Theories of Teaching and Learning: The Staged Self-Directed Learning Model, G.Grow.

33 %
67 %
Information about Theories of Teaching and Learning: The Staged Self-Directed Learning...

Published on March 18, 2008

Author: bstokes

Source: slideshare.net

Description

The Staged Self-Directed Learning Model by Gerald Grow, Ph.D.

The Staged Self-Directed Learning Model Gerald Grow, Ph.D. Theories of Teaching & Learning, Assessment One 19.03.2008, Barbara Stokes

Introduction Self-Directed Learning Gerald Grow’s Model of Staged Self-Directed Learning (SSDL) Implications for teaching: benefits and limitations of applying the SSDL model The SSDL model in practice Conclusion

Self-Directed Learning

Gerald Grow’s Model of Staged Self-Directed Learning (SSDL)

Implications for teaching: benefits and limitations of applying the SSDL model

The SSDL model in practice

Conclusion

Self-Directed Learning Much discussion in literature about the concept of self-directed learning (Candy, Brookfield, Guglielmino,Garrison) Eight underlying factors that determine the level of readiness for SDL: Openness to learning opportunities Self-concept as an effective learner Initiative and independence in learning

Much discussion in literature about the concept of self-directed learning (Candy, Brookfield, Guglielmino,Garrison)

Eight underlying factors that determine the level of readiness for SDL:

Openness to learning opportunities

Self-concept as an effective learner

Initiative and independence in learning

Self Directed-Learning Informed acceptance of responsibility for one’s own learning Love of learning Creativity Positive orientation to the future Ability to use basic study skills and problem solving skills

Informed acceptance of responsibility for one’s own learning

Love of learning

Creativity

Positive orientation to the future

Ability to use basic study skills and problem solving skills

Importance of Self-Directed Learning Self-directed learning has gained importance in recent times as a critical attribute for lifelong learning in order to survive in an environment profoundly influenced by economic, technology and social changes. (Drucker, 1995, as cited in Warner, 2000) Knowles predicts that by year 2020, all learning will be based on principles of self-directed learning. (Knowles, 1980, as cited in Warner, 2000)

Self-directed learning has gained importance in recent times as a critical attribute for lifelong learning in order to survive in an environment profoundly influenced by economic, technology and social changes. (Drucker, 1995, as cited in Warner, 2000)

Knowles predicts that by year 2020, all learning will be based on principles of self-directed learning. (Knowles, 1980, as cited in Warner, 2000)

Introducing the SSDL model Grow (1991) suggests a staged model of transition from a dependent to self-directed learner. With his model Grow (1991) “proposes a way teachers can be vigorously influential while empowering students towards greater autonomy” (p. 128).

Grow (1991) suggests a staged model of transition from a dependent to self-directed learner.

With his model Grow (1991) “proposes a way teachers can be vigorously influential while empowering students towards greater autonomy” (p. 128).

Key aspects of SSDL model Based on the Situational Leadership Model of Hersey and Blanchard (1988) Teaching methods are proposed to match to learner's stage of self-direction The ability to be self-directed is situational and progression can loop between stages Model built on strong belief in the value of self-direction

Based on the Situational Leadership Model of Hersey and Blanchard (1988)

Teaching methods are proposed to match to learner's stage of self-direction

The ability to be self-directed is situational and progression can loop between stages

Model built on strong belief in the value of self-direction

The SSDL model The Staged Self-Directed Learning Model, G. Grow Internship, dissertation, individual work or self-directed study-group. Consultant, Delegator Self-Directed Stage 4 Discussion facilitated by teacher who participates as equal. Seminar. Group projects Facilitator Involved Stage 3 Inspiring lecture plus guided discussion. Goal-setting and learning strategies. Motivator, Guide Interested Stage 2 Coaching with immediate feedback. Drill. Informational lecture. Overcoming deficiencies and resistance Authority Coach Dependent Stage 1 Examples Teacher Student Stage

Implications for Teaching

Stage 1 Teacher: Authority / Coach

Stage 2 Teacher: Motivator / Guide

Stage 3 Teacher: Facilitator

Stage 4 Teacher: Consultant / Delegator Ultimate task is to become unnecessary!

Benefits of applying SSDL model The SSDL model provides a framework to aid good teaching practice by matching the teaching style to the learner's stage of self-direction. The appropriate teaching style can help the learner advance towards greater self-direction. Supports the use and strength of a wide-range of teaching styles/methods, as many different teaching styles will work well when appropriately applied.

The SSDL model provides a framework to aid good teaching practice by matching the teaching style to the learner's stage of self-direction.

The appropriate teaching style can help the learner advance towards greater self-direction.

Supports the use and strength of a wide-range of teaching styles/methods, as many different teaching styles will work well when appropriately applied.

Limitations of applying SSDL model No clear method for reliably judging learner’s stage of self-direction Mismatches between teacher style and learner stage can lead to difficulties Model is situational, flexibility is required Presumes the ability of the teacher to adapt teaching style to suit the situation and learner Model is teacher-orientated, does not include learner’s view.

No clear method for reliably judging learner’s stage of self-direction

Mismatches between teacher style and learner stage can lead to difficulties

Model is situational, flexibility is required

Presumes the ability of the teacher to adapt teaching style to suit the situation and learner

Model is teacher-orientated, does not include learner’s view.

Experience of model in Practice Transfer of Situational Leadership model from management experience to the classroom prior to awareness of Grow’s model Raised awareness of differences between students – ability, motivation, willingness, need for direction, dependence Adapt teaching / change roles according to student needs / development e.g. offer additional resources for students at higher stages to maintain interest and motivation

Transfer of Situational Leadership model from management experience to the classroom prior to awareness of Grow’s model

Raised awareness of differences between students – ability, motivation, willingness, need for direction, dependence

Adapt teaching / change roles according to student needs / development e.g. offer additional resources for students at higher stages to maintain interest and motivation

Time for reflection At what stage/stages are your students? What teaching style/styles do you practice? Is there a match or mismatch?

At what stage/stages are your students?

What teaching style/styles do you practice?

Is there a match or mismatch?

Conclusion According to Grow (1991) “self-directed learning remains the North Star of adult education” (p. 128) Grow (1991) believes that “the goal of the educational process is to produce self-directed, lifelong learners”. (p. 127).    The SSDL model is a framework/planning tool for teachers to think about their learner’s stage of self-direction and match their teaching style to support development to greater self-direction.

According to Grow (1991) “self-directed learning remains the North Star of adult education” (p. 128)

Grow (1991) believes that “the goal of the educational process is to produce self-directed, lifelong learners”. (p. 127).   

The SSDL model is a framework/planning tool for teachers to think about their learner’s stage of self-direction and match their teaching style to support development to greater self-direction.

Good teaching The best teachers think about what they are doing all the time. Their styles may differ wildly, but they have in common that they are thinking teachers who are always looking for new approaches and ideas and who listen to their students. (Corder, 2002, p. xiv)

The best teachers think about what they are doing all the time. Their styles may differ wildly, but they have in common that they are thinking teachers who are always looking for new approaches and ideas and who listen to their students.

Gerald O. Grow Final words from G. Grow (1991) “I present this model, not as a definitive thing, but as another statement in the ongoing conversation of those who encourage self-directed, lifelong learning”. (p. 147)

References Corder, N. (2002). Learning to Teach Adults . London: RoutledgeFalmer. Grow, G. O. (1991/1996). Teaching Learners to be Self-Directed. Adult Education Quarterly, 41 (3), 125-149. Retrieved from http://www.longleaf.net/ggrow Grow, G. O. (1994). In Defense of the Staged Self-Directed Learning Model. Adult Education Quarterly, 44 (2), 109-114. doi:10.1177/074171369404400206 Knowles, M., Holton, E., & Swanson, R. (1998). The Adult Learner (Fifth Edition). Woburn, USA: Butterworth- Heinemann. Malouf, D. (1994/1997). How to Teach Adults in a Fun and Exciting Way . Warriewood, Australia: Business & Professional Publishing.

Corder, N. (2002). Learning to Teach Adults . London:

RoutledgeFalmer.

Grow, G. O. (1991/1996). Teaching Learners to be Self-Directed.

Adult Education Quarterly, 41 (3), 125-149. Retrieved from http://www.longleaf.net/ggrow

Grow, G. O. (1994). In Defense of the Staged Self-Directed Learning Model. Adult Education Quarterly, 44 (2), 109-114. doi:10.1177/074171369404400206

Knowles, M., Holton, E., & Swanson, R. (1998). The Adult

Learner (Fifth Edition). Woburn, USA: Butterworth- Heinemann.

Malouf, D. (1994/1997). How to Teach Adults in a Fun and

Exciting Way . Warriewood, Australia: Business & Professional Publishing.

References Richards, L. J. (2005). Developing a decision model to describe levels of self-directedness based upon the key assumptions of andragogy. [ Master's thesis ] . Retrieved Texas A&M University website : http://handle.tamu.edu/1969.1/2685 . Tennant, M. (1992). The Staged Self-Directed Learning Model. Adult Education Quarterly, 42 (3), 164-166. Warner, D., & Christie, G. (2000). How effective is schooling in developing skills for self-directed learning, including the use of technology? [Conference paper] . Retrieved from Eltham College website: http://ec- web.elthamcollege.vic.edu.au/featured/discussions/content/ conference_new_millenium.htm

Richards, L. J. (2005). Developing a decision model to describe

levels of self-directedness based upon the key assumptions of andragogy. [ Master's thesis ] . Retrieved Texas A&M University website : http://handle.tamu.edu/1969.1/2685 .

Tennant, M. (1992). The Staged Self-Directed Learning Model.

Adult Education Quarterly, 42 (3), 164-166.

Warner, D., & Christie, G. (2000). How effective is schooling in

developing skills for self-directed learning, including the use of technology? [Conference paper] . Retrieved from Eltham College website: http://ec- web.elthamcollege.vic.edu.au/featured/discussions/content/ conference_new_millenium.htm

Add a comment

Related presentations

Related pages

The Four Stages Of The Self-Directed Learning Model

Self-Directed Learning is not ... Learner Teacher. Stage 1 Dependent ... The Staged Self-Directed Learning Model, G.Grow. from ...
Read more

www.essentialgptrainingbook.com

The Staged Self-Directed Learning (SSDL) Model ... ‘Teaching Learners to be Self-Directed.’ ... Personal theories of teaching.
Read more

Theories of Teaching and Learning: The Staged Self ...

Theories of Teaching and Learning: The Staged Self-Directed ... of it in terms but teaching, ... The Staged Self-Directed Learning Model, G.Grow. from ...
Read more

Teaching Self-Directed Learning to Learners at All Stages ...

Teaching Self-Directed Learning to ... Self-directed learning theory is ... proposes the staged self-directed learning model in ...
Read more

A Conceptual Model for Understanding Self-Directed ...

A Conceptual Model for Understanding Self-Directed Learning in Online Environments ... Grow, G. (1991). Teaching learners to be self-directed: ...
Read more

TEACHING LEARNERS TO BE SELF-DIRECTED - Home - Gerald Grow ...

... the Staged Self-Directed Learning Model proposes that learners advance ... article is not about self-directed learning theory; it is about teaching.
Read more