Transport without Oil - A Vision of the Future

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Published on March 18, 2014

Author: GuyDauncey

Source: slideshare.net

Description

March 2014 Presentation by Guy Dauncey. www.earthfuture.com
How will global transportation operate when we cease using oil?

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Transportation without Oil A Vision of the Future

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Climate Change What is your view? A: It’s a very serious looming crisis B: I’m confused, not sure what to make of it C: It’s overblown. Earth’s climate has always been variable

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Transportation without Oil What is your view? A: Yes, I believe it’s possible B: I don’t know if it’s possible C: No, it is not possible.

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Transportation in the Past We have been walking for 4 million years

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Transportation in the Past We have been riding horses for 6,000 years

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com The 13th Century

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com The 15th Century

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com The 17th Century

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com The 19th Century

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com New York, 1894

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com The First Modern Oil Petrolia, Ontario 1858

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Spindletop Texas, 1903

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Thomas Parker electric car, 1880s

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Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com The 20th Century

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Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com The 21st Century

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Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com We love you mama

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Mama, waaah! Where are you?

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com 1: The Death Toll

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Globally, in 2013, 1.24 million people died in road accidents 3,400 people die every day = 13 major aircraft crashes every day

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Road deaths per 100,000 people If everyone drove as safely as the British, there would be 192,500 road deaths a year = 2 major aircraft crashes every day Eritrea: 40 Thailand: 38 Canada: 7 UK: 2.75 Bicycle

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com 2: Air Pollution About 21,000 Canadians die prematurely from the ill effects of air pollution each year, compared to 2,400 from traffic crashes.

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Paris, March 2014

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Diesel exhaust… Deaths from lung cancer increase by 8% for every 10 mg of fine particulate matter per cubic meter New York: 16 mg Chicago: 18 mg Los Angeles: 20 mg Paris: 30 mg Paris 2014: 140 Cairo: 159 mgNew Delhi: 177 mg Beijing: 120 to 473 mg

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Diesel exhaust contributes to more than 125,000 cases of cancer a year, almost 9% of all cancer cases in the US.

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Formaldehyde Recognized carcinogen. Carbon tetrachloride Recognized carcinogen. Ranked as one of the most hazardous compounds to ecosystems and human health. Aniline Recognized carcinogen. Methanol Suspected carcinogen. Benzene Recognized carcinogen. Acetaldehyde Recognized carcinogen Toluene-2, 6-diisocyanate Recognized carcinogen. Ranked as one of the most hazardous compounds to human health. Napthalene Recognized carcinogen. Ethylbenzene Recognized carcinogen. Styrene Suspected carcinogen. 1,3 Butadiene Recognized carcinogen. Toluene Recognized developmental toxicant. Toluen-2, 4-diisocyanate Recognized carcinogen. 2,6-Dinitrotoluene Recognized carcinogen. Phosphorous (yellow or white) Ranked as one of the most hazardous compounds to ecosystems and human health. Dinitrotoluene (mixed isonomers) Suspected carcinogen. Chromium and its compounds Suspected carcinogen. Cobalt and its compounds Recognized carcinogen. Manganese and its compounds Ranked as one of the most hazardous compounds to human health. Nickel and its compounds Recognized carcinogen “Found in diesel engine exhaust” Assembled by Leo Petrilli, Windsor, Ontario Commission for Environmental Cooperation Report Children’s Health and the Environment in North America

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com 3: Oil Spills

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Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com TransMountain Pipeline Oil Break Burnaby, 2007

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Alberta Pipeline Incidents 1975-2013 29,229 incidents

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com 4: Ecocide Garth Lenz

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Garth Lenz

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Guy Dauncey 2011 www.earthfuture.com

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com 5: War

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com 6: The Climate Emergency

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Guy Dauncey 2011 www.earthfuture.com As we burn the fossil fuels… Guy Dauncey 2007Guy Dauncey 2007 www.earthfuture.cowww.earthfuture.co CO2 CO2 CO2 CO2 CO2 CO2 100 million tonnes a day = 4 million tonnes an hour = 67,000 tonnes a minute = 1,000 tonnes a second

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Guy Dauncey 2011 www.earthfuture.com + 2˚C rise

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com The last time the world was 3°C warmer the sea level was 25 metres higher

