate-change-scepticism- coverage 9
People Don’t Fear Climate Change Enough http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-08-27/people-don-t-fear-climate-change-enough.html Naomi Klein: 'Big green groups are more damaging than climate deniers' http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2013/sep/10/naomi-klein-green-groups-climate- deniers Denialists are dead wrong about the science. But they understand something the left still doesn’t get about the revolutionary meaning of climate change. http://www.thenation.com/article/164497/capitalism-vs-climate Is There Really a Green Paradox? by Van der Ploeg and Withagen. http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1562463 The Renewable Energy Singularity http://chrisgammell.com/the-renewable-energy-singularity/ Oil Soars and Natural Gas Withers: But the Energy Singularity is Not Forthcoming http://gregor.us/transition/oil-soars-and-natural-gas-withers-but-the-energy-singularity-is-not- forthcoming/ Books The Green Paradox: A Supply-Side Approach to Global Warming http://www.amazon.com/The-Green-Paradox-Supply-Side-Approach/dp/0262016680 The Ringtone and the Drum: Travels in the World's Poorest Countrie http://www.amazon.com/The-Ringtone-Drum-Travels-Countries/dp/1780995865 The Third Industrial Revolution: How Lateral Power Is Transforming Energy, the Economy, and the World http://www.amazon.com/The-Third-Industrial-Revolution-Transforming/dp/0230341977 Nudge: Improving Decisions About Health, Wealth and Happiness http://www.amazon.co.uk/Nudge-Improving-Decisions-Health-Happiness/dp/0141040017 The Prize: The Epic Quest for Oil, Money & Power http://www.amazon.com/The-Prize-Quest-Money-Power/dp/1439110123 SESSION 6: EDUCATION & LEARNING How does the world currently learn and is this likely to continue? What is a MOOC and will they kill the MBA (no!!!). What is poverty´s link to education and who benefits from inequality. We will compare Finland´s successful education model with what the demonstrators say they want in Chile. I will try to keep control in the class while the Mexicans get into a fight over “la Maestra”. Articles Influential Pisa report says Britain's mid-table position is virtually unchanged from 2009 as attainment gap persists http://www.theguardian.com/education/2013/dec/03/uk-students-education-oecd-pisa-report Khan Academy Update — It’s Hard To Imagine How Much Hotter This Tech Can Get http://singularityhub.com/2013/01/21/khan-academy-update-its-hard-to-imagine-how-much- hotter-this-tech-can-get/ How California’s Online Education Pilot Will End College As We Know It http://techcrunch.com/2013/01/15/how-californias-new-online-education-pilot-will-end-college- as-we-know-it/ 10
Rethinking Education: Why Our Education System Is Ripe For Disruption http://www.forbes.com/sites/naveenjain/2013/03/24/disrupting-education/ How Online Innovators Are Disrupting Education http://blogs.hbr.org/2011/11/how-online-innovators-are-disr/ Beyond Retrofitting: Innovation in Higher Education http://www.hudson.org/index.cfm?fuseaction=publication_details&id=9627 How Do We Transform Our Schools? http://educationnext.org/how-do-we-transform-our-schools/ If You Send Your Kid to Private School, You Are a Bad Person http://www.slate.com/articles/double_x/doublex/2013/08/private_school_vs_public_school_only_ bad_people_send_their_kids_to_private.html An army of new online courses is scaring the wits out of traditional universities. But can they find a viable business model? http://www.economist.com/news/business/21582001-army-new-online-courses-scaring-wits-out- traditional-universities-can-they Online courses are transforming higher education, creating new opportunities for the best and huge problems for the rest http://www.economist.com/news/international/21568738-online-courses-are-transforming- higher-education-creating-new-opportunities-best Hopes that the internet can improve teaching may at last be bearing fruit http://www.economist.com/node/21529062 Disrupting education http://pando.com/2013/07/29/disrupting-education/ For Obama’s New Term, Start Here http://www.nytimes.com/2013/01/24/opinion/kristof-for-obamas-new-term-start-here.html Obituary- Hamilton Naki http://www.economist.com/node/4054912 The Dangers of Telling a Single Story: Computers for Kids and Bill Gates http://whiteafrican.com/2013/08/10/the-dangers-of-telling-a-single-story-computers-for-kids-and- bill-gates/ Theory of Spain’s political class http://elpais.com/elpais/2012/09/12/inenglish/1347449744_053124.html A Visit To Absurdistan: What Happened to the Spain Where I Was Born? http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/return-to-absurdistan-a-spiegel-reporter-visits-crisis- plagued-spain-a-847513.html Camila Vallejo Dowling..the face of the ‘Chilean Winter’ student protests http://projectriserevoltretweet.wordpress.com/2011/12/13/camila-vallejo-dowling-the-face-of-the- chilean-winter-student-protests/ Education in Chile, The fraught politics of the classroom Deadlock over who should pay for education, and who should profit from it http://www.economist.com/node/21534785 Finland's education ambassador spreads the word http://www.theguardian.com/education/2013/jul/01/education-michael-gove-finland-gcse 11
