Trade in Telecom

67 %
33 %
Information about Trade in Telecom

Published on December 24, 2008

Author: minges


TRADE IN TELECOMMUNICATIONS : TRADE IN TELECOMMUNICATIONS Michael Minges Telecommunication Development Bureau Telecommunications and Economic Growth Webster University Geneva 20 September 1996 Topics : Topics Trade in telecommunication equipment Trade in telecommunication services Rules and regulations Global electronic commerce TELECOMMUNICATION EQUIPMENT TRADE : TELECOMMUNICATION EQUIPMENT TRADE Telecommunication equipment exports US$ billions Top telecom equipment vendors : Top telecom equipment vendors Trade-dependent : Trade-dependent How can developing countries pay? Generate enough service revenues Have strong currency Multi-lateral loans (World Bank, EIB) Declining Bi-lateral loans Tied Make own equipment China, Korea Foreign Investment Telecom equipment exports, 1994 Developing 3% TRADE IN TELECOM SERVICES : TRADE IN TELECOM SERVICES Cross-border supply Consumption abroad Commercial presence Presence of natural persons Cross-border supply : Cross-border supply Twenty years of talking International telephone traffic Billions of minutes Developing countries Traffic growth GDP growth Imbalance : Imbalance Growing imbalances creating pressure for reform of “Accounting rate” system Growing call-back exacerbates problem Net telephone traffic Minutes, 1994 Consumption abroad : Consumption abroad Home billing Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Global Mobile Personal Satellite Systems Cellular subscribers Western Europe, millions Presence of “natural” persons : Presence of “natural” persons Commercial presence : Commercial presence Liaison office “Watching” function Foreign Direct Investment Privatization Joint ventures International partnerships Foreign Direct Investment : Foreign Direct Investment “Only foreign investors can save Mongolia. We must do everything to attract them.” “Little countries like ours [Zaire] are in desperate need of help in developing infrastructure in things like telecoms, and we’re grateful for whatever can be done. But we mustn’t lose sight of what the world ‘help’ means. We’re not negotiating the carve-up of the world for the benefit of only half-a-dozen countries.” Privatization : Privatization Telefónica del Perú (35%) 1994: US$ 2 billion CANTV (6%) (Venezuela) 1991: US$ 300 million Telefónica de Argentina (21%) 1990: US$ 160 million CTC (44%) (Chile) 1990: US$ 400 million Joint ventures : Joint ventures TELECEL: AirTouch (USA) 23% AIRTEL: AirTouch (USA) 16% OMNITEL: AirTouch (USA) 12% BellAtlantic (USA) 12% Telia (Sweden) 10% BELGACOM MOBILE: AirTouch (USA) 25% Ameritech (USA) 13% TeleDanmark 12% Singapore Telecom 10% NORDICTEL: AirTouch (USA) 51% MANNESMAN: AirTouch (USA) 35% C&W (UK) 5% ONE 2 ONE: US West 50% Foreign investment in Western Europe Cellular Operators Ö CALL: Deutsche Telekom 25% SONOFON: BellSouth (USA) 29% Vodafone (UK) 25% E-PLUS: BellSouth (USA) 21% Vodafone (UK) 17% SFR: BellSouth (USA) 4% Vodafone (UK) 10% NETCOM: Singapore Telecom 17% STET HELLAS: STET (Italy) 75% PANAFON: Vodafone (UK) 45% France Telecom 35% EUROPOLITAN: Vodafone (UK) 19% LIBERTEL: Vodafone (UK) 35% ORANGE: Hutchison (HK) 65% ESAT: TelNor(way) 38% INTERNATIONALREGULATIONS : INTERNATIONALREGULATIONS ITU Equipment standards Numbering Traffic settlement principles Frequency conflicts Policy discussions GATT / WTO Equipment trade barriers General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) Annex on Telecoms Negotiating Group on telecoms General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) : General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) Most-Favored Nation Transparency Domestic regulation Monopolies and exclusive service supply Business practices Market access National treatment Annex on Telecommunications WTO timetable : WTO timetable 1986-1993: Uruguay Round 15 April 1994: Marrakech Treaty 1994 - 1996: Negotiating Group on Basic Telecommunications (NGBT) April 30 1996: “Standstill” on NGBT December 9-13, 1996: WTO Ministerial Conference, Singapore Jan 15 - Feb 15 1997: Reopening of Group on Basic Telecommunications Implementation of agreement on basic telecommunications on January 1 1998? APPLICATIONS: Global electronic commerce : APPLICATIONS: Global electronic commerce Telecommunications for other services Banking, travel, etc. Off shore software development Telecommunications as commerce Voice services Information services Telecommunications as trade facilitator Trade points EDI Communications for other services : Communications for other services Internal networks Banking, airline industry Customer interaction Call centres International freephone Delocalization Off-shore software development SWIFT Messages Millions Banks connected (right scale) Communications as commerce : Communications as commerce Audiotex Videotex On-line services Internet Interactive TV-based services Internet host computers World, 000s Communications as trade facilitator : Communications as trade facilitator Trade points EDI EDI users Estimated distribution

Add a comment

Related presentations

Related pages

Gehörschutz + Koffer - TELCOM electronics trade GmbH

Die TELCOM electronics trade GmbH in Hamburg bietet Produkte und Dienstleistungen aus den Bereichen der Kommunikations-, Navigations- und Sicherheitstechnik.
Read more

Telecom Trade, Telecom Trade Suppliers and Manufacturers ...

Telecom Trade, Wholesale Various High Quality Telecom Trade Products from Global Telecom Trade Suppliers and Telecom Trade Factory,Importer,Exporter at ...
Read more

WesTrade Telecom, mobile phone wholesale, distributor of ...

WesTrade Telecom, supplier, distributor and wholesaler of mobile phones, smartphones, tablets and accessories in the Netherlands.
Read more

Trade in Telecom Services - World Bank

Trade in Telecom Services Dr Tim Kelly Head, Strategy and Policy Unit International Telecommunication Union (ITU) World Bank Institute, “Trade in
Read more

Yeongseo Trade Telecom - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Yeongseo Trade Telecom Co, Ltd. (hangul:영서무역통신, Yeongseo Muyeok Tongsin) is a Korean telecommunication, electric, technology in engineering and ...
Read more

Telekom | Zuhause mit Top-Verbindung und unterwegs mobil

Bei den Tarifen für zuhause und unterwegs gibt es einen Online-Vorteil! Mobil surfen mit LTE und unbegrenzt telefonieren ins gesamte deutsche Netz.
Read more

International Trade Administration

Information and Telecom; Machinery; Metals; Service Industries; Textiles and Apparel; Travel and Tourism; Programs; ... The International Trade ...
Read more

WesTrade Telecom, Großhandel in Mobiltelefonen.

WesTrade Telecom, Großhandel, Import / Export von Mobiltelefonen. ... WesTrade Telecom ist ein Großhandel in Handys, Smartphones, Tablets und Zubehör.
Read more


USTelecom advocates on behalf of our members on critical broadband and telecom industry issues including universal service, intercarrier compensation ...
Read more

Tradecom - Telecom, Broadcasting & Satellite Solutions ...

Providing reliable Broadcasting, and telecommunication solutions. ... At TradeCom, we provide our customers with reliable Broadcasting solutions.
Read more