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com 2 metres 10 metres 18 metres 25 metres

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com 1 metre sea-level rise http://flood.firetree.net

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com 3 metres sea-level rise http://flood.firetree.net

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com 20 metres sea-level rise http://flood.firetree.net

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Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Guy Dauncey 2011 www.earthfuture.com The Teeny-Weeny Ever-So-Brief 150-Year Age of Oil

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Guy Dauncey 2011 www.earthfuture.com Neolithic Era Ancient Egypt Roman Empire Islamic Golden Age 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 The Age of Oil ………………………………………. The last 10,000 years

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Guy Dauncey 2011 www.earthfuture.com The last 10,000 years ................................................... What happens here, when we stop using oil?

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Guy Dauncey 2011 www.earthfuture.com A billion yearsNeolithic Era: 8,000 years Ancient Egypt: 3,000 years Roman Empire: 1,000 years Islamic Golden Age: 600 years Age of Oil: 150 years The Sun does not begin to turn into a Red Giant for more than a billion years. That’s 100,000 periods of 10,000 years

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Guy Dauncey 2011 www.earthfuture.com A billion years The Sun does not begin to turn into a Red Giant for more than a billion years. And with every passing year, solar technology will improve and get cheaper.

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Beyond Oil Awakening the Future

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com BCSEA 2012 www.bcsea.org BCSEA vision is a sustainable future in which all of BC’s energy is green and renewable.

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com How Are We Using the Oil? Cars & light trucks 40% Heavy trucks 13% Flying 8% Shipping 2.5% Asphalt 3% Rail freight 1% Recreational 1% Military 1.5% TOTAL TRANSPORT 71% Non-transport uses 29%

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com 1 5% shift to walking

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Neighbourhood Walkability Audit www.walklive.org

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com

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Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Istanbul, Turkey

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Toronto Walking School Bus

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com The Journey Beyond Oil Cars & light trucks 5% shift to walking = 95% of oil demand

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com 2 15% shift to cycling

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com In Holland, 40% of all traffic movement is by bicycle

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com  Safe bike lanes and routes  Good bike parking  Cycling education in schools

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Vancouver, Howe Street

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Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com City Bike Sharing

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Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Granville Street Bridge Vancouver’s Future

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Proposed Bike Park, Chongming Bike City, Shanghai

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Electric Bikes

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Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com

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Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com The Copenhagen Wheel

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com The Copenhagen Wheel

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Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com The Elf E-Bike www.organictransit.com

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Tony’s Trailers www.tonystrailers.com

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.comTony’s Trailers www.tonystrailers.com

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Tony’s Trailers www.tonystrailers.com

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Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com The Journey Beyond Oil Cars & light trucks 5% shift to walking = 95% of oil demand 15% shift to cycling = 80% …

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com 3 v15% shift to transit and LRT

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com 100% Electric Buses

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Hasselt, Belgium Free transit, included in city taxes 1996-2006 13-fold increase in ridership

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Real-time electronic bus stops

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Bus shelter in Taiwan

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Stockholm – 200 buses run on biogas from sewage treatment

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Umea, Sweden Fast-Charging Electric Bus, 18 hours/day 1 – 2 euros for 10-20 kWh electricity to go 10 km www.opbrid.com

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com OLEV On-Line Electric Vehicle, South Korea

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Bus Rapid Transit in Bogota

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Bus Rapid Transit in Curitiba, Brazil

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Bus Rapid Transit in Delhi

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Bus Rapid Transit in Istanbul

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Bus Rapid Transit in Rio de Janiero

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Bus Rapid Transit in Guangzhou, China

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Proposed Bus Rapid Transit in Chicago

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Light Rail Transit www.islandtransformations.org

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Electric + Green Electricity = No Climate Impact

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Mulhouse, Germany

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comElectric + Green Electricity = No Climate Impact

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com The Journey Beyond Oil Cars & light trucks 5% shift to walking = 95% of oil demand 15% shift to cycling = 80% … 15% shift to transit/LRT = 65% …

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com 4 5% shift to Telework

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Cisco Systems

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com The Journey Beyond Oil Cars & light trucks 5% shift to walking = 95% of oil demand 15% shift to cycling = 80% … 15% shift to transit/LRT = 65% … 5% shift to telework = 60% …