The Secret to Finland's Success With Schools, Moms, Kids—and Everything http://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2013/07/the-secret-to-finlands-success-with- schools-moms-kids-and-everything/277699/ What Americans Keep Ignoring About Finland's School Success http://www.theatlantic.com/national/archive/2011/12/what-americans-keep-ignoring-about- finlands-school-success/250564/ Why Chinese Mothers Are Superior¿ http://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB10001424052748704111504576059713528698754 Tiger Moms Don't Raise Superior Kids, Says New Study http://www.forbes.com/sites/susanadams/2013/05/08/tiger-moms-dont-raise-superior-kids-says- new-study/ Books Disrupting Class: How Disruptive Innovation Will Change the Way the World Learns http://www.amazon.com/Disrupting-Class-Expanded-Disruptive-Innovation/dp/0071749101 Video Sir Ken Robinson: Do schools kill creativity? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iG9CE55wbtY Waiting for 'Superman' (2010) http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1566648/ Salman Khan: Let's use video to reinvent education http://www.ted.com/talks/salman_khan_let_s_use_video_to_reinvent_education.html Richard Wilkinson: How economic inequality harms societies http://www.ted.com/talks/richard_wilkinson.html Girl Rising (2013) http://www.imdb.com/title/tt2444946/ Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie: The danger of a single story http://www.ted.com/talks/chimamanda_adichie_the_danger_of_a_single_story.html Martin Luther King Jr., "The Drum Major Instinct" Sermon http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tBiFnDuCJIU SESSION /: FOOD (AND WATER) What does the planet eat and is this sustainable? What is the relationship between food and water? How much water does it make to grow a kilo of beef? Smartfoods and dumbfoods. Why are Doritos so dam tasty and how much salt, sugar and fat is in them? Nestle, Monsanto, Glencore and even Goldman Sachs, are their ethical questions to be answered? And is "Eat food, not too much, mostly plants." really good advice? Articles Inside the geopolitics of a a hungry planet http://www.foreignpolicy.com/the_food_issue John Deere tractors are getting smarter all the time http://money.cnn.com/2013/08/29/leadership/deere-sam-allen.pr.fortune/ 12
Farm subsidies: A welfare program for agribusiness http://theweek.com/article/index/248078/farm-subsidies-a-welfare-program-for-agribusiness EU agricultural overhaul puts onus on farmers to be green http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/ef20a538-de68-11e2-b990-00144feab7de.html The 9 billion-people question http://www.economist.com/node/18200618 The end of cheap food http://www.economist.com/node/10252015 What costs the world $260 billion each year? http://blogs.worldbank.org/water/what-costs-the-world-260-billion-each-year For want of a drink http://www.economist.com/node/16136302 Giant water reserves found in desert dry region of Kenya http://www.news.com.au/world/giant-water-reserves-found-in-desertdry-region-of-kenya/story- fndir2ev-1226718081792 Segway creator unveils his next invention: a magic water purifier http://digitaljournal.com/article/252204 Why Profits, Entrepreneurship, And Social Good Are Not Incompatible http://www.forbes.com/sites/singularity/2013/08/27/why-profits-and-social-good-are-not- incompatible/ Nestlé's Peter Brabeck: our attitude towards water needs to change http://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/nestle-peter-brabeck-attitude-water-change- stewardship Nestlé introduces bottled water for “trendy, high-income” women http://www.salon.com/2013/06/10/nestle_introduces_bottled_water_for_trendy_high_income_wo men/ Why wealthy tech entrepreneurs are pouring their money into water http://www.theguardian.com/technology/blog/2013/may/29/tech-entrepreneurs-charity-water- ethiopia-huddle How To Feed A Billion. And Why It Pays http://www.tehelka.com/how-to-feed-a-billion-and-why-it-pays/ The Extraordinary Science of Addictive Junk Food http://www.nytimes.com/2013/02/24/magazine/the-extraordinary-science-of-junk-food.html Coca-Cola admits Dasani is really just 'purified' tap water http://www.naturalnews.com/038840_dasani_tap_water_purified.html Halve meat consumption, scientists urge rich world http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2013/feb/18/halve-meat-consumption-scientists Venture Capitalists Are Making Bigger Bets on Food Start-Ups http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/29/business/venture-capitalists-are-making-bigger-bets-on- food-start-ups.html Fake food: the tech companies working to revolutionise how we eat protein http://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/fake-food-tech-revolutionise-protein 13
