TRANS WP29 132 inf09e

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Information about TRANS WP29 132 inf09e
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Published on March 25, 2008

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GLOBAL HARMONIZATION of GASEOUS FUELS for TRANSPORT: PAVING THE PATHWAY for COMMERCIALISATION Dr. Jeffrey M. Seisler United Nations WP29 Geneva 10 March 2004:  GLOBAL HARMONIZATION of GASEOUS FUELS for TRANSPORT: PAVING THE PATHWAY for COMMERCIALISATION Dr. Jeffrey M. Seisler United Nations WP29 Geneva 10 March 2004 Informal Document No. WP.29-132-9 REALITY & VISIONS :  REALITY & VISIONS NGVs & H2Vs WORLDWIDE NGV MARKETS ARE GROWING:  WORLDWIDE NGV MARKETS ARE GROWING ~3.1 million NGVs Argentina leads the world 1.1 million 30,000 conversions per month N.America = 150,000 Asia-Pacific = 700,000 China Korea India WORLDWIDE NGV MARKETS ARE GROWING:  WORLDWIDE NGV MARKETS ARE GROWING Europe 514,000 NGVs: 1550 fuel stations Italy = 400,000+ & 400+ fuelling stations Germany, Italy, France have public/private agreements and strategies European Commission Transport Policy: target NGVs to replace 10% of transport sector petrol/diesel by 2020 LNG Ferry, Norway Germany Italy France EUROPEAN ALTERNATIVE FUELS POLICY % Fuel Replacement, Transport Sector, 15 EU Countries by 2020 [ ] = Optimistic:  EUROPEAN ALTERNATIVE FUELS POLICY % Fuel Replacement, Transport Sector, 15 EU Countries by 2020 [ ] = Optimistic ALTERNATIVE FUELS CONTACT GROUP REPORT:  “Natural gas is the only alternative fuel with the potential for significant market share well above 5% by 2020 which could potentially compete with conventional fuels in terms of economics of supply in a mature market scenario.’’ Main driving force for the large-scale introduction of natural gas as a motor fuel is concern for the security of supply ALTERNATIVE FUELS CONTACT GROUP REPORT “HYDROGEN IS A POLITICAL PRIORITY”*:  “HYDROGEN IS A POLITICAL PRIORITY”* Production from renewable sources foreseen….in the future Significant government funding U.S. ~$1.7 billion FY 04–08 Japan ~$250 mil FY 03-07 Europe ~€900 mil… ‘into the future’ H2 & fuel cells have sex appeal (like electric cars in the 1980s) *Bernard Gauvin, GRPE meeting, 15 January 2004 THERE ARE FUNDAMENTAL LINKS BETWEEN NGVs & H2Vs:  THERE ARE FUNDAMENTAL LINKS BETWEEN NGVs & H2Vs Natural gas (CH4) is the principle source of hydrogen for the foreseeable future CNG fuelling stations likely will be the pathway to the H2 fuel infrastructure in the future Many equipment manufacturers are the same: vehicle systems & fuelling Compression: CNG & C-H2 Liquefaction: LNG & L-H2 (Biogas….Renewable source H2) THERE ARE FUNDAMENTAL LINKS BETWEEN NGVs & H2Vs:  The market introduction & commercialisation of both fuels and the vehicle technologies are (and) will be affected by the complexity and pace of the standards and codes process…(but the goals are important & necessary) THERE ARE FUNDAMENTAL LINKS BETWEEN NGVs & H2Vs Slide10:  From City Gate to Tailpipe Source: Volvo NGV Standards Universe STANDARDS & CODES ARE AT THE HEART OF VEHICLE (& TECHNOLOGY) COMMERCIALISATION:  STANDARDS & CODES ARE AT THE HEART OF VEHICLE (& TECHNOLOGY) COMMERCIALISATION Facilitates development of equipment - Should be same for different [all?] markets Facilitates country certification - Vehicle homologation/type approval - Equipment certification/patent protection(?) Speeds market entry Costs to ultimate consumer is less Promotes uniformity… & safety LEVELS OF CODES & STANDARDS (The Patchwork Quilt):  LEVELS OF CODES & STANDARDS (The Patchwork Quilt) International Bodies National Standards Institutions Specialty Standards Organisations Private Sector Participants Global Regional (EC) Countries Cylinders Meters NGOs & Associations X P E S T R E CODES