Published on January 1, 2009
“Journey Through Space” What the Kangxi and Qianlong Southern Inspection Tour Scrolls reveal about Chinese and Western Concep'ons of SPACE Robert Ponzio Chair, Fine Arts Oak Hall School Gainesville, FL
Website studies Qing Dynasty History and Culture by examining Southern InspecGon Tour scrolls commissioned by Emperor Kangxi and Emperor Qianlong
The Manchus were foreigners who established the Qing Dynasty after conquering the Ming. Kangxi Emperor Reigned 1662‐1722 Portrait of the Kangxi Emperor as a Young Man, Anonymous
Tradi'onal Western One Point PerspecGve System Depic'ons of Space •Concerned with reproducing how the eye sees • Image has ﬁxed edges •Organized based on receding vanishing points •ArGst controls viewer vantage point GenGle Bellini’s “Procession in Piazza San Marco”, 1496
Tradi'onal Chinese Depic'on of Space ArGst Wang Hui’s hand scrolls uGlize tradiGonal Chinese depicGons of space.
The Hand Scroll Format
TradiGonal Chinese Maps: Experience of the journey is more important than Scale
SpaGal TransiGon Point
Mist / TransiGon‐ Kangxi Scroll 7 Working with the tradiGonal Chinese concepGons of shi]ing space, Wang Hui uGlizes a thick fog to fade out from one scene to the next. This creaGve means of transiGoning impressed upon the viewer the percepGon of the passing of Gme.
Mist / TransiGon‐ Kangxi Scroll 7 Elements of the landscape and architecture are subtly revealed as they peak out of the mist, allowing the viewer to gain a sense of traveling over a great distance. As the mist ulGmately disappears, we then ﬁnd ourselves in the next town.
Mist / TransiGon‐ Kangxi Scroll 3 Wang Hui shows travelers disappearing into the mist as they embark upon a long journey…
Mist / TransiGon‐ Kangxi Scroll 3 …they eventually reappear a]er an immeasurable passage of Gme and distance.
Expansion of Qing Empire Qianlong Emperor Reigned 1736‐96 Inaugura'on Portrait of Qianlong (Detail) Giuseppe Cas'glione (Lang Shining), 1736
Qianlong Emperor as the BodhisaDva Manjusri (Detail), face by Giuseppe Cas'glione (Lang Shining)
Giuseppe CasGglione, (Lang Shih‐ning), 1688‐1766 Introduces The Vanishing Point
Inﬂuence of Western PerspecGve in Qianlong Scrolls Qianlong Scroll Number 4 by Xu Yang
Qianlong Scroll Number 4 by Xu Yang More concerned with reproducing how the eye sees than in Kangxi scrolls. Xu Yang maintains consistent vanishing points throughout duraGon of scroll.
Qianlong Scroll Number 6 by Xu Yang Figures diminish in size and number limiGng informaGon available to viewer.
This presentation was complied by Robert Ponzio Chair, Fine Arts Department, Oak Hall School, Gainesville in response to the workshop: University of Florida - Asia Studies
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