Published on September 11, 2013
THE CITY OF FLOWERS 1
Timisoara is pleased to now more than ever, about one of his nickname - "City of Roses and parks." As an emerging and thriving economic center, Timisoara recognized early that a city needs a green oasis. It has already been forseen at that time that a city must not only score points by means of growing industry and trade, but also by its beauty. And what makes a city more beautiful and colorful than parks and ﬂower gardens. The ﬁrst park of the city was established in 1862, in the years after, more parks were established. The polulation liked the so called "Green Forest" (Padurea Verde) wich goes back to 1732. Since 1955 the park is used by many of the inhabitants a place of rest and relaxation (737 acres). Today, the "Central" Park (1870), the People's Park (1862) with the former Apollo Cinema, the Botanic Park, the Cathedral Park and of course the Rose Park (Parcul Rozelor), are among the most liked parks in Timisoara. The Rose Park is one of the landmarks of the city and is a popular resort with locals. The Austrian Emperor Franz Josef already praised the park on the occasion of a visit to Timisoara. In the park there is the largest open-air stage, a great venue for summer festivals and concerts. The preference of Timisoara's residents for roses and parks is not new. This love is gradually grown as the city developed into a modern city. In Timisoara constantly roses and many other kinds of ﬂowers were planted, parks and green ways were created, so that the city can proudly wear the nickname - City of Roses and parks. FOREWORD ii Dipl. Econ. Simion Giurca Romanian Tourist Office 1010 Vienna - Austria
THE PARKS 2
BRATIANU PARK This park was named after the former Prime Minister Ion. I.-C. Bratiano. This park is adjacent to the City Park, which is located next to the Hotel Continental. The landmark of the City Park is the so-called "Big Floral Clock". 4
CATHEDRAL PARK The Cathedral Park is located between the Orthodox Cathedral of the Holy Three Hierarchs and the Bega Channel. The park is bounded by the Bulevardul Regele Ferdinand, the Bega Channel and the Bulevardul 16 Decembrie 1989. 5
THE PEOPLE’S PARK Parcul Poporului (People's Park) on the right side of the Bega Channel in Fabric exists since 1862 and since has carried several names like Varosliget, Parcul Coronini, Parcul Oraşului, Parcul Regina Maria, Parcul Fabric and Parcul Tineretului. In the park is the former Apollo Cinema, which was originally built in 1909 by architect Josef Ecker Jr., and reconstructed in 1955 by architect Paul Schuster. 6
CENTRAL PARK The Central Park was established in 1870 on the site of the old city cemetery (1749-1771). A year later, the city citizens donated a monument for the founder of the park and named the park Parcul Scudier. During the socialist era, the park was called Parcul I.V. Stalin. In the middle of the park is the monument of the fallen Romanian soldiers in World War II. This monument was inaugurated in 1962. The park is located west of the Romanian Orthodox Cathedral. Since 3. August 2009 the Aleea Personalităţilor (Avenue of personalities) displays historical people of the Timisoaran history. 7
THE ROSE PARK 3
9 THE ROSE PARK The Parcul Rozelor is located on the 1st Dis- trict Chetatea. Wilhelm Mühle, the landscape architect and rose grower and Wenceslas F. Niemitz designed the park, which opened on 19th July 1891. In the same year, the Emperor Franz Joseph I payed the park a visit.
