Published on March 6, 2014
ID202: What You Shouldn’t Care About With Cloud, But Do Anyway Marshall Lamb, IBM © 2014 IBM Corporation
Please Note IBM’s statements regarding its plans, directions, and intent are subject to change or withdrawal without notice at IBM’s sole discretion. Information regarding potential future products is intended to outline our general product direction and it should not be relied on in making a purchasing decision. The information mentioned regarding potential future products is not a commitment, promise, or legal obligation to deliver any material, code or functionality. Information about potential future products may not be incorporated into any contract. The development, release, and timing of any future features or functionality described for our products remains at our sole discretion Performance is based on measurements and projections using standard IBM benchmarks in a controlled environment. The actual throughput or performance that any user will experience will vary depending upon many factors, including considerations such as the amount of multiprogramming in the user’s job stream, the I/O configuration, the storage configuration, and the workload processed. Therefore, no assurance can be given that an individual user will achieve results similar to those stated here. 2
Security & Privacy - concerns Where is the data? What’s being done with it? Who has access to it? – “On-premise” is not the panacea – Governments’ rights to data Separation from other customer data – Inter-company, and intra-company Industry regulation requirements – FISMA, HIPAA, etc
Archiving and e-discovery Industry regulation or internal security policies may require archiving of collaboration data – Email is a standard requirement – Could include instant messaging and file data as well Data retention policies differ by company Data archive unaffected by user action or status Used for legal/compliance reasons, not for data backup/restore IBM SmartCloud™ for Social Business provides archiving and e-discovery for IBM SmartCloud Notes – Policies set by organization
Customization and integration – building the perfect solution Most on-premise solutions are heavily customized Custom applications Themes, skins, pages Mobile apps Specific use cases and metaphors Enterprise data integration Metrics and analytics
Customization in the cloud – good enough? SaaS providers won’t run your custom applications, and won’t fully customize their solution to your needs Defined points of variability – Branding and color schemes – Feature enablement Extending cloud capabilities with partner apps and extension points On-premise apps to consume SaaS APIs – Adoption of OAuth and/or Open ID as an authentication standard SmartCloud for Social Business provides a rich set of extension points and APIs – Social Business Toolkit (social.ibmcloud.com/toolkit) – Consume SaaS as a service, not just a UI But is it good enough? black box
Hybrid cases – SmartCloud for Social Business On-premise Domino application and directory integration with SmartCloud for Social Business – Directory sync – Mail routing – Common ID Sametime Instant Messaging Communities Rich client and plugin access Desktop file access Portlet integration (WebSphere Portal) Mobile access – Sametime IM – Sametime Meetings
Enterprise maintenance and update schedule woes On premise, you are in control of software update schedules – Change freezes – Retraining and documentation updates Typically, the rule is, only update software if: – Existing level is going out of service – Something is broken that the new level fixes – Some other software or development effort requires the upgrade Update cycles are infrequent (every 2 to 3 years) and are costly, disruptive, and big! – Typically try to coordinate updates to multiple parts of the infrastructure Then there are the prolific security patches! Fosters “Change is bad!” mentality Constantly behind, at risk, and uncompetitive v6.1 v2.3a v5.1.2 v2.0.2 …
In cloud, what does “version” mean? Cloud in general, and SaaS in particular, is all about continuous evolution – IBM updates SmartCloud for Social Business every week! There is no such thing as “software versions” Customers get the benefit of fixes, security patches, and major updates with minimal to no disruption Most major vendors employ “progressive disclosure” to govern who sees new features and when – Customer “opt in” – Percentage exposure with temporary “opt out” – Policy-based feature enablement – IBM will too! But in general, customers don’t have a say in when change happens – it happens constantly – Frequent small changes are safer and have less impact that infrequent massive changes
On-premise network advantages Solutions can be co-located with its users for optimized delivery – Headquarter data centers – Branch office hubs and network entry points Often require VPN access for remote employees Try to minimize the “last mile” problem Firewall rules for authorized outbound Internet access Private network and bandwidth control
Cloud network challenges Data centers in major geographic regions, but not everywhere Leverages content delivery networks (CDNs) and network path optimization to bridge the last mile – Akamai® – IBM SoftLayer® CDN (Edgecast®) Constantly optimizing content for speedy delivery Resolved PoP Requires predictable IP address ranges and bandwidth allocations for Internet access C:>nslookup apps.na.collabserv.com Server: bol-dns-vip1.boulder.ibm.com Address: 126.96.36.199 CNAME for Non-authoritative answer: *edgekey.net Name: e425.b.akamaiedge.net Address: 188.8.131.52 Aliases: apps.na.collabserv.com engage.lotuslive.com.edgekey.net The “Last Mile” Resolves PoP based on location
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Acknowledgements and Disclaimers Availability. References in this presentation to IBM products, programs, or services do not imply that they will be available in all countries in which IBM operates. The workshops, sessions and materials have been prepared by IBM or the session speakers and reflect their own views. They are provided for informational purposes only, and are neither intended to, nor shall have the effect of being, legal or other guidance or advice to any participant. While efforts were made to verify the completeness and accuracy of the information contained in this presentation, it is provided AS-IS without warranty of any kind, express or implied. IBM shall not be responsible for any damages arising out of the use of, or otherwise related to, this presentation or any other materials. Nothing contained in this presentation is intended to, nor shall have the effect of, creating any warranties or representations from IBM or its suppliers or licensors, or altering the terms and conditions of the applicable license agreement governing the use of IBM software. All customer examples described are presented as illustrations of how those customers have used IBM products and the results they may have achieved. Actual environmental costs and performance characteristics may vary by customer. Nothing contained in these materials is intended to, nor shall have the effect of, stating or implying that any activities undertaken by you will result in any specific sales, revenue growth or other results. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2014. All rights reserved. U.S. Government Users Restricted Rights - Use, duplication or disclosure restricted by GSA ADP Schedule Contract with IBM Corp. IBM, the IBM logo, ibm.com, SoftLayer, IBM SmartCloud, IBM SmartCloud Notes and IBM SmartCloud for Social Business are trademarks or registered trademarks of International Business Machines Corporation in the United States, other countries, or both. If these and other IBM trademarked terms are marked on their first occurrence in this information with a trademark symbol (® or ™), these symbols indicate U.S. registered or common law trademarks owned by IBM at the time this information was published. Such trademarks may also be registered or common law trademarks in other countries. A current list of IBM trademarks is available on the Web at “Copyright and trademark information” at www.ibm.com/legal/copytrade.shtml Akamai is a registered trademark of Akamai Technologies. Other company, product, or service names may be trademarks or service marks of others. 30
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