The Food Issue | Scientific American Reports http://mura.sciam.com/editorial/food/ Feeding Frenzy: The New Politics of Food http://www.amazon.com/Feeding-Frenzy-The-Politics-Food/dp/1781250340 Global threat to food supply as water wells dry up, warns top environment expert http://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2013/jul/06/food-supply-threat-water-wells-dry- up How Goldman Sachs Created the Food Crisis http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2011/04/27/how_goldman_sachs_created_the_food_crisis Investigation A Giant Among Giants Glencore - Foreign Policy http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2012/04/23/a_giant_among_giants 'Seed freedom is the answer to hunger and malnutrition' http://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/seed-freedom-hunger-malnutrition- biodiversity What is causing food prices to soar and what can be done about it? http://www.economist.com/node/18229412 Golden Rice: Lifesaver? http://www.nytimes.com/2013/08/25/sunday-review/golden-rice-lifesaver.html Are high food prices good or bad for poverty? http://rodrik.typepad.com/dani_rodriks_weblog/2010/11/are-high-food-prices-good-or-bad-for- poverty.html The Agricultural Fulcrum: Better Food, Better Climate http://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2013/01/the-agricultural-fulcrum-better-food-better- climate/267298/ Books Bottled and Sold: The Story Behind Our Obsession with Bottled Water http://www.amazon.com/Bottled-Sold-Story-Behind-Obsession/dp/1610911628 The Unhealthy Truth: One Mother's Shocking Investigation into the Dangers of America's Food Supply-- and What Every Family Can Do to Protect Itself http://www.amazon.com/The-Unhealthy-Truth-Shocking-Investigation/dp/0767930746 The World According to Monsanto http://www.amazon.com/World-According-Monsanto-Marie-Monique-Robin/dp/1595587098 The Omnivore's Dilemma: A Natural History of Four Meals http://www.amazon.com/The-Omnivores-Dilemma-Natural-History/dp/1594132054 Video Global Food Economics http://www.davidmcwilliams.ie/2013/02/16/punk-economics-global-food-economics Food, Inc. (2008) http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1286537 King Corn (2007) http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1112115/ More Than Honey (2012) http://www.imdb.com/title/tt2263058/ 14
Natural World: Farm for the Future http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ixx1c3RSw_8 Dambisa Moyo: Is China the new idol for emerging economies? http://www.ted.com/talks/dambisa_moyo_is_china_the_new_idol_for_emerging_economies.html Bottled Life: Nestle's Business with Water http://www.imdb.com/title/tt2072910/ Tapped (I) (2009) http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1344784/ Blue Gold: World Water Wars (2008) http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1137439/ SESSION 8: HEALTH (& AID) In this session first we look at the statistics, who lives longest and who dies quickly. Next, we look at aid to the developing world. Who is benefiting and who getting a raw deal. The increase is the rates of cancer, the so called silent killer, is one of the most troubling phenomena of recent years. How near are we to a cure? Big Pharma. Some say more sinned again than sinning. Others that the industry has lost its way. Finally we will discuss how long do you want to live for anyway? Does the phrase quality of life resonate with you? Articles Why Do Education and Health Care Cost So Much? http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-08-26/why-do-education-and-health-care-cost-so- much-.html Will Disruptive Innovations Cure Health Care? http://hbr.org/web/extras/insight-center/health-care/will-disruptive-innovations-cure-health-care Medicine goes digital http://www.economist.com/node/13437990 One Man's Quest To Make Medical Technology Affordable To All http://www.npr.org/blogs/health/2013/07/03/198065436/one-mans-quest-to-make-health-care- accessible-and-affordable How Silicon Valley Envisions The Future Of Health Care http://www.fastcoexist.com/1681369/how-silicon-valley-envisions-the-future-of-healthcare Singularity University Graduates 2013 Class: Startups Emerge To Solve Major Health Problems http://singularityhub.com/2013/08/29/singularity-university-graduates-2013-class-startups- emerge-to-solve-major-health-problems/ Five Predictions For Biotech And Medicine In 2012 http://www.forbes.com/sites/matthewherper/2011/12/29/five-predictions-for-biotech-and- medicine-in-2012/ Bill Gates: capitalism means male baldness research gets more funding than malaria http://www.wired.co.uk/news/archive/2013-03/14/bill-gates-capitalism The Charitable-Industrial Complex http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/27/opinion/the-charitable-industrial-complex.html 15