10The Rose Park of Timisoara
LONG HISTORY Over the years the park has been wearing many names: Parcul Trandaﬁrilor, Parcul şi de Cultura Odihnă, Parcul şi de Cultura Odihnă "Ştefan Plăvăţ" and Parcul de Cultura. In both world wars, the park was almost destroyed. In 1965 he was restored and is one of the landmarks of the city. 11
12The Rose Park of Timisoara
13The Rose Park of Timisoara
14The Rose Park of Timisoara
15The Rose Park of Timisoara
16The Rose Park of Timisoara
SUMMER THEATRE Surrounded by thousands of ﬂowers is a large open-air theater, which is used in the warm season for many cultural events. The summer theater is one of the most important cultural venues of the city. Here is also the annual feast of the hearts (Festivalul Inimilor) held. 17
18The Rose Park of Timisoara
19The Rose Park of Timisoara
20The Rose Park of Timisoara
21The Rose Park of Timisoara
22The Rose Park of Timisoara
SPECIFICATIONS The park is home to 9,000 rose bushes, 450 trees and shrubs, 11,000 m² of lawns, 77 benches and 12 pergolas. The park is watered by a computerized irrigation system. Because of the Rose Park, one of Timisoara's nicknames is "City of Roses" 23
THE VILLAGE MUSEUM 4
THE VILLAGE MUSEUM The Banat Village Museum is Romania's only ethnographic exhibition, which displays all elements of a village, such as town hall, church, school, community center and guest house. The area covers 17 acres. Shown are 52 houses and farms and an im- pressive collection of typical everyday objects such as furniture, clothes, fabrics, carpets, appliances, tools and manual work. The initiative for the establishment of the impressive and expansive mu- seum goes back to the art historian and church restorer Ioachim Miloia. In the courtyard of the Banat Museum he started in 1928 to build up the ﬁrst churches, farmhouses and wooden crosses. The museum was opened in 1971 at its current location, the "Hunting Forest". As part of the modernization of the Village Museum, the lighting and the walkways were started to be renewed in 2012. The open-air stage, on which always on Sundays in the summer folklore and dance events take place, will also be modernized. The Banat Village Museum is one of the places you "must" take a look during a visit to Timisoara. Reach the museum by bus 45 (from Bas- tion). 25
OVERVIEW 1 Customs House of Timisoara 2 Bata House 3 Capalnas House 4 Pottery from Birchis 5 Pottery from Jupanesti 6 Farmhouse of the Cavaran 7 Farmhouse of the Visag 8 Farmhouse of the Jebel 9 Hungarian House 10 Deportation House 11 Farmhouse of the Zolt CITY CENTRE 12 National Hall 13 City Hall 14 Church from Topla 15 Inn 16 School CRAFT AND TECHN. BUILDINGS 17 Oilpress 18 Oilpress from Luncani 19 Oilpress from Satu-Mic- Victor Vlad Delamarina 20 Cartwright from Bulci 21 Cashier and Folk art store 26
BATA HOUSE Region: Arad Year build: second half eighteenth century 27
CAPALNAS HOUSE Region: Mures Valley Year built: beginning nineteenth century 31
POTTERY FROM BIRCHIS Region: Mures Valley Year built: beginning nineteenth century 35
POTTERY FROM JUPANESTI Region: Faget Year built: about middle nineteenth century 39
FARMHOUSE OF THE CAVARAN Region: Caras-Severin area Year built: about end nineteenth century 40
JEBEL HOUSE Region: Deta Ciscova Year built: about end nineteenth century 42
SERBIEN FARMHOUSE Region: Banat Year built: about second half nineteenth century until beginning twentieth century 46
SLOVAKIAN FARMHOUSE Region: Nadlac (Arad) Year built: end nineteenth until beginnig twentieth century 51
GERMAN FARMHOUSE Region: Biled (Timis) Year built: nineteenth century 56
UKRAINIAN HOUSE Region: Repedea, Marmurea Year built: end nineteenth until beginnig twentieth century 60
CHURCH OF TOPLA Region: Faget Year built: middle eighteenth century 64
INN OF BARNA Region: Lugoj (Timis) Year built: nineteenth century 67
SCHOOL OF BARNA Region: Lugoj (Timis) Year built: second half nineteenth century 70
Select your hotel according to your individual requirements. For meetings and if a large room and personal service for you are valuable, the Lido is recommended. If you want everything under one roof, gym, swimming pool and an integrated casino, then you will be staying at the Continental. Central for visiting the Opera, if you want to go just across HOTEL & MEETING 5
the street, then Hotel Timisoara will be your ﬁrst choice. Of course, there are other hotels in Timisoara, for more hotels please consult your regional Romanian Tourism Ofﬁce. 74 Hotel Lido Hotel Continental HOTEL LIDO Boulevard Iosif Bulbuca Nr. 20 30073 Timișoara +40 256 407373 email@example.com www.hotel-lido.ro HOTEL & MEETING Hotel Timișoara
