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Three Rules for Using A, AN and THE

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Information about Three Rules for Using A, AN and THE
Education

Published on December 2, 2013

Author: JaimeCabrera3

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Three Rules for Using A, AN and THE
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Three Rules When to use a, an or the Image courtesy of (www.bridgesconsultancy.com)

BEFORE YOU BEGIN 1. The word the is used before a noun with a specific meaning. 2. The word a or an is used before a noun with a general meaning. 3. For a noun with a general meaning, the plural form can be used instead of a or an.

the = specific meaning The boy in the picture is smiling. However, the boys in the left corner are angry.

a or an = general meaning A boy is a young male human being. Any young male human is a boy.

Plural = general meaning In many societies around the world, boys are expected not to cry when they become men or when they are considered as adults.

a, an, plural = general meaning A boy is a young male human being. In my society, only boys cry. A man who cries is considered weak. Men who are strong are never seen to cry in public.

the = specific meaning In my society, only girls and boys cry. However, boys that never cry are considered strong. The boy who cries is considered to be like a girl.

a, an, plural = general meaning In my society, only girls and boys cry. However, a boy who never cries is considered strong. Boys who cry are considered to be like a girl.

ONE MORE TIME 1. The word the is used before a noun with a specific meaning. 2. The word a or an is used before a noun with a general meaning. 3. For a noun with a general meaning, the plural form can be used instead of a or an.

Three Rules How to use a, an or the Image courtesy of (www.bridgesconsultancy.com)

SUMMARY 1. When mentioning a noun for the first time, use a or an. At next mention (2nd, 3rd, etc. time), use the. 2. When a noun is described specifically, use the. 3. When you and your receiver know the noun you are talking about, use the.

RULE 1

RULE 1 When mentioning a noun for the first time, use a or an. At next mention (2nd, 3rd, etc. time), use the.

1ST MENTION 2ND MENTION

1ST MENTION

1ST MENTION

2ND MENTION

2ND MENTION

1ST MENTION 2ND MENTION Mothers can follow five steps in a visual poster that shows how to create a cold lotion. Since the poster is for illiterate mothers, pictures can show how the cold lotion looks like.

RULE 2

RULE 2 When a noun is described specifically or has one specific meaning, use the.

RULE 2 the we use when there is only one of something

RULE 2 I’m the leader of this group.

RULE 2 the You could be next winner of our singing competition.

RULE 2 Control of insect bites among the AiU student population.

RULE 2 Use of the Divine Command Principle to Lessen Plagiarism

RULE 3

RULE 3 When you and your receiver (listener, reader or audience) know what you are talking about, use the.

RULE 3 May I turn on the TV?

RULE 3 Where’s Mary? She’s in the kitchen.

however, there are some special uses of a/an and the

4 Exceptions TO THE THREE RULES Image courtesy of (www.bridgesconsultancy.com)

EXCEPTION 1 we use the with musical instruments

EXCEPTION 1 the guitar. Jane plays the violin. I play

a or an = general meaning I can play a guitar = I can play any guitar. Jane can play a piano = She can play any piano.

EXCEPTION 2 a an we use or with prices, frequency and speeds

EXCEPTION 2 prices It costs 2 dollars a liter

EXCEPTION 2 frequency I drink about three bottles of water a day

EXCEPTION 2 speeds You’re traveling at ninety miles an hour

EXCEPTION 3 a an we use or before hundred, thousand, and million

EXCEPTION 3 a hundred people a thousand days

EXCEPTION 4 a an we use or for talking about jobs, occupations or careers

EXCEPTION 4 I’m a bank manager

BACK TO RULE 2

RULE 2 When a noun is described specifically or has one specific meaning, use the.

RULE 2 the we use when there is only one of something

EXCEPTION 4 I’m a bank manager

RULE 2 I’m the bank manager here.

ONE MORE TIME Use a or an with • hundred, thousand, million • jobs, occupations, careers

ONE MORE TIME Use the with • musical instruments • prices • speeds • frequency • speeds

and ... ONE MORE TIME Nouns with specific meanings • Use the before the noun.

and ... ONE MORE TIME Nouns with general meanings • Use a or an before the noun, or • Use the plural form.

and ... THE LAST ONE Use a or an • When mentioning a noun the first time.

and ... THE LAST ONE Use the • At next mention of the noun • When a noun is described specifically • When you and your audience know the noun you are talking about

END OF PRESENTATION Send comments or suggestions to mr.jaime.aiu@gmail.com THANK YOU

Reference Coe, N., Harrison, M. And Paterson K. (2006). Basic with Answers. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.

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