The Global Elite’s Favorite Strongman http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/08/magazine/paul-kagame-rwanda.html Half of UK population 'will get cancer in lifetime' http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-22796220 Do Sharks Hold Secret to Human Cancer Fight? http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2003/08/0820_030820_sharkcancer.html The 10 Deadliest Cancers and Why There's No Cure http://www.livescience.com/11041-10-deadliest-cancers-cure.html Drug firms and cancer: Lucrative lifesavers http://www.economist.com/news/business/21584333-hopes-and-perils-betting-cancer- treatments-lucrative-lifesavers WTF Is Calico, And Why Does Google Think Its Mysterious New Company Can Defy Aging? http://techcrunch.com/2013/09/19/wtf-is-calico-and-why-does-google-think-its-mysterious-new- company-can-defy-aging/ Rebuilding Big Pharma's business model http://www.bain.com/publications/articles/rebuilding-big-pharmas-business-model.aspx Why is it so difficult to develop drugs for cancer? http://www.newyorker.com/reporting/2010/05/17/100517fa_fact_gladwell Why Malcolm Gladwell Is Wrong http://www.forbes.com/sites/sciencebiz/2010/05/12/why-malcolm-gladwell-is-wrong/ Drugmakers: Big Pharma struggles to protect its blockbusters as they lose patent protection http://www.economist.com/node/21541018 Drugs and emerging markets. For developing countries to get new drugs, both Big Pharma and governments must compromise http://www.economist.com/node/21562204 Trade Deals For Cheap Drugs In Developing Nations Stalled By U.S. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/05/29/trade-deals-cheap-drugs-us_n_1554314.html Drug patents - A fool’s game http://www.economist.com/blogs/schumpeter/2013/04/drug-patents Profitless prosperity - The biotechnology industry needs to grow up http://www.economist.com/node/6838715 Frequently Asked Questions About Pharmacogenomics https://www.genome.gov/27530645 Pharmacogenomics holds the promise that drugs might one day be tailored to your genetic makeup. http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/personalized-medicine/CA00078 Esther Dyson: We Need to Fix Health Behavior http://www.technologyreview.com/news/518901/esther-dyson-we-need-to-fix-health-behavior/ Daniel Kraft on Singularity 1 on 1: You Don’t Have To Be a Doctor to Improve Health Care http://www.singularityweblog.com/daniel-kraft-on-singularity-1-on-1-you-dont-have-to-be-a- doctor-to-improve-health-care/ 16
Books The Innovator's Prescription: A Disruptive Solution for Health Care http://www.amazon.com/Innovators-Prescription-Disruptive-Solution-Health/dp/0071592083/ Dead Aid: Why Aid Is Not Working and How There Is a Better Way for Africa http://www.amazon.com/Dead-Aid-Working-Better-Africa/dp/0374532125 Bad Pharma: How Drug Companies Mislead Doctors and Harm Patients http://www.amazon.com/Bad-Pharma-Companies-Mislead-Patients/dp/0865478007 Video Escape Fire: The Fight to Rescue American Healthcare (2012) http://www.imdb.com/title/tt2093109/ Clay Shirky Keynote - Health 2.0 SF 2008 http://vimeo.com/5670673 SECTION C – WHAT´S NEXT? SESSION 9: CAREERS The wrap up session will review what we have looked at and identify ways to work in this new economy. What skills will you need to have and what skills will be redundant. Will robots be our new overlords? Advice, like youth, probably just wasted on the young http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/columnists/chi-schmich-sunscreen- column,0,4054576.column Report Suggests Nearly Half of U.S. Jobs Are Vulnerable to Computerization http://www.technologyreview.com/view/519241/report-suggests-nearly-half-of-us-jobs-are- vulnerable-to-computerization/ Where Google Ventures Is Searching Now http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10000872396390443854204578058540650115104.html The Future of Work http://blogs.wsj.com/atwork/2012/12/18/how-to-treat-workplace-stress/?mod=e2tw The End of Labor: How to Protect Workers From the Rise of Robots http://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2013/01/the-end-of-labor-how-to-protect-workers- from-the-rise-of-robots/267135/ Top five regrets of the dying http://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2012/feb/01/top-five-regrets-of-the-dying The strategy consultants in search of a strategy http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/f15acee6-0f2d-11e3-8e58-00144feabdc0.html What Killed Michael Porter's Monitor Group? The One Force That Really Matters http://www.forbes.com/sites/stevedenning/2012/11/20/what-killed-michael-porters-monitor- group-the-one-force-that-really-matters/ Consulting on the Cusp of Disruption http://hbr.org/2013/10/consulting-on-the-cusp-of-disruption/ Hazard of the Trade: Bankers' Health 17
