Tressie Word

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Information about Tressie Word

Published on September 9, 2008

Author: olawai

Source: slideshare.net

A Wastewater Treatment, Reuse and Outreach Program at the Autonomous University of Benito Juarez in Oaxaca, Mexico by Tressie Word, M.S. Winzler & Kelly Consulting Engineers

the intro. Concept Context Outreach Technology Lessons learned Outcomes Next steps

Concept

Context

Outreach

Technology

Lessons learned

Outcomes

Next steps

Build capacity in natural wastewater treatment, reuse and watershed management in the Oaxaca Valley Capacity building is the creation of an enabling environment with appropriate policy, legal frameworks & institutional development; including community participation, development of resources & strengthening of managerial systems (UNDP, 1991). A long-term, continuing process that involves all stakeholders the concept.

Build capacity in natural wastewater treatment, reuse and watershed management in the Oaxaca Valley

Capacity building is the creation of an enabling environment with appropriate policy, legal frameworks & institutional development; including community participation, development of resources & strengthening of managerial systems (UNDP, 1991).

A long-term, continuing process that involves all stakeholders

the approach.

the players. Humboldt State University (HSU) Universidad Autonómica de Benito Juárez de Oaxaca (UABJO) Associated organizations Dr. Robert Gearheart, HSU Professor Peter Haase, Principal Engineer, Fall Creek Engineering ~ HSU Volunteer Tressie Word, Staff Engineer, Winzler & Kelly ~ HSU Lecturer Administration Chemistry Department Faculty, Students & Staff Institute of Nature and Society of Oaxaca Rio Salado Watershed Committee Federal, State and Local Water Commissions Oaxaca Secretary of Health

Humboldt State University (HSU)

Universidad Autonómica de Benito

Juárez de Oaxaca (UABJO)

Associated organizations

Dr. Robert Gearheart, HSU Professor

Peter Haase, Principal Engineer, Fall Creek Engineering

~ HSU Volunteer

Tressie Word, Staff Engineer, Winzler & Kelly ~ HSU Lecturer

Administration

Chemistry Department Faculty, Students & Staff

Institute of Nature and Society of Oaxaca

Rio Salado Watershed Committee

Federal, State and Local Water Commissions

Oaxaca Secretary of Health

the funds. Current Sources UABJO Private Individuals Private Companies State of Oaxaca Potential Sources - National Water Commission of Mexico (CNA) National Secretary of Environment and Natural Resources (SEMARNAT) Secretary of Health of Oaxaca (SSO) Secretary of Social Development of Oaxaca (SEDESOL) - Inter-American Development Bank - North American Development Bank

Current Sources

UABJO

Private Individuals

Private Companies

State of Oaxaca

Potential Sources

- National Water Commission

of Mexico (CNA)

National Secretary of Environment and Natural Resources (SEMARNAT)

Secretary of Health of Oaxaca (SSO)

Secretary of Social Development of Oaxaca (SEDESOL)

- Inter-American Development Bank

- North American Development Bank

the specifics. Establish local need & engagement Pursue funding Outreach program Monitoring & recording wastewater data Educational, technical & operational guidance Development of a technical support network International exchange opportunities Workshop series Four annual participative workshops On-campus demonstration facility Natural wastewater treatment & reclamation

Establish local need & engagement

Pursue funding

Outreach program

Monitoring & recording wastewater data

Educational, technical & operational guidance

Development of a technical support network

International exchange opportunities

Workshop series

Four annual participative workshops

On-campus demonstration facility

Natural wastewater treatment & reclamation

the context.

the status of water and wastewater in Mexico. Over-exploitation of water resources (INEGI, 2007) Insufficient or lacking wastewater sanitation measures (CNA, 2004) Infrastructure Operation & maintenance Monitoring

Over-exploitation of

water resources (INEGI, 2007)

Insufficient or lacking

wastewater sanitation measures (CNA, 2004)

Infrastructure

Operation & maintenance

Monitoring

(CNA, 2004)

 

(CNA, 2004) 20% to 35% of wastewater is treated in Mexico (INEGI, 2007)

the effects. Environment Contamination of potable water resources (Briscoe, 1993) Ecosystem imbalances (Welch & Lindell, 1992) Pollution of soils & agricultural produce (INEGI, 2007)

Environment

Contamination of potable water resources (Briscoe, 1993)

Ecosystem imbalances

(Welch & Lindell, 1992)

Pollution of soils & agricultural produce (INEGI, 2007)

the effects. Human Health Pathogens cause gastro-intestinal infections, typhoid, cholera & dysentery Toxic chemicals from industry, agriculture & urban areas cause harmful effects

Human Health

Pathogens cause gastro-intestinal infections, typhoid, cholera & dysentery

Toxic chemicals from industry, agriculture & urban areas cause harmful effects

the status of wastewater in Oaxaca de Juárez, Oaxaca. Population 256,130 Activated sludge treatment (still starting-up) In the very recent past, most wastewater was discharged directly to rivers (Atoyac, Salado & Jaltlaco) & streets http://www.tomzap.com/coaxaca.html

Population 256,130

Activated sludge treatment (still starting-up)

In the very recent past, most wastewater was discharged directly to rivers (Atoyac, Salado & Jaltlaco) & streets

the status of wastewater in communities surrounding Oaxaca de Juárez.

the UABJO project goals. Goals On-campus infrastructure improvements Ecological wastewater treatment & and reuse Water quality monitoring capacity Improve water & wastewater conditions in the Oaxaca Valley Enhance community relations Support applied research efforts Expand international exchange opportunities