Hospitality is a priority in Timisoara. In this sum- mary, three hotels were described. The offer is of course much larger and bids all visitors a wide range of possibilities. 75
PARKS AND GREEN SPACES On the next page is an alphabetical listing of the major parks and Green Spaces found in Timisoara, the city of ﬂowers. For a direct link to parks, you can just follow the link on Google Maps. Google Maps - Parks of Timisorara 77
• Grădina Botanică (Botanical Garden) • Piața Eforie • Piața Crucii • Parcul Uzine (Power Station Park) • Parcul Rozelor (Rose Park) (prev. Parcul Trandafirilor, Parcul de Cultură și Odihnă, Parcul de Cultură și Odihnă „Ștefan Plăvăț”, and Parcul de Cultură) • Parcul Poporului (People’s Park) (previously Varosliget, Parcul Coronini, Parcul Orașului, Parcul Regina Maria, Parcul Fabric and Parcul Tineretului) • Parcul Mocioni • Parcul Justiției (Justice Park), (prev. Parcul Consiliului Popular) • Parcul Gheorghe Doja • Parcul Eminescu (prev. Ferenz Jozsef Park, Parcul Mihai Emi- nescu, Parcul Pionerilor, Parcul Copiilor, and Orașul Copiilor) • Parcul Dr. I. C. Brătianu • Parcul Doina • Parcul de la Cinematograful „Capitol” • Parcul Civic (City Park) • Parcul Central (Central Park) • Parcul Catedralei (Cathedral Park) • Parcul Alpinet (previously Parcul Demetrovici) • Pădurea Verde (Hunting Fores) 78
TOURIST OFFICES The list of Romanian tourism ofﬁces worldwide. If you are planning a trip to Romania, please trust to these agents. You will receive valuable tips for your trip and one or the other inside information. 79
AUSTRIA Romanian Tourist Office Opera Ring 1, R Staircase, Floor 4, Door 404 1010 Vienna Tel: +43 (1) 317-31-57 Fax: +43 (1) 317-31-574 E-mail: Rumaenien@aon.at www.rumaenien-info.at FRANCE Office de Tourisme de Roumanie 7, Rue Gaillon 75002 Paris Tel: +33 (1) 40-20-99-33 Fax: +33 (1) 40-20 99-43 E-mail: info@GuideRoumanie.com www.GuideRoumanie.com GERMANY Romanian Tourist Office Reinhardtstraße 47 10117 Berlin Tel: +49 (30) 400-55-904 Fax: +49 (30) 400-55-906 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org www.rumaenien-tourismus.de GREAT BRITAIN Romanian Tourist Office 12 Harley Street London W1G 9PG Tel: +44 (207) 224-36-92 E-mail: email@example.com www.RomaniaTourism.com ITALY Turismo della Romania Via Torino 95, Galleria Esedra 00184 Rome Tel: +39 (6) 488-02-67 Fax: +39 (6) 4898-62-81 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org www.Romania.it POLAND Ośrodek informacji Turystycznej Rumunii Krakowskie Przedmieście 47/51 00-071 Warszawa Tel / fax: +48 (22) 826-40-10 E-mail: email@example.com RUSSIA Romanian Tourist Office Masfilmovskaya Street 35, Office 313 119330, Moscow Tel: +7 (499) 143-87-65 Fax: +7 (499) 143-86-72 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org www.RomaniaTravel.ru SPAIN Romanian Tourist Office Calle Alcántara 49-51 28006 Madrid Tel: +34 (91) 401-42-68 Fax: +34 (91) 402-71-83 E-mail: oficina@RumaniaTour.com email@example.com www.RumaniaTour.com USA Romanian Tourist Office 355 Lexington Avenue, 8th Floor New York NY 10017 Tel / Fax: +1 (212) 545-8484 E-mail: Info@RomaniaTourism.com www.RomaniaTourism.com 80
FINALLY This book was written with the support of the Romanian tourism ofﬁces in Vienna and the local onsite assistance in Timisoara. 81
AT THE END When we visited Timisoara (Volume 1) the ﬁrst time, it was clear: we need to come back. The rose blooms and the many parks have led to Timisoara's nickname "City of Roses". Of particular note is the impressive village museum, which is located in the grounds of the hunting forest. During this visit, it is hard to emphasize what we liked most: the stunning view of the square in front of the Opera House from our balcony at the Hotel Timisoara, the fragrant rose garden, the green and tranquil parks in the city, the spacious and originally decorated Village Museum, or the recovery factor at the Hotel Lido, by which we were able to complete the journey. To all the friends and companies that contributed to the production of this book: thank you very much. SOURCES Maps and satellite images: Google Maps and Google Earth, dates and historical data from Timisoara Wikipedia. TEXTS German and english edition: Rudolf J. Strutz romanian edition: Vlad E. Anitei and Dr. Simion Giurca COPYRIGHT Photos and information may not be used without prior written permission of the author. IMPRINT Rudolf J. Strutz 1100 Vienna firstname.lastname@example.org jr-design.net 82 Rudolf J. Strutz Author and Photographer
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