Theory of learning

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Information about Theory of learning

Published on July 9, 2016

Author: DiegoAlejandroLpezUt

Source: slideshare.net

1. THEORY OF LEARNING

2. Community Language Learning (CLL) is the name of a method developed by Charles Curran and his associates. As the name indicates, CLL derives its primary insights and organizing rationale from Rogerian counseling. Counseling is one person giving advice, assistance and support to another person who has a problem or is in some way in need. Community Language Learning draws a metaphor to redefine the roles of the teacher as counselor and the learners as clients in the language classroom. A message/lesson/class is presented first in the native tongue and then again in the second language. Students know the meaning and flow of a L2 message from their recall of the parallel meaning and flow of a L1 message.

3. They begin to holistically piece together a view of the language out of these message sets. In CLL, a learner presents a message in L1 to the knower. The message is translated into L2 by the knower. The learner then repeats the message in L2, addressing it to another learner with whom he or she wishes to communicate. CLL learners are encouraged to attend to the “overhears” they experience between other learners and their knowers.

4. “Communication is more than just a message being transmitted from a speaker to a listener. The speaker at the same time is both subject and object of his own message. Communication involves not just the unidirectional transfer of information to the other, but the very constitution of the speaking subject in relation to the other. Communication is an exchange which is incomplete without a feedback reaction from the destinee of the message. According to the the communicative approach, in order for learning to take place, emphasis must be put on the importance of these variables: Communication: activities that involve real communication promote learning. Tasks: activities in which language is used to carry out meaningful tasks supports the learning process. Meaning: language that is meaningful and authentic to the learner boosts learning. THEORY AND TECHNIQUE

5. CLL interactions are of two distinct and fundamental kinds: interactions between learners and interactions between learners and teachers (knower). Interactions between learners are unpredictable in content but typically involve exchanges of affect. Learner exchanges deepen in intimacy as the class becomes a community of learners. The desire to be part of this growing intimacy pushes learners to keep pace with the learning of their peers. Interaction between learners and teachers is initially dependent. The learner tells the teacher what he or she wishes to say in the target language, and the teacher tells the learner how to say it. Gradually, the learner becomes able to speak a word or phrase directly in the foreign language, without translation 

6. The learner has at that point become independent. Interactions between learner and teacher are compared to the stages of human growth and undergo several stages with typical characteristics at each stage: Stage 1: Dependent Stage 2: Self-assertive Stage 3: Resentful and indignant Stage 4: Tolerant Stage 5: Independent STAGES

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