advertisement

Thurs1415.BuildFriendly.Bradshaw

50 %
50 %
advertisement
Information about Thurs1415.BuildFriendly.Bradshaw

Published on August 2, 2008

Author: TCC08

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Building Pedestrian Friendly Cities
Moderator: Chris Bradshaw, Founder, Ottawalk, Ottawa, Canada
advertisement

Road Closed Ahead Why Only Second-Generation Carsharing Can Move The Car-Free Cities Agenda

1. Getting to the Car-free city: We need to know what is the 'hea rt' of car-dependency? Then we need to translate that insi ght into determining intermediate step in road to car-free city.

We need to know what is the 'hea rt' of car-dependency?

Then we need to translate that insi ght into determining intermediate step in road to car-free city.

Car-Access: An Historical Mistake Providing one’s own car made cars consumer good, not public-area utility Cars are too big to be portable; must carry selves around (piloted by owner) Cars matched to owner, not trip 2 nd highest capital cost (after house); many can’t afford any or a reliable/safe car Too large % of population drive; little scrutiny (thanks to too little choice)

Providing one’s own car made cars consumer good, not public-area utility

Cars are too big to be portable; must carry selves around (piloted by owner)

Cars matched to owner, not trip

2 nd highest capital cost (after house); many can’t afford any or a reliable/safe car

Too large % of population drive; little scrutiny (thanks to too little choice)

Today’s Carsharing: A Good Place to Start car-access by the hour; scattered at pods; self-serve access via on-line reservations; walk to car, let self in with member's 'key' pay monthly, like utilities; rates include gas & insurance;

Today’s Carsharing: A Good Place to Start

car-access by the hour; scattered at pods;

self-serve access via on-line reservations;

walk to car, let self in with member's 'key'

pay monthly, like utilities;

rates include gas & insurance;

4. Carsharing’s Hitches offered only in older neighbourhoods; smaller cars only (no vans, cargo bikes) Image: ony for 'crunchy granola' types Self-serve relies on member's cooperation

offered only in older neighbourhoods;

smaller cars only (no vans, cargo bikes)

Image: ony for 'crunchy granola' types

Self-serve relies on member's cooperation

5. Carsharing’s Strengths: Sharing ratios of 20:1 (Canada) & 35:1 (U.S.) Many people don’t buy the 'car-ownership thing' (costs, hassles, parking) There is a growing bloc of people who don’t feel need to love a particular car Carsharing is a “meme” that naturally spreads Self-service works quite well (trust a self-fulfilling prophesy)

Sharing ratios of 20:1 (Canada) & 35:1 (U.S.)

Many people don’t buy the 'car-ownership thing' (costs, hassles, parking)

There is a growing bloc of people who don’t feel need to love a particular car

Carsharing is a “meme” that naturally spreads

Self-service works quite well (trust a self-fulfilling prophesy)

6. Carsharing’s challenges: 75 years of bad land-use policy (car-dependency vs. propinquity) means one-station model won't work in 'burbs Image means most don't identify with it Car has lost shared-resource role; people now see car as private consumer good; Government assumes most members would live car-free anyway if carsharing wasn't available (Nelson-Nygaard 2005)

75 years of bad land-use policy (car-dependency vs. propinquity) means one-station model won't work in 'burbs

Image means most don't identify with it

Car has lost shared-resource role; people now see car as private consumer good;

Government assumes most members would live car-free anyway if carsharing wasn't available (Nelson-Nygaard 2005)

7. ‘OPOCO’ vs ‘MASC’ OPOCO (One-Person, One-car Orientation): Each person has to provide own vehicle to use the roads as intended. Some people can’t afford. MASC (Metered Access to Shared Cars): Includes: car-sharing, taxis and rider services, car-rental, ride-sharing, courier & delivery services, neighbours sharing a car informally. All costs are variable.

OPOCO (One-Person, One-car Orientation): Each person has to provide own vehicle to use the roads as intended. Some people can’t afford.

MASC (Metered Access to Shared Cars): Includes: car-sharing, taxis and rider services, car-rental, ride-sharing, courier & delivery services, neighbours sharing a car informally. All costs are variable.

8. OPOCO’s characteristics Hold’s a virtual monopoly; no alternatives until carsharing arrived ‘ Feast-or-famine’: helf of population do not have reliable car and are dependent on those who do, or on charity/subsidies; half have more ‘car’ than they need the car population is very high, leading to congestion, sprawl, (25% of land area for roads, 35% for parking) High-fixed costs & exclusive relationship creates “drive-to-drive” and requires car to be ‘taken’ everywhere Driving standards, police scrutiny, car-maintenance all too low

Hold’s a virtual monopoly; no alternatives until carsharing arrived

‘ Feast-or-famine’: helf of population do not have reliable car and are dependent on those who do, or on charity/subsidies; half have more ‘car’ than they need

the car population is very high, leading to congestion, sprawl, (25% of land area for roads, 35% for parking)

High-fixed costs & exclusive relationship creates “drive-to-drive” and requires car to be ‘taken’ everywhere

