The USAID Ghana WASH Project: Sharing Our Experiences

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Information about The USAID Ghana WASH Project: Sharing Our Experiences
Health & Medicine

Published on February 21, 2014

Author: GhanaWASHProject



Presentation by the USAID-funded Ghana Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Project as part of the USAID Joint Dissemination Workshop in Accra, Ghana, February 19, 2014.

GHANA WASH PROJECT Joint Project Dissemination Meeting: Sharing Experiences February 19, 2014

INTRODUCTION: USAID GHANA WASH PROJECT 4.5 year project (December 2009 – March 2014) $14.7 million in funding from USAID/Ghana 3 implementing organizations

OUR GOVERNMENT PARTNERS Community Water and Sanitation Agency Ministry of Local Government and Rural Development Ministry of Water Resources, Works and Housing Ministry of Education (SHEP Secretariat, Greater Accra Region)

OUR LOCAL NGO PARTNERS, BY REGION Centre for Rural Enterprise Development Rural Action Foundation Eastern Region Development Fortress IMPACT New Life Foundation New Nation Network Rural Action Foundation Central Region Grassroots Africa Rural Action Foundation Greater Accra Region EDSAM Social Network Volta Region CODESULT Projects Planning and Management Network Rural Water and Sanitation Promotional Services Western Region

GLOBAL DEVELOPMENT ALLIANCES Coca-Cola Foundation Rotary International

OUR PRIVATE SECTOR PARTNERS WATER NGO WaterHealth International Safe Water Network Barry Callebaut Pricewaterhouse Coopers Ernst & Young


TODAY’S PRESENTATION • Water • Sanitation • Behavior Change Communications • Partnerships: Achievements & Lessons Learned


WATER IS LIFE USAID Helping Communities To Make Water Safe: From Unimproved to Improved Water Sources

GHANA: RURAL WATER COVERAGE (2010) 80 70 60 Ashanti Brong-Ahafo 50 Central Eastern 40 Greater Accra Northern 30 Upper East Upper West 20 Volta Western 10 National 0 Source: Ministry of Water Resources, Works and Housing/Community Water and Sanitation Agency, 2010 (2013 MDG Report)

TYPES OF WATER FACILITIES CONSTRUCTED TWO SMALL TOWN PIPES SYSTEMS 80 cubic meter system and 60 cubic meter system

11 SURFACE WATER KIOSKS Constructed in partnership with WaterHealth and Safe Water Network

5 LIMITED MECHANIZATIONS OF BOREHOLES Limited Mechanization Systems for Schools and Small Communities

32 HAND-DUG WELLS FITTED WITH PUMPS Promoting Improved Water Access

68 MECHANICALLY DRILLED BOREHOLES 25 Boreholes Drilled Through Our Partnerships

60 MANUAL DRILLED BOREHOLES Drilled and Constructed in Year Four

77 BOREHOLE REHABILITATIONS (REPAIRS) Boreholes Rehabilitated in Year Four

CAPACITY BUILDING Borehole Pump Mechanics Training and Tools

5% (5,300) 4% (4,240) 5% (5,300) Borehole 50% (53,000) 36% (38,160) Water Kiosk STPS Lim Mech HDW BENEFICIARIES REACHED Through USAID Funding, 106,000+ Beneficiaries Provided With Safe Water


NATIONAL SANITATION COVERAGE (JMP, 2013) Access to Sanitation Facility – 10-year interval (%) 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% 1990 IMPROVED FACILITY 2000 SHARED LATRINE TRADITIONAL 2011 OPEN DEFECATION

5,157 LATRINES AND 41,256 BENEFICIARIES Improving Sanitation Through Household Latrine Construction 23

REGIONAL SANITATION COVERAGE Volta 18% (905) Western 32% (1660) Central 26% (1332) Greater Accra 9% (476) Eastern 15% (784)

133 INSTITUTIONAL LATRINES FOR 34,100 PEOPLE Improving Sanitation Access in School Environment

REGIONAL SANITATION BREAKDOWN Volta 4% (5) Greater Accra 12% (16) Central 36% (48) Western 47% (62) Eastern 1% (2)

332 ARTISANS TRAINED 332 LATRINE ARTISANS TRAINED Empowerment and Sustainable Livelihoods

KOJO ACQUA He is one of the local artisans in the Central region. He has been able to complete his house that he started.

REUBEN FENNI “Through USAID, I have been able to complete my house. I have also rented a few rooms out for more income to teachers who have come from outside my community to teach our children. I am so grateful, and I wish it could continue after March 31st, 2014. But with the training and experience received, coupled with the fact that everybody wants to own a latrine, I hope to be in business when the Project ends.”

JOSEPH OBENG One of the artisans in Western region. He has been able to marry. He has also bought a plot of land at Kumasi and hopes to start building soon. With the skill acquired, he is going to work with other masons in groups to construct latrines for people who could not be reached.


CONFRONTING PRACTICES NEGATIVELY IMPACTING HEALTH Working at Community, Household, Personal, School Environment Levels

COMMUNITY PROFILE MAPPING EXERCISE First Step in Changing Behavior: Understanding Community Practices, Behaviors

2,129 WATSAN COMMITTEE MEMBERS TRAINED: 884 WOMEN, 1143 MEN All-Female WatSan Committee Learns to Operate, Maintain Water Facility

469 COMMUNITY-BASED HYGIENE PROMOTERS TRAINED: 195 WOMEN, 272 MEN Interactive Training Sessions for Community Volunteers

2,802 SCHOOL HEALTH CLUB MEMBERS EMPOWERED: 1,434 GIRLS, 1,381 BOYS Children as Effective Agents of Change for Positive Hygiene Behaviors

300 total (123 women and 177 men) Teachers and School based Health Coordinators trained TEACHERS AS RESOURCE IN HYGIENE EDUCATION Promoting Behavior Change

442 FOOD VENDORS TRAINED: 428 WOMEN, 14 MEN Proper Food Preparation and Handling – Proper Hygiene - Clean School Environment

VIDEO SHOWS Using Video Shows as Tool to Change Behavior

COMMUNITY DRAMAS An Effective Tool for Promoting Positive Hygiene Behavior

RELIGIOUS & SOCIAL GATHERINGS Opportunities for Behavior Change Messaging

COMMUNITY-LED TOTAL SANITATION Community Triggering and Demand Creation for CLTS

COMMUNITY EXCHANGE VISITS Opportunities to Share Ideas and Motivate Community Members with their CLTS Efforts. Pairing Model Communities With Weaker Communities – An Effective Strategy Towards Achieving CLTS Targets

BEHAVIOR CHANGE AS A CONTINUOUS PROCESS gure 1: Sample sticker depicting proper usage of latrine Effective Messages and Communication Tools are an Important Part


11 LOCAL NGO PARTNERSHIPS Capacity Building and a More Consistent Community Presence

PARTNERING WITH U.S. PEACE CORPS GHANA Leveraging Unique Partnership Opportunities

PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS Impacting More Households, Communities and Schools

SMALL GRANTS FACILITY Supporting Locally-Led Community Interventions in WASH

MAPPING OUR IMPACTS More than 4000 Water and Sanitation Facilities on Our Project Map


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