Published on March 6, 2014
TOUR-2012 KERALA BHRIGU C. KALIA – HAIDER ABBAS – IMRAN KHAN – MD. YASSER ARAFAT – SANA AFREEN – TAIYAB ILYAS
The Street -Fort Kochi Key Plan As observed, the buildings in Fort Kochi area seem to be built as residential area initially. Later, as Fort Kochi started turning into a popular tourist spot, the residences started turning into guest house, restaurants, shops, etc. We observe more of such culture towards the beach side of the city. Street Section
St. Francis Church St. Francis CSI Church, in Kochi , earlier called Cochin, originally built in 1503, is the oldest European church in India and has great historical significance as a mute witness to the European colonial struggle in the subcontinent. Plan : St. Francis Church
ELEVATION: ST. FRANCIS CHURCH • The east facing Church has an impressive frontage that reflects the typical Portuguese style of architecture. • The façade with an arched opening and the first tier has windows between the pilasters. • There is a belfry over the gabled front and stepped pinnacles on the sides • Belfry is a bell tower, either attached to a church or other building or standing apart. • Pinnacle is a relatively small, upright structure, commonly terminating in a gable, a pyramid, or a cone, rising above the roof or coping of a building, or capping a tower, buttress, or other projecting architectural member.
BUILT-UP BEAM - A single unit composed of multiple wood members having the same thickness but not necessarily the same depth, which provides greater load-carrying capability as well as greater resistance to deflection.
Gabel roof resting on wooden truss which is tied on the ends to the walls. Wooden purlins running over the rafters can be seen Large ventilators for air ventilation and sunlight on the north wall of the church Exposed iron beams or rods for hanging fans and lights Altar Nave Central aisle
PITCHED ROOF RESTING ON WOODEN TRUSS VOIDS CREATED IN THE STAIRCASE WALL BUTRESS WALL “The church was originally a wooden structure dedicated to St Bartholomew within the fort built in 1503, by the Dutch. Later, the Portuguese Viceroy Dom Francisco Almedia was permitted by the Cochin Raja to reconstruct the buildings in stone masonry.” – Klarsh, A Dutch tourist we met
Santa Cruz Basilica
Arches- Interior Exterior
The Santa Cruz Basilica, a church built originally by the Portuguese and elevated to a Cathedral by Pope Paul 1V in 1558, was spared by the Dutch conquerors, who destroyed many Catholic buildings. Later the British demolished the structure and Bishop Dom Gomez Vereira commissioned a new building in 1887. Consecrated in 1905, Santa Cruz was proclaimed a Basilica by Pope John Paul II in 1984.
CENTRE FOR DEVELOPMENT STUDIES (CDS) CDS is located in a residential area in the northern outskirts of Thiruvananthapuram. The CDS campus and buildings, designed by the renowned architect, Dr. Laurie Baker, exemplify the cost-effective techniques in construction. The 10-acre campus also houses the Library, Computer Centre, Auditoriums, Hostels, Guesthouse and Residential Units for staff members. The CDS hostels have 27 rooms in two units for women and 33 rooms for men in another two units. The rooms are well appointed and for single occupancy The campus is serviced by a cafeteria, which serves simple wholesome food on Indian cuisine. The campus also has recreation facilities.
CENTRE FOR DEVELOPMENT STUDIES Designer : Laurie Baker Location : Trivandrum, India Date : 1971 Building Type :School and Academic Construction System : Brick Climate : Subtropical Context : Campus Context Architectural Style: Neo-Vernacular Street Address :Prasanth Nagar, Ulloor
• The design is a response to the sloping contoured site and seems to grow out of it. There is hardly a straight line with each structure curling in waves, semicircles and arcs. • Baker pays careful attention to the contours on the site and also the location of trees. The forms of the buildings also follow the site with curved walls and building forms along the contour. Often, when trees are obstructing the building, Baker simply moulds his walls around the trees so as not to disturb it. • There are little courtyards in between buildings, often acting as an extension of the building itself and also pools of water which help in microclimatic control through evaporative cooling. The roofs had often interesting shapes with openings at certain location.
Ladies Hostel Baker, Exposed brick walls in beautiful patterns and bonds, exposed concrete sloping roofs with filler slabs of mangalore tiles forming beautiful patterns and jaalis in the brick walls of numerous designs creating amazing patterns of light and shade inside the buildings while at the same time letting in wind and light.
The plinths of the building are all of exposed random rubble granite, the white contrasting with the red of the brick. A spiral staircase is provided with a shaft at centre which runs through the building. This shaft is kept open from top and is punctured at all floors to provide ventilation.
The Chapel The Entrance
Laurie Baker’s Brick Patterns & Obtuse Angled Corner Details
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