Driving standards, police scrutiny, car-maintenance all too low

9. The Power of the MASC: Provides alternative to owning a car Replaces “drive to drive” with “drive to walk,” thanks to high variable costs, freedom to leave homes wihout 'it,' and freedom of choice ea. trip Car & parking-space populations can start at 10% of current one, and will decline over time, humanizing streets and freeing up land (from parking, street buffering) Citizens re-integrate their lives 'locationally'

Provides alternative to owning a car

Replaces “drive to drive” with “drive to walk,” thanks to high variable costs, freedom to leave homes wihout 'it,' and freedom of choice ea. trip

Car & parking-space populations can start at 10% of current one, and will decline over time, humanizing streets and freeing up land (from parking, street buffering)

Citizens re-integrate their lives 'locationally'

10. 2nd Generation Carsharing via GMS/GPS/cell-phone-as-terminal Will break access into smaller units: seat-minute No need to return car to 'its' station to stop meter This will allow 'hybrids,' MASC integration: Ridesharing-carsharing at peak hours 'Valet' carsharing (U-drive taxis) Bundling transit with all MASC in smaller communities Transit-carsharing link relief for transit

Will break access into smaller units: seat-minute

No need to return car to 'its' station to stop meter

This will allow 'hybrids,' MASC integration:

Ridesharing-carsharing at peak hours

'Valet' carsharing (U-drive taxis)

Bundling transit with all MASC in smaller communities

Transit-carsharing link relief for transit

11. Why Would Consumer Buy into This? Imagine . . . . Not having to ever buy, sell, maintain, insure, or find a parking spot for a car (& having to predict requirements for 5-yr period) Using your cell phone to summon a list of transportation options for a trip to a destinations you point to on the screen Sending your six-year-old out for missing dinner ingredient (thanks to return of corner stores) Having access to a range of vehicles, rather than ‘doing’ with 'my car'.

Not having to ever buy, sell, maintain, insure, or find a parking spot for a car (& having to predict requirements for 5-yr period)

Using your cell phone to summon a list of transportation options for a trip to a destinations you point to on the screen

Sending your six-year-old out for missing dinner ingredient (thanks to return of corner stores)

Having access to a range of vehicles, rather than ‘doing’ with 'my car'.

12. Positive Impacts: MASC nips sprawl in the bud: people work to avoid car-use; together they plan for higher densities and mixed use to provide common “location efficiency” Car population can be limited by city to match road/parking capacity (much of this will be converted to green spaces and infilling); MASC ensures all are affected equally (and 'market' spreads pain thru fees) 3rd-party fleet owners provide scrutiny to road behaviour Transportation hierarchy will be inverted: Walking will be at top: has smallest footprint; accessible to most pop.; reversal of health decline (trauma, obesity, stress).

MASC nips sprawl in the bud: people work to avoid car-use; together they plan for higher densities and mixed use to provide common “location efficiency”

Car population can be limited by city to match road/parking capacity (much of this will be converted to green spaces and infilling); MASC ensures all are affected equally (and 'market' spreads pain thru fees)

3rd-party fleet owners provide scrutiny to road behaviour

Transportation hierarchy will be inverted: Walking will be at top: has smallest footprint; accessible to most pop.; reversal of health decline (trauma, obesity, stress).

13. Positive Impacts (cont ' d.) Taxpayers will save so much and common areas and shared vehicles will be supported with increases in taxes Children spend less time indoors, passively tethered to back seats Parking will be shared, rather than part of every housing unit More “eyes on the street”; kids can play on street, in front yard corner stores re-emerge; add new services (IT gives small stores advantages of big-boxes)

Taxpayers will save so much and common areas and shared vehicles will be supported with increases in taxes

Children spend less time indoors, passively tethered to back seats

Parking will be shared, rather than part of every housing unit

More “eyes on the street”; kids can play on street, in front yard

corner stores re-emerge; add new services (IT gives small stores advantages of big-boxes)

15. Neighbourhood as “Itty-Bity City”: Planning focuses on complementarity of uses, vs. compatibility Neighbourhood commerce centre is revived or started to provide walkable destinations Community association rejuvenated by residents’ ‘location-efficiency’ focus; push for ‘ complete community ’ will draw development the reduces travel today’s large, dangerous cars banned in favour of soft-shelled, electric neighbourhood utility vehicles (NUVs, ‘tote-trucks,’ or ‘bringhies’ owned by neigh. company) Linking paths will connect “spaghetti” suburban roads

Planning focuses on complementarity of uses, vs. compatibility

Neighbourhood commerce centre is revived or started to provide walkable destinations

Community association rejuvenated by residents’ ‘location-efficiency’ focus; push for ‘ complete community ’ will draw development the reduces travel

today’s large, dangerous cars banned in favour of soft-shelled, electric neighbourhood utility vehicles (NUVs, ‘tote-trucks,’ or ‘bringhies’ owned by neigh. company)

