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The War In The Pacific

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Information about The War In The Pacific

Published on February 21, 2008

Author: matt

Source: slideshare.net

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The War in the Pacific 1941-1945

 

The Players United States England Australia New Zealand China Philippines Japan

United States

England

Australia

New Zealand

China

Philippines

Japan

Background Japanese imperial expansion begins in 1931 Need for oil and other natural resources Japan Attacks the US at Pearl Harbor crippling the US pacific fleet Dec 7th 1941

Japanese imperial expansion begins in 1931

Need for oil and other natural resources

Japan Attacks the US at Pearl Harbor crippling the US pacific fleet Dec 7th 1941

Dec 1941 Attack on Pearl Harbor Dec 7 th Dec 8 th Japan invades US held territory of the Philippines The US has only one hope: the aircraft carrier (3 survived Pearl Harbor)

Attack on Pearl Harbor Dec 7 th

Dec 8 th Japan invades US held territory of the Philippines

The US has only one hope: the aircraft carrier (3 survived Pearl Harbor)

 

Early 1942 Japan invades various other Pacific Islands US garrison in the Philippines surrenders to Japanese forces in April 1942 Bataan Death March: 60 miles 76,000 POW 12,000 are Americans 5,000 die in a week

Japan invades various other Pacific Islands

US garrison in the Philippines surrenders to Japanese forces in April 1942

Bataan Death March:

60 miles

76,000 POW

12,000 are Americans

5,000 die in a week

 

 

US Strategy Reclaim the Pacific: Island hoping Campaign : one island at a time, clear it and use it as a base of operations for the next island. Must clear the oceans of the Japanese Navy first! (Large challenge with a crippled Navy and only 5 Aircraft carriers!)

Reclaim the Pacific:

Island hoping Campaign : one island at a time, clear it and use it as a base of operations for the next island.

Must clear the oceans of the Japanese Navy first!

(Large challenge with a crippled Navy and only 5 Aircraft carriers!)

 

 

 

Japanese Strategy Make the war so horrible the US will give up They dug into tropical islands, built underground bunkers and fortresses. heavy artillery, suicide attacks Bleed the enemy dry , Japanese rarely surrender but die to the last man!

Make the war so horrible the US will give up

They dug into tropical islands, built underground bunkers and fortresses.

heavy artillery, suicide attacks

Bleed the enemy dry , Japanese rarely surrender but die to the last man!

 

Early 1942: The US strikes back Doolittle raid May 1942: Battle of Coral Sea, first ever carrier vs. carrier battle- US looses an Aircraft carrier TURNING POINT: Battle of Midway June 1942

Doolittle raid

May 1942: Battle of Coral Sea, first ever carrier vs. carrier battle- US looses an Aircraft carrier

TURNING POINT:

Battle of Midway June 1942

 

 

Midway June 4, 1942 US lost one of four carriers Japanese lost four irreplaceable aircraft carriers in five minutes! The Japanese would be on the defensive for the rest of the war.

US lost one of four carriers

Japanese lost four irreplaceable aircraft carriers in five minutes!

The Japanese would be on the defensive for the rest of the war.

The first step: Guadalcanal Invaded by the US Navy and Marines August 1942 Took the Marines 6 months to take the island from Japan Allies lost 1,492 killed Japan Lost 15,000

Invaded by the US Navy and Marines

August 1942

Took the Marines 6 months to take the island from Japan

Allies lost 1,492 killed

Japan Lost 15,000

 

A list of “D-Days” Nov 1943 Bouganville Nov 1943 “ Bloody” Tarawa June 1944 Siapan July 1944 Guam and Tinian Oct 1944 Allies invade the Philippines Feb 1945 Iwo Jima April 1945 Okinawa (falls in June)

Nov 1943 Bouganville

Nov 1943 “ Bloody” Tarawa

June 1944 Siapan

July 1944 Guam and Tinian

Oct 1944 Allies invade the Philippines

Feb 1945 Iwo Jima

April 1945 Okinawa (falls in June)

 

Soldier’s Lives HARSH Subtropical diseases Humid, sticky, and always hot. Average age was 19 Death was around every corner.

HARSH

Subtropical diseases

Humid, sticky, and always hot.

Average age was 19

Death was around every corner.

 

 

 

 

 

A most famous Photo Taken on Iwo Jima February 23, 1945 On March 16, when Iwo Jima was declared secured, 6,821 Americans and 21,000 Japanese (the entire force) had died

Taken on Iwo Jima

February 23, 1945

On March 16, when Iwo Jima was declared secured, 6,821 Americans and 21,000 Japanese (the entire force) had died

Japan’s desperation Oct 1944 U.S. warships in Leyte Gulf faced their first Kamikaze attacks 2,257 Japanese aircraft were destroyed in these suicide missions during the war. Kamikaze: Devine Wind

Oct 1944 U.S. warships in Leyte Gulf faced their first Kamikaze attacks

2,257 Japanese aircraft were destroyed in these suicide missions during the war.

Kamikaze: Devine Wind

 

 

 

Planning for the end May 1945 Allied forces plan Operation Olympic, the invasion of Japan itself in Nov. US planners feared casualty estimates of one million! Japan was desperate but unwilling to surrender!

May 1945 Allied forces plan Operation Olympic, the invasion of Japan itself in Nov.

US planners feared casualty estimates of one million!

Japan was desperate but unwilling to surrender!

“Little Boy” and “Fat Man” are unleashed August 6, 1945- Hiroshima August 9, 1945 - Nagasaki killed an estimated 110,000 Japanese injured another 130,000. By 1950, another 230,000 Japanese had died from injuries or radiation.

August 6, 1945- Hiroshima

August 9, 1945 - Nagasaki

killed an estimated 110,000 Japanese

injured another 130,000.

By 1950, another 230,000 Japanese had died from injuries or radiation.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                                                                                     

VJ Day August 14, 1945 - Japanese accepts unconditional surrender Celebration parties erupt throughout every allied country!

August 14, 1945 - Japanese accepts unconditional surrender

Celebration parties erupt throughout every allied country!

 

 

 

The End September 2, 1945 - Formal Japanese surrender ceremony on board the MISSOURI in Tokyo Bay as 1,000 carrier-based planes fly overhead.

September 2, 1945 - Formal Japanese surrender ceremony on board the MISSOURI in Tokyo Bay as 1,000 carrier-based planes fly overhead.

 

 

The most destructive conflict in human or world history ends. The world is forever changed. Millions have died. 100s of cities destroyed Millions are homeless US is a WORLD power

The most destructive conflict in human or world history ends.

The world is forever changed.

Millions have died.

100s of cities destroyed

Millions are homeless

US is a WORLD power

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