The world of Unmanned Systems is Evolving. DRONES TAKE OFF !

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Information about The world of Unmanned Systems is Evolving. DRONES TAKE OFF !
Technology

Published on February 19, 2014

Author: RonnyKenens

Source: slideshare.net

Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants The world of Unmanned Systems is Evolving DRONES TAKE OFF ! 12 Feb. 2014 Ronny Kenens / RiskMatrix Resultants Europe

Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Topics • • • • • • • Drones … what’s in the name ? Different type of Drones ? What are the challenges in the Drone world ? Where are Drones used today ? European Commission - Roadmap for the Drone integration RiskMatrix’ Drone project concepts in ‘Security’ Closing statements

Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants

Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants ”Drones mischaracterize what these things are. They are not dumb. They are not unmanned. They are remotely piloted aircrafts.” General Norton Schwartz Chief of Staff of the U.S. Air Force Augustus 10, 2012

Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants What’s in the name ? • • • • • • • • • • Drone Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Uninhabited Aerial Vehicle Unmanned Aerial System Remotely Piloted Vehicle Remotely Piloted Aircraft Remotely Piloted Aircraft System Remotely Operated Air Vehicles Micro Aerial Vehicle Drone  UAV  UAV  UAS  RPV  RPA  RPAS  ROAV  MAV

Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants ‘Computers do things more precisely and faster than humans … ‘ "Computers do things more precisely and faster than humans, but we need humans to deal with uncertainty. It's this combination that interests me.“ "People are running around, relying on intuition, and accidents happen. I want to make that go more smoothly.“ Prof. Mary Cummings - 1e female US Navy F18 fighter jet pilot, landing on aircraft carriers (1988-1999) - Professor Aeronautics & Astronautics at MIT Univ. USA

Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Type of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles related to mass

Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Scope Unmanned Aerial Vehicles UAS Category Max Takeoff Weight (kg) Range Category Micro 0.10 Close Range Mini W <10 Close Range Small 10-150 Close Range Medium Short 150-500 Short Range Medium 500-2000 Medium Range Large W >2000 Long Range

Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Public Perception = Overall confusion • • • • • • • • Drone are bad Drones are only used in the army Drones are always unmanned Drones are dangerous Drones are uncontrolled projectiles Drones are not safe Drones are useless for citizens Drones are useless for business  Not true  Not true  Not true  Not true  Not true  Not true  Not true  Not true

Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Challenges in the Drone world • • • • • • • • • Public Acceptance / Risk Acceptance Standards/Certifications/Training Power/Energy - Battery life time Sense/detect and avoid Communications/Frequency Spectrum Legal framework / Privacy Cyber security / Hijacking via GPS spoofing Liability and Insurance Exports Controls - different rules in different countries

Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Overview where Drones are used today ? Aerial Photography Real-estate Mapping Transport Suspect Tracking Traffic Monitoring Disaster Response/Relief Damage Assessment Infrastructure Monitoring Fertilizer Management Pipe/Power line Surveillance Border Surveillance Crowd Control Mail/Fright Transport Agricultural Applications Movie Productions Sporting Event Coverage Mining detection Fishery Control

Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Drone Applications and Concepts per sector

Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Drones - Industrial Oil and gas off-shore inspections using a drone : • Scandinavia, Middle East, Asia, US, …. • Topographical survey • Arial photography

Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Drones - Maritime Marine observation missions • AeroVironment Inc.’s Puma AE, 19 July 2013 – oil-spill monitoring and wildlife observation over the Beaufort Sea • Insitu’s ScanEagle X200 , in 2013 – survey ice floes and migrating whales in Arctic oil exploration areas.

Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Drones – Logistics Service delivers textbooks to students in minutes - Australia • Bookrental company ZOOKAL partnered with FLIRTEY, a commercial drone service, to ship Australian students their textbooks just minutes after they place an order • Planned as of March 2014 • Radius 10km • Plans for tests in Asian & US in 2015.

Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Drones – Medical When human response time is too slow, Drones could save Heart-Attack Victims' Lives • Defikopter, a drone that parachutes defibrillators to heart-attack victims and emergency responders. • The Defikopter is controlled by a GPS-enabled smartphone app, which lets users request an emergency defibrillator. • Fly at speeds up to 70 km per hour • Radius 10 kilometers

Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Drones – Agriculture Drones could do insect mapping and extermination Farmers in S- Africa use drones to fly over their large crop fields and • detect areas where insects are damaging the crops using multi-spectral and thermal imaging • second drone to follow-up and spray with pesticides

Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Drones – Agriculture Drones could do Weed Mapping in Maize Fields Drones flying over the crop field • mapping aerial image, via color–infrared composition, on an altitude of 30 m • showing the maize rows and some weed patches

Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Drones - Logistics Matternet Concept : a network of Delivery Drones • Matternet wants to build networks for “micro-transportation” that will allow unmanned aerial vehicles to ferry all sorts of goods across long distances, especially in places where the roads either suck or are perpetually crammed full of commuters. • Network of landingstations on the roof of the buildings

Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Drones – Charity in developing countries • • • In Africa, 85% of roads are unusable in rain season Need for JIT medical delivery (blood, medicines,…) Medical Supply Vehicle: • vertical take-off and landing • Radius 10 km / payload 2kg • • • Landing stations: delivery + automatic battery swaps Cost per mision (2kg/10km) = 24 cents Testing is done / possitive results MATTERNET

Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Drones for emergency missions at sea • • • A drone equipped with three Life preservers that could be dropped down to rescue drowning victims Using heat-sensingcameras to detect the exact location of victims, even in the darkness. The drone will charge its batteries at a solarpowered charging station on the ship.

Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Drones – Security • • • Two years ago, a Japanese security firm ‘Secom’ has developped a drone that will track burglars. Drone has been designed to fly to the scene of a break-in and wait until the perpetrator tries to leave. Drone will hover and record images Drone can do license plate recognistion

Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Roadmap for the integration of civil Remotely-Piloted Aircraft Systems into the European Aviation System Final report from the European RPAS Steering Group (June 2013) 19/02/2014

Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Essential requirements considered for RPAS integration • RPAS should be able to operate in airspace, mixed with a variety of manned aircrafts under VFR (Visual Flight Rules) or IFR (Instrument Flight Rules) adhering to the requirements of the specific airspace layer in which they are operating. • RPAS must comply with the Communication, Navigation an Surveillance requirements applicable to the class of airspace in which they operate. • Three pre-requisites to safeguard the total aviation safety system: • • • 19/02/2014 RPAS must be approved by a competent authority according to the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) RPAS operators must hold a valid RPAS operator certificate Remote pilots must hold a valid pilot license

Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Milestones for a progressive integration 19/02/2014

Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Final report from the European RPAS Steering Group (June 2013) ronny.k@riskmatrix.be 19/02/2014

Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Legal Situation on Drones • • • • Airspace Regulation Data protection Certification Privacy 27

Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants RiskMatrix’ Drone Project Concepts in the world of “Security” These concepts and document are created and revised by RiskMatrix Resultants SA. The content of this document is strictly confidential. Each element in this document falls under the intellectual property of RiskMatrix Resultants SA. The content of this document can under no circumstances be used or distributed by third parties without the express consent of the company RiskMatrix Resultants SA.

Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Project concepts Drone Applications: • Project 1 : Outdoor Security Assistant • Project 2 : Indoor Exploration • Project 3 : Mobile Drone Activity Platform (MDAP) Drone Infrastructure: • Project 4 : Drone Mesh Network (DMN) These concepts and document are created and revised by RiskMatrix Resultants SA. The content of this document is strictly confidential. Each element in this document falls under the intellectual property of RiskMatrix Resultants SA. The content of this document can under no circumstances be used or distributed by third parties without the express consent of the company RiskMatrix Resultants SA.

Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Project 1 : Outdoor Security Assistant Drone solution to support the Mobile Security Guard / Dispatch Centre • Drone station on top of building • • • 24/7 availability Battery charging Drone stand-by position • Drone activation : • • • On demand by Mobile Guard On demand by Dispatcher Triggered on motion alert • Drone activity & reporting: • • • • Go to required GPS location and inspect object Stream live video to guard/dispatch Voice/sound capturing sent to dispatch Address individuals on location via Drone communication facilities These concepts and document are created and revised by RiskMatrix Resultants SA. The content of this document is strictly confidential. Each element in this document falls under the intellectual property of RiskMatrix Resultants SA. The content of this document can under no circumstances be used or distributed by third parties without the express consent of the company RiskMatrix Resultants SA.

Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Project 2: Indoor Exploration Drone solution to conduct autonomous indoor exploration of a building, including the mapping of the inside of the building in a 3D model. (RMR in discussion with Prof. Kumar from University of Pennsylvania USA)

Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Project 2: Indoor Exploration Drone is equipped with technologies : • IMU-Camera • Inertial Measurement Unit with 3 gyroscopes and 3 acelerometers (Role,Pitch & Yaw Rate) • Sensors for environment scanning • Laser Scanner Hokuyo UTM-30LX • Sensor for voice, movement and gesture recognition • Microsoft Kinect • LQR Controller • Linear Quadratic Regulator with external force compensation used for trajectory tracking • Onboard CPU for processing and calculations: • • • • • Realtime plan generation allows navigation in the building Mapping of the surroundings and abostacles Mapping heights Reconstructing 3D building model Obstacle sense and avoidance

Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Project 2: Indoor Exploration • Drone station in the building • 24/7 availability • Battery charging • Drone stand-by position • Drone activation : • On demand by Dispatcher • Triggered by motion alert • Planned automated patrol • Drone activity & reporting: • Explore new building • Patrol defined route • Check for open doors/windows • Alert unexpected person or object locator • Level mapping • Video/ voice / sound capturing sent to dispatch

Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Project 3 : Mobile Drone Activity Platform (MDAP) MDAP is a mobile multifunctional drone activity platform • • • • • • Mobile unit containing drone Roof can open, liftsystem to allow drone to take off/return MDAP battery power unit is loaded via solar cells / Drone battery charges in base station Drone data transmission to base station (2.4 GHz) Video streaming form drone to base station (5.8 GHz) Live video streaming to internet from base station (via Minicaster technology) These concepts and document are created and revised by RiskMatrix Resultants SA. The content of this document is strictly confidential. Each element in this document falls under the intellectual property of RiskMatrix Resultants SA. The content of this document can under no circumstances be used or distributed by third parties without the express consent of the company RiskMatrix Resultants SA.

Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Project 3 : Mobile Drone Activity Platform (MDAP) Applications • • • • • • • • Traffic control ‘GoogleMap’ data capture Agriculture: – Insects detection – Fertilizer spraying Infrastructure Monitoring Surveillance at construction sites Sport/Music Event coverage Surveillance … These concepts and document are created and revised by RiskMatrix Resultants SA. The content of this document is strictly confidential. Each element in this document falls under the intellectual property of RiskMatrix Resultants SA. The content of this document can under no circumstances be used or distributed by third parties without the express consent of the company RiskMatrix Resultants SA.

Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Project 4 : Drone Mesh Network (DMN) Drone Docking Stations (DDS) • • • DDS 24/7 availability for battery charging Drone stand-by position Remote controlled by Lincensee / Managed by Licensee The Drone Mesh Network will do for Physical Transportation what the Internet did for flow of information. These concepts and document are created and revised by RiskMatrix Resultants SA. The content of this document is strictly confidential. Each element in this document falls under the intellectual property of RiskMatrix Resultants SA. The content of this document can under no circumstances be used or distributed by third parties without the express consent of the company RiskMatrix Resultants SA.

Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Closing Statements • Countries with more relaxed UAV laws are good candidates for commercialisation and are a proving ground for developed technologies. • There is a growing use of UAVs in the agricultural sector, surveillance sector and in transport & logistics sector. • Public concerns of privacy and legal liability are still there. • Expanding utilization of UAVs for both the governmental and commercial sectors will further drive demand. • Greatest challenge is posed by a “Sense/Detect and Avoid" solution. • Increasing autonomy in flight control systems will result in higher safety with lower operating costs, however it requires solid contingency plans. • UAVs will be more efficient and less costly. In other words, more capability at less cost will encourage more market growth !

Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants We, at RiskMatrix, strongly believe that the Drone TECHNOLOGY will have a similar impact on the human being as the mobile phone had. We will continue our research and do investments in this space ! Total Unmanned Aircraft Systems Forecast 2015 – 2035 Sept. 2013 Source: US Dept. of Transportation / Research & Innovative Technology Administration DOT-VNTSC-DoD-13-01

Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants About the RiskMatrix Resultants Group • What we are : • a consultancy company with a solid track record in the security business • a software and technology provider • Our value proposition : • Consultancy & Coaching • I-BOSS Security platform = an end-to-end operational solutions in combination with smart technology that supports Security companies in managing their operations. Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix 39

Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants “Smart Technology will be a key driver in the future business landscape.” F.Vanwelkenhuyzen / CEO RiskMatrix

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