http://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB10001424052970204062704577223623824944472 Vivek Wadhwa: Why I Don’t Advise Startups to Hire M.B.A.s http://blogs.wsj.com/accelerators/2013/04/01/vivek-wadhwa-why-i-no-longer-advise-startups-to- hire-m-b-a-s/ Why the Lean Start-Up Changes Everything http://hbr.org/2013/05/why-the-lean-start-up-changes-everything Forget The Sequester: Entrepreneurs Are Saving The Future http://www.forbes.com/sites/singularity/2013/03/05/forget-the-sequester-entrepreneurs-are- saving-the-future/ How to get a job after the Singularity comes http://www.cringely.com/2011/10/30/how-to-get-a-job-after-the-singularity-comes/ Books How Will You Measure Your Life? http://www.amazon.com/How-Will-Measure-Your-Life/dp/0062102419 The Start-up of You: Adapt to the Future, Invest in Yourself, and Transform Your Career http://www.amazon.com/The-Start-up-You-Yourself-Transform-ebook/dp/B0050DIWHU The Empty Raincoat: Making Sense of the Future by Charles Handy http://books.google.es/books/about/The_Empty_Raincoat.html?id=sYQiAQAAMAAJ Adapt: Why Success Always Starts with Failure by Tim Harford http://www.amazon.co.uk/Adapt-Success-Always-Starts-Failure/dp/0349121516 Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed http://www.amazon.com/Collapse-Societies-Choose-Succeed-Revised/dp/0143117009/ Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies http://www.amazon.com/Guns-Germs-Steel-Fates-Societies/dp/0393317552 Why Nations Fail: The Origins of Power, Prosperity, and Poverty http://www.amazon.com/Why-Nations-Fail-Origins-Prosperity/dp/0307719219 The Wealth and Poverty of Nations: Why Some Are So Rich and Some So Poor http://www.amazon.com/The-Wealth-Poverty-Nations-Some/dp/0393318885 The Coming Prosperity: How Entrepreneurs Are Transforming the Global Economy (2102) by Philip Auerswald http://www.amazon.com/Coming-Prosperity-Entrepreneurs-Transforming- Economy/dp/0199795177 The Big Switch: Rewiring the World, from Edison to Google http://www.amazon.com/The-Big-Switch-Rewiring-Edison/dp/039334522X The Mesh: Why the Future of Business Is Sharing http://www.amazon.com/Mesh-Why-Future-Business-Sharing/dp/1591844304 Abundance: The Future is Better Than You Think by Peter Diamandis http://www.amazon.com/Abundance-Future-Better-Than-Think/dp/1451614217 Video Andrew McAfee: What will future jobs look like? http://www.ted.com/talks/andrew_mcafee_what_will_future_jobs_look_like.html 18
Hans Rosling: The best stats you've ever seen http://www.ted.com/talks/hans_rosling_shows_the_best_stats_you_ve_ever_seen.html Surviving Progress (2011) http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1462014/ Objectified (2009) http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1241325/ The Sharing Economy by Loic Le Meur http://www.slideshare.net/loiclemeur/sharing-economyforslideshare-20131145 Mark Suster - GRP Partners - LeWeb London 2013 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0pg9BNfguv8 SECTION D – IN CLASS EVALUATION SESSION 10: EXAM Students are asked to bring their PCs to the session and log into the network. 15 Minutes before the start of class, each student will be sent an email from their hypothetical “boss” with five generic questions based on what we have studied. Pick one question and reply to it. You may consult any source you like but must reply to the email within 90 minutes. After I read each email, I will reply to it with the grade and my feedback. This exam will constitute 40 per cent of the overall grade for the course. 50% of the grade will come from explaining how to tackle one of Humanity´s Great Problems in the style of a 1,000 word newspaper column. The idea is to be original and contrarian. The crazier the better. You can submit this at an anytime during the course. Finally, 10% is based of class participation. This is mostly awarded for just showing up though interesting questions which benefit the class should and will be rewarded. 50% Paper – A 1,000 word newspaper article 40% Final Exam - Answer an in class email 10% Class Participation - ENDS 19
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