Goals

On-campus infrastructure improvements

Ecological wastewater treatment & and reuse

Water quality monitoring capacity

Improve water & wastewater conditions in the Oaxaca Valley

Enhance community relations

Support applied research efforts

Expand international exchange opportunities

the workshop participants. Collaborative efforts involving governments, private firms & civil society strongly support project success (UNWWAP, 2006) Government Water authorities Industry Academia Plant managers & operators Private sector Concerned citizens Workshop 1

Collaborative efforts involving governments, private firms & civil society strongly support project success (UNWWAP, 2006)

Government

Water authorities

Industry

Academia

Plant managers & operators

Private sector

Concerned citizens

the workshop foci. Workshop 1: Natural Wastewater Treatment System Science & Design Workshop 2: Watershed and Wastewater Management Permitting, Funding Sources, and Laws Workshop 3: Sustainable Technologies and Monitoring for Watershed Protection, Wastewater Treatment and Reuse Workshop 4: Watershed and Wastewater Management Technique Start-up, Troubleshooting, Operation and Maintenance

Workshop 1: Natural Wastewater

Treatment System Science & Design

Workshop 2: Watershed and Wastewater Management Permitting, Funding Sources, and Laws

Workshop 3: Sustainable Technologies and Monitoring for Watershed Protection, Wastewater Treatment and Reuse

Workshop 4: Watershed and Wastewater Management Technique Start-up, Troubleshooting, Operation and Maintenance

the demonstration project. Goal: Create a natural, simple, inexpensive, low-maintenance, energy efficient, wastewater treatment & reclamation project

the technology. Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket Facultative Lagoon Free Surface Wetlands Filtration Storage Subsurface Irrigation

Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket

Facultative Lagoon

Free Surface Wetlands

Filtration

Storage

Subsurface Irrigation

the technology.

front view side view upflow anaerobic sludge blanket

the technology. Meets secondary treatment effluent standards for water reuse (Wendland et al, 2006) Demands low energy Produces little sludge Requires simple operation & maintenance

Meets secondary treatment effluent standards for water reuse (Wendland et al, 2006)

Demands low energy

Produces little sludge

Requires simple operation & maintenance

the permits. UABJO Project Permit Requirements Waived Autonomous University Pilot project General Process Environmental Impact Report Design approval process Permit required from the National Water Commission

UABJO Project

Permit Requirements Waived

Autonomous University

Pilot project

General Process

Environmental Impact Report

Design approval process

Permit required from the National Water Commission

the construction.

the team. Final Design & Construction

site visit: feb 2007.

site visit: aug 2007.

the final product.

 

 

the outreach. Guendulain

Guendulain

Tlacalula

Tlacalula

Tlacalula

Tlacalula

Mitla

Mitla

Huayapam

Huayapam

Huayapam

the challenges. Political climate Cultural differences Communication Coordination Funding Regulatory enforcement Weather

Political climate

Cultural differences

Communication

Coordination

Funding

Regulatory enforcement

Weather

the lessons. Employ sincere cultural & political sensitivity Changes in government & administration have broad, immediate implications Anticipate emergent events & weak points Maintain long-term presence Support solid local engagement in project components Apply flexible, transparent, engaged problem solving practices Provide appropriately complex operation, maintenance & evaluation guidelines

Employ sincere cultural & political sensitivity

Changes in government & administration have broad, immediate implications

Anticipate emergent events & weak points

Maintain long-term presence

Support solid local engagement in project components

Apply flexible, transparent, engaged problem solving practices

Provide appropriately complex operation, maintenance & evaluation guidelines

the outcomes. On-campus wetland wastewater treatment, reuse & demonstration system Establishment of a university wastewater outreach program Local information network on wastewater treatment technology Local wastewater monitoring program

On-campus wetland wastewater treatment, reuse & demonstration system

Establishment of a university wastewater outreach program

Local information network on wastewater treatment technology

Local wastewater monitoring program

the outcomes. The implementation of two constructed wetland wastewater treatment plants stemmed from the first workshop Matatlan (~9,000 Inhabitants) Tlalixtac (~10,000 Inhabitants) The workshop series continues

The implementation of two constructed wetland wastewater treatment plants stemmed from the first workshop

Matatlan (~9,000 Inhabitants)

Tlalixtac (~10,000 Inhabitants)

The workshop series continues

the future. Provide a venue to create an Oaxaca Committee for Water, Environmental and Health Support surrounding communities to implement appropriate water and wastewater projects Expand UABJO international exchange opportunities Develop of a local wastewater technical support network Continue technical support for UABJO demonstration and outreach programs

Provide a venue to create an Oaxaca Committee for Water, Environmental and Health

Support surrounding communities to implement appropriate water and wastewater projects

Expand UABJO international exchange opportunities

Develop of a local wastewater technical support network

Continue technical support for UABJO demonstration and outreach programs

The Appropedia Foundation: Living library of sustainable development projects in the developing world http://www.appropedia.org Institute of Nature and Society of Oaxaca: Studies, publications and outreach in Oaxaca, Mexico on watershed management and sustainable development http://insooaxaca.com My email: tressieword@w-and-k.com some resources.

The Appropedia Foundation: Living library of sustainable development projects in the developing world

http://www.appropedia.org

Institute of Nature and Society of Oaxaca: Studies, publications and outreach in Oaxaca, Mexico on watershed management and sustainable development

http://insooaxaca.com

My email: tressieword@w-and-k.com

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