Published on May 16, 2008
The university of the future: a student- centred university Bertram (Chip) Bruce National College of Ireland, 2007-08 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign El Congrés Internacional “L’estudiant, eix del canvi a la universitat”, Girona, 3 June, 2008
Students today smarter (James Flynn) better educated (Berliner & Biddle; Marable) more professionally-oriented, older, more female, more non-white, more non-English speaking get too little sleep (Mary Carskadon) use the Internet instead of print sources, but trust print more (Leigh Healy) focus too much on grades
A student-centred university Uses appropriate media Responds to diverse interests & backgrounds Encourages active learning
Focus on students by helping them not to focus on themselves
A different vision Today Tomorrow distracted? engaged, Student materialistic? responsible needy, passive, Community intellectual space non-intellectual? separate from University connected daily life? 5
Questions 1) What is inquiry? 2) How can we connect learning and life? 3) How can we foster integrative learning in the university?
What is inquiry? To feel the meaning of what one is doing, and to rejoice in that meaning; to unite in one concurrent fact the unfolding of the inner life and the ordered development of material conditions–that is art. –John Dewey, “Culture and industry in education”
Inquiry cycle Ask Reﬂect Investigate Discuss Create
Ask: Formulating your own question teachers saw the enormous pedagogical difference between solving problems and formulating them, between answering someone else's question and generating your own –Olds, Schwartz, & Willie, 1980
Investigate Blogs Internet radio Online video Mobile devices Web resources Simulations Digital libraries E-learning Social networking Virtual reality Second Life Ubiquitous computing 10
Create: Café Teatro Batey Urbano 11
Discuss: Water coolers Social affordances: privacy propinquity social designation –Anne-Laure Fayard & John Weeks, 2007 12
Reﬂect: Why use IM? why different? survey, email, IM read away social messages network 13
Inquiry learning Ask: Formulate your own questions Investigate: Learn about, through, & with multiple media Create: Connect learning and life Discuss: Learn with supportive others; help others to learn Reﬂect: Spiral learning
How can we connect learning and life? We always live at the time we live and not at some other time, and only by extracting at each present time the full meaning of each present experience are we prepared for doing the same thing in the future. –John Dewey, Experience and Education 15
Johnny Lee’s inquiry play, HCI procrast- specs, test ineering webpage, build video devices
Lee’s My inquiry website projects, writing how it web, works YouTube colleagues, blog, blog Wiimote
Public spaces it is not only a matter of admission & inclusion in predeﬁned public spaces; it is...a matter of transformation of our institutions and public spaces --Greene, 1998 19
Self awareness Our students don’t come here because they are consciously seeking a liberating education or because they support Puerto Rican independence. They come here because they know that this school will work hard not to neglect them and because they’ll ﬁnd out who they are. –Iván, a teacher
Nurturing This school is my sanctuary. I know this because once I step outside these doors my problems come back. They’re just waiting outside the doors to smack me in my face and start all over again. I stay at this school because I don’t have to worry about my problems. I got my mind set on other things. —Damien, a student
Healthy environment Dicen que el Coquí no puede cantar ni vivir fuera de la isla. Aquí, el Coquí canta a su isla con amor, sobreviviendo a la ciudad de los vientos aun en temperaturas bajo cero. –Luis Padial Doble
Community is the curriculum 1) learn about the world in a connected way 2) learn how to act responsibly in the world 3) learn how to transform the world—to give back to the community
Community media La Voz community newspaper; Participatory Democracy Project Theater, e.g., The Spark/La Chispa, about the 1966 Division St. riots Community radio Sound studio Podcasts of oral histories
(my own) Inquiry Learning course ✤ Puerto Rican Digital ✤ Community wellness Archive program ✤ Literacy across the ✤ Developing better curriculum communication practices ✤ Hydroponics garden ✤ Violence reduction 26
Students I’ve always been passionate about literacy and social justice. … I just didn’t know that those seemingly disparate interests could be joined. Growing up in inner-city Chicago as a child of immigrants, I spent most of my time at my neighborhood public library. Although my mother only made it to 6th grade in her native land of Mexico, she imbued us with a love for books. –Dali
Community-based learning diabetes urban diet agricult. exercise farmer’s hydroponic market 28
Networked information systems Rehabilitate donated Set up a community computers technology center Conﬁgure operating Teach community systems, software residents how to use the computers Local & distance networking 29
Camara: Computers to Africa 30
Camara – National College of Ireland [Ask] NCI: work experience, hardware, [Ask] Camara: skills, multimedia, networks, consistency, reﬂection management ICT, marketing, ...
Border learning Students, age 11-14, develop audiovisual podcasts on topics of their choice Mexican-American families, low-income, low academic achievement, limited access to computers After school & Saturdays University students as mentors
UMS curriculum Storyboard Storytelling through symbols Critical literacy ©, Net safety, Podsafe music Image & sound
page 2 Page5 This page is about my The most important or interests greatest funniest thing Storyboard for a friends family that has happened to me was: I came to the United cultural background States to study! podcast Please explain: I like outdoor activities, such as biking and hiking. I want people to SEE… Biking in Oregon Me in Urbana 1. A digital camera 2. Ask the teacher to take a photo of myself In order to see the above pictures, 1. Bring in some pictures. 3. Learn how to make my I need to prepare and learn…. 2. Learn how to scan my photo shows up on the pictures. computer. The greatest thing that has I want people to HEAR… I like hiking and biking. I happened to me was I came went mountain biking in to the United States to study. Oregon last summer, and it I am glad my dream came was a amazing trip that I true and I really enjoy my have ever had. life here.
UMS student podcasts
Professional learning Working with students ... was an inspiring journey for me to appreciate Hispanic culture and revisit my own cultural identity... I tried to put myself in these students’ shoes, imagining how difﬁcult may be for these immigrant young people to live and study in a new country. I brought my own “away-from-home” experience into designing the sample storyboard...I came to understand that I was telling my own story to these students as a self exploration journey... ...the students and I were interchangeably engaging multiple forms of communication, including visual, gesture, and verbal modes.
How can we foster integrative learning? [Integrate learning–over time, across courses, and between academic, personal, & community life] When the child lives in varied but concrete and active relationship to this common world, his studies are naturally uniﬁed...Relate the school to life, and all studies are of necessity correlated. – John Dewey, School & Society 38
Past: Passive recipient another’s question ﬁxed judged source limited isolation response 39
Today: Customer enticing choices match judged style more vary isolation! response 40
Future: Engaged citizen real problems continual multiple inquiry sources collaborate innovate 41
Ways to integrate learning service learning Community University funds of knowledge 42
Circle of knowledge Intellectual Survival space Community Excellence Responsibility University
Community Informatics Initiative 44
Community as Intellectual Space Paseo Boricua, June 15-17
the question of the integration of mind- body in action is the most practical of all questions we can ask of our civilization. –John Dewey
References Bensen, L., Harkavy, I., & Puckett, J. (2007). Dewey’s dream: Universities and democracies in an age of education reform. Philadelphia: Temple U. Press. Dewey, J. (1906). Culture and industry in education. In J. A. Boydston (ed.), The Collected Works of John Dewey, 1882-1953; The Middle Works of John Dewey, 1899-1924; Vol. 3:1903-1906, Essays. Fischer, G., Rohde, M., & Wulf, V. (2007). Community-based learning: The core competency of residential, research-based universities. International Journal of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning, 2(1), 9-40. Noguera, P., Ginwright, S., & Camarota, J. (Eds.). (2006). Beyond resistance!: Youth activism and community change. New York: Routledge.
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