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Traditional music of Japan

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Information about Traditional music of Japan
Education

Published on February 13, 2008

Author: Regina1

Source: authorstream.com

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Traditional music of Japan:  Traditional music of Japan By bob In the court of my castle Slide2:  Hi this is what a traditional song sounds like Click below to see about the different types of Japanese music Japanese music Slide3:  There are several types of traditional Japanese music. These types are on buttons below. Click on them to learn more about them. Gagaku Biwagaku Nogaku Sokyoku Shakuhachi Shamisenongaku Minyo Slide4:  Gagaku Gagaku is the type of music played in courts such as mine. Some times heard at Shinto-shrines and Japanese weddings. Gagaku has been performed for more than 1,200 years. Instruments used to play Gagaku Japanese conductor What Gagaku means Origin Other cool information Slide5:  Instruments used to play Gagaku The Sho and the Hichiriki are the most commonly used instruments. Also the Ryuteki and Biwa used. Besides these there are a number of other instruments used such as drums and other percussions instruments. Ryuteki Sho Hichiriki Biwa Slide6:  Biwa A biwa is a stringed instrument used only in kangen or in the chamber music department togaku. Biwa a 4-saitige sounds is played, with wooden Plectrum. It is used to keep the tempo. Slide7:  Ryuteki The ryuteki or ryuuteki is one of three different types of flutes used in Gagaku. Is usually made up of dried bamboo. There are nine finger wholes. There are 14 different scales of tones. The range of melody is much wider than the hichiriki’s. Slide8:  Hichiriki A small double whistle similar to the oboe. It is 18 cm. long. It has nine wholes for the fingers. Seven in front and two posterior. Was imported from China in about 600 dc. In the Nara age there were two types of hichiriki used: hichiriki great (low) and hichiriki small (of acute webbing) Slide9:  Sho The sho or shoo is a so called organ composed of 17 bamboo whistles. The Chinese characters for Sho or Shoo Slide10:  What Gagaku means Gagaku means “elegant music” (ya-yueeh). It is made up of three types of music: Togaku, komagaku, and music of native composition associated with rituals of the Shinto religion. Also: a small number of regional Japanese folk songs, which have been set in an elegant court style. Slide11:  Origin Gagaku has been played for more than thousands of years. It was introduced to Japan from China and Korea. It was a court music or banquet music. The music has changed over the years of course. It is clear that the tradition is one of the strongest traditions in Japan. A large amount of musical knowledge was transferred from Asia to Japan during the Nara ages. Slide12:  Other cool information One divides Gagaku into three categories: The original music from China and Korea Pure Japanese music And Music, which was composed in Japan, but by the music of other countries. Slide13:  The end of Gagaku Slide14:  Biwagaku Biwagaku is the type of music played with the instrument Biwa. I am sorry for the lack of information but I just couldn’t find any Slide15:  Nogaku Nogaku is the music played during No performances. It consists of chorus (human voices), the Hayashi flute, the Tsuzumi drum, and other instruments. Nogaku is medieval music. It is used to refer to two types of arts: No and Kyogen [independent humorous pieces that are traditionally performed between two separate NOH plays as comic relief]. NOTE: No and Noh are like theater performances and rituals. Slide16:  Sokyoku Popular music for koto and voice of the Edo period is known as Sokyoku. Instruments used to play Sokyoku Other information Slide17:  Instruments The Koto is used to play Sokyoku. The Koto is a zither with 13 strings. Later also accompanied by Shamisen and Shakuhachi. The Koto came to Japan from China in the sixth century. The Shamisen is a type of lute with three strings. The Shakuhachi is a very simple end-blown flute. Shakuhachi flute Back to Sokyoku menu Shamisen Koto Slide18:  Other information There are two types of Sokyoku: kumiuta and the danmodo. Kumiuta is a song cycle accompanied by the koto. Danmodo is a piece for the Koto alone or with a few other instruments Slide19:  The end Click below to go back to main menu Slide20:  Shakuhachi Music played with the instrument Shakuhachi, a about 55 cm long flute. The name of the flute is its length expressed in the old Japanese length units. Honkyoku, the "original music" of the Shakuhachi, represents one of the major genres of traditional Japanese music. Where the name came from Origin The sound playing right now is Shakuhachi Shakuhachi flute Slide21:  Where the name came from The name of the instrument is derived from an ancient system of measurement, Shakuhachi being the corruption of i shaku ha sun which literally means 1.8 feet, the length of the classical flute. Instruments ranging in size from 1.3' to 2.4' are used in concert and flutes as long as 3.2', less common, but are also played. Back to menu for Shakuhachi Slide22:  Origin The origin of the Shakuhachi has many different theories. Here is one of them. The origin of the Shakuhachi has been traced back all the way to Egypt. Well how did it get to Japan you may ask. Well it traveled through India and China and then to Japan in the sixth century. It did not become popular until the 13th century when it was revived by the Fuke sect of Buddhism. Not until the Edo period did this instrument reach it’s final place of development. It was then favored by the swelling numbers of uprooted samurai warriors. Shakuhachi was used for spiritual splendor/ meditation. Click to finish Shakuhachi Slide23:  The end Slide24:  Shamisenongaku Music played with the instrument Shamisen, a kind of guitar with only three strings. Kabuki and Bunraku performances are accompanied by the shamisen. Kabuki and Bunraku performances are accompanied by the shamisen. Slide25:  Minyo Japanese folk song

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