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tiger presentation

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Published on November 22, 2007

Author: Marian

Source: authorstream.com

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Siberian Tiger Management:  Siberian Tiger Management http://www.gotpetsonline.com/pictures-gallery/exotic-pictures-breeders-babies/siberian-tiger Quiz:  Quiz What makes the Siberian tiger unique? What constitutes their prey? Where can you find Siberian tigers? On average, what is the female’s litter size? What is the average life span of a Siberian tiger? General Biology:  General Biology Siberian Tiger (Panthera tigris altaica) Distinguishing characteristics: pale orange, brown stripes, and a thick white ruff Males: 300 kilograms (660 pounds), Females: 100 to 167 kilograms (200 to 370 pounds) Distribution: http://dspace.dial.pipex.com/agarman/bco/tiger.htm General Biology con’t:  General Biology con’t Habitat: boreal forests Life span: 25 years in their natural habitat Food: favorite foods include elk, deer, wild boar, lynx and bear Reproduction: mating season is usually from December to January… gestation period is three to three and a half months Litter size: three to four cubs on average http://news.bbc.co.uk/media/images/37941000/jpg/_37941242_tigercubs300.jpg Quiz:  Quiz Name 4 main threats to Siberian tigers? What factors may cause social and ethical issues regarding Siberian tiger management? Threats:  Threats Forest fragmentation and poaching have affected tiger numbers; however, illegal logging has created the greatest threat http://www.amur.org.uk/tigers.shtml http://www2.forestsmonitor.org/capacityBuildingInRussia.htm Slide7:  Threats con’t The effects of global climate change causing temperature increases = Forest fires Insect outbreaks http://www.forest.ru/eng/publications/trn-forestfires/forestfire.pdf http://www.fao.org/bestpractices/content/05/05_01_en.htm Slide8:  Forest Fragmentation Decrease in vegetation will lead to a decrease in prey abundance Estimated that a resident female needs 450 km² to successfully rear her young http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2005/06/0616_050616_siberiantiger.html Slide9:  Poaching 75-85% is human- caused mortality Fur, and body parts in Traditional Chinese Medicine Competition for hunters Rarity increases value http://www.wildtigerfund.com/pics/skinned.jpg http://savingtigers.com/st-home/st-inthewild/traditionalchinesemedicine Slide10:  Poaching con’t Threat to livestock and domestic dogs Dangerous for guards (India’s National Parks) Punishments are not severe = villagers will poach http://www.amu.org.uk/tigers.shtml Slide11:  Logging Illegal logging rates have reached 50% in the Russian Far East Russia loses ~ 1 billion US dollars per year… restricting money for management Bad practices = Siberian tigers at high risk http://www.siberian-tigers.com/siberian-tigers-pictures.htm http://www2.forestsmonitor.org/capacityBuildingInRussia/.htm Slide12:  Societal Issues Why not tourism? = more revenue than poaching Compensation for the loss of livestock Everyday ~270,000 trees flushed down the drain or end up as garbage all over the world (¼ = Europe) http://www.panda.org/about_wwf/what_we_do/forests/what_you_can_do/consumers/tissue_issues/eu_facts/index.cfm http://www.naturescapes.net/072005/ap0705.htm Slide13:  Ethical Issues Usually baited using poisoned meat = a slow and agonizing death taking several days sometimes Waste Illegal http://www.naturescapes.net/072005/ap0705.htm Slide14:  Additional Issues Roads providing access to remote areas increase poaching Use of live-wire traps by villagers for deer and wild pig http://www.naturescapes.net/072005/ap0705.htm Our Purpose for Protection:  Our Purpose for Protection http://www.amur.org.uk/tigers.shtml Extinction Domino effect Studies for better management Potential revenue Our Purpose for Protection con’t:  Our Purpose for Protection con’t Societal values Spirituality Rights http://www.siberian-tigers.com/siberian-tigers-pictures.htm http://www.siberian-tigers.com/siberian-tigers-pictures.htm ‘Protectors’ Have Issues with Protection:  ‘Protectors’ Have Issues with Protection Zoos Circus Misconceptions about behavior http://www.flickr.com/photos/tiger_empress/46008722/ http://www.flickr.com/photos/tiger_empress/46008722/ Some Conclusions:  Some Conclusions Need to manage people first Selling wildlife makes it harder to protect Loss of a habitat = loss of a species http://www.siberian-tigers.com/siberian-tigers-pictures.htm Quiz:  Quiz Who do you think is in charge of the management of Siberian tigers? What is being done to prevent poaching? What type of research is being done to help the tigers? What type of new technology is being done to help the tigers? Management :  Management International efforts Hunting/Poaching Landscape Research Climate Management involving captive tigers New protected area for the tigers New technologies Hunting:  Hunting Collapse of the Soviet Union Management of the Siberian tiger now in the hands of the hunters in the area Tiger seen as a threat and a competitor Now several groups involved in educating hunters about tigers WCS Zov Taigi   Zov Taigi:  Zov Taigi Center for the protection of wild nature Conduct a hunter outreach and education in Russian far east Address the general public about the Siberian tiger Report and publish material on Amur tiger conservation issues Tiger Dynasty Poaching:  Poaching Stricter penalties Reduced flow of contraband to adjacent countries Increase number of people and groups patrolling for poachers Landscape:  Landscape Many wildlife associations becoming involved Stricter penalties for small illegal cutting Reduce public and logging roads Research:  Research A lot is being done to learn more about the tiger Several groups involved Wild and captive research Discover more about tiger “habitat” This is to help the many groups involved manage the tiger populations ©WCS WCS:  WCS The WCS Russia program is working to save the integrity and functionality of the forests of Northeast Asia and the wildlife that depends upon it Siberian Tiger Project Radio collars Habitat mapping Managing hunting leases for effective wildlife/tiger conservation Training a response team for tiger-people conflicts to help resolve human-tiger conflicts in the Russian Far East Climate:  Climate Carbon dioxide emissions Russia signed the Kyoto protocol, 2004 Reduce green house gasses to 5.2% below the 1990 levels by 2012 http://english.pravda.ru/img/2005/04/arctic.jpg Slide28:  Global Conservation Strategy (GCS) Management of tigers at international level, for the recovery and maintenance of captive and wild populations Two main focuses Genetic and demographic reservoir Transfer captive management information and technology to wild populations New Protected Areas for Tigers:  New Protected Areas for Tigers Several protected areas for tigers already exist, most too small for the tigers 2001 plan Chinese government creates a new protected area along its border with Russia To prevent extirpation Creates a corridor Slide30:  New Technology Artificial insemination 9 year old female tiger from the Lisbon Zoo was artificially inseminated Sperm for a 8 year old male Siberian tiger from the same zoo 103 day after insemination, the female gave birth to three apparently healthy cubs Slide31:  5 ounce elastic collars Scientist fit three wild Siberian cubs with tiny radio collars Provides insight to challenges the cubs will face Management Ideas:  Management Ideas The National Parks need more, better-equipped guards More organizations raising money (better funding) for radiocollars http://www.amur.org.uk/tigers.shtml Management Ideas con’t:  Management Ideas con’t Educate the people using the tiger products Fur trade Medications Continue research Wild and captive Additional funds More staff http://www.panda.org/news.com Management Ideas con’t:  Management Ideas con’t Active Russian Government Taking initiative Increase illegal logging penalties Increase poaching penalties Provide more protected land for tigers THE END:  THE END

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