STANDARDS United Nations International Standards Organisation (ISO) Committee for European Normalisation (CEN) United Nations Slide13:  European Commission Motor Vehicle Emissions Group United Nations Working Party 29 Group of experts on Pollution and Energy OIML International Organisation of Legal Metrology Apologies for inaccuracies & omissions NGV STANDARDS DEVELOPMENT (European view) WORLD-WIDE STANDARDS HARMONIZATION: THE OBJECTIVES:  WORLD-WIDE STANDARDS HARMONIZATION: THE OBJECTIVES Produce new and additional standards (NGV & H2) as required (but avoid international overlap/duplication) Harmonize existing standards Expedite H2 & H2V standard development Facilitate codification of standards (codes & codes of practices) DIFFUSION of HARMONIZATION LEADERSHIP 2004(?):  GRPE Roadmap for hydrogen and H2Vs (2003 & beyond)…but U.S. & Japan also moving forward ISO 15869 Joint H2 working group New CEN BT 149 on Harmonisation of Alternative (gaseous/liquid) Fuels But…who is harmonizing the harmonizers? DIFFUSION of HARMONIZATION LEADERSHIP 2004(?) WORLD-WIDE STANDARDS HARMONIZATION PROCESS OVERVIEW:  WORLD-WIDE STANDARDS HARMONIZATION PROCESS OVERVIEW Bring together representatives of all standards/code institutions Identify the structure of the standards institutions …internationally & nationally Identify the substance: what exists and what is still needed Attempt to assign institutional responsibility (tough job) Identify the expertise & experts needed (Action Plan) World Conference on Harmonization of Standards for Gaseous Fuels for Transport :  Objectives of conference Develop strategy for harmonization Assess need for new standards Establish “permanent” Coordination Committee Develop guidelines for action Attendance Representatives from each standards organisation (Action Plan) World Conference on Harmonization of Standards for Gaseous Fuels for Transport THE STRATEGIC HARMONIZATION PROCESS (Action Plan):  For each topic (e.g. vehicles) create a small task force with a representative from each major standards working group Compare existing standards Define issues/problems raised by comparison Develop strategy to resolve issues Recommend actions by each standards working group THE STRATEGIC HARMONIZATION PROCESS (Action Plan) THE NEW STANDARDS DEVELOPMENT PROCESS (Action Plan):  Standards Coordination Committee (same as Harmonization Coordination Committee ?) Assess need for new standards Agree which standards working group & who does the work Ensure liaison back to various working groups THE NEW STANDARDS DEVELOPMENT PROCESS (Action Plan) WHAT CAN BE EXPECTED, REASONABLY (Pick the ‘easier’ things 1st):  WHAT CAN BE EXPECTED, REASONABLY (Pick the ‘easier’ things 1st) Standard fuel connectors: facilitate international vehicle travel (& equipment sales) Cylinder performance, testing, & lifetime ……then… Vehicle Systems Fuelling Stations HOW THE HARMONSATION PROCESS MIGHT WORK:  HOW THE HARMONSATION PROCESS MIGHT WORK GRPE CEN ISO ANSI etc World Conference on Harmonization Coordination Committee Task Force 1 Fuel Storage Task Force 2 Nozzles Recommendations to working groups Strategy and Guidelines Work item WHO TAKES RESPONSIBILITY FOR LEADERSHIP?:  WHO TAKES RESPONSIBILITY FOR LEADERSHIP? United Nations ? (WP29..most likely?) Support required from regional/national governments & standards institutions Funding for private industry participation required International/Regional Associations & NGOs provide support WE CAN BE HOPEFUL ABOUT WORLDWIDE HARMONIZATION:  WE CAN BE HOPEFUL ABOUT WORLDWIDE HARMONIZATION CAN WE BE OPTIMISTIC? (Good Question!) Slide24:  A LOT OF WORK TO BE DONE!! GASEOUS FUEL STANDARDS: PAVING THE PATHWAY for COMMERCIALISATION :  GASEOUS FUEL STANDARDS: PAVING THE PATHWAY for COMMERCIALISATION

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