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com 5 v5% shift to Ride-Sharing

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Real-time Ride-sharing www.car.ma

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Guaranteed emergency ride home Cash-out parking – paid for not using employee parking space Rideshare Plus Rewards Book

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com The Journey Beyond Oil Cars & light trucks 5% shift to walking = 95% of oil demand 15% shift to cycling = 80% … 15% shift to transit/LRT = 65% … 5% shift to telework = 60% … 5% shift to ride-sharing = 55% …

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com See 650 members share 23 vehicles www.victoriacarshare.ca 6 5% shift to Car Sharing

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Car-sharing forecast North America 2016: 4.4 million users David Zhao, automotive research analyst with Frost & Sullivan,

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Peer-to-Peer Car-Sharing Vehicles owners earn up to $300 a month

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com The Journey Beyond Oil Cars & light trucks 5% shift to walking = 95% of oil demand 15% shift to cycling = 80% … 15% shift to transit/LRT = 65% … 5% shift to telework = 60% … 5% shift to ride-sharing = 55% … 5% shift to car-sharing = 50% …

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com 7 Better Inter-Modal Connections Single Smart Card for transit, LRT, car-share, ride-share, ferries, rail Good transit-ferry connections Good bike-parking at every transit station

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Transport London’s Oyster Card

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Walk Bike Food Help Taxi Skype ParkRide share Ski-lift Maps Ferry Fly Car share LRTTransit Rail

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com 8 New Urban Design

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Metro do Porto, Portugal

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com 9 50% shift to Hybrid EVs 80% of average mileage on electric drive

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com Chevy Volt 2,500 km on one tank of gas

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Volkswagen XL1 Diesel plug-in hybrid 75 km battery range 0.9 litres/100 km (312 mpg) (260 mpg in USA)

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com The Journey Beyond Oil Cars & light trucks 5% shift to walking = 95% of oil demand 15% shift to cycling = 80% … 15% shift to transit/LRT = 65% … 5% shift to telework = 60% … 5% shift to ride-sharing = 55% … 5% shift to car-sharing = 50% … 50% of vehicles hybrid electric = 30% 80% of mileage electric

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com 10 v50% shift to Full Electric Vehicles

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Renault Twizy EV  2 seats, 100 km range  80 kph, 3.5 hours recharge  $9,700 + $60/month battery lease

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com In UK: $10,600 + $65 monthly battery lease charge Top

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Top Hiroko EV

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Top

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com Nissan Leaf Electric - 120 km range

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com Smart Electric – 135 km range

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Mitsubishi MiEV – 150 km range

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com Toyota RAV4 EV - 148 km range

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Tesla Model-X: 300-400 km range

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com STELLA 400-600 km range

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Made by Dutch students at Eindhoven University 4-seater, roadworthy, legal in Holland Weighs 380 kg (1120 kg for normal EV) 400 km range with no sunshine 600 km in full sunshine

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com Honda solar electric car charging

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com Electric car fast charging

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com 1.5 kW solar = 1,650 kWh a year Electric car: 15 kWh = 100 km 10,000 km = 1,500 kWh PV for EV

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com 1.5 kW solar PV $6,000 5% 25 year mortgage on $6,000 = $35 a month Gas 10 litres @ $1.30 litre = $130 a month

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com 100 km = 15 kWh 10,000 km = 1,500 kWh 1,500 kwh @ 10 cents = $13 a month Gas 10 litres @ $1.30 litre = $130 a month Grid Power for EV EV Bargain!! 10 times cheaper to run!

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Institute of Automobile Economics: EV maintenance costs are 35% lower than a gas compact car over 8 years.

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Solar Roadways In US, 3 x total electricity demand www.solarroadways.com

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com The Journey Beyond Oil Cars & light trucks 5% shift to walking = 95% of oil demand 15% shift to cycling = 80% … 15% shift to transit/LRT = 65% … 5% shift to telework = 60% … 5% shift to ride-sharing = 55% … 5% shift to car-sharing = 50% … 50% vehicles hybrid EV 80% = 30% … 50% of vehicles are electric = 5% … Lightweight design saves 50% = 2.5% … If all vehicles EVs = 0.0% … = Beyond Oil

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Integrated Governance Cycling Transit Highways Rail