Linking paths will connect “spaghetti” suburban roads

16. Cities/Towns Get Back Their ‘Hearths’: Transit will shift focus back to shorter all-day travel demand (Probably no need for subsidies; ‘rapid transit’ replaced by trams on main streets) Downtown will be revived as cultural, economic, unique-outlets centre Employment, shopping, services, and high-density housing in suburbs will cluster in “activity centres” on transit lines City government will delegate many functions to neighbourhoods

Transit will shift focus back to shorter all-day travel demand (Probably no need for subsidies; ‘rapid transit’ replaced by trams on main streets)

Downtown will be revived as cultural, economic, unique-outlets centre

Employment, shopping, services, and high-density housing in suburbs will cluster in “activity centres” on transit lines

City government will delegate many functions to neighbourhoods

17. MASC Will Carry Its Weight: MASC (using soft-shelled, stretched, 8-door Scion xBs) will become city car take over longer commutes (done by the location-inefficient) and the ‘odd’ cargo, family trips. Highway vehicles (those for inter-city travel) will almost disappear, replaced by common carriers, since MASC available at destination. Much traffic control and collection of transp. ‘green taxes’ will be borne by MASC fleet owners NUVs/Tote-trucks take over small # of neigh. Trips that require motive power

MASC (using soft-shelled, stretched, 8-door Scion xBs) will become city car take over longer commutes (done by the location-inefficient) and the ‘odd’ cargo, family trips.

Highway vehicles (those for inter-city travel) will almost disappear, replaced by common carriers, since MASC available at destination.

Much traffic control and collection of transp. ‘green taxes’ will be borne by MASC fleet owners

NUVs/Tote-trucks take over small # of neigh. Trips that require motive power

18. Global Outcomes Climate change beaten thanks to MASC’s role increasing efficiency; eliminating ‘drive to drive’ and 'mental sprawl' Developing world will have a new model of car-access to adopt (MASC) to avoid gutting their more dense cities; helping poor catch up faster Car-insurance will shift from responsibility of car-owner to that of driver, mediated by 3rd party Car industry will greatly reduce manufacturing and design for consumers replaced by fleet values (reliability; easy repairs/maintenance; efficiency; plainer design; few luxury amenities)

Climate change beaten thanks to MASC’s role increasing efficiency; eliminating ‘drive to drive’ and 'mental sprawl'

Developing world will have a new model of car-access to adopt (MASC) to avoid gutting their more dense cities; helping poor catch up faster

Car-insurance will shift from responsibility of car-owner to that of driver, mediated by 3rd party

Car industry will greatly reduce manufacturing and design for consumers replaced by fleet values (reliability; easy repairs/maintenance; efficiency; plainer design; few luxury amenities)

19. Conclusions: The city, where close o 80% of pop. Lives, will return to its raison d’être: maximizing commerce, minimizing commotion, or “E=(MC)2" Return of walking will allow city fabric to regrow (Jacobs’ “eyes on the street” and Bradshaw’s “feet follow fabric” City will also become PED-CIV-friendly. I see neighbourhood centres linked by very low-energy ‘Gravi-trams,’ rail cars moving between neighbourhood centres via deep tunnels ‘ Freedom’ in transportation will mean having all modes on the table for each trip; freedom from guilt of risking others’ safety, not being frugal, not sharing with others; freedom from sprawl, congestion, large parking lots.

The city, where close o 80% of pop. Lives, will return to its raison d’être: maximizing commerce, minimizing commotion, or “E=(MC)2"

Return of walking will allow city fabric to regrow (Jacobs’ “eyes on the street” and Bradshaw’s “feet follow fabric”

City will also become PED-CIV-friendly.

I see neighbourhood centres linked by very low-energy ‘Gravi-trams,’ rail cars moving between neighbourhood centres via deep tunnels

‘ Freedom’ in transportation will mean having all modes on the table for each trip; freedom from guilt of risking others’ safety, not being frugal, not sharing with others; freedom from sprawl, congestion, large parking lots.

20. Current Momentum: Environmental ‘chill’ is growing (pollution, climate change, energy security) Disenchantment with car growing (with road competition, ownership responsibilities, high costs, lack of freedom) “ Age of access” compelling to younger generation Carsharing has popped OPOCO ‘bubble; 2nd generation MASC will break car-access into yet smaller units (the km/minute seat); driver-accountability at ebb. The car/oil/war/easy-credit/sprawl industries have been linked, discredited. MASC will sweep ‘drive to drive’ into oblivion, replacing it with ‘propinquity equity.’

Environmental ‘chill’ is growing (pollution, climate change, energy security)

Disenchantment with car growing (with road competition, ownership responsibilities, high costs, lack of freedom)

“ Age of access” compelling to younger generation

Carsharing has popped OPOCO ‘bubble; 2nd generation MASC will break car-access into yet smaller units (the km/minute seat); driver-accountability at ebb.

The car/oil/war/easy-credit/sprawl industries have been linked, discredited.

MASC will sweep ‘drive to drive’ into oblivion, replacing it with ‘propinquity equity.’

Add a comment