Published on November 17, 2008
Theocratic States Several Nations Under the Gods
Political Organization: Basic Principles Power vs Authority Power: compliance by coercion or force Authority: compliance by persuasion Legitimacy: Beliefs rationalizing rule Examples: Divine Right, Peoples Consent Sanctions: reinforcements of behavior Positive: rewards, recognition Negative: punishment
Power versus Authority Extreme examples Power: concentration camps: Auschwitz (above); Guantanamo (below) Authority: !Kung, Inuit, Yanomamo Neither is absolute Dictatorships need to persuade: Nuremberg rallies, Mayday parades Power is evenly distributed in nonstate cultures
Legitimacy as Justification for Political Order Justification necessary even in authoritarian states Monarchies: the divine right to rule Soviet Union: Socialist transition to communist economy Nazi Germany: Racial purification; delivery of full-employment (Nuremberg rallies, above) Democratic forms: consent by the governed (below, State of the Union)
Legitimacy: Samsara in India Justification for a given political order India: Caste system is reinforced by Samsara: A cosmic illusion marked by Birth-and-death cycles
Legitimacy: Karma in India Karma: influenced by one’s act in all previous lives Reward: rebirth in higher state Punishment: rebirth in lower state Affects all beings, from stone to humans to gods
States: Force as Prime Mover Defining Characteristics A centralized political system With power to coerce The operating factor: Monopoly over the use of Legitimate physical force Supports the apparatus of the state Bureaucracy --Army and police Law and legal codes
States: Derivative Features Administrative structure Public services --Tax collection Resource allocation --Foreign affairs Delegation of force Police, all levels --Armed force Law Civil (dispute resolution) Regulatory (trade, economy) Criminal (crime and punishment)
Law: Cross-Cultural Comparison Codified law: Formally defines wrong and specifies remedies Customary law: Informal sanctions or dispute resolution Restitution or Restorative law: emphasizes dispute resolution, damage restitution Retributive law: emphasizes punishment for crimes committed
Case Studies: Restitution Nuer: Leopard-skin chief Function: mediate disputes; leopard wrap identifies role Cannot force or enforce an agreement Authority is spiritual Zapotec in Talea, Mexico Function: hear cases and negotiate Recommend settlement Enforce agreement by community
Case Studies: Retribution Criminal Law Murder, Robbery, Others Civil Law Consumer Law and Small Courts Final Say: Judge or Arbitrator Limitation: Sheer Numbers of Cases
Defining Theocratic States States whose legitimacy is derived from supernatural sources: God or gods Mexica (Aztecs): Legitimacy was derived from a fear that the sun would die out Human sacrifice necessary to prevent the loss of the sun Tibet: the belief in samsara—birth, death, and rebirth Karma: the driving force based on one’s deeds— good or evil—in past lives.
Theocracy; Kritarchy; Particracy; Other; Republic; Anarchy; Anocracy; Minarchy; ... This theocratic state fought one of the most destructive wars in ...
theocratic - of or relating to or being a theocracy; "a theocratic state" Translations. theocratic [θɪəˈkrætɪk] ADJ → teocrático. theocratic.
Theocratic definition, a form of government in which God or a deity is recognized as the supreme ... In a theocratic state governed by force and ...
Define theocracy. theocracy synonyms, ... A country or state governed in this way. theocracy ... — theocrat, n. — theocratic, adj.
The Islamic state was perceived as a "third way" between the rival political systems of democracy and socialism (see also Islamic Modernism). 
Theocracy, government by divine guidance or by officials ... and the state’s legal system is based on religious law. Theocratic rule was typical of ...
theocratic state meaning, definition, English dictionary, ... Search theocratic state and thousands of other words in English Cobuild dictionary from Reverso.
How many Muslim countries are actually theocratic? ... That's 21 that have state-enforced blasphemy laws, a bit less than half. ...
Übersetzung für theocratic state im Englisch-Deutsch-Wörterbuch dict.cc.