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Integrated Cost Analysis $ Cycling Transit Highways Rail $

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Cost of a new traffic lane $300,000 to $500,000 per km 800 vehicles per hour

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Cost of a new traffic lane $300,000 to $500,000 per km 800 vehicles per hour Cost of a 1.5 metre bike lane $5,000 to $10,000 per km for re-striping 2,000 trips per hour = 75 to 250 times more cost-effective

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Cost of a new traffic lane $300,000 to $500,000 per km 800 vehicles per hour Cost of a 1.5 metre bike lane $5,000 to $10,000 per km for re-striping 2,000 trips per hour = 75 to 250 times more cost-effective $35,000 to $150,000 per km when road widening required = 5 to 35 times more cost-effective Ministry of Transportation of Ontario, Ontario Bikeways Planning and Design Guidelines, pg. 8-34, March 1996.

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Cost of a new traffic lane $300,000 to $500,000 per km 800 vehicles per hour Cost of a 1.5 metre bike lane $5,000 to $10,000 per km for re-striping 2,000 trips per hour = 75 to 250 times more cost-effective $35,000 to $150,000 per km when road widening required = 5 to 35 times more cost-effective Ministry of Transportation of Ontario, Ontario Bikeways Planning and Design Guidelines, pg. 8-34, March 1996. Cost of a new separated bike lane $100,000 per km = 7 to 12 times more cost-effective

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Cost of the Airport McTavish Interchange $24 million = 2,400 km of painted bike lanes or 240 km of separated bike lanes

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com  Carbon Taxes  Feebates  Road tolls How can we pay for it?

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Electronic Road Pricing

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Road-pricing on the Malahat

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com 30,000 vehicles a day $2 one-way toll = $60,000 a day = 250 luxury coaches = up to 10,000 passengers a day

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Electric Freight Renault Radiance Dutch concept electric truck  Average 18-wheeler 6.5 mpg  Super-efficient designs 9 mpg

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Cargohopper 3 tonnes max 60 km range 20 kph top speed Urban deliveries Holland www.cargohopper.com

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Freight Solutions - Trucking  Super-efficient designs save 35%  Electric plug-in to eliminate idling saves 8%  Slower driving saves 8%  ‘Empty miles’ shipping saves 5-15%  Combined innovations could save 60% But 60% increased demand would wipe out all the gains.

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Shipping Solutions 2.5% of global oil use

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com  Slowing from 25 to 20 knots – saves 50%  Slowing from 23.5 to 20 knots - saves 25%  Skysails on slow boats (10 knots) - saves 20%  Ecospeed coating and underwater cleaning – saves 20%  Underwater propellor polishing – saves 2%  Black carbon elimination through cleaner fuel But 50% increased demand would wipe out all the gains.

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Flying Solutions 8% of global oil use Latest designs save 20% But a 20% increased demand would wipe out all the gains.

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com Future Boing Liquid Hydrogen Plane

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Proposed EADS VoltAir lithium-air battery aircraft Superconducting electric motors Paris Airshow, 2011 Up to Mach 4, Paris – Tokyo in 2.5 hours

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Renewable Electricity

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com So what’s The Secret to make it all happen?

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Community engagement

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Special Price $5

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Together, we can change the world. If you’re feeling inspired, will you join the BCSEA? You can become a member! www.bcsea.org/joinBCSEA 2013 www.bcsea.org

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com This whole presentation is available on www.slideshare.net/GuyDauncey

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com How can we make it happen? Questions Discussion

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com D'où venons-nous? Que sommes-nous? Où allons-nous? Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going??

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Voyager 1 photo of Earth from 6 billion kilometers.

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com The Universe has taken 13 billion years to create us

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com Number of stars in the Universe 1024 : 1 trillion trillion

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com Number of atoms in your body: 1027 : 1000 trillion trillion All self-organized into one amazing whole

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com Number of stars in our galaxy 100 trillion

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com Number of synapses in your brain 100 trillion All self-organized into one amazing whole

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com 100 trillion synapses 100 trillion stars

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com We are amazing… and we are all conscious

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com We have free will We can make a difference

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com It’s Our World – Let’s Change ItGuy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com This is about us, our planet, and our future.

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com

Guy Dauncey 2014 Earthfuture.com Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com Guy Dauncey www.earthfuture.com

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