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Timelines & Source Types

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Information about Timelines & Source Types
Education

Published on February 27, 2014

Author: daviddunlop1

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Introduces students to the use and interpretation of timelines. Then defines primary and secondary sources and tasks students through a source identification task.
Cloze sheets have been included for lower ability students and could be printed out as individual slides
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Historical Skills Toolbox Timelines and Primary & Secondary Sources

Activity: Examine the timelines of the civilisations of Egypt (Timeline 1), Greece (Timeline 2) and Rome (Timeline 3) and answer the following questions. 1 Over what timespan did the Egyptian Old Kingdom exist? The Egyptian Old Kingdom existed between __________ and ___________ 2 During which years were the Greeks at war with the Persians? The Greeks were at war with the Persians between _______ and _______ 3 When did the Roman Empire begin? The Roman Empire began in _______ 4 How long did the Roman Empire last? The Roman Empire lasted for _______ years 5 Which of the three civilisations lasted for the longest period of time? The longest civilisation was the _____________. It lasted ______ years. Timeline CHAPTER EVENTS 5000 BCE The first settlers arrive in Egypt c. 5500 The pre-dynastic period: c. 5500–3000 3000 BCE WORLD EVENTS c. 4000 BCE In Iraq, large cities built in Sumer c. 3000 BCE In Iraq, Sumerians introduce writing BCE BCE The unification of Egypt under c. 3600–3100 BCE King Narmer Early Dynastic Period c. 3100–2686 BCE The Pyramid of Djoser is built c. 2700 BCE The Old Kingdom c. 2649–2150 c. 3000–1450 flourishes BCE In Crete, the Minoan civilisation BCE The Great Pyramid of Giza is built c 2560 BCE 2000 c. 2500 BCE In India, the Indus River Valley civilisation develops BCE The Middle Kingdom c. 2040–1640 BCE King Mentuhotep unites Egypt after c. 2020 BCE a period of civil war King Amenemhet III leads Egypt to c. 1850 BCE great prosperity 1900 BCE In Turkey, the Hittite people develop iron production The New Kingdom c. 1550–1070 BCE The workers’ village of Deir el-Medina 1500 BCE is built The reign of Rameses II c. 1303–1213 BCE ‘the Great’ BCE In Peru, the first villages are built 1766 The rule of the Hyksos 1730–1530 BCE 1800 BCE In China, the Shang dynasty begins 1750–1200 BCE In Turkey, the Hittite Empire is at the height of its power 1500 BCE In South America, the Mayan civilisation begins c.1200 BCE In China, bronze casting is developed 1000 BCE In Greece, the production of iron becomes common 1000 BCE Assyrian armies and Persian armies 747–332 BCE conquer Egypt The Macedonian general Alexander the Great 332 BCE conquers Egypt Egypt is ruled by Greek kings called 323–30 BCE the Ptolemies 753 BCE c. 27 Rome is founded BCE Augustus becomes the first emperor of Rome The last of the Ptolemaic pharaohs, 30 BCE Cleopatra VII, dies and Rome takes over Egypt 1 CE c. 1 CE The traditional date of the birth of Christ

Timeline CHAPTER EVENTS 3000 BCE Minoan civilisation in Crete c. 3000–1600 BCE Greek speaking tribes enter Greece c. 3000–1450 BCE WORLD EVENTS c. 3100–2686 BCE Early Egyptian dynastic period BCE Indus River Valley civilisation develops c. 1600 BCE Shang dynasty begins in China c. 1600 2000 c. 2500 BCE Thera destroyed by BCE Mycenaean civilisation c. 2000–1100 BCE volcano c. 1674–1550 BCE Hyksos rule Egypt 1550–1085 Phoenician civilisation c. 1500–300 BCE New Kingdom in Egypt BCE Athens established c. 1400 BCE c. 1391–1358 Trojan War c. early 1100s BCE c. 1368–1349 BCE Reign of Tutankhamun Dorians overrun Mycenaeans c. 1100 BCE c. 1070–712 Period of Dark Age c. 1100–900 BCE 1000 BCE Amarna period BCE Third in Egypt Egyptian intermediate period BCE Last Athenian king dies c. 900 BCE Greek poleis and colonisation c. 750 BCE Iliad and Odyssey written c. 700s BCE c. 753 BCE Rome is founded Early Athenian democracy c 750–594 BCE Peisistratid tyranny in Athens c. 546–527 BCE Kleisthenes’ reforms c. 508–507 BCE 500 c. 509 BCE Romans overthrow the Etruscan ruling family and establish a republic BCE Ionian revolt c. 499–492 BCE Greco-Persian Wars c. 490–479 BCE Pericles’ democratic reforms c. 460s BCE Peloponnesian War c. 431–404 400 BCE BCE Battle of Leuctra c. 371 BCE Assassination of Phillip II of Macedon c. 336 Alexander’s reign c. 336–323 340 The Latin War begins BCE BCE 300 BCE BCE 44 BCE Assassination c. 27 of Julius Caesar BCE Principate – Roman Empire begins 1 CE c. 1 CE The traditional date of the birth of Christ

Primary and Secondary Sources Analysing primary and secondary sources Sources are items that contain information for historians. Sources come in a number of forms, such as written texts, artefacts (pots, weapons, jewellery, etc.), art and even buildings. Primary sources Primary sources are those created at the time of the event. You may like to think of primary sources as ‘first-hand accounts’. There are many different types of primary sources, such as royal inscriptions, memoirs, letters, photographs, books and articles, speeches, artefacts, buildings, government documents, diaries, and many more. Secondary sources Secondary sources are those created after the time of the event. You may like to think of the secondary sources as ‘second-hand accounts’. Secondary sources often make reference to primary sources, and much like primary sources there are different types of secondary sources, e.g. textbooks, magazines and documentaries. Please complete the following worksheet to practice identifying sources.

Analysing Primary and Secondary Sources Sources are items that contain _________________ for historians. Sources come in a number of forms, such as written _____, ___________ (pots, weapons, jewellery, etc.), art and even _____________. Primary sources Primary sources are those created ________________________. You may like to think of primary sources as ‘___________-________ accounts’. There are many different types of primary sources, List 3 from the slide: , , Secondary sources Secondary sources are those created _________ the time of the event. You may like to think of the secondary sources as ‘‘___________-________ accounts’. Secondary sources often make reference to primary sources, and much like primary sources there are different types of secondary sources, e.g. __________, ____________ and __________________.

Identifying Primary and Secondary Sources Determine if the sources below would be a Primary Source or a secondary source: 1) A biography about Abraham Lincoln. Primary Secondary 2) The declaration of independence. Primary Secondary 3) A TV show explaining what happened in Vietnam. Primary Secondary 4) A website describing what the first World's Fair was like. Primary Secondary 5) A Vietnam veteran talking about the war in Vietnam. Primary Secondary 6) A letter from a soldier describing World War 2. Primary Secondary 7) An actor describing a movie role about World War 2. Primary Secondary 8) A history book describing the Bourke and Wills exploration. Primary Secondary 9) A friend describing the snowstorm he was in last year. Primary Secondary 10) A journal written by a scribe in ancient China. Primary Secondary 11) A 1992 journal article written about how Indians lived. Primary Secondary 12) A classmate giving a report about World War 2. Primary Secondary 13) A 1941 newspaper article describing the attack on Pearl Harbor. Primary Secondary 14) A diary from a soldier in Gallipoli Primary Secondary 15) An autobiography* about John Howard. Primary Secondary *An autobiography is a biography (life story) written by the person it is about.

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