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The Writing Process

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Information about The Writing Process
Education

Published on October 15, 2008

Author: Prof_Pat_Muri

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Basic info on paragraph development
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THE WRITING PROCESS Prof. Patricia Murillo USB Id1-101

Importance of good writing You can have fantastic ideas, but if those ideas are not presented in an organized fashion, you will fail to get your meaning across to your readers.

You can have fantastic ideas, but if those ideas are not presented in an organized fashion, you will fail to get your meaning across to your readers.

The writing process The purpose of the writing process is to help you give structure and unity to the creation of an understandable and coherent piece of writing.

The purpose of the writing process is to help you give structure and unity to the creation of an understandable and coherent piece of writing.

The process of writing involves… Prewriting. Organizing. Revising. Editing.

Prewriting.

Organizing.

Revising.

Editing.

Overview Writing Process Prewriting Organizing Revising Editing ideas topic technique organize & develop ideas expand & clarify ideas identify form errors & use checklist

Prewriting Generate ideas. What, why, how…? Not necessary to write complete sentences. Narrow a topic. Choose a prewriting technique.

Generate ideas.

What, why, how…?

Not necessary to write complete sentences.

Narrow a topic.

Choose a prewriting technique.

Prewriting techniques Listing. Clustering. Charting.

Listing.

Clustering.

Charting.

Listing Topic: Ideal job / teacher Reasons : Like children Like to work in a school Creative Like to help others Patient Interesting work Convenient schedule

Topic: Ideal job / teacher

Reasons :

Like children

Like to work in a school

Creative

Like to help others

Patient

Interesting work

Convenient schedule

Clustering Ideal job : Teacher Convenient schedule Like children Interesting work Creative Extra time for baby son Enjoy spending time with them Understand them Have great ideas Try new material Always learning Cluster Diagram

Charting Competitive Well paid 5. Accountant Long hours Plenty of demand 4. Technician Stressful Good salary 3. Manager Competitive Flexible schedule 2. Dentist Demanding Vacation 1. Teacher Disadvantages Advantages Ideal job:

Overview Writing Process Prewriting Organizing Revising Editing ideas topic technique organize & develop ideas expand & clarify ideas identify form errors & use checklist

Organizing Helps you to organize and develop your ideas. Organize your ideas using: Tree diagrams Outlines Make sure to have : Topic sentence (TS) Supporting sentences (SS) Concluding sentence (CS)

Helps you to organize and develop your ideas.

Organize your ideas using:

Tree diagrams

Outlines

Make sure to have :

Topic sentence (TS)

Supporting sentences (SS)

Concluding sentence (CS)

Tree Diagram A tree diagram helps connect ideas to a main topic! Ideal job : Teacher Like children Creative Enjoy spending time with them Convenient schedule Understand them Have great ideas Try new material Extra time to care for her baby son Can take an evening course

Outline Topic Sentence Supporting sentence 1. (Reason, advantage) Detail. (supports the reason) Example. Supporting sentence 2. (Reason, disadvantage) Detail. (supports the disadvantage) Example. Concluding sentence An outline helps you to organize your ideas before you write.

Topic Sentence

Supporting sentence 1. (Reason, advantage)

Detail. (supports the reason)

Example.

Supporting sentence 2. (Reason, disadvantage)

Detail. (supports the disadvantage)

Example.

Concluding sentence

Topic sentence States the main idea of the paragraph.

States the main

idea of the paragraph.

Supporting sentences Explain the main idea with specific details and examples. You can start them with : First of all, Second, Then, Finally,

Explain the main idea with specific details and examples.

You can start them with :

First of all,

Second,

Then,

Finally,

Concluding sentence Restates the main idea of the topic sentence : For all these reasons,… It can also : Suggest a solution : For all these reasons, Express an opinion : In my opinion, Give a recommendation : I think that, Make a prediction : In the future,…Children will,… People are going to… Catch the reader's attention with : A question : Wouldn ' t you like to…? An intejection: Come and join me…!

Restates the main idea of the topic sentence :

For all these reasons,…

It can also :

Suggest a solution : For all these reasons,

Express an opinion : In my opinion,

Give a recommendation : I think that,

Make a prediction : In the future,…Children will,… People are going to…

Catch the reader's attention with :

A question : Wouldn ' t you like to…?

An intejection: Come and join me…!

Write your paragraph I want to be a teacher! I would like to be a teacher. I like this job for several reasons. First of all, I like children very much. I enjoy spending time with children and organizing new games for them. I also understand them well, and I always try to see the world from their point of view. Second, I think that teachers have a very convenient schedule because they finish their work in the afternoon. This is excellent for me because I can go home early, and care for my baby son. I am also considering to enroll in my neighborhood college for an evening course, so that I can continue with my education. For all these reasons, I think that teaching is the perfect job for me. My ideal job is to be a teacher. Like children. Enjoy spending time with them. Understand them. Convenient schedule. Extra time for baby son. Take evening course. For all these reasons,…

I want to be a teacher!

I would like to be a teacher. I like this job for several reasons. First of all, I like children very much. I enjoy spending time with children and organizing new games for them. I also understand them well, and I always try to see the world from their point of view. Second, I think that teachers have a very convenient schedule because they finish their work in the afternoon. This is excellent for me because I can go home early, and care for my baby son. I am also considering to enroll in my neighborhood college for an evening course, so that I can continue with my education. For all these reasons, I think that teaching is the perfect job for me.

My ideal job is to be a teacher.

Like children.

Enjoy spending time with them.

Understand them.

Convenient schedule.

Extra time for baby son.

Take evening course.

For all these reasons,…

Check paragraph format I want to be a teacher! I would like to be a teacher. I like this job for several reasons. First of all, I like children very much. I enjoy spending time with children and organizing new games for them. I also understand them well, and I always try to see the world from their point of view. Second, I think that teachers have a very convenient schedule because they finish their work in the afternoon. This is excellent for me because I can go home early, and care for my baby son. I am also considering to enroll in my neighborhood college for an evening course, so that I can continue with my education. For all these reasons, I think that teaching is the perfect job for me. Has a five to seven space indentation. Is a collection of related sentences dealing with a single topic. Develops only one main idea. Has from three to eleven sentences. If your paragraph gets too long or begins to transition into a new idea, it is time to start a new paragraph. A paragraph…

I want to be a teacher!

I would like to be a teacher. I like this job for several reasons. First of all, I like children very much. I enjoy spending time with children and organizing new games for them. I also understand them well, and I always try to see the world from their point of view. Second, I think that teachers have a very convenient schedule because they finish their work in the afternoon. This is excellent for me because I can go home early, and care for my baby son. I am also considering to enroll in my neighborhood college for an evening course, so that I can continue with my education. For all these reasons, I think that teaching is the perfect job for me.

Has a five to seven space indentation.

Is a collection of related sentences dealing with a single topic.

Develops only one main idea.

Has from three to eleven sentences.

If your paragraph gets too long or begins to transition

into a new idea, it is time to start a new paragraph.

Overview Writing Process Prewriting Organizing Revising Editing ideas topic technique organize & develop ideas expand & clarify ideas identify form errors & use checklist

Revising Focus on content. Expand and polish your writing. Check for unity and coherence. Strengthen introduction ( topic sentence) and conclusion. What…? Clarify and expand the support of your ideas. Why, how…?

Focus on content.

Expand and polish your writing.

Check for unity and coherence.

Strengthen introduction ( topic sentence) and conclusion.

What…?

Clarify and expand the support of your ideas.

Why, how…?

Make sure to follow the outline I want to be a teacher! I would like to be a teacher. I like this job for several reasons. First of all, I like children very much. I enjoy spending time with children and organizing new games for them. I also understand them well, and I always try to see the world from their point of view. Second, I think that teachers have a very convenient schedule because they finish their work in the afternoon. This is excellent for me because I can go home early, and care for my baby son. I am also considering to enroll in my neighborhood college for an evening course, so that I can continue with my education. For all these reasons, I think that teaching is the perfect job for me. My ideal job is to be a teacher. Like children. Enjoy spending time with them. Understand them . Convenient schedule. Extra time for baby son. Take evening course. For all these reasons,…

I want to be a teacher!

I would like to be a teacher. I like this job for several reasons. First of all, I like children very much. I enjoy spending time with children and organizing new games for them. I also understand them well, and I always try to see the world from their point of view. Second, I think that teachers have a very convenient schedule because they finish their work in the afternoon. This is excellent for me because I can go home early, and care for my baby son. I am also considering to enroll in my neighborhood college for an evening course, so that I can continue with my education. For all these reasons, I think that teaching is the perfect job for me.

My ideal job is to be a teacher.

Like children.

Enjoy spending time with them.

Understand them .

Convenient schedule.

Extra time for baby son.

Take evening course.

For all these reasons,…

Overview Writing Process Prewriting Organizing Revising Editing ideas topic technique organize & develop ideas expand & clarify ideas identify form errors & use checklist

Editing Focus on grammar and form. Identify weak features and errors. Practice the features in controlled exercises. Use a checklist. Write your final paragraph with all the corrections.

Focus on grammar and form.

Identify weak features and errors.

Practice the features in controlled exercises.

Use a checklist.

Write your final paragraph with all the corrections.

Checklist Does the topic sentence (TS) state the main idea of the paragraph? Do I have at least 2 supporting sentences ( SS). Do all the SS support the main idea? Adjectives? Do I have a concluding sentence (CS)? Am I using the appropriate verb tense? Do I have grammar, spelling, or vocabulary errors? Do I have punctuation errors? Correct use of capitals? Is the paragraph formatted correctly?

Does the topic sentence (TS) state the main idea of the paragraph?

Do I have at least 2 supporting sentences ( SS).

Do all the SS support the main idea? Adjectives?

Do I have a concluding sentence (CS)?

Am I using the appropriate verb tense?

Do I have grammar, spelling, or vocabulary errors?

Do I have punctuation errors? Correct use of capitals?

Is the paragraph formatted correctly?

Bibliography Mills, R., Frazier, L. (2004). NorthStar: reading and writing. Activity book. Basic . Second edition. New York: Pearson Education, Inc. The Owl at Purdue. (2008). On Paragraphs . Retrieved Oct 15, 2008, from: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/606/01/

Mills, R., Frazier, L. (2004). NorthStar: reading and writing. Activity book. Basic . Second edition. New York: Pearson Education, Inc.

The Owl at Purdue. (2008). On Paragraphs . Retrieved Oct 15, 2008, from